Office of the Registrar

Courses 2019–20

Anthropology 201 - Topics in Contemporary Anthropology

Full course for one semester. Conference. May be repeated for credit.

Anthropology of Global Health
Full course for one semester. This course is designed to be a gateway course in cultural and medical anthropology geared toward first- and second-year students. Global health presents itself as a timely intervention that redistributes the means of physical and mental well-being to those who lack it, typically in resource-poor or underserved settings. But in what sense is global health “global” if it is driven by the agendas of specific nations and institutions? How can it command such implicit recognition as a force for good and yet seem to recapitulate the imperial agendas and perspectives of the colonial era? Rather than considering global health as obvious, coherent, and necessary, we will examine its foundations: What assumptions does global health reflect about bodies, families, history, and biomedicine itself? In what ways do global health programs build upon or distinguish themselves from colonial-era medical campaigns that tied biomedical interventions to Christianity, modernization, and the demands of industrial labor? How does global health both reflect and perpetuate transnational political and economic shifts? What are the unexpected consequences of global health programs—for the individuals who compose target populations, but also for global health professionals themselves as well as local experts? In exploring answers to these questions, we will draw on recent ethnographic analyses from around the world as well as historical studies that illuminate global health’s antecedents. Conference. 

Bodies, Spaces, Subjectivities
Full course for one semester. This course is designed to be a gateway course in cultural-phenomenological anthropology geared toward first- and second-year students. It introduces basic concepts and methods in anthropology through a sustained attention to human bodies as the preeminent space of subject making in different cultural contexts. Drawing on phenomenology, practice theory, urban studies, performance studies, and gender theory, the course approaches culture as a form of doing rather than of being, as first and foremost a set of embodied, material practices and cultivated dispositions. It explores both how corporeality connects people with others and their environments, and how, in the process, bodies become objects of individual attention and social action. Readings connect classics in social theory (Merleau-Ponty, Schutz, Bourdieu, Simmel, Goffman) with canonical anthropological texts (Boas, Sapir, Mauss, Gluckman, Sahlins), and ethnographies focusing on particular forms of embodiment and space making in the Americas, Africa, Europe, the Middle East, and Oceania. Topics include dwelling, working, playing, learning, making, modifying, exchanging, and contesting. Students will partner to conduct small fieldwork projects in the Portland area, learning basic qualitative methods in the process. Conference.

Global Political Ecology
Full course for one semester. This course is designed to be a gateway course in the anthropology of political ecology geared toward first- and second-year students. Despite enormous scientific and political efforts, scientists and activists have found themselves unable to bring about the political changes that might reverse climate change and environmental degradation. The degradation of earth’s environment has been caused by humans, but somehow humans have not been able to stop or reverse the social processes that cause this degradation. This course examines case studies of environmental degradation at multiple scales, from Superfund sites in Oregon to deforestation in the Amazon to global climate change, to three ends: to explore fundamental questions in social theory about the relationship between humans and the world, to understand why coordinated scientific and political efforts to prevent environmental degradation have tended to fail, and to think through new political and environmental interventions that might succeed. The course readings are drawn from both environmental science and anthropology, and one of the tasks of the course is to introduce students to anthropology through the multiple ways in which the discipline has dealt with knowledge produced in the natural sciences. By putting environmental science in conversation with anthropology, we will also think through ways to reconcile the disciplines in political practice. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Language, Culture, Power
Full course for one semester. This course is designed to be a gateway course in linguistic anthropology geared toward first- and second-year students. Language permeates our lives, identities, and relationships, yet most of us take it for granted. This course introduces students to some of the foundational concepts, methods, and issues addressed in linguistic anthropology. Starting with the basic premise that language, thought, and culture are inextricably intertwined in practice, we take a fundamentally comparative and global perspective on the study of language. We will consider language not as a simple means of communication, but as a medium through which values, subjectivities, and sociopolitical relationships are created and transformed. We ask: How do differences in language affect how we think and act? How do people do things with language, and how does this vary across cultures, times, and places? How does linguistic communication interact with nonverbal or embodied forms of communication? What ideologies of language shape our understandings of difference and hierarchy? In exploring answers to these questions, we will draw on media resources, natural language examples, and recent ethnographic analyses from around the world to consider the ways in which language is implicated in power struggles within specific domains of social relationships (race, class, gender, sexuality) and institutions (education, medicine, law, immigration, electoral politics). No prerequisite. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Anthropology 211 - Introduction to Anthropology: History, Theory, Method

Full course for one semester. An introduction to the history, theory, methods, and subject matter of the field of social and cultural anthropology. Students become familiar with the conceptual framework of the discipline and with some of its techniques of research and interpretation. Anthropology is considered in its role as a social science and as a discipline with ties to the humanities and natural sciences. Emphasis is on close integration of analytic abstractions with empirical particulars. Conference. Not open to first-year students.

Anthropology 305 - Musical Ethnography

See Music 305 for description.

Music 305 Description

Anthropology 318 - Secrets and Lies: The Anthropology of Deception and Transparency

Full course for one semester. Drawing on a broad and varied collection of texts, this course asks how and why the goal of increased transparency always seems to elude our grasp. In addition to considering the social productivity of efforts to conceal and reveal across a range of ethnographic contexts, we will interrogate the place of secrecy and revelation in the production of anthropological knowledge and of anthropology as a discipline. The first half of the course examines the microdynamics of transparency and concealment through a mixture of classic and contemporary works focused on sincerity, ambiguity, and silence. What motivates the production of transparency, and what makes it successful? When might concealment be desirable in social relations? We will examine how different actors work to manage ambiguity within their most intimate relations, exploring, for example, how terminally ill children work to present themselves as ignorant of the implication of their diagnoses to their adult caregivers. A methodological interlude provides an opportunity to examine the problem of transparency vis-à-vis the contemporary practice of ethnographic research. The second half draws broadly on critiques of capital and the state to examine deception and transparency in light of some of anthropology’s most persistent objects of analysis, including bureaucracy, state violence, witchcraft, the experience of history, and mass mediation. By directing analytic attention to the way secrecy and transparency interpellate one another, the course challenges students to reconsider power, intimacy, and violence, as well as the limits of anthropological knowledge production. Prerequisite: Anthropology 201 or 211, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Anthropology 320 - Social Movements, Protests, and Historical Change in South Asia

Full course for one semester. The Arab uprisings, the Black Lives Matter movement, the ongoing student movement in India, and the rise of far-right movements in the United States and elsewhere have given a new urgency to an examination of the tactics and possibilities of mass movements and protests: How and why do large groups of people come together to protest? When and how do some people and issues become political, and when and how do they not? How and when are these movements successful in achieving their aims? What social, cultural, and political effects do they have beyond their explicit aims? How, finally, do these movements interact with existing state and legal structures, whether antagonistically or through participation and engagement? By examining South Asian social movements with a focus on India, this conference analyzes current and historical attempts to reconfigure the relationships between people, laws, and states. In the process, the conference engages with challenges facing anthropology in theorizing historical change and in finding methodologies suited to large- and multi-scaled social processes. South Asia, with its vast scale and its complex and constantly shifting political landscape, is both an ideal and an important site for these inquiries. This conference also serves as an introduction to the anthropology of South Asia. It begins with a historical and theoretical consideration of the play of domination and hegemony in the colonial period, moves to a study of nationalist movements in India and Bangladesh, and then draws on the theoretical frameworks studied in the beginning of the semester to consider a range of contemporary social movements, including the Indian Maoist uprising, Dalit and anticaste movements, and the Sri Lankan Civil War. This course asks what an anthropological approach to the specific and local can bring to the study of politics, and what a study of large-scale movements can bring to anthropological understandings of historical change. Prerequisite: Anthropology 201 or 211. Conference.

Anthropology 324 - Sport and Society

Full course for one semester. Sports are deeply entangled with and imbricated in social processes, cultural institutions, and everyday life across much of the globe. The course approaches sports play as a set of embodied practices and performances, as a primary site for the reproduction and innovation of fundamental categories of gender/sex/sexuality, class, race/ethnicity, and nationality. Through case studies of situated sporting practices (notably football/soccer, cricket/baseball, basketball, bodybuilding, boxing, capoeira, skateboarding, and parkour), we will examine how colonial legacies are literally embodied in contemporary forms of urban space, nationalism, and globalization. Prerequisite: Anthropology 201 or 211, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Anthropology 336 - Anthropology through Morocco

Full course for one semester. Since the 1920s, Morocco has been a repeated site for ethnographic investigation, a locus classicus for the elaboration of social theory, and a central region in what Bernard Cohn has famously termed “Anthropologyland.” This course explores the conditions underwriting such centrality, examining the history of ethnographic writing on Morocco from Arab sociogeography through European travel narratives to colonial ethnology and American anthropology. Through a close reading of key ethnographies from different time periods, students will not only achieve a nuanced understanding of the culture, social structure, religion, politics, and history of Morocco, but will also review key movements in anthropological thought: structural functionalism, structuralism, symbolic anthropology, political ecology, poststructuralism, reflexive postmodernism, and globalization. Prerequisite: Anthropology 201 or 211, or consent of the instructor. Full course for one semester. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Anthropology 341 - Medical Anthropology

Full course for one semester. This course will consider the ways in which medical anthropology has historically been influenced by debates within the discipline of anthropology as well as by broader social and political movements. Particular emphasis will be placed on the importance of viewing biomedicine as one among many cultural systems of healing. Some key issues we will explore include: concepts of health, healing and illness; the political economy of disease; the role of medicine in the state and citizenship; medicine’s role in the assignment and mediation of deviance; applied medical anthropology; medical anthropology as ambassador and translator for biomedicine; and contemporary global health crises, including the HIV and TB pandemics. Prerequisite: Anthropology 201 or 211. Conference.

Anthropology 343 - African Temporalities

Full course for one semester. In the last decades of the twentieth century, the promise of modernity collapsed across much of sub-Saharan Africa. The end of the Cold War, falling mineral and commodity prices, and the retreat of the state under structural adjustment programs all contributed in their own ways to a sense that a future, which had been just out of reach, was no longer possible. In this course we will examine the historical antecedents to this moment and explore the multiple modes of temporal imagining, such as those presented by millenarian movements, neoliberal NGOs, and national visa lotteries, that have come to fill the space left in the wake of the mid-range future of modernity. While this course treats sub-Saharan Africa as a region, we will also question the multiple uses to which “Africa” is put in anthropological and Euro-American temporal imaginaries. Prerequisite: Anthropology 201 or 211. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Anthropology 344 - The Anthropology of Sex and Gender

Full course for one semester. What is the difference between sex and gender? And why is this important in today’s world? This course introduces students to an anthropological perspective on the relationship between sex (the biological attributes by which a person is deemed “male” or “female”) and gender (the norms and ideals associating appropriate roles, behaviors, and sexualities with men or women). In order to understand the various debates and their stakes, we will read anthropological accounts of cultures in which sex and gender are construed very differently from our own and combine these with discussions of documentary and popular movies and video clips. The course will provide students with ways to understand how we come to consider and express ourselves as “men” or “women,” the social forces that constrain us to act and think as gendered persons, and the potential consequences for not conforming to those norms. Prerequisite: Anthropology 201 or 211. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Anthropology 345 - Black Queer Diaspora

Full course for one semester. This course examines the lives of lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer, and transgender people across the black diaspora. The history of the transatlantic slave trade, European colonialisms, and their ongoing aftermaths have created both interlinked and locally variant cultures and lifeways across the Americas, Africa, and Europe. Black queer studies queries the creativity and variety with which black people have been shaped by and continuously reshape these histories, undermining presupposed norms of race, gender, and sexuality. This course looks at ethnographic explorations of these particulars, differences, and commonalities as documented in texts, images, and sounds across multiple disciplines. We interrogate how conceptions of race, gender, and sexuality shift across time and space and as lived by black social actors who both participate in and defy colonial and nationalist projects. Prerequisite: Anthropology 201 or 211, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Anthropology 349 - Time and Space

Full course for one semester. Introduction to classic and contemporary anthropological literatures on the sociocultural production and experience of time and space, supported also by readings from several allied disciplines. Emphasis is on forming propositions specific enough to be relevant to interpretation of concrete ethnographic materials. Topics of major concern include memory, ritual, narrative, deixis, chronology and time reckoning, embodiment, landscape, the turn (or return) to history in anthropology, and the spatiotemporal organization of contemporary industrial societies. Narrower subproblems receiving deepest consideration will vary in different years of offering. Prerequisite: Anthropology 201 or 211, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Anthropology 355 - Anthropology of Colonialism

Full course for one semester. The course provides a historical anthropological exploration of colonialism. Drawing on case studies from Africa, Asia, and the Americas, it focuses on the colonial construction of categories of race, ethnicity, gender, and sexuality, and how such cultural categories have been transformed or reproduced in the postcolonial present. Particular attention is paid to how processes and institutions of education, domesticity, urban planning, and census taking contribute to the production of docile subjects and the maintenance of colonial political and economic structures. Resistance, contestation, and decolonization are similarly addressed. Readings are drawn primarily from the field of anthropology. Given its focus on colonialism, the course provides students with a strong theoretical introduction to the burgeoning subfield of historical anthropology. Prerequisite: Anthropology 201 or 211, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Anthropology 357 - Comparative Fascisms

