cutting from The Times about Afrikaans in Patagonia [Published on 01-12-2019]
Paula Deen, Y'all!Play video
Though it tragically does not contain any olive oil (my favorite thing to hear Paula Deen say), this clip is a really good example of a lot of the features of Southern English we talked about in class. Around 1:25, there's a very clear "nice" that is obviously still a diphthong, indicating that Paula is not from the Appalachian region or northern Texas, where speakers monophthongize before voiceless consonants.
Most of the questions used in this quiz are based on those in the Harvard Dialect Survey, a linguistics project begun in 2002 by Bert Vaux and Scott Golder. The original questions and results for that survey can be found on Dr. Vaux's current website. The data for the quiz and maps shown here come from over 350,000 survey responses collected from August to October 2013 by Josh Katz, a graphics editor for the New York Times who developed this quiz. The colors on the large heat map correspond to the probability that a randomly selected person in that location would respond to a randomly selected survey question the same way that you did. The three smaller maps show which answer most contributed to those cities being named the most (or least) similar to you." I thought of this when we were talking about conceptions of American dialects.
A 2013 Portland Monthly article on recent research that the California Vowel Shift is used in Oregon English.
Southern ShiftPlay audio
A young female speaker from George Mason University's Speech Accent Archive from Norton, Virginia (English15) who has the Southern Shift.
The popular YouTube video 'Shoes," which demonstrates a number of California Shifted features, including the fronting of back vowels
California Vowel Shift(Enlarge image)
Penny Eckert's representation of Northern California Vowels
Northern Cities Shift(Enlarge image)
Northern Cities chain shift
An NPR interview from 2006 with William Labov about the Northern Cities Shift.