Crossing

Irish Woman Refuses to Say Yes or No

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This video clip is a good example of the preservation of traits from older languages. Many Irish people "refuse" to say yes or no, like in the video, instead simply affirming or denying the verb. This stems from Gaelic, where the words "yes" and "no" are newer words that aren't seen as grammatical. Although many Irish people are beginning to speak only in English, characteristics from Gaelic still live on.

Posted by Taylor Allen on July 1, 2018

Tags:
Performativity;
Crossing

Sonic girls making new words

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These girls are taking words that already exist and combining them to make a new word with a new meaning.

Brother Ali freestyle on GoRadio - 95.3FM

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Brother Ali is a white socially-conscious rapper who, due to being albino and growing up primarily around African-Americans in the Midwest, existed for many years with a publicly ambiguous racial identity. In more recent years (including at the time of this video), Brother Ali has been more explicit about being white In this video, Brother Ali freestyles on a local Twin Cities radio station. He uses numerous features of AAE, including pervasive coronal stop (-t/-d) deletion.

Posted by Oskar Soderberg on April 18, 2018

Tags:
African American English;
Crossing;
Race,Ethnicity;
whiteness;
Hip Hop Nation

Brother Ali freestyle on B96

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Brother Ali is a white socially-conscious rapper who, due to being albino and growing up primarily around African-Americans in the Midwest, existed for many years with a publicly ambiguous racial identity. In more recent years (after this video), Brother Ali has been more explicit about being white In this video, Brother Ali freestyles on a local Twin Cities radio station. He uses numerous features of AAE, including pervasive coronal stop (-t/-d) deletion.

Posted by Oskar Soderberg on April 18, 2018

Tags:
African American English;
Crossing;
Race,Ethnicity;
whiteness;
Hip Hop Nation

Maz Jobrani: Comedy TedTalk in Qatar

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Maz Jobrani is an Iranian-American who does a lot of comedy to bridge Americans with the Middle East, and to bring awareness of Middle Easterners.

Foreign Accents: Louis C.K's Skit on Saturday Night Live

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In this video clip from a recent Saturday Night Live, the skit seems to have been written to specifically mock both Louis C.K's inability to reproduce a foreign accent, while also mocking the foreign accents of early immigrants. It is difficult to understand their motivations for the skit, but it seems to me that their depictions of 20th century immigrants relate to our Standard Language Ideology that immigrant language is difficult to understand and is something to be mocked. It is also an interesting example of linguistic crossing, as Louis C.K's appearance in this skit depends on his ability to imitate a foreign accent which he is unable to do.

Posted by Alexander P Dang on May 12, 2017

Tags:
Standard Language Ideology;
Crossing

Die Antwoord's Evil Boy: A Dynamic Crossroad of Language, Culture, and Rap in South Africa

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Die Antwoord is a controversial rap group from Cape Town, South Africa fronted by Ninja Yolandi Vi$$er. Speaking from a post-apartheid perspective, this group offers an underrepresented view of young, lower-middle class, white Afrikaans - a subculture known as "Zef." Historically, Zef has been considered a derogatory term describing someone who was white, poor, and "trashy." However, Die Antwoord and others have looked to transform this into a self-reflective, somewhat satirical, parody that Ninja described as being "apocalyptic debris that we’ve stuck together." In this music video, they display their unique code-switching between Afrikaans and English, as well as Xhosa - the Bantu language of the Xhosa people. Adding to their mixed-bag controversial nature, is the relationship of the Afrikaans languages’ association with apartheid. Through dynamic language and visual use, this video reflects the complex sociocultural and sociolinguistic interactions that occur in this region. The lyrical narrative told is a statement on the clash between traditional tribal circumcision rituals, and the modern subcultures that seem to offer an alternative path to "manhood." This can be heard in the verse by the guest rapper Wanga, sung in his native tongue: "Mamelapa umnqunduwakho! (listen here, you fucking asshole) Andifuni ukuyaehlatini! (I don't want to go to the bush with you) Sukubammba incanca yam! (don't touch my penis) Andi so stabani! (I’m not a gay) Incanca yam yeyamantobi! (this penis is for the girls) Incanca yam iclean! (my penis is clean) Incanca yam inamandla! (my penis is strong) Ndiyinkwekwe enkulu! (I am a big boy) Angi funi ukuba yeendota! (don't want to be a man) Evil boy 4 life! yebo! (yes) Evil boy 4 life!" Through the use of polyglossic code-switching, performativity, sociocultural and racial integration, and a revamping of contextual meanings, Die Antwoord is doing its part to redefine what it means to be young and Zef in South Africa, and what a socioculturally- and sociolinguistically-complex rebellion sounds like.