Full course for one semester. This course attempts to provincialize the category of fascism, using it to analyze moments both historically and geographically distant from mid-twentieth-century Europe. We will begin with a set of historical apologetics and critiques from European fascists, American white supremacists, intellectuals associated with European imperialism, and right-wing nationalist intellectuals from across the globe, alongside their contemporary critics. Drawing upon the analyses we build of ideologies, tactics, and historical conditions of the various political projects, we spend the second unit of the course reading ethnographic accounts of contemporary fascist and right-wing movements from India, Europe, and the United States. We end the semester with readings from contemporary antifascist movements, comparing their analyses with those that have emerged from our readings. Prerequisites: Anthropology 201 or 211, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Anthropology 360 - Country and City in Latin America

Full course for one semester. This course focuses on such elements as social movements, agro-industrialization, crime, and urban planning, as well as ideas regarding race, gender, and sexuality that have come with so-called modernization. We examine scholarship on both contemporary rural life and large urban areas in order to raise questions about relations between the two. The course will take up theoretical examinations of the transformations of city-country relations by such figures as Marx, Lefebvre, and Raymond Williams, as well as anthropological works of both the canon and contemporary scholarship on Latin America. We will also explore original works of literature, cinema, television, and music to present ways of thinking about contemporary rural and urban life in light of the organization of the countryside. Prerequisite: Anthropology 201 or 211, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Anthropology 361 - The Middle East: Culture and Politics

Full course for one semester. The Middle East has been the focus of increased scrutiny over the past few decades in light of U.S. economic and political interests, and yet the region’s internal cultural complexity is poorly understood and often overlooked. This course provides both an anthropological overview of the region’s political culture and cultural politics, as well as a critical inquiry into the very anthropo-geographic categories that have historically sustained a sense of unity in the region, including tribalism, honor and shame, religious piety, and poetic practices. In the process, the course explores larger comparative issues of colonialism, nationalism, state formation, sectarianism, urbanism, and globalization. Prerequisite: Anthropology 201 or 211, or consent of instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Anthropology 362 - Gender and Ethnicity in China and Tibet

Full course for one semester. Chinese and Tibetan peoples have interacted for centuries, but it is only in the last half of the twentieth century that the “Tibet question” in China has risen to global attention. This course looks at modern Sino-Tibetan relations through the lens of ethnicity and gender as a way to understand the contentious process through which the Chinese nation-state and national identity have been constructed. Through readings, films, discussions, and lectures, we will explore the diversity of Tibetan and Han Chinese family organization, gender ideologies, and ethnic identities just prior to, during, and after the Communist revolutionary period. This perspective will shed light on the incorporation of Tibetans as a “minority nationality” in the Chinese “multinational state,” the role of such minorities in constructing Han Chinese majority identity, and the differing impact of state policies on men and women in the context of rapid economic reform and globalization in the PRC. Prerequisite: Anthropology 201 or 211, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Anthropology 365 - The Anthropology of Development in Post-Mao China

Full course for one semester. Since the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, state leaders have struggled to chart a course to a Chinese modernity that would break with the perceived humiliations of European domination in the nineteenth century and bring China commensurate status in a newly configured world stage of nations. Since Deng Xiaoping’s post-Mao reforms in the early 1980s, the PRC has been one of the fastest growing economies in the world. As such, it is poised to have major impacts globally, and especially since the PRC’s entrance into the World Trade Organization in 2001, these meteoric socioeconomic changes have complex implications for its diverse 1.2 billion people. This course draws on anthropological theories of modernity, capitalism, globalization, and development to turn a critical eye on discourses and practices of “development” in the PRC. Drawing on theoretical, historical, and ethnographic writings, as well as on other media such as government policy papers, advertising, and documentary films, we consider the contexts and contradictions of various development efforts just before, during, and after the Maoist period, focusing especially on the post-Mao era of economic reforms. The PRC thus will serve as a case study for our broader examination of theories conceptualizing the relationships between global capitalism and local realities. Prerequisite: Anthropology 201 or 211, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Anthropology 366 - Black, Indian, and Other in Brazil

Full course for one semester. This course focuses on the status and meaning of multiculturalism in contemporary Brazil. We will raise questions on the legacies of older models of racial ideology, including such concepts as acculturation, “racial democracy,” and luso-tropicalismo. The course gives primacy to intersections of race with the production of class and gender. The course further seeks to situate social movements like the Movimento Negro (Black Movement) and indigenist politics within the larger international production and exchange of ideas regarding race, ethnicity, and social justice. Finally, in addition to core course materials focusing on academic literature, we will examine pieces from Brazilian fine art, cinema, music, and television. Prerequisite: Anthropology 201 or 211, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Anthropology 374 - Urban Anthropology

Full course for one semester. The course provides an introduction to urban anthropology, with a particular focus on the colonial and postcolonial metropole as an exemplary site for the reciprocal influences of global and local processes. It explores how the city functions simultaneously as a locus for the negotiation of cultural diversity and for utopian ideals of rational communication. Drawing from cases throughout the “developed” and “developing” worlds, the course examines how urban culture is produced and reproduced under regimes of industrialization, colonialism, modernism, and globalization. Prerequisite: Anthropology 201 or 211, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Anthropology 375 - Anthropology of Science

Full course for one semester. This course examines scientific practices and knowledge as cultural, social, and political phenomena. Scientific knowledge often appears to be none of these things, and so central questions of the course are how such knowledge is produced and how it is able to transcend its context. The course begins with a set of orienting texts from Kuhn, Foucault, and Latour before turning to ethnographic and historical work on science and expertise, with an emphasis on feminist and postcolonial approaches. Along the way, we ask how the questions and methods drawn from the study of science can reshape larger anthropological understandings of the political and the social. Prerequisite: Anthropology 201 or 211. Conference.

Anthropology 377 - Labor, Value, and Land in India

Full course for one semester. This course examines the practices and politics through which people in India have reworked their landscape and their relations with one another. Drawing on anthropological analyses of labor and value, we look at the environment through questions of who owns and sells what, how it comes to be valued, and who works for whom. We will examine changing agrarian environments and those who cultivate them, resources such as coal and water and those who collect them, waste and those who sell it, and forests and those who protect them. We ask how shifting regimes of labor and value have shaped urban, agrarian, and forest ecologies in India and what an attention to the environment brings to understandings of the country’s political economy. Prerequisites: Anthropology 201 or 211, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Anthropology 378 - Nature, Culture, and Environmentalism

Full course for one semester. This course examines canonical and contemporary anthropological treatments of the concept of nature and human relations with the natural environment. We discuss how conceptions of nature are always shaped, transformed, and produced by social relations. Course materials focus primarily on ethnographies oriented towards the intersections of political ecology, science studies, and postcolonial theory. Course topics include the history of the Western nature-culture opposition and its critics, as well as recent scholarship on such topics as food studies, the social life of forests, human-animal interactions, race and the genome, and the supposed advent of the “posthuman.” Prerequisite: Anthropology 201 or 211. Conference.

Anthropology 379 - Critical Interventions in American Indian Studies

Full course for one semester. The course begins with a critical examination of the origins of American Indian/Native American studies. After situating the field we will engage with leading tribal scholars addressing contemporary topics such as representation and identity, queer indigeneity, social and political activism, decolonization movements, tribal justice systems, and tribal sovereignties. Note: this course is not an encyclopedic and/or historical/archaeological overview of native North America. Prerequisite: Anthropology 201 or 211, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Anthropology 380 - Anthropology of Class

Full course for one semester. Class hierarchies and social stratification are preeminent and perduring features of human social organization. More than simply a measure of monetary wealth, class encompasses a set of social and cultural diacritics of difference and distinction, the terms of which are subject to struggle and transformation over time. Drawing on Marxian, Weberian, and Bourdieuian approaches, the course will explore class as a social resource, an occupational structure, a marker of distinction, a ground of performance, and an object of consciousness. Readings will include classics of social theory as well as historical and ethnographic studies based in Europe, North America, Latin America, South Asia, and Africa. Prerequisite: Anthropology 201 or 211, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Anthropology 387 - African Bodies: Medicine, Labor, Modernity

Full course for one semester. This seminar uses historical and ethnographic analyses of bodies and the politics of health, healing, and embodiment to explore central issues in the anthropology of sub-Saharan Africa. Our focus is on central, eastern, and southern Africa. Topics we will examine include Africans’ responses to colonialism, missionization, and incorporation into regimes of industrial labor and mass consumption; debates over “modernity” in colonial and postcolonial contexts; the impact of colonialism on forms and experiences of intimacy, affliction, and kinship; and recent tensions around efforts to situate “global health” in Africa. We will analyze the historical forms of affliction and its amelioration in Africa, as well as the place of history and the historical imagination in experiences of and claims to suffering and healing. As we engage with arguments about African bodies as the objects of moral and political contests over the longue durée, students will acquire a familiarity with key questions, texts, and arguments within African history and anthropology. Students are encouraged to explore the recommended works of African fiction that complement and complicate the historical and ethnographic accounts provided by course texts. Prerequisite: Anthropology 201 or 211, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Anthropology 391 - Legal Anthropology

Full course for one semester. The course examines the concept of legality as a social institution and a prominent feature of popular culture. Beginning with the emergence of legal anthropology and its history within the larger discipline, the course will focus on the relationships human actors have with the law as both an embedded social institution, and a disembodied set of authoritative doctrines. The course will orient students to productive ways of studying law and legality anthropologically. Topical areas will include Rule of Law, crime and punishment, sovereignty, alternative legal institutions, colonial and postcoloniality, environmental law, and transnationality. Prerequisite: Anthropology 201 or 211, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Anthropology 394 - Language Attrition and Endangerment

Full course for one semester. Language is one of the most salient and identifiable aspects of human culture. Human languages provide rich material for anthropological study as wells of deep knowledge through which we understand our identities, presents, and futures. Throughout the world many language communities are facing issues of language attrition and endangerment. This course provides an introduction to the practical and theoretical causes of language shift and the implications for impacted communities. Contemporary debates about the state of the field, methodological strategies for language documentation, and education and revitalization tactics will also be covered. Selected case studies provide a global perspective on the discourse of language endangerment and show the diversity of community initiatives. The role of language in constructing and maintaining cultural identity and historical continuity is a common theme in this course. Prerequisite: Anthropology 201 or 211. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Anthropology 395 - Globalization

Full course for one semester. This course is an introduction from an anthropological perspective to recent theories and debates about the nature of “globalization.” What is “globalization?” Why has this term become so prevalent in social theory and popular discourse in the past 20 years? What competing worldviews and political economic visions does it encompass? Beginning with influential debates outside of anthropology, we move quickly to consider the criticisms and alternatives offered by anthropologists and their interlocutors, especially since the late 1980s. Drawing on the recent spate of theoretical literature, ethnographies, and award-winning films on globalization and capitalism at a variety of scales, discussions and written assignments will address some of the most pressing and conflictual issues facing humankind today. How new are the translocal processes now labeled “globalization?” What is the nature of capitalism in a so-called “postcolonial” or “neoliberal” age? How are new forms of infrastructure, networks, economic development, and exploitation connecting different regions of the world? What forms of social and spatial mobility are emerging? What are the roles of both national states and transnational organizations and associations in these changes? How are forms of racial, ethnic, and gender difference constructed through these processes? What alternatives and resistances have been constructed? While course readings will touch on perspectives from a variety of disciplines, the course is designed to provide a specifically anthropological lens on these issues. Prerequisite: Anthropology 201 or 211. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Anthropology 397 - Media Persons Publics

Full course for one semester. The meteoric rise of new forms of digital data and social media in the past 20 years has generated, on the one hand, fantasies of utopic intimacy (the immediacy promised in a new “global village”), and on the other, moral panics about unprecedented estrangement (the hypermediation of virtual worlds and corporate or government “big data”). In this course, we challenge this dichotomy of intimacy/immediacy versus estrangement/mediation by taking an anthropological approach to the question of human communication. Drawing on interdisciplinary debates in philosophy, linguistic anthropology, and media studies, we develop tools for understanding all communication as both mediated and material, grounded in embodied practices and technological infrastructures and situated in historical events. This in turn will allow us to grasp how circulations of media forms and commodities participate in the creation of types of persons and publics across multiple scales of time and space. Bringing those theoretical and methodological debates into dialogue with ethnographic studies and other forms of media, we ask: How do people sense and interpret themselves, others, and their worlds? What is the boundary between the human and nonhuman in a digital age? What roles do states or transregional capitalisms play in the mediation of valued and devalued persons and publics? What are the possibilities for communication amidst great gaps in access to valued forms of media? Prerequisite: Anthropology 201 or 211. Conference.

