Pidgins and Creoles
Singlish FrozenPlay video
A scene from Disney's Frozen, dubbed over in Singlish. Sometimes referred to as the most efficient language, Singlish is a creole language spoken in Singapore that incorporates English as well as various other languages like Cantonese, Malay, and Tamil.
The BBC World Service now distributes its news in West African Pidgin English, spoken by some 75 million people. [Published on 12-30-2017]
This short video gives a great background of how far language can come from something as simple as a few words that are understood between a small group. It shows how creoles get created through pidgins.
Myrtle Woodcock speaks Chinook language 1952Play video
A recording from 1952 of a woman speaking Chinook language.
encyclopedia britannica's definition/history of creole language
An article describing an opera written and sung by a speaker of Nigerian Pidgin English. [Published on 08-14-2015]
A non-Linguist self reflects on attending her "prestige" secondary school in Trinidad, noting auditory intonational and lexical differences that marks these girls. They also tend to speak closer to the (acrolectal) "Standard," marked as the more educated (prestige) style of discourse. [Published on 07-19-2010]