Publications & Grants
(asterisks indicate Reed student authors)
Edgar, A*, Bates, C*, Larkin, K* and Black, S. (2015). Gastrulation occurs in multiple phases at two distinct locations in Latrodectus and Cheiracanthium spiders. EvoDevo 6: 33–48.
Chaw, R.*, Vance, E.* and Black, S. (2007). Gastrulation in the spider Zygiella x-notata involves three distinct phases of cell internalization. Developmental Dynamics 236:3484–3495.
Black, S., Crutchfield, A.*, Murphy, M.* and Swain, T.* (1998). Blastopore formation in the animal hemisphere: functional inversion of gastrulation by centrifugation of Xenopus laevis eggs. Gravitational Space Biol. Bulletin 11, 15–22.
Matese, J., Black, S. and McClay, D. (1997). Regulated exocytosis and sequential construction of the extracellular matrix surrounding the sea urchin zygote. Dev. Biol. 186, 16–26.
Black, S., Hawk, S.* and Larkin, K.* (1996). Restricting oxygen supply to the prospective dorsal side does not reverse axis polarity in embryos of Xenopus laevis. Dev. Genes Evol. 206, 147–152.
Souza, K., Black, S., and Wassersug, R. (1995). Amphibian development in the virtual absence of gravity. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 92, 1975–1978.
Hardin, J., Coffman, J., Black, S., and McClay, D. (1992). Commitment along the dorsoventral axis of the sea urchin embryo is altered in response to NiCl2. Development 116, 671–685.
Alliegro, M., Black, S., and McClay, D. (1992). Deployment of extracellular matrix proteins in sea urchin embryogenesis. Micros. Res. 22, 2-10.
Black, S. (1989). Experimental reversal of the normal dorsal-ventral timing of blastopore formation does not reverse axis polarity in Xenopus laevis embryos. Dev. Biol. 134: 376–381.
Danilchik, M. and Black, S. (1988). The first cleavage plane and the embryonic axis are determined by separate mechanisms in Xenopus laevis. I. Independence in undisturbed embryos. Dev. Biol. 108: 58–64.
Black, S. and Vincent, J.-P. (1988). The first cleavage plane and the embryonic axis are determined by separate mechanisms in Xenopus laevis. II. Experimental dissociation by lateral compression. Dev. Biol. 108: 65–71.
Black, S. and Gerhart, J. (1986). High-frequency twinning of Xenopus laevis embryos from eggs centrifuged before first cleavage. Dev. Biol. 116: 228–240.
Black, S. and Gerhart, J. (1985). Experimental control of the site of embryonic axis formation in Xenopus laevis eggs centrifuged before first cleavage. Dev. Biol. 108: 310–324.
Gerhart, J., Ubbels, G., Black, S., Hara, K., and Kirschner, M. (1981). A reinvestigation of the role of the grey crescent in axis formation in Xenopus laevis. Nature 292: 511–516.
2010. Principal Investigator. Developing a New Model of Spider Gastrulation, NIH, $218,181.
2009. Principal Investigator. Analysis of Living Embryos Rewrites Canonical Model of Spider Gastrulation, Murdock Trust, $39,000.
2008. Principal Investigator. A critical reevaluation of the canonical model of spider gastrulation. Faculty development award, Mellon Foundation funds, Reed College.
2005. Principal Investigator. A cellular mechanism for inversion in spider embryos. Faculty development award, Mellon Foundation funds, Reed College.
2001. Principal Investigator. Mesoderm formation and gastrulation in Ensatina eschscholtzii, a salamander that forms an embryonic disk Faculty development award, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, $42,750.
2000. Principal Investigator. What controls the position of the blastopore in amphibian embryos? Faculty development award, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, $35,000.
1998. Co-Principal Investigator with Dr. M. Danilchik, Oregon Health Sciences University. How do cell division planes specify gene expression patterns in the early embryo? NASA, $494,220.
1993. Principal Investigator. Cellular and molecular analysis of pattern formation in amphibian embryos fertilized at microgravity, NASA, $9,790.
1992. Principal Investigator. Cytoplasmic rearrangements and establishment of the embryonic body plan at microgravity, NASA, $79,678.
1990. Principal Investigator. Oogenetic origin and localization of extracellular matrix proteins in sea urchin embryos, Research Corporation, $22,000.
1990. Principal Investigator. Origin and localization of specific proteins, NIH, $98,831.
1990. Principal Investigator. Embryonic axis polarity in amphibian eggs fertilized at microgravity, NASA, $48,407.
2000. Co-author. Howard Hughes Medical Institute grant to Reed Biology Department, $1,000,000.
1998. Co-author. Sherman-Fairchild Grant to Reed Biology Department, $322,000.
1991. Principal Investigator. Improvement of advanced developmental biology laboratory, NSF Institutional Instrumentation for Laboratory Improvement program, $85,580.