Anthropology 398 - Race and Migration

Full course for one semester. Using the lens of critical race studies, this course explores the major ways in which anthropologists and critics have approached the immigrant experience. Comparing the immigrant contexts of North America, Europe, and Australia, the course considers both the politico-economic effects of and ideological contests over immigration. The course focuses on issues of identity formation and particularly on the ways in which immigrants are incorporated into and/or excluded from processes of nation formation and the national imagination through their racialized bodies. In this respect, the course uses the migrant experience to explore broader issues surrounding racial boundaries of contemporary citizenship and contemporary debates over multiculturalism in immigrant societies. Prerequisite: Anthropology 201 or 211. Conference. Cross-listed as Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 398.

Not offered 2019–20.

Anthropology 405 - Semiotic Anthropology

Full course for one semester. This course engages students with central concepts and approaches of semiotic anthropology. In our efforts to apprehend the cultural meaningfulness of language as a form of social action, we will consider the impact that theories of the sign have had on social and cultural theory. The goal is for students to gain a theoretical and methodological toolkit for understanding the fundamental role of semiotic processes in sociocultural life. In examining language as denotational code and a system of signs, we will explore linguistic ideology, agency, pragmatics and metapragmatics, and dynamics of language change (synchrony and diachrony). The readings include the classic texts of Peirce, Saussure, Boas, Sapir, Bakhtin, Voloshinov, Jakobson, Austin, Searle, Bourdieu, Labov, and M. Silverstein, among others. Prerequisite: Anthropology 211. Conference.

Anthropology 411 - Performance and Performativity

Full course for one semester. This course is an advanced seminar in linguistic anthropology. Anthropologists have long been interested in the complex dynamism of social life. Yet early attempts to account for this dynamism in the construction of cultural and linguistic worlds were obscured in favor of static representations of “cultures” and dualistic understandings of sociocultural structures versus individual actions or intentions. This course considers “performance” and “performativity” to be recent rubrics that group together a wide variety of social theorists who have focused instead on the emergent and contested nature of all meanings as they are communicated in everyday and ritualized speech and practice. The course will develop from key foundational texts in the philosophy of language to more recent theoretical and ethnographic work to explore the implications of this perspective for understanding language as social action, the nature of “context” and interpretive politics, the relationships between formal events or performances and everyday life, and the social construction of selves and others. By directing analytic focus to the indeterminacy, ambiguity, and multiplicity inherent to social life, the course challenges students to reconsider some of the central issues in anthropological theory, such as agency, identity, power, and resistance. Prerequisite: Anthropology 211. Cross-listed as Linguistics 411. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Anthropology 413 - Protean Sovereignties

Full course for one semester. The course examines “sovereignties,” paying particular attention to the shifting conceptions attached to the term from early modernity to contemporary times. Drawing upon a wide range of literature on the topic, we will situate the discussion within anthropology as deeply intersubjective juridical, political, and social phenomena. A critical discussion of “sovereignties” will help us better understand related sociocultural phenomena such as nationhood and nationalisms, bureaucratization, power, and hegemony. We will begin with early authors and follow a historical trajectory, which we will use to critically examine moments of sovereign enactment occurring throughout recent history. Prerequisite: Anthropology 211 or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Anthropology 425 - Marx from the South

Full course for one semester. This course engages with a long history of Marx and political economic thought in relation to the global South. The course is organized around key concepts, such as labor, value, capital, property, and class. We examine these concepts through readings of foundational texts in political economy including Marx, Locke, and Smith and the historical context of empire in which these texts were written. Alongside this historical context, we examine these concepts as they have been drawn upon analytically by anthropologists working on and politically by social movements working in the global South. Prerequisite: Anthropology 211 or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Anthropology 442 - Ontological Politics

Full course for one semester. This course offers a critical examination of anthropology’s recent “ontological turn,” notable for the influence of such scholars as Philippe Descola and Eduardo Viveiros de Castro. Challenging universalist assumptions that posit an inert and inanimate world of objects as a backdrop to human action, the study of the cultural and historical specificity of ontologies presents alternative views about the nature of what exists. Observing the things that populate, and the processes that make, the lived and known experience of anthropology’s ethnographic subjects draws attention to contrasting knowledge regimes. Consideration of alternate ontologies allows Euro-modernity’s “others” articulation of their own bases of knowledge, logics of practice, and courses of action. However, how anthropologists approach such considerations entails its own sets of political terms and stakes in knowledge production. This seminar examines anthropological debates about how to analyze and address the political tensions that arise in settings where nonmodern beings and forces are recognized and addressed by “other” political actors. Prerequisite: Anthropology 211 or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Anthropology 443 - Race and Modernity

See Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 300 for full description.

Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 300 Description

Anthropology 461 - Theories of Practice

Full course for one semester. Social theorists have long struggled with delineating the precise relationship between social structure and human agency in the explanation of extant cultural forms and their transformations over time. This course explores one set of proposed solutions generally classified under the rubric of “practice theory.” Building from the social philosophies of Elias, Bourdieu, Giddens, and de Certeau, the course examines how practice theory has informed anthropological inquiry and constituted a response to seemingly determinist theories of human behavior associated with structuralism and structural functionalism. Contemporary anthropological work by Marshall Sahlins, Sherry Ortner, and the Comaroffs, among others, will be read in light of earlier disciplinary engagement with the structure-agency question, including by Manchester School ethnographers. Prerequisite: Anthropology 211 or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Anthropology 465 - Suffering, Narrative, and Subjectivity

Full course for one semester. “The subject living in pain, in poverty, or under conditions of violence or oppression,” Joel Robbins contends in a recent essay, “now very often stands at the center of anthropological work” (2013:448). This course examines the emergence of what Robbins calls “the suffering slot,” that is, the displacement of difference in late twentieth-century and early twenty-first-century anthropology as the discipline’s organizing principle, and a reorientation toward universal human vulnerability. Our concern is with how this turn has shaped both the substantive and ethical contours of anthropological investigation and ethnographic writing: What can, and ought, anthropologists know and say about the world and those who inhabit it? What can, and ought to, be the relationship between anthropologists and their objects of study? We will give particular attention to philosophical arguments that emphasize the ineffability of suffering—that is, the ways that suffering defies narrative—and the implications of these arguments for theories of subjectivity. Of particular interest is how these ideas have shaped the generic conventions that have emerged in anthropological studies of suffering, and how these conventions in turn reflect a particular moment in anthropology’s self-understanding as a discipline. Prerequisite: Anthropology 211. Conference.

Anthropology 470 - Thesis

Full course for one year.

Anthropology 481 - Independent Reading

One-half or full course for one semester. Open only to upper-class students with special permission.

Art 170 - Introductory Drawing

Full course for one semester. An introduction to studio art through the processes, concepts and subjects of drawing. Work in the first half of the semester involves the apprehension of landscape spaces and natural forms through contour, shape, gesture, and chiaroscuro, leading to the study of the human form and self-representation. The second half of the semester focuses on spatial representation (isometric projection and Western perspective, and chiaroscuro) in still life and architectural spaces. The final project is a series of eight drawings exploring a particular interior or exterior space each student has chosen. Throughout the semester there are also nontraditional assignments that involve working from memory, working from nonvisual sensory experiences, abstraction, and collaboration. Art 170, 173, and 175 are alternative prerequisites for Art 271 (Painting I) and Art 272 (Painting II). Enrollment limited to 18. Studio.

Art 171 - The Figure

Full course for one semester. Making an image of the human body is one of the most basic artistic acts. It involves sympathy with another body, self-identification and empirical observation. As practiced by Western artists it serves as both the basic roots of drawing and the height of artistic facility. In this class we explore all dimensions of the studio practice of rendering the figure. The course begins with observational drawing moves through figure sculpture and finally ends with portraiture. We will create a rigorous studio practice centered on the act of drawing. Readings, homework assignments, and discussions will unpack traditions based in gender and race. Through field trips to galleries and museums we will look at the uses of the figure in art history and contemporary art. The bulk of the studio work will be done in class. An average of one to three hours outside of class per week is expected. Aside from the work of observing and sussing out the details of the figure, classes will include discussions of assigned readings. Enrollment limited to 18. Studio.

Art 173 - Intaglio Printmaking

Full course for one semester. An introduction to studio art through the processes, concepts, and subjects of printmaking. Intaglio printmaking includes drypoint, linear etching, aquatint, soft ground, sugar lift, and multiple tone and color processes. In the first half of the semester these techniques will be introduced and applied to thematic projects involving natural and manmade forms, landscape and architectural spaces, self-representation, relationships of images and text, etc. Two large projects will occupy the second half of the semester: a class-sized edition of a print on an agreed-upon theme, and a final project, a large, complex image or a sequence of images, involving several processes. Additional sketchbook work will study the styles and compositions of master and contemporary printmakers. The class will also study prints in the Reed College collection, the Portland Art Museum, and local galleries. This course is offered in alternate years with Art 175. Art 173, 175, and 170 are alternative prerequisites for Art 271 (Painting I) and Art 272 (Painting II). Enrollment Limited to 18. Studio.

Art 175 - Relief Printmaking

Full course for one semester. An introduction to studio art through the processes, concepts, and subjects of printmaking. Relief printmaking includes woodcut, linocut, stencil, collagraph, nonrectangular shaped and puzzle-piece blocks, subtractive block chiaroscuro, and multiple-block/multiple-color printing. In the first half of the semester these processes will be introduced and applied to thematic projects involving natural and manmade forms, landscape and architectural spaces, self-representation, relationships of images and text, etc. Two large projects will occupy the second half of the semester: a class-sized edition of a print on an agreed-upon theme, and a final project, a large, complex image or a sequence of images, involving several processes. Additional sketchbook work will study the styles and compositions of master and contemporary printmakers. The class will also study prints in the Reed College collection, the Portland Art Museum, and local galleries. This course is offered in alternate years with Art 173. Art 175, 173, and 170 are alternative prerequisites for Art 271 (Painting I) and Art 272 (Painting II). Enrollment limited to 18. Studio.

Art 180 - Art and Language

Full course for one semester. This course will explore text as the crucial element that links a number of avant-garde movements of the twentieth century when artists take cues from literary works. Technically, the course will cover page design, typography, letterpress, and block printing. Students will complete projects that explore the classical use of the page and roman lettering, the potential of the printed word to convey meaning through graphic and pictorial poetry, and creating a sculptural piece of concrete poetry. Readings will focus on the social and political significance text-based works have in society. They will include Essays on Art and Language by Charles Harrison; The Futurist Moment by Marjorie Perloff; interviews with Glenn Ligon and Lorna Simpson; and essays on Ian Hamilton Finlay, Ed Ruscha, Xu Bing, Alison Knowles, and Jenny Holzer. Enrollment limited to 15. Studio. May be repeated for credit.

Art 181 - Architectonic Structures

Full course for one semester. This course introduces students to the structural principles and communicative possibilities of sculpture and architecture. Each project addresses one of the three scales: the architectural, into which the body fits; the human, to which the body relates or which the body physically inhabits; and the intimate, which relates to the hand or head. We will study the fundamentals of wood and aluminum fabrication, including handcrafted joinery, lamination, steam bending, wall construction laser cutting, and 3-D printing. Readings will focus on the application of craft-based architectural construction and the direct impact this has on society through communal projects, new types of housing, and personal agency. Students will be exposed to diverse, international contemporary artists and architects. Enrollment limited to 15. Studio. May be repeated for credit.

Art 182 - Material Objects

Full course for one semester. A crafts-based course that focuses on the form, function, and concept of handmade objects in our society. The class will learn skills in hand-built and thrown clay forms, casting and fabricating with ceramics, wax, paper, cloth and glass. The assignments will explore the poetic language of each material, fusing the analog and the digital, and will focus on cooperative and community-based works that can emerge from these mediums. Readings will focus on social practices and culturally significant, politically motivated works made for and with communities. Students will have technical workshops with studio assistant in glass and ceramics weekly. Enrollment limited to 15. Studio. May be repeated for credit.

Art 190 - Art and Photography I

Full course for one semester. This course introduces students to the fundamentals of photography through both black-and-white and digital photographic processes and investigates the use of photography in the context of contemporary art. The class will cover camera operation, principles of exposure, basic understanding of light, film development, and darkroom/digital printing. Technical, aesthetic, and conceptual possibilities of photography are explored through assignments, readings, slide presentations and critiques. Enrollment limited to 16. Studio.

Art 195 - Digital Imaging/Processing

Full course for one semester. This course introduces students to the fundamentals of digital imaging. Technical and conceptual units will be presented in a historical context and that of contemporary art practice. The class will cover digital camera operation, as well as the use of scanners, phones, tablets, and other digital tools and techniques to produce work. We will explore the link between art, technology, and the computer through readings, slide presentations, and class discussions. Students will learn to acquire, manipulate, and print digital images using Photoshop and Illustrator. Students are meant to develop a solid understanding of these digital imaging practices as well as an adaptable approach to emerging technologies. Students will be expected to respond to assignments with technical competence and critical clarity. No prerequisite. Enrollment limited to 12. Studio.

