# Pluralistic Ignorance

### Below are questions pertaining to Reed students' feelings about miscellaneous academic topics.

#### How often do you use academic help resources? (compared to typical Reed student)

##### Year: 2018 Scale: 1 = Never, 4 = Occasionally, 7 = Frequently

Actual norm = 3.63 (SD = 1.71)
Perceived norm = 4.04 (SD = 1.03)
p < .03, significant

Participants report that they use academic help resources less than than the average reed student.

#### When you ask for academic help, how much are you struggling compared to most other Reed students? (compared to typical Reed student)

##### Year: 2018 Scale: 1 = struggling much less, 7 = struggling much more

Actual norm = 4.73 (SD = 1.41)
Perceived norm = 4.26 (SD = 0.96)
p < .005, significant

Participants report that they are struggling significantly more than the average reed student when asking for academic help.

Yes: 72

No: 83

Missing: 11

#### How important is academic performance to you? (most Reed students...)

##### Year: 2015 Scale: 0 = Not important at all, 10 = More important than anything

Actual norm = 7.18 (SD = 1.75)
Perceived norm = 7.60 (SD = 1.43)
t(153) = -2.42, p < .02, significant

Participants who have seen their grades report that academic performance is more important to them (M = 7.47, SD = 1.79) than those who have not seen their grades (M = 6.93, SD = 1.68), t (153) = 1.95, p = .053.

#### If you had to estimate your overall GPA, what would it be?

##### Year: 2015 Scale: (0 = below 2.0, 1 = 2.0-2.2(C/C+), 2 = 2.3-2.6(C+/B-), 3 = 2.7-2.9(B-/B), 4 = 3.0-3.2(B/B+), 5 = 3.3-3.6(B+/A-), 6 = 3.7-4.0(A-/A)

Actual norm = 3.75 (SD = 1.31)

Those who have seen their grades estimate their GPA (M = 4.14, SD = 1.41) as higher than those who have not seen their grades (M = 3.42, SD = 1.12), p < .002

#### At what grade level do you think you are performing classes required for your major? (most Reed students...)

##### Year: 2015 Scale: 0 = below 2.0, 1 = 2.0-2.2(C/C+), 2 = 2.3-2.6(C+/B-), 3 = 2.7-2.9(B-/B), 4 = 3.0-3.2(B/B+), 5 = 3.3-3.6(B+/A-), 6 = 3.7-4.0(A-/A)

Actual norm = 4.34 (SD = 1.33)
Perceived norm = 4.34 (SD = 0.76)
p < 1.00, not significant

#### How academically capable do you think you are? (most Reed students'...)

##### Year: 2015 Scale: 0 = very capable, 1 = moderately capable, 2 = average, 3 = slightly below average, 4 = significantly below average

Actual norm = 1.08 (SD = 1.08)
Perceived norm = 0.53 (SD = 0.73)
p < .0001, significant

Participants report that they are significantly more capable than the average reed student.

##### Year: 2014  Scale: 1 (very dissatisfied) to 7 (very satisfied)

Actual norm = 5.37 (SD = 1.21)
Perceived norm = 4.96 (SD = 0.93)
p < .0001, significant

Participants report that they are more satisfied with their academic experience than the average Reed student.

#### How important are grades to you?

##### Year: 2012Scale: 1 (not at all) to 9 (extremely)

Actual norm = 5.18 (SD = 2.34)
Perceived norm = 4.57 (SD = 1.69)
p < 0.002, significant

Participants report their grades are more important to them than to the average Reed student.

##### Year: 2011Scale: 1 (not at all important) to 7 (extremely important)

Actual norm = 4.51 (SD = 1.56)
Perceived norm = 4.06 (SD = 1.13)
p < 0.0001, significant

Participants report their grades are more important to them than to most Reed students.

#### How many times do you think that you will check your grades by the time you graduate?(compared to most Reed students in your year)

##### Year: 2011Scale: number of times

Actual norm = 4.27 (SD = 3.43)
Perceived norm = 3.65 (SD = 2.78)
p < 0.03, significant

Participants report that they think that they will check their grades more times than most students in their year.

#### Please rate how important you find the following reasons for why you check (or would check) your grades:

##### Year: 2011Scale: 1 (not at all important) to 7 (extremely important)

I check my grades to make sure I would be a good candidate for a job or graduate school after college.
Actual norm = 5.08 (SD = 2.01)
Perceived norm = 5.60 (SD = 1.39)
p < 0.0001, significant

I check my grades if I am applying for an internship.
Actual norm = 4.95 (SD = 1.94)
Perceived norm = 5.53 (SD = 1.33)
p < 0.0001, significant

I check my grades because of my parents.
Actual norm = 2.06 (SD = 1.74)
Perceived norm = 3.11 (SD = 1.46)
p < 0.0001, significant

I check my grades to find out how I compare to other students.
Actual norm = 2.15 (SD = 1.65)
Perceived norm = 2.54 (SD = 1.54)
p < 0.004, significant

##### Year: 2011Scale: 1 (never) to 7 (all the time)

Actual norm = 4.02 (SD = 1.63)
Perceived norm = 3.67 (SD = 1.23)
p < 0.004, significant

Participants report that they think about their grades more than most Reed students.