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Beth Sorensen
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Ellis Goldberg, director of the Middle East Center and chair of the graduate program in Near and Middle East studies at the University of Washington, will speak on the relationships between war, terror, and jihad on Saturday, November 10, at 1 p.m. in Reed's Vollum lecture hall. The lecture, which is sponsored by Reed’s political science department and the Elizabeth Ducey lecture fund, is free and open to the public. For more information, call 503/777-7755.

What is jihad, and what is war? War historically meant organized combat between states. Through the sixteenth century, wars also enriched the victors. By the seventeenth century, wars no longer enriched the victors and were fought largely for ideological reasons. By the twentieth century, terror emerged as a new war-making technique, a way to engender fear and destabilize regimes as a path to power. Terror is a form of war, but a form applied randomly and to society as a whole. The early Islamic understanding of jihad was in keeping with the historical meaning of war. In the last 100 years, however, Muslims have adopted the modern understanding of war. Political groups in Muslim societies that make war on their own and other societies have redefined jihad in ways consistent with terror. The contemporary response to terrorism requires both the willingness to eliminate the use of terror, including our own, and to recognize the importance of advancing human freedom as a way to eliminate support for terrorists.

Ellis Goldberg has been a faculty member of the University of Washington political science department since 1985. He is the author of Tinker, Tailor and Textile Worker: Class and Politics in Egypt (University of California Press, 1986), the editor of The Social History of Labor in the Middle East (Westview Press, 1996), and coeditor of Rules and Rights in the Middle East: Democracy , Law and Society (University of Washington Press, 1993). He has written numerous articles on Middle East politics in journals that include Comparative Politics and Politics and Society. He was a visiting professor at Princeton University (1997—98) and has received grants from the Henry M. Jackson Foundation, the Ford Foundation, the National Science Foundation, and the Rockefeller Foundation. Goldberg serves on the editorial boards of the International Journal of Middle East Studies and the International Political Economy Yearbook. He received a B.A. from Harvard College in 1967, an M.A. from U.C. Berkeley in 1978, and a Ph.D. from Berkeley in 1983.

Elizabeth Ducey, once a staff assistant to Oregon senator Richard Neuberger, had a lifetime interest in socially progressive politics. She was active as a conservationist and supported many local organizations, including Reed's art and music associates, the Portland Art Association, and the Friends of the Columbia River Gorge. In 1972 Ducey established the Ducey Fund at Reed College, beginning a tradition of enriching the college through the promotion of lectures and internships on national, local, and regional affairs.

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