Not offered 2019–20.

Art 196 - Digital Video/Interactive Art

Full course for one semester. We will explore the use of the moving image, digital video, and interactivity as related to art. Students will be exposed to the concepts and visual strategies surrounding digital media, and techniques of nonlinear, nondestructive video editing and interactivity. We will look at the various ways in which artists employ these technologies and tools in their works through readings, class discussions, and slide presentations. First, students will deal with moving image as a medium as practiced in art and will be exposed to media software such as Adobe Premiere Pro and After Effects. Then, we will take apart and reexamine the moving image and the tools artist use to edit the moving image in an attempt to expand our understanding of the medium through a graphical programming environment for video, music, and data called Max/MSP/Jitter. Students will be expected to respond to assignments with technical competence and critical clarity. Enrollment limited to 12. Studio.

Art 201 - Introduction to the History of Art

Full course for one semester. Basic art historical methods and examples of recent scholarship are examined in relationship to a chronologically, geographically, or thematically defined body of art. Credit may not be earned for this course if it is taken after passing a 300-level art history course. Lecture-conference.

Art 262 - The Figure

Full course for one semester. This course explores the human body and its representations. Studio exercises focus on traditional Western approaches to rendering the human form from the Renaissance forward, investigating gesture, proportion, tone, and perspective through close observation and anatomical study. Students will have the opportunity to work in charcoal, ink, and a variety of other 2-D media, and will learn to build armatures and work figuratively in clay. The second half of the term will explore more experimental approaches to working with the human form. Although the course is primarily a studio course, short readings and written assignments touch on key issues in art criticism and theory, including expressionism, abstraction, phenomenology, poststructuralism, and feminism. Prerequisite: one 100-level studio art course, consent of the instructor based on senior standing, or consent of the instructor. Studio.

Not offered 2019–20.

Art 271 - Painting I

Full course for one semester. The class explores color structure, interaction, and illusions (transparency, luminosity, atmosphere), through abstraction and various compositional strategies. Major projects involve creating a “shape alphabet” and a series of variations on it; paintings in which there is a close correspondence, or a tension, between image and support; paintings that focus on process and nontraditional techniques; and an independent final project that builds upon previous work in the class. Weekly slide lectures focus on color and composition in representational and abstract painting. Prerequisite: Art 170, 173, or 175, or consent of the instructor. Enrollment limited to 18. Studio.

Art 272 - Painting II

Full course for one semester. The class extends many of the color relationships and compositional models from Art 271 to an exploration of different styles of representation and genres, including still life, interior and landscape spaces, portraiture and self-portraiture, and narrative painting. Weekly slide lectures focus on how different artists have explored these genres over their careers. A sketchbook of compositional and color studies of historical and modern paintings is also required. Prerequisite: Art 170, 173, or 175, or consent of the instructor. Enrollment limited to 18. Studio.

Art 282 - Sculpture in the Expanded Field

Full course for one semester. A studio sculpture course exploring the human body as a site for transformation through clothing, performance, and architectural construction. We will explore wearable works as well as spatially dynamic and temporal art form, directly related to the human form and phenomenological experience. Readings and discussions will focus on feminist theory, queer theory, and critical race theory, and the representation of the body throughout art history, fashion, and performance art. Technically, we will focus on metal fabrication, welding, and sewing. Prerequisite: Art 181, 182, or any 100-level studio course or consent of the instructor. Enrollment limited to 15. Studio. May be repeated for credit.

Art 291 - Art and Photography II

Full course for one semester. The course will introduce advanced topics such as color, large-format, and medium-format photography. Technical, aesthetic, and conceptual possibilities of photography are explored through projects, readings, slide presentations, lab work, and critiques. Class time will be spent in lecture, slide presentations, lab work, critique, and occasional field trips. Students will be expected to respond to assignments with technical competence and critical clarity. Prerequisite: Art 190 or consent of the instructor. Enrollment limited to 16. Studio.

Art 292 - Drawing with Light

Full course for one semester. The course will explore photography as an experimental medium, studying light as the subject matter through different practices and techniques. Students will experiment with image manipulation, combining both digital and analog processing, color and monochromatic outputs, and traditional and experimental modes of image capture and output on different supports. Class time will include visits to museums, field trips, technical demonstrations, darkroom work, and group critiques. This course is designed to expand the student’s photographic vocabulary; to encourage experimentation, utilizing a variety of materials and techniques; and to push the boundaries of what makes a photograph. Technical, aesthetic, and conceptual possibilities of light are explored through projects, readings, slide presentations, lab work, and critiques. Additionally, students will learn to develop content-driven art, focusing on the relationship between form and content, subject matter and meaning. Students will be expected to respond to assignments with technical competence and critical clarity. Prerequisite: One 100-level studio art course or consent of the instructor. Enrollment limited to 12. Studio.

Not offered 2019–20.

Art 293 - Internet Literacy, Culture, and Practice

Full course for one semester. Students will develop an understanding of the technology and the issues surrounding the internet and the web through studio activities, readings, and online and/or physical fieldwork. Students will gain literacy in web development languages (HTML, CSS, and JavaScript). We will cover the history of the use of computers and networks as a tool for empowerment and for creating art. We will explore topics such as hypertextuality, nonlinearity, interactivity, authorship, web as archive, net neutrality, and the open-source movement. With the newly acquired literacy in hand we will investigate how the convergence of the web/social media with social practice/activism reconfigures the ways in which artists and citizens view, participate in, understand, and narrate real-world issues. Prerequisite: Art 195 or 196, or consent of the instructor. Enrollment limited to 12. Studio.

Art 294 - Photography in the Expanded Field

Full course for one semester. This course will invite students to question the limits of the photographic medium through its history and its ever-changing definition. This class is a space to experiment and expand the notions of photography as a medium, challenging the technical, aesthetic, and conceptual possibilities of photography through projects, readings, slide presentations, lab work, and critiques. Students will produce work exploring photography in relation to other media from drawing to installation. Class time will be spent in lectures, slide presentations, lab work, critique, and occasional field trips. The course is designed for intermediate self-directed students. Students will be expected to respond to assignments with technical competence and critical clarity. Prerequisite: Art 190 or consent of the instructor. Enrollment limited to 16. Studio.

Not offered 2019–20.

Art 300 - Junior Seminar (Art History)

One-half course for one semester. This course is designed for declared art history majors with junior standing, and is limited to those art history juniors (of whom it is required as part of the junior qualifying examination in art history). This team-taught course will introduce students to innovative examples of art-historical scholarship. The theme of the class will change yearly to engage a broad geographical and chronological range of topics. A major task of this seminar is to prepare students to design and research a topic, compose and annotate a bibliography, and write and revise a 20-page research paper by the end of the semester. This experience, in turn, will prepare them to write their senior art history thesis. Prerequisites: Art 201 and two 300-level classes in art history. Conference.

Art 304 - Matisse

Full course for one semester. This course explores the work of Henri Matisse across the cultures, environments, myths, and media that supplied the major motifs of his oeuvre. Rather than tour these motifs from the vantage of Matisse’s elevated position in the canon, we will reexamine Matisse through the lens of his subjects, including North African architecture and design, the gendered space of the decorative interior, the infiltration of painting by photography and sculpture, and modern theories of psychology and race. Prerequisite: Art 201. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Art 306 - Surrealism

Full course for one semester. “‘Transform the world,’ said Marx, ‘change life,’ said Rimbaud; these two mottoes are for us one and the same.” With this mandate, the French poet and author André Breton established the revolutionary ambitions of surrealism, an avant-garde movement founded in France in the 1920s. Yet how exactly did surrealism propose to merge psychological and political revolutions? This course sets out to answer this question by mining surrealism’s central artistic strategies and critical operations, from its invention of automatism and chance procedures to its radical formal experiments with the novel, sculpture, photography, and film. Readings may address topics including the theory and practice of psychoanalysis, notions of the “primitive” and the abject, feminist critiques of desire and the gaze, concepts of collectivity and the “workless” community. We will share our focus between surrealism’s first decades in interwar France and its diasporas in Mexico, Egypt, Japan, Belgium, and Czechoslovakia. This class includes a significant surrealist practicum, through which we will test the relevance of surrealist tactics for transforming our contemporary world. Prerequisite: Art 201. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Art 310 - Art of the Italian Renaissance Courts

Full course for one semester. This course examines the art and architecture of the Italian Renaissance courts during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Concentrating primarily on the dynastic centers of Milan, Mantua, Ferrara, and Urbino, the course explores the ways in which Renaissance art operated in the service of the court as a powerful tool of statecraft. We will consider the union of art and politics by examining the patronage of the secular princes, while also analyzing how the visual identity of the state intersected with representations of gender and religious difference in the Italian Renaissance city-states. The course will provide new insights into famous works by artists such as Leonardo da Vinci and Andrea Mantegna and place their work within a larger discourse that incorporates less well-known local art by painters including Cosimo Tura and Dosso Dossi. Prerequisite: Art 201 or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Art 313 - Art and Life in Renaissance Florence

Full course for one semester. In Lives of the Artists Giorgio Vasari describes how “the arts were born anew” in Renaissance Florence. The city’s streets and piazzas, palaces and churches, paintings and sculptures all give visual form to the cultural and social changes that affected Florentine life. In its study of artists such as Brunelleschi, Botticelli, Leonardo, and Michelangelo, this course concentrates on the 15th and 16th centuries as a period of innovation, in terms of both artistic theory and practice. Through an examination of Florence’s public, ecclesiastical, and domestic spaces, we will consider how visual and material culture served as markers of civic identity and social distinction. Prerequisite: Art 201 or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference.

Art 316 - Medieval Manuscript Illumination

Full course for one semester. This course examines the manuscript book from its origins in late antiquity, tracing its development through the Middle Ages and into the Renaissance. The emphasis will be on illustrated manuscripts in their context: what they were, how they were made, and the ways in which they were used. Rather than providing a chronological survey, this course will consider some of the fundamental issues in the history of manuscripts, such as the origin and nature of the codex, the relationship of text and image, the problem of illusionism in manuscript illumination, and the interaction between manuscripts and printed books. Readings and lectures will be supplemented by the detailed study of medieval manuscripts in the Reed College collection. Prerequisite: Art 201 or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Art 320 - Iconoclasm

Full course for one semester. Iconoclasm, the purposeful destruction of images, and aniconism—the refusal to produce images—have been recurring phenomena throughout the history of Western art. Whether iconoclasm is an exclusively Western practice will be one of the subjects considered in this course. Prominent examples of iconoclasm and aniconism across time include the ancient practice of destroying the monuments of previous rulers; the prohibition on images in the Hebrew Bible; Christian iconoclasm in medieval Byzantium and in the wake of the Protestant Reformation; state-sponsored destruction of images during the French, Russian, and Nazi revolutions; vandalism; and contemporary attempts to censor the visual arts. Long neglected by art historians, the study of iconoclasm is now considered central to understanding the historical function of images. By examining theories of iconoclasm and selected case studies, this course will attempt to understand the phenomenon and its importance for the study of past art; over the course of the semester each student will conduct a detailed examination of an iconoclastic incident of their choice. Prerequisite: Art 201 or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference.

Art 321 - Moving Pictures: The Migration and Manipulation of Images in the Early Modern Period

Full course for one semester. Images in the early modern period moved further and more regularly than at any other time in history up until that point. While scholars have increasingly taken an interest in the movement of early modern images in recent years, we still lack a study that takes into account the many different ways in which images were understood to move. This class is an attempt to understand and synthesize the early modern concept of movement in its many forms, and by extension the role and status of images. We will explore movement from the micro to the macro, and both literal and figurative. Topics will include the transportation of images between Europe and the rest of the world, representations of travel and movement, translation and mistranslation, prints that were meant to be altered and interacted with, automata, affective and miraculous images, and works of art that were meant to make viewers move in particular ways. Prerequisite: Art 201, or permission of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Art 322 - Early Modern Things

Full course for one semester. Things expose relations in and between societies that inform the past. As Arjun Appadurai argues, “Even though from a theoretical point of view human actors encode things with significance, from a methodological point of view it is the things-in-motion that illuminate their human and social context.” In this course, we will mobilize early modern things to explore what inanimate objects reveal about the animate world. We will study the social significance and cultural value of such things to look at and beyond their materiality. In particular, we will examine objects such as clothing from England, earthenware from Italy, featherwork from the New World, and carpets from the Ottoman Empire to rethink how such things construct biography, impact memory, produce ambiguity, and dictate taste. Prerequisite: Art 201 or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Art 323 - Global Early Modern Visual Culture

Full course for one semester. This course explores art produced around the world during the sixteenth through the mid-eighteenth centuries, a period of intense contact between cultures with widely varying ideas about what constitutes art. Out of this contact came a myriad of strange works of art that speak to the pressures of often violent colonial and economic encounters. We will look at the impact on European art of contact with Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and the Americas, as well as the ways in which European art and culture changed the local traditions of art making in the rest of the world. We will consider what happens to culturally specific forms and styles when they cross cultural, geographical, ideological, political, and theological boundaries. Among the topics we will discuss are the Italian Renaissance nude, miraculous images in New Spain and Peru, Mughal miniatures, African ivory carvings, one-point perspective, Protestant European printed representations of Native Americans, Japanese iconoclasm, and chinoiserie. Prerequisite: Art 201 or permission of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Art 332 - Art and Archaeology in Early China

Full course for one semester. This course will explore artifacts excavated in China from the height of the Neolithic period (c. 4000–2000 BCE) to the end of the eastern Han dynasty (25–220 CE). Excavated objects from these periods rarely have accompanying textual explanations. Instead, we rely primarily on archaeology, which provides the raw material for understanding the distant past and constructs temporal narratives that account for the categorical differences between artifacts. With the rise of material culture studies in the field of art history, enigmatic objects that fell within the domain of archaeology may now have art-historical explanations. The course is organized chronologically by archaeological site. Secondary textual sources and comparative studies with other sites will be used to refine our understanding of artisans and their craft and the social and cultural functions of objects. What types of training did artisans undergo? What sources (manuals, tacit knowledge, guild practices, etc.) provided the necessary skills for artisans to work? How was labor divided and what were the social structures in place that dictated artisans’ modes of production? How were these objects used and circulated by the living and the dead? Prerequisite: Art 201, or Humanities 231 and 232 (previously numbered Humanities 230), or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Art 344 - Visual Art in Spanish Baroque Literature

See Spanish 344 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

Spanish 344 Description

Art 346 - Introduction to Media Studies

See German 346 for description. 

