Discourse Marker

Vocal Fry: The Rules

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A somewhat comedic look at what vocal fry is and a plea from the video's author to stop it. The narrator talks about vocal fry's spread across various mediums and how it may be a reaction to rising vocal intonation that went way too far.

Posted by Jeremy Pafford on October 16, 2017

Tags:
Indexicality;
Style-shifting;
Youth;
Femininity;
Discourse Marker

Filmmaker and Speech Pathologist weigh in on what it means to "sound gay"

An episode of Fresh Air, profiling a filmmaker who made a documentary about sounding gay, as well as an interview with a speech pathologist who makes a number of troubling comments about features of youth language, including high rising terminals, creaky voice, and discourse markers. [Published on 07-05-2015]

Why do people say "like" so much?

A Grammar Girl post that summarizes Alex D'arcy's research on the discourse functions of like. [Published on 12-05-2014]

Posted by Kara Becker on December 8, 2014

Tags:
American English;
Youth;
Discourse Marker

Speech markers reveal details about your age, sex, and lifestyle, scientists claim

A daily mail article discussing research that finds gender and age-based differences in the use of fillers [Published on 10-06-2014]

Posted by Kara Becker on October 8, 2014

Tags:
Change;
Gender;
Gender Binary;
Discourse Marker

NYTimes: Like, Degrading the Language? No Way

An op-ed by John McWhorter arguing that many recent innovations in American English - including "like," "totally," and "because X," are positive developments, and even enhance politeness strategies. [Published on 04-05-2014]

Posted by Kara Becker on April 7, 2014

Tags:
American English;
Slang;
Discourse Marker

Like, You Know

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A performance from poet Taylor Mali entitled "Like, you know" that comments on the use of a number of features of youth language.

Posted by Kara Becker on April 11, 2013

Tags:
American English;
Youth;
Discourse Marker;
High Rising Intonation