Reality TV outgroup language use

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This clip shows outgroup language use of a white women on a reality TV show. When she is upset, she begins to use more standard English and less AAE markers. Other people on the show notice. This relates to themes of crossing or outgroup language use and also the question of authenticity in relation to race and speech explored in Cutler's "Keepin It Real" (2003).

Posted by Ally Watson on March 19, 2017

Tags:
African American English;
Crossing;
Race,Ethnicity;
whiteness

7 Year Old Polyglot

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This is a girl who is half-Japanese and half-Spanish, and she is currently (as of 2015) living in Spain. In this video she shows us how many languages she has at her disposal, highlighting the fact that speakers can have many different repertoires to index their identities.

Posted by Caroline Wright on April 11, 2016

Tags:
Crossing;
Youth;
Race,Ethnicity;
Multilingualism

Key & Peele: Meegan, Come Back

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We all know the comedians Key and Peele, but what most people don't know is that Peele has a popular "Meegan" skit, where he portrays himself as a woman. He has also voiced several female characters, one of them on the cartoon show "Bob's Burgers." This video is an example of not only how a stereotypical woman would act, but also how she might sound.

Posted by Caroline Wright on March 28, 2016

Tags:
Crossing;
Gender;
Womens Language;
Communities of Practice

Keith Ape - 잊지마 (It G Ma) (feat. JayAllDay, Loota, Okasian & Kohh)

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Music video depicting East Asian (Korean and Japanese) rappers using CRAAVE. This video was highly controversial because many felt the rappers were appropriating black culture, especially since the song itself was based off of an African American hip-hop song ("U Guessed It" by OG Maco).

Posted by Maren Bilby on March 15, 2016

Tags:
African American English;
Japanese;
Crossing;
Race,Ethnicity;
Slang

5th Grade Class Starts American Sign Language Club to Better Communicate with Deaf Classmate

Students at an elementary school in Illinois have started learning ASL signs to communicate with a hearing-impaired student in their class. [Published on 02-25-2016]

Posted by Jamie Schnee on March 4, 2016

Tags:
American Sign Language;
Accommodation;
Crossing;
Acquisition;
Merger;
Youth

Pera Code Mixing

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A little girl explains why she combines the Turkish and English language in her speech. She explains that she combines the two languages because she uses both languages, but at times it is hard for her to think of the words in English so she reverts to the Turkish term. It gives great examples of specific terms that she tends to revert to the Turkish term and the reason why she does.

Posted by Meaghan Kuhlmann on February 21, 2016

Tags:
Code-switching;
Crossing;
Language Shift;
Merger;
Multilingualism

NPR: Kreayshawn breaks in, but whose party is she crashing?

A 2011 profile of white female hip hop artist Kreayshawn, leader of a "white girl mob" of Oakland hip hop artists, which highlights the criticisms of her related to her race and gender.

Macklemore: White Privilege

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A song from white hip hop artist Macklemore that addresses issues of race and ethnicity, specifically whiteness, in the hip hop community and argues that white participation in hip hop is an instance of white privilege.

Posted by Kara Becker on April 1, 2013

Tags:
African American English;
Crossing;
Race,Ethnicity;
whiteness

J-Roc, Microphone Assassin

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Serial crosser J-Roc, a character on the TV comedy series Trailer Park Boys, gives a lesson on critical race theory.

Posted by Katelyn L.I. Best on March 28, 2013

Tags:
African American English;
Crossing

NY Times: A Hip Hop moment, but is it authentic?

A 2013 article questioning the authenticity of recent popularity of hip hop music by white performers, with a focus on Macklemore's hit song "Thrift Shop." Citation: Cutler, Cecilia. 2003. "Keepin' It Real: White Hip Hopper's discourses of language, race, and authenticity." Journal of Linguistics Anthropology.

30 Rock: Therapy and African American English

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Actor Alec Baldwin parodies a number of African American English-speaking characters in a scene with African American actor Tracy Morgan.

Special K, Can't Hardly Wait

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The character Special K from the 1998 movie Can't Hardly Wait is a good example of the linguistic practice of crossing.