German 346 Description

Art 351 - Making Space

Full course for one semester. Space isn’t an empty, neutral vehicle in which artworks simply appear for public consumption. While an artwork makes the space for its own display, spaces do their own work to determine the range, impact, and execution of an artwork within them. But when all space is necessarily coded as real estate, all but the most famous and privileged artists will struggle to make space not just for their own work, but to support other artists and build various forms of community. In this, present-day Portland is both an exemplary and a distinctive case. This art history class will visit a number of art spaces that are commonly understood as small, alternative, or experimental, although this in no way predefines their relationship to institutionality. Each week we will spend time with and, most weeks, in a different space around Portland, talking to the people who established and run those spaces. In these conversations, we will ask about their engagement with their communities, why and how they established their space, the uses and valences of institutionality, and the relationship between art’s attempts to make space and the ongoing processes of gentrification in and around Portland. Participating spaces/collectives include home school, Physical Education, Pochas Radicales, Portland Museum of Modern Art, Sunday Painters Group, The Residency in the Garden, and more. We will meet once per week, in the evening, for 3 hours in order to facilitate travel. Prerequisite: Art 201 or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Art 352 - The Art of Capitalism

Full course for one semester. Even if modern art in Europe and America could exist without capitalism (as it has often imagined that it could), it has never existed without capitalism. Capitalism has been the sustaining condition of modern art, a fact that has been seen by artists, critics, and historians as variously tragic, melancholic, utopian, or simply the case. The weave that connects art and capitalism has only tightened as we have moved into the twenty-first century. This course will survey some of the histories and technologies that have staged encounters between art and capitalism (e.g., industrialization, Fordism, post-Fordism, neoliberalism, affective labor, network society). In parallel, we will survey some of the ways that artists, critics, and historians have, intentionally and unintentionally, optimistically and pessimistically, taken up a position in relation to capitalism, where capitalism is understood as a (if not the) defining feature of ordinary life (e.g., impressionism, constructivism, Dadaism, situationism, Fluxus, appropriative traditions, abstraction, performance art, relational aesthetics). This means that we will be reading substantively within the history of modern capitalism in order to understand some of its more significant transformations across the twentieth century. Critical theory is the general name for the mode of cultural criticism that this course tries both to study and to historicize. Karl Marx was its first proponent and continues to be its most generative. There will be a focus on Marx and Marxist critical traditions, and alternative traditions of cultural analysis will also be covered. Prerequisite: Art 201 or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Art 355 - Representation and After

Full course for one semester. Starting with second-wave feminism, gay liberation, and civil rights in the ’60s, we will study different forms of representational politics in and around the visual arts. For the second half of the course, we will ask whether representational politics have been superseded by new structural conditions (e.g., new identity formations seen in their intersections with new media), study some of those conditions as they pertain to questions of collective politics, and then ask what forms of political action in the aesthetic realm (broadly conceived) have become possible or are now needed. Prerequisite: Art 201 or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Art 356 - Resisting Sculpture

Full course for one semester. This course surveys major works of twentieth-century sculpture through episodes of resistance, considering both sculpture that resists conventional modes of display, circulation, or consumption, and the sculpture of resistance, placed in the service of progressive social or political positions. Beginning with sculpture’s turn-of-the-century challenge to the ideological functions of the monument, we will examine topics such as the ready-made’s negotiation of the commodity form, the traffic of non-Western objects in the interwar avant-garde, resistance and absorption in minimalism, and site specificity and public address in postwar sculpture. We will discuss how artists engaged theories of sculpture that defined the medium through resistance as a physical property and consider how these theories converged with the political force of sculpture over the course of the last century. Prerequisite: Art 201 or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Art 361 - Intermediate Photography and Digital Media

Full course for one semester. This studio course provides a forum for more advanced and independent work for students who have completed the introductory and intermediate sequence in art, photography, or digital media. The course is designed for advanced self-directed students seeking an interdisciplinary critique course. This class is a space to experiment and expand your practice, and to gain insight and feedback into the work you are making. Readings and lab work will respond directly to individual and group interests. Class time will be spent mostly in doing critiques and individual studio visits, but also doing lectures, slide presentations, lab work, and occasional field trips. Students must be highly self-motivated and will be expected to respond to assignments with technical competence and critical clarity. Prerequisites: one 200-level studio art course or consent of the instructor. Enrollment limited to 16. Studio. May be repeated for credit.

Not offered 2019–20.

Art 365 - Intersection: Architecture, Landscape Sculpture

Full course for one semester. This advanced studio sculpture course explores architectural and landscape-based works. Reading and research will focus on artists and architects from the 1970s to the present who use public process and sustainable materials to design and build innovative forms within urban spaces. The class will create a set of potential design solutions for a site in Portland. Studio training will include drafting, drawing, and planning strategies and building scale models in wood and metal. Knowledge of Google SketchUp and or Photoshop desired. Prerequisite: one 100-level studio art course and Art 281 or 282 or consent of the instructor. Studio. 

Art 368 - Image and Text: The Book as a Sculptural Object

Full course for one semester. This course explores the significant role artists’ books have played among the avant-garde of eastern and western Europe and the United States from the turn of the twentieth century to the present. The structural format book works take and their social and political functions will be viewed, discussed, and fabricated. The course will cover binding both codex and accordion books, reproducing images using palmer plates, and setting and printing type and images using a Reprex letterpress. Reed’s special collections will provide a spectrum of professional artists’ books, including magazine works, anthologies, diaries, manifestos, visual poetry, word works, documentation, albums, comic books, and mail art. We will read and discuss essays relating to each studio problem. Prerequisites: one 100-level studio art course and one 200-level studio course or consent of the instructor. Studio-conference.

Art 371 - Intermediate Painting, Drawing, and Printmaking I

Full course for one semester. The first part of the course will involve exploratory drawing toward a project to be proposed and executed over the rest of the semester. The project might involve continued work in drawing, painting, printmaking, collage, or two-dimensional mixed media. The course serves as a junior seminar with weekly discussions of critical essays and articles, and short papers. Past readings have focused on modernist art and theory from 1940 to 1970; postmodernism and critical issues in art since 1970; nineteenth and twentieth century aesthetics; notions of beauty in contemporary art; pictorial representations of irony; and artist self-representation and intentionality. Prerequisite: Art 271 or 272, or Art 173 or 175 with the permission of the instructor. Enrollment limited to 18. Studio. May be repeated for credit.

Art 374 - New Media/Old Media—Experiments in Optical Media and Computation

Full course for one semester. The course will examine and experiment with various forms of old and analog media combined with new and speculative twenty-first-century media technology to see if they can be productively remade and integrated into contemporary art practices. Our goal is to defamiliarize photography and new/digital media by finding alternative uses, or by revisiting a time when they had not separated themselves into distinct and different discourses looking at historical devices, methods, and tools that shared common aspirations and limitations. Technical, aesthetic, and conceptual possibilities are explored through studio workshops, projects, readings, slide presentations, lab work, and critiques. Students must be highly self-motivated and will be expected to design independent projects. Prerequisite: two 200-level studio art courses; or two of Art 190, 195, or 196; or one of Art 291, 292, 293, or 294. Enrollment limited to 16. Studio.

Art 382 - Installation/Participation

Full course for one semester. An advanced sculpture/multimedia course investigating research-based and social art practices including the intersection of art, science, and society. Students may make work in any 2-D, 3-D, or time-based medium they are comfortable with, including performance and electronic media, to create installation-based works that inform and immerse the viewer. All sculpture construction shops and tools are available, including laser cutting, 3-D printing, and casting. Weekly readings will include contemporary art theory, feminist theory, and critical race theory, and will center on artists working directly with social and political issues at the intersection of art, science, and society. Prerequisite: Art 181, Art 182, or any 100-level studio course, or consent of the instructor. Enrollment limited to 15. Studio. May be repeated for credit.

Art 391 - Material Culture and the Study of Chinese Painting

Full course for one semester.  Although centuries of scholars have written on Chinese painting, with the rise of material culture studies and its various incarnations, canonical objects in the field of art history are now subject to an expanded field of interdisciplinary scrutiny. The central objective of this class is to understand the histories of Chinese painting as networks, where each element in the production of a Chinese painting—from artists, brushes, paper, silk, seals to the spaces in which painting practices occur—serves as a meaningful node. This class critically engages with Chinese paintings from the Song to the Qing dynasty from this methodological lens. Readings are structured thematically, with one theoretical text and other more specific examinations of cultures of painting in imperial China, with the hope that students are able to draw connections between and be critical of the two types of scholarly works. Prerequisites: Art 201, Humanities 231 and 232 (previously numbered Humanities 230), or permission of instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Art 393 - Chinese Calligraphy

Full course for one semester. This course is a survey of the history and aesthetics of Chinese calligraphy from the late Eastern Han (25–220 CE) through the Song dynasty (960–1279). In addition to familiarizing students with the calligraphy of these periods, this course also seeks to bring into conversation early Chinese theories on writing and contemporary art, historical literature, and the relationship between words and images. Some questions that will guide the general theoretical arc of the course include 1) how the origins and development of the Chinese writing system inform its later incarnations a an inextricable part of literati art; 2) what it might mean to emphasize the look of writing more than its linguistic characteristics; and 3) how closely the notion of being able to know calligraphers through their calligraphy matches the actual practice of writing and self-cultivation during this period. Prerequisite: Art 201. Conference.

Art 395 - China Through the Lens

Full course for one semester. This course explores the evolution of photography in China from the 1840s to the present. We will examine how China and the Chinese have been represented through the medium, focusing on the changing uses and purposes of photography as China underwent profound social, political, and cultural transformations. As we encounter different genres of photography and agendas for making photographs, we will consider how photography was integrated into Chinese artistic practices and everyday life, helping to form new national and social identities. Topics include photography as handmaiden to imperialism, as fine art, as social documentation, and as a medium of transnational exchange; we will also investigate its relationship to print media, interactions with older media, and uses as propaganda. Prerequisite: Art 201, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Art 397 - Modern and Contemporary Chinese Art in a Global Context

Full course for one semester. This course explores key figures, movements, and issues in Chinese art and visual culture from the late nineteenth century to the present. We will pay special attention to the intercultural encounters and connections from the era of international treaty ports to contemporary global art circuits. By examining key artists and landmark exhibitions in historical sequence, this course considers how aesthetic concerns, expressed through a variety of media from ink painting to video installation, engaged with the unfolding seismic sociopolitical and economic transformations in China. To trace the contours of the modern and contemporary Chinese art scene, we will also analyze primary sources including not only visual works produced but also writings by artists, group manifestos, and exhibition statements that bring into focus major debates and issues. We will consider recurring questions over modernity and tradition, political participation and representation, nationalism and transnationalism, and in relation to an expanding art world and art market. Prerequisite: Art 201 or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Art 408 - Renaissance Space

Full course for one semester. “Whoever holds the piazza is master of the city,” writes the Florentine chronicler Giovanni Cavalcanti. The master of the city was no neutered subject; Cavalcanti’s remarks demonstrate how urban geographies were in fact gendered in the early modern period. Whereas men occupied the piazza and its public architecture, women were ensconced within the folds of the private interior. This course will explore the representations of space in visual and textual culture to reveal how the spatial relations of the Renaissance city articulated the power and social controls delineating the contours of community. Included in our discussion will be the art of Botticelli and Titian; the architecture of prostitutes, patricians, and nuns; and contemporary treatises by Alberti. Prerequisites: two 300-level art history courses. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Art 412 - Art-Historical Interpretation

Full course for one semester. This course examines in detail some of the fundamental methods of art-historical interpretation and the strategies that have been developed to deal with them. Topics of special attention include the social history of art, phenomenology, gender and race studies, and the relationship between art history and art criticism. To assess these issues, the course will concentrate on recent scholarship on French painting of the second half of the 19th century, especially the art of Édouard Manet. This limitation allows us to take advantage of a diverse body of high-quality scholarship and to use the collections of the Portland Art Museum. Scholars who will be studied in depth include Carol Armstrong, T.J. Clark, Michael Fried, Darcy Grimaldo Grigsby, Linda Nochlin, and Griselda Pollock. Prerequisite: two 300-level art history courses. Conference.

Art 418 - Notations

Full course for one semester. This course explores the theories and methods associated with the study of notational systems. More specifically, the course begins by asking, what is a notation and how does it produce meaning? This foundational work requires understanding the relationship that notations have with more commonly found terms in art history: representation, signification, and language. The course will build on these theoretical approaches by applying them to three types of objects—writing, maps, and diagrams—while keeping in mind the close relationship that each of the categories has with forms of art making that are more traditionally found in the art historical canon, such as painting, sculpture, or architecture. How do notations inform or challenge our understanding of art history as a discipline? Can a study of notations broaden the scope of art history, not only in its subject matter and medium, but also in its temporal and geographic scope? Prerequisite: Art 201 and two 300-level art history courses. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Art 421 - Theories of Form

Full course for one semester. Form is at once the site and source of art’s most hermetic instincts while also anchoring a set of theories wherein the border between art and world erodes most completely. No wonder the concept can seem hopelessly incoherent. And yet, aesthetics has never been able to do without theories of form, and many important thinkers of art and aesthetics have felt some concept of form to be essential to practices that take critique and critical pedagogy as their goal. What are the boundaries and extensions of form? Is it more like an object or a relation? When is it political? How does form become historical? When form is used to bracket out the world, how is this accomplished and at what expense? This class will ask such questions by surveying a range of thinkers writing from 1900 to the present who have thought in a sustained way about form as an object of study, a site for the crossing of aesthetics and politics. Due to the often recondite nature of our subject, we will spend significant time with each of our authors. Specific artists and artist materials that we consider will be driven by student interests and local accessibility. Prerequisite: Art 201 and two 300-level art history courses. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Art 470 - Thesis

Full course for one year.

Art 481 - Independent Projects or Independent Reading

One-half or full course for one semester. Independent courses are usually offered only to students already admitted to the division as art majors. Such courses cannot be used to satisfy the basic course requirements of the department. Prerequisite: approval of instructor and division.

Art 530 - Art and Life in Renaissance Florence

One-half course for one semester. Giorgio Vasari describes in Lives of the Artists how “the arts were born anew” in Renaissance Florence. The city’s streets and piazzas, palaces and churches, paintings and sculptures give visual form to the cultural and social changes that impacted Florentine life. This course, in its study of artists such as Botticelli, Leonardo, Michelangelo, and Cellini, concentrates on the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries as a period of innovation, in terms of both artistic theory and practice. Through an examination of Florence’s public and private spaces, we will consider how visual and material culture served as markers of civic identity and social distinction. Conference. Offered fall 2019.

Biology 101 - Topics in Biology I

Full course for one semester, taught by several staff members. The course furnishes an understanding of biological principles and the properties of life. Among topics considered are structure and function of plants and animals, relations of organisms to each other and to their environment, energy relations of organisms, integrative and coordinating mechanisms of organisms, cell biology principles, genetics, molecular biology, reproduction, development and growth, and the evidence for organic evolution. The laboratory deals with the descriptive and experimental aspects of the topics covered in the lectures. Biology 101 and 102 comprise a full year of introductory biology, and may be taken in either order. Lecture-laboratory.

Biology 102 - Topics in Biology II

Full course for one semester, taught by several staff members. The course furnishes an understanding of biological principles and the properties of life. Among topics considered are structure and function of plants and animals, relations of organisms to each other and to their environment, energy relations of organisms, integrative and coordinating mechanisms of organisms, cell biology principles, genetics, molecular biology, reproduction, development and growth, and the evidence for organic evolution. The laboratory deals with the descriptive and experimental aspects of the topics covered in the lectures. Biology 101 and 102 comprise a full year of introductory biology, and may be taken in either order. Lecture-laboratory.

Biology 131 - Introduction to Computational Biology

Full course for one semester. This course provides an integrated survey of fundamental questions in molecular biology and the computational tools that are used to solve them. Elements of molecular biology and computer programming are presented in parallel throughout the semester. Topics include molecular sequence analysis (identifying repeats, regulatory/binding motifs, and genetic variation) using pattern-matching operations on text strings. Assignments will include writing Python programs to analyze human DNA, RNA, and protein sequences. Prerequisite: Biology 101 or 102, or consent of the instructor. Lecture-laboratory.

Biology 211 - Introduction to Scientific Literature and Discourse

One-half course for one semester. In parallel with the biology department seminar series, this conference course explores current topics in biology through reading and discussion of primary literature. The course is designed to deepen understanding of the many forms of biological inquiry; students will learn to evaluate biology scholarship, pose questions, and participate in scientific discourse. Prerequisite: Biology 101 and 102 and sophomore standing, or consent of the instructor. Credit/no credit only. Conference.

Biology 251 - Plant Communities of the Pacific Northwest

One-half course for one semester. An exploration of the principles underlying the distribution and abundance of plants in the Pacific Northwest. Topics include the structure and basic ecological features of communities, adaptation of organisms to their abiotic and biotic environments, symbiotic relationships, success, endemism, and biogeography. These concepts will be developed to address current environmental problems such as resource extraction, climate change, invasive species, pollution, and loss of biodiversity. The course will include field trips. Suitable for nonmajors. Prerequisite: Biology 101/102 or equivalent. Lecture-conference.

Biology 301 - Ecology

Full course for one semester. This course examines fundamental concepts in ecology such as limits to distribution, behavioral ecology, population ecology, species interactions, community ecology, and ecosystem ecology, and will examine the relevance of such topics for addressing contemporary applied issues of global change, human health, and sustainability. Central objectives of this course are to 1) evaluate the evidence that supports major theories in ecology and 2) actively participate in the process by which theories are tested, falsified, and refined. Weekly laboratories will help facilitate the latter objective. Lectures and laboratories will emphasize how ecologists gain inference from experiments, observations, and ecological models. Prerequisite: Biology 101 and 102, or consent of the instructor. Lecture-laboratory.

Biology 303 - Leaves to Landscapes

Full course for one semester. This course examines how the underlying structure, function, diversity, and ecology of plants determine environmental patterns. Lecture topics to be covered include plant water and carbon relations, plant life-history and resource-use strategies, resilience of plants and ecosystems to disturbance, and plant responses to global change. Lab exercises will focus on building skills for measuring and modeling these patterns and processes at multiple spatial and temporal scales. In addition, this course will explore how these patterns and processes operate in complex socio-ecological systems: specifically, how research in this area can be used to inform environmental decision making by natural resource managers and policy makers. These topics will be taught through a variety of activities in lecture, lab, and field settings and through active participation in all aspects of the scientific process. Prerequisite: Biology 101 and 102. Lecture-laboratory.

Biology 322 - Plant Physiology

Full course for one semester. An analysis of cell biology, biochemistry, metabolism, ecophysiology, and development of plants. Lecture topics include water relations, respiration, photosynthesis, nitrogen fixation, mineral nutrition, plant hormones, plant molecular biology, genetic engineering, the role of environmental signals in plant development, and the environmental physiology of Pacific Northwest forests. Lectures will be supplemented with readings in research journals. Laboratory exercises are designed to demonstrate basic research techniques as well as the principles covered in lectures. Students are required to conduct an advanced, independent project. Prerequisites: Biology 101/102 and Chemistry 101/102. Chemistry 201/202 is recommended. Lecture-laboratory.

Biology 331 - Computational Systems Biology

Full course for one semester. A survey of network models used to gain a systems-level understanding of biological processes. Topics include computational models of gene regulation, signal transduction pathways, protein-protein interactions, and metabolic pathways. Laboratory exercises will involve building a collection of biological networks from public data, implementing a graph library and foundational algorithms, and interpreting computational results. A programming-based independent project will answer biological questions by applying graph algorithms to experimental data. Prerequisite: Biology 101 and 102, and either Biology 131 or Computer Science 121 or consent of the instructor. Lecture-laboratory.

Biology 332 - Vascular Plant Diversity

Full course for one semester. A survey of vascular plants using evolutionary and ecological principles to interpret patterns of diversity in vascular plant form and function. Topics include plant species, methods of phylogenetic reconstruction, paleobotany, plant reproductive biology, and plant ecological interactions. Laboratory work will include a survey of flowering plant families with an emphasis on learning elements of the flora of the Pacific Northwest. Laboratory projects will demonstrate methods used for establishing evolutionary relationships, assessing genetic structure in natural populations, and identifying adaptive features of plant form and function, and will include independent research in the laboratory or field. Prerequisite: Biology 101/102. Lecture-laboratory.

Biology 342 - Animal Behavior

Full course for one semester. An integrated approach to the study of behavior—the phenotype through which an organism interacts with, and also modifies, its environment. We will study how behavioral phenotypes are shaped by the social and physical environment and analyze how they are implemented through development by neural physiology, gene networks, and individual genes. Conversely, we will study how behaviors modify the environment and thus impact the physiology and genetics of organisms as well as the evolution of species. Examples will be drawn from both laboratory and field studies using comparative molecular and behavioral approaches to identify patterns and recurring themes, which will be discussed in the context of existing theories about animal behavior. The laboratory will cover both bench skills and field techniques that will then be applied in independent student projects. Prerequisite: Biology 101/102. Lecture-laboratory.

Biology 351 - Developmental Biology

Full course for one semester.  Analysis of one of the most remarkable events in biology—the formation of a complex, multicellular organism from a single cell. With an emphasis on principles common among many species, this course explores how cellular, molecular, and genetic events contribute to distinct stages of embryogenesis. How are body patterns generated? What are the morphogenetic processes that give rise to specific organ systems? How is cell fate decided? What are the processes that guide tissue growth, regeneration, and differentiation? We will address these and other fundamental questions, discussing primary literature, recreating classic experiments, and performing new investigations. Students will apply the techniques and skills gained during the first part of the course to carry out an independent laboratory project. Prerequisite: Biology 101/102 and Chemistry 101/102. A course in genetics or cell biology is strongly recommended. Lecture-laboratory.

Not offered 2019–20.

Biology 352 - Bioinformatics

Full course for one semester. This course will explore the range of biological questions being addressed with genomic approaches, the specific genomic methods employed to address these questions, and the kinds of bioinformatic challenges and solutions that exist for working with genomic data. The primary objectives of this course are 1) to understand the biological principles that underpin and are illuminated by specific genomic techniques and 2) to be able to evaluate and utilize existing bioinformatics tools to work with genomic datasets. Lectures will focus on contemporary studies from the primary literature that utilize genomic approaches. These will provide case studies to critically assess the utility of these approaches for addressing specific biological questions, as well as to examine the kinds of data that are produced and the challenges presented in analyzing them. Computer-based laboratories will provide opportunities to develop and implement bioinformatics pipelines to analyze genomic datasets. Prerequisites: Biology 101 and 102. Lecture-laboratory.

Not offered 2019–20.

Biology 356 - Gene Regulation

Full course for one semester. The molecular biology of eukaryotes, particularly as it relates to the control of gene expression. Genome organization, packaging and perpetuation, and mechanisms of gene regulation will be treated in depth, with the focus on experimental approaches and what they reveal about the conversion of genotype to phenotype. The laboratory will emphasize molecular approaches to analysis of genomes and gene expression, which will then be used in independent projects. Prerequisites: Biology 101/102 and Chemistry 101/102. Chemistry 201/202 is recommended. Lecture-laboratory.

Biology 358 - Microbiology

Full course for one semester. The biology of microorganisms, including structure and function of the prokaryotic cell, metabolism, genetics interactions with host organisms, and cell-to-cell communication. Course will emphasize current areas of active research using the primary literature to illustrate key concepts discussed in lecture. Laboratory exercises emphasize interactions of bacteria with their environment and with host organisms, using classical and molecular genetic techniques to address biological problems. An advanced independent research project is required. Prerequisites: Biology 101/102, Chemistry 101/102. Lecture-laboratory.

Biology 363 - Genes, Genetics, and Genomes

Full course for one semester. Overview and exploration of fundamental concepts and processes in genetics including heredity, mitosis, meiosis, DNA replication, transcription, translation, segregation, linkage, recombination, epistasis, selection, migration, drift, and evolution. Topics will also include DNA and RNA structure, coding and noncoding DNA, chromosomes, genome architecture, mechanisms of mutation, horizontal transfer, and genomics. Laboratories will provide the opportunity to investigate genetic questions and concepts using molecular and bioinformatic tools. Prerequisites: Biology 101/102, and Chemistry 101/102. Lecture-laboratory.

Biology 372 - Cellular Biology

Full course for one semester. An in-depth study of the structure-function relationships within eukaryotic cells. The course emphasizes macromolecular organization and compartmentation of cellular activities. Lecture topics include evolution of cells, cellular reproduction, motility, signal transduction, cell-cell interactions, energy transduction, functional specialization, cell death, and cancer. Laboratories investigate models of cellular regulation and incorporate methods that integrate morphological and biochemical techniques. Prerequisites: Biology 101/102 and Chemistry 101/102. Chemistry 201/202 is recommended. Lecture-laboratory.

Biology 381 - Neurobiology and Physiology

Full course for one semester. An examination of the nervous and endocrine systems, especially as they relate to the unique physiological challenges faced by animals. The course begins with fundamental concepts and mechanisms of nervous system function, followed by an exploration of the role that endocrine systems play in integrating a range of interdependent physiological processes. Readings from the primary literature will be chosen to demonstrate the multidisciplinary approaches used by researchers to investigate neurobiological and physiological processes. The laboratory will provide hands-on training in neurophysiological techniques that students will use to investigate their own questions. Prerequisites: Biology 101 and 102 and Chemistry 101 and 102. Chemistry 201 and 202 are recommended. Lecture-laboratory.

Biology 431 - Seminar in Biology: Contemporary Topics

One-half course for one semester. An examination of current topics and areas in biology with an emphasis on primary literature. Participants will lead group discussions and/or make oral presentations. Prerequisites: Biology 101/102, two additional units of biology with laboratory, and junior or senior standing. Conference. Not all topics offered every year. May be repeated for credit.


Bacterial Pathogenesis. An examination of how bacterial pathogens interact with host organisms in order to cause disease. Topics include adhesion, colonization, invasion, toxins, subversion of host cell signaling events, immune evasion, and bacteria-to-bacteria communication as they pertain to pathogenesis. 

Behavioral Genomics. An exploration of current research that pairs genomic techniques and bioinformatics approaches with classic questions in animal behavior.

Cell and Developmental Biology of Neural Progenitor Cells. This course offers an interactive environment in which students and faculty will work together to explore and interrogate current literature about the regulation of neural progenitor cell behaviors, including proliferation control, migration, differentiation, and the concept of a neural stem cell niche.

Chromosome Structure and Function. Investigation of elements needed for chromosome stability, using contemporary studies of telomere metabolism, regulation of telomere length, and the role telomeres play in cellular senescence and cancer. Prior coursework in genetics or cell biology is required.

Computational Cancer Biology. Investigation of computational methods to analyze high-throughput biological measurements collected from hundreds to thousands of cancer samples. Biological topics include tumor classification, tumor heterogeneity, and dysregulated signaling pathways. Computational topics include algorithms and models to synthesize, integrate, and manage large-scale cancer datasets.

Cytoskeletal Dynamics. An exploration of our current understanding of the cytoskeleton and its role in cell migration, morphogenesis, and disease. We will explore the primary literature and discuss how the cytoskeleton (actin, microtubules, and intermediate filaments) is regulated and how the molecular motors (kinesin, dynein, and myosin) contribute to cellular function.

Developmental Neurobiology. An exploration of our current understanding of how brains and eyes form, focusing on the visual system. Our investigations will focus on patterning, size determination, morphogenesis, neuronal connectivity, regeneration, stem cells, and cancer. Examples of developmental diseases will provide context. This course includes a collaborative writing component.

Ecology and Evolution of Plant-Human Interactions. Ecological and evolutionary contexts of interactions between plants and humans. Potential topics include agricultural ecology, grazing, plant-resource extraction, crop evolution and their diseases/pests, plant breeding, transgenic species, and invasive plants.

Evolutionary Genetics. The course will focus on reading, discussing, and presenting papers from the primary literature. Topics may include a variety of phenomena and ideas in genetics and evolution. For example, we may focus on papers related to mechanisms of non-Mendelian inheritance, genetic conflict, levels of selection, codon bias, vertical versus horizontal transmission genetics, gene drive, genetic engineering, the evolution of chromosome number, organellar evolution, complex trait evolution, and/or the evolution of sex determination systems.

The Genetics and Cell Biology of Cancer. In this course, students and faculty will work together to explore and interrogate current literature about how the genetics of cancer dictates the behavior of tumor cells.  We will be exploring this relationship through the eyes of computational biology, genetics, and cell biology.

Global Change Ecology. In light of ongoing environmental change, how are the Earth’s ecological systems likely to respond? We will discuss and present primary literature related to advanced basic and applied concepts in ecology to 1) explore the theories and tools for understanding the ecological response to environmental change and 2) identify sources of uncertainty for accurately understanding such issues.

The Human Microbiome. Microbes comprise over 90% of the cells of the human body, and form distinctive communities in different regions of our bodies. The microbiome is a complex and dynamic community of microbes having major impact on human health. Using the primary literature, we will investigate how the microbiome intersects with organ development, the immune system, gut health and nutrient acquisition, acute and chronic disease, dysbiosis, and behavior.

Integrative Neuroethology. Neuroethology is an integrative approach to understanding the neural basis of behavior. While the discipline has historically been dominated by physiological approaches, neuroethologists today increasingly rely on genomic and bioinformatic tools to address their questions. We will explore modern research that integrates physiological and genomic approaches to understanding how evolution has shaped behaviors and the neural circuits that generate them.

Molecular Genetic Analysis of Plant Evolution. An exploration of issues of current controversy and active research in plant evolution, highlighting places where molecular techniques and data are providing new insights for classical problems in plant evolution.

Neuroethology. Exploration of modern and classic research aimed at understanding the neural basis of behavior. Neuroethologists investigate how the brains of diverse species generate natural behaviors, with the goal of elucidating fundamental principles of brain function. Topics may include animal communication, learning and memory, locomotion, prey capture, and escape behavior.

Plant Biotechnology. An exploration of emerging technologies, especially genetic engineering, that are revolutionizing agriculture and allowing for the production of plants with enhanced qualities. Emphasis will be placed on the molecular and physiological principles involved as well as the ecological risks and benefits.

Socio-ecology of Wildfire and Drought. The impact of wildfires and droughts is increasing in many regions. Addressing these risks requires an understanding of how fires and droughts operate as natural ecosystem processes, as well as how they affect and are affected by human society. We will explore these complex socio-ecological issues through study of the academic literature and discuss the science and management of fire- and drought-impacted systems in the twenty-first century. 

Biology 463 - Immunology

One-half course for one semester. A discussion of the properties of innate and adaptive immunity, the cells of the immune system, antibody structure and function, antigen recognition, lymphocyte activation, and immunity to microbes. Topics also covered will include immunodeficiency and AIDS, and transplantation. An inquiry-based laboratory exercise will be required. Prerequisite: Biology 101 and 102, and one of Biology 358 or 372. Lecture-laboratory-conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Biology 470 - Thesis

Full course for one year.

Biology 481 - Special Topics

One-half course for one semester. Independent laboratory or library research on a topic chosen in consultation with the instructor. A final written report is required. Prerequisites: standing as a junior or senior biology major, and approval of instructor, department, and division.

Biology 550 - Fire Ecology in the Pacific Northwest

One-half course for one semester. Fire is a natural component of Pacific Northwest ecosystems. From oak savannas in the Willamette Valley to temperate rainforests along the Olympic Peninsula, fire plays an important role in shaping ecological and evolutionary processes. However, fire is also a primary medium for anthropogenic influence on natural systems. Climate change and past land use are contributing to shifting fire patterns across the region. In this course, we will explore the complex interactions between climate, vegetation, and human activity that define the fire ecology of the Pacific Northwest. Conference. Offered spring 2020.

Chemistry 101 - Molecular Structure and Properties

Full course for one semester. Introduction to the chemist’s description and use of light and matter. Specific topics include the interaction of light and matter (spectroscopy), the structure of the atom and the atomic structure of matter, chemical bonds and intermolecular forces, and chemical descriptions of color and solubility. Lecture-conference-laboratory.

Chemistry 102 - Chemical Reactivity

Full course for one semester. An introduction to the reactions of atoms and molecules. Specific topics include gas laws, solution phenomena, thermodynamics, chemical equilibria, electrochemistry, and kinetics. Prerequisite: Chemistry 101. Lecture-conference-laboratory.

Chemistry 201 - Organic Chemistry

Full course for one semester. Introduction to theories describing the structure and reactivity of organic compounds. Theoretical principles are illustrated using computer-based molecular models. Structure, methods of preparation, and reactions of important classes of organic compounds are examined. Laboratory work introduces techniques used in the preparation, purification, and spectroscopic identification of organic compounds. Prerequisite for 201: Chemistry 101/102 or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference-laboratory.

Chemistry 202 - Organic Chemistry

Full course for one semester. A continuation of Chemistry 201. Structure, methods of preparation, and reactions of important classes of organic compounds will be stressed. Laboratory work includes the preparation, purification, and spectroscopic identification of organic compounds. Prerequisite: Chemistry 201 or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference-laboratory.

Chemistry 212 - Introductory Inorganic Chemistry

Full course for one semester. An introduction to inorganic chemistry, including the structure, bonding, and reactions of main-group molecules, transition metal complexes, and organometallic compounds. Laboratory work is focused on scientific inquiry, along with synthesis, characterization, and reactivity of inorganic compounds. Prerequisite: Chemistry 101/102 or consent of the instructor. Chemistry 201 is strongly recommended. Lecture-laboratory. May be taken without the lab for one-half unit.

Chemistry 230 - Environmental Chemistry

Full course for one semester. An introduction to the chemistry of natural and polluted environments. Fundamental principles of chemistry are used to understand the sources, reactivity, and fate of compounds in the Earth’s atmosphere, hydrosphere, and lithosphere. Topics include the stratospheric ozone layer, photochemical smog and particulate air pollution, climate change and energy use, water toxics and treatment, and agricultural modification of the surface environment. Prerequisite: Chemistry 101/102. Lecture-conference.

Chemistry 311 - Analytical Chemistry and Instrumentation

Full course for one semester. An examination of the principles of data acquisition and statistical analysis, chemical equilibria, and the principles and methods of chemical and instrumental analysis. The functions of classical volumetric and gravimetric techniques, along with electronic, optical, and mechanical instrument components and features of their organization into measurement systems, are discussed. Prerequisite: Chemistry 101/102 or consent of the instructor. Lecture-laboratory.

Chemistry 316 - Physical Chemistry Laboratory

One-half course for one semester. An exploration of various experimental strategies and techniques in physical chemistry, as applied to inorganic, organic, and/or biochemical problems. Laboratory work includes investigations of energetics, molecular structure, and reaction dynamics requiring the use of large instrument systems and critical analysis and interpretation of experimental data. Prerequisites: Chemistry 311 and 333, or consent of the instructor. Lecture-laboratory.

Chemistry 324 - Advanced Physical Organic Chemistry

One-half course for one semester. An introduction to experimental, computational (molecular modeling), and theoretical methods for investigating the properties of short-lived species relevant to organic chemistry. Topics include the transition states of thermally induced concerted reactions and excited state species found in concerted photochemical reactions. Prerequisite: Chemistry 201/202 or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference.

Chemistry 332 - Chemical Thermodynamics and Kinetics

Full course for one semester. An introduction to statistical mechanics, which provides a bridge between the quantum mechanical description of properties pertaining to microscopic systems and the classical thermodynamic description of properties pertaining to macroscopic systems. An examination of the relations between molecular dynamics, observed rates, and inferred mechanisms of chemical reactions will be included. Prerequisites: Mathematics 111 and Physics 101 (corequisite is acceptable), or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference.

Chemistry 333 - Quantum Mechanics and Molecular Structure

Full course for one semester. An introduction to principles of quantum mechanics and their application to problems in atomic and molecular structure. Meets four days per week to incorporate study of multivariable calculus, linear algebra, and differential equations. Prerequisites: Mathematics 111 and Physics 101 and 102. Lecture-conference.

Chemistry 345 - Advanced Synthetic Chemistry

Full course for one semester. A study of advanced synthetic methods and design. Topics include methods of building carbon skeletons and changing functional groups as well as strategies for multi-step synthesis. Predictive models for selectivity and the use of organometallic reagents will be emphasized. Advanced spectroscopic techniques, such as multidimensional NMR, are discussed as critical tools for structure determination. Prerequisite: Chemistry 201 and 202. Lecture.

Chemistry 347 - Advanced Synthesis Lab

One-half course for one semester. An introduction to performing multistep synthesis in the context of a semester-long research project. The course focuses on the use of organometallic reagents, application of selectivity in synthesis, and the use of spectroscopic techniques, such as multidimensional high-field NMR, for structure determination. Prerequisite: Chemistry 201 and 202. Corequisite: Chemistry 345, or consent of the instructor. Laboratory.

Chemistry 391 - Structural Biochemistry

Full course for one semester. An examination of the structure and function of biological molecules, including lipids, polysaccharides, proteins, and nucleic acids. Areas of study include protein stability and folding, protein-ligand interactions, enzyme kinetics and catalysis, and protein biosynthesis. Special attention will be given to biophysical techniques employed in the characterization of biological molecules. Prerequisite: Chemistry 201, 202. Lecture-conference.

Chemistry 392 - Metabolic Biochemical Homeostasis

Full course for one semester. This course describes the energetics, bioinorganic, and bioorganic chemistry of the cell as it maintains stable internal conditions despite changes in external conditions. Focus will be placed on the origins and chemical evolution of metabolism, principles of metal ion homeostasis, and the energy-producing pathways: glycolysis, the citric acid cycle, oxidative phosphorylation, and fatty acid oxidation. Prerequisites: Chemistry 201, 202, and 391, or consent of the instructor. Lecture.

Chemistry 394 - Biochemical Methods

One-half course for one semester. An introduction to the laboratory techniques commonly used in biochemistry. Experiments demonstrate methods used in the purification and characterization of proteins with attention to a variety of biophysical techniques. Prerequisites: Chemistry 391 or 392, or consent of the instructor. Lecture-laboratory.

Chemistry 403 - Topics in Physical Chemistry

One-half course for one semester. An examination of current topics relating to the use of spectroscopy to study electronic structure, molecular dynamics, and chemical reactivity with an emphasis on the primary literature. Prerequisites: Chemistry 316, or 332, or 333, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Chemistry 470 - Thesis

Full course for one year.

Chemistry 481 - Individual Work in Special Fields

One-half course for one semester.

Chinese 110 - First-Year Chinese

Full course for one year. A beginner’s course in standard (Mandarin) modern spoken and written Chinese, aimed at building a solid foundation in all its aspects: pronunciation (especially the tones), syntax, and basic vocabulary. Attention is given to a balanced development of all the basic skills of the language: listening and reading comprehension, speaking, and writing. Pinyin is the romanization system used in this and all other Chinese language courses. Both the traditional and simplified characters are taught. Students are expected to read both and write one of the two versions. Lecture-conference.

Chinese 210 - Second-Year Chinese

Full course for one year. This course is designed to build the skills of students who have studied at least one year of Chinese (or equivalent) to achieve intermediate-level proficiency in the oral and written use of the language through speaking, listening, reading, and writing. Emphasis in the course will be placed on learning to recognize and reproduce the natural flow of the spoken language, expanding vocabulary, and learning to write short essays in Chinese. Prerequisite: Chinese 110 or acceptance through placement test. Lecture-conference.

Chinese 311 - Third-Year Chinese

Full course for one semester. This course is designed for students who have completed at least two years of Chinese language (or equivalent). The course will focus on student acquisition of near-native fluency in spoken Chinese, competence in reading a variety of contemporary texts (with a dictionary), and employment of different registers and genres of Chinese in students’ writing. Prerequisite: Chinese 210 or acceptance through placement test. Conference.

Chinese 312 - Advanced Chinese

Full course for one semester. Topics vary, selected from Chinese literature, journalistic writing, essays, and contemporary prose. Readings and instruction in Chinese. Prerequisite: third-year level of Chinese proficiency or equivalent, or instructor approval. Conference.

Chinese 316 - Classical Chinese

Full course for one semester. Intensive introduction to the grammar of classical Chinese through the study of selections from ancient literary, historical, and philosophical texts. Readings include the Analects, Mencius, Zhuangzi, Shiji, and Tang-Song prose essays. Conducted in Chinese. Prerequisite: Chinese 210 or equivalent. Conference.

Chinese 325 - Songs to Lost Music: Ci–Poetry

Full course for one semester. This course investigates the rise and the development of ci-poetry, a genre related closely to music. Its formal features and their emotional qualities, major modes of expression, and different stages of its development from the ninth to the thirteenth century are the foci in the close reading of selected poems. Prerequisite: sophomore standing. Conference. Cross-listed as Literature 325.

Chinese 329 - Stranger Things in Medieval China

Full course for one semester. This course will introduce students to the “accounts of the strange” (zhiguai 志怪) and “tales of the extraordinary” (chuanqi 傳奇) produced in China between the fourth and tenth centuries. These narratives feature a rich cast of protagonists, from accomplished martial artists, demon-quelling monks, and hell-visiting filial sons to undead lovers, punitive deities, and shapeshifting animals and objects. Modern scholars have often viewed these works as early precursors in the development of Chinese fiction. By contrast, the writers and compilers of those medieval stories and collections, many of whom were among the most educated men of their age, seemed instead to have understood their works as attempts to map the contours and subtle workings of the world in which they lived. In this course, we will try to read their literary projects on their terms, exploring what they reveal about cultural fears, anxieties, and aspirations, the relationships between self and “Other,” and the different realms—human, animal, natural, supernatural—that made up the world within which the inhabitants of medieval China dwelt. All readings in translation. An additional hour session of guided readings in the original will be offered for students taking the course for Chinese credit. Prerequisite for Chinese credit: sophomore standing and Chinese 210 or equivalent. Prerequisite for literature credit: sophomore standing. Conference. Cross-listed as Literature 329.

Not offered 2019–20.

Chinese 334 - The Yijing: Text and Tradition of the Book of Changes

Full course for one semester. The Yijing, or Book of Changes, is a text of limitless possibilities. This course explores various strategies of reading the text and examines philosophical, religious, historical, and literary critical implications of the text and the tradition associated with it. The system and the language of the 64 hexagrams and various layers of attached verbalization are the focus of investigation. Readings are in English. Students who take the course for Chinese credit meet for additional tutoring to read parts of the text in the original. Prerequisite: sophomore standing. Conference. Cross-listed as Literature 334.

Chinese 335 - Chineseness, Translated Modernity, and World Literature

Full course for one semester. If world literature is work that gains in translation (Damrosch), then modern Chinese literature, frequently a product of translingual practice, is gained in translation. Textual linkages have been established between Bellamy’s Looking Backward: 2000-1887 and Wu Jianren’s New Story of the Stone, Arthur Smith’s Chinese Characteristics and Lu Xun’s True Story of Ah Q, the Diary of a Madman in its Russian and Chinese iterations, Ibsen’s A Doll’s House and the first modern Chinese love story, Flaubert’s Madame Bovary and Ding Ling’s Miss Sophie’s Diary, Sinclair’s The Jungle and Xiao Hong’s Hands, Beckett’s Waiting for Godot and Gao Xingjian’s Bus Stop. Whether these translated texts serve as conceptual or formal inspirations or interlocutions, our understanding of the Chinese literary modernity is inevitably transformed for the better when we redirect our critical attention to the dialogic nature of the modern Chinese literary enterprise and stay mindful of the fact that Chinese literary modernity has originated and thrived as a mode of reading, writing, and circulation that is fundamentally worldly in nature. Readings are in English. Students who take the course for Chinese credit meet for additional time to engage with select texts in the original. Prerequisite: sophomore standing. Conference. Cross-listed as Literature 335.

Not offered 2019–20.

Chinese 346 - From Allegories to Documentaries: Screening Postsocialist China

Full course for one semester. This course investigates interactions between literary production (focusing primarily on fiction) and filmmaking since the end of the Cultural Revolution in 1976. Issues to be explored include the shared sociohistorical context that conditioned the production of these two cultural forms and the multivalent differences between them in terms of intended audience, narrative modes, and thematic concerns. Readings are in translation, and films selected are subtitled in English. No Chinese language training is required. Readings in the original Chinese and additional instruction will be offered for students taking this course for Chinese credit. Prerequisite: sophomore standing. Conference. Cross-listed as Literature 346.

Chinese 348 - Reading for Translation

Full course for one semester. This course examines theories of literary translation, including various ideas of equivalence, purposes, causes of uncertainty, and the formation of paradigms. Further, it will attempt to practice the theories, by exploring methods of reading particularly for translation and strategies of rendering such a reading into another language. A reading knowledge of Chinese is necessary. For exceptional cases, students with a reading knowledge of Japanese and Korean can be permitted to join the class. Prerequisite: Chinese 210 or equivalent, or consent of the instructor. Conference. Cross-listed as Literature 348.

Not offered 2019–20.

Chinese 360 - The Social Life of Poetry in the Tang Dynasty (618–907)

Full course for one semester. This course will examine the role poetry played in Tang society, as well as how broader social changes—changing composition of the reading public, new technologies of writing, and developing economies of textual circulation—influenced the ways in which poetry was written, for whom, and with what aims. Both primary and secondary materials are in English. Students who take the course for Chinese credit meet for additional tutoring to read parts of the texts in the original. Prerequisite: sophomore standing. Conference. Cross-listed as Literature 360.

Not offered 2019–20.

Chinese 367 - Love in Late Imperial China

Full course for one semester. This course will examine representations of love and lovers in the literary and historical discourses of the fourteenth through nineteenth centuries. Approaching “love” (qing 情) through key words, conceptions, ideals, and acts with which it was associated, we will explore a number of questions, including: What kinds of behaviors or speech were coded as “romantic?” Were representations of “love” consistent across different discursive contexts (fictional, dramatic, poetic, historical)? Were literary representations of love seen as promoting positive ideals of romance and marriage or encouraging socially deviant and dangerous behaviors? We will also explore the discursive boundaries of love, places where words and deeds shift from love to desire, lust, madness, and obsession. Within what contexts were otherwise romantic words and deeds suddenly viewed as transgressive or disturbing? How did different forms of discourse (medical, legal) identify pathologies of love and/or propose to treat them? All readings in translation. An additional hour session of guided readings in the original will be offered for students taking the course for Chinese credit. Prerequisite for Chinese credit: sophomore standing and Chinese 210 or equivalent. Prerequisite for literature credit: sophomore standing. Conference. Cross-listed as Literature 367.

Not offered 2019–20.

Chinese 369 - Modernizing Sentiments, Sentimentalizing Modernity

Full course for one semester. Modern Chinese literature, burdened from its inception with the task of nation building, is often read in terms of national allegories, but the extent to which imaginations of new collective and individual identities are articulated in emotive terms merits critical attention. Writers of all kinds share the belief that for China to transform successfully into a modern nation the sentiments of its subjects must be properly reeducated. This course looks at successive models of affective modernity that are valorized or rejected at various junctures of the twentieth century and seeks to understand their vicissitudes in literary history. It also asks at what point nation and emotion part ways and render untenable the assertion that works of modern Chinese literature are always necessarily national allegories. Readings for this course include fiction, supplemented occasionally by poetry and drama, from the late Qing period to contemporary China. An additional hour of class of guided readings in the original will be offered for students taking this course for Chinese credit. Readings are in English. Prerequisite: sophomore standing. Conference. Cross-listed as Literature 369.

Not offered 2019–20.

Chinese 374 - Reading Early Chinese Novels: The Four Masterworks

Full course for one semester. This course explores the development of the novel as an artistic literary form in late imperial China by introducing students to representative novels from the Ming dynasty (fourteenth through seventeenth century), particularly the “four masterworks” (四大奇書) including Romance of the Three Kingdoms (三國志通俗演義), Outlaws of the Marsh (水滸傳), Journey to the West (西遊記), and Jin Ping Mei (金瓶梅). Through reading poetry, drama, short story, and commentary alongside selected chapters of the novels, we will discuss how these works creatively appropriate motifs, conventions, and character types from China’s long narrative tradition. Close textual analyses of the primary readings will be supplemented by critical and theoretical readings to support our interpretations and allow us to assess current scholarly approaches to the study of early modern Chinese fiction. We will also examine adaptations of these monumental novels in a variety of other literary genres and artistic media to appreciate their long-lasting cultural influences across East Asia. All readings are available in translation. Students taking the course for Chinese credit will meet for an additional hour of reading in the original language. Prerequisite: sophomore standing, or consent of the instructor. Conference. Cross-listed as Literature 374.

Chinese 375 - Chinese Strange Writing: From Ghost Stories to Scientific Fantasies

Full course for one semester. This course will acquaint students with representative works of the Chinese discourse on the strange and the fantastic from the late imperial dynasties through the modern and contemporary periods. As we move from gods and demons novels (shenmo xiaoshuo 神魔小說), such as the sixteenth-century masterpiece Journey to the West, to late imperial vernacular short stories (huaben xiaoshuo 話本小說) and religious miracle tales, to “records of the strange” writings (zhiguai 志怪) produced between the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries, and eventually to early twentieth-century adaptations of Western science fictions and contemporary Hugo Award-winning works, we will familiarize ourselves with some of the most important literary styles and genres of Chinese literature. These narratives not only feature a vibrant cast of shapeshifting ghosts, animal spirits, and deities, but also contain curious representations of romance and sexuality, of national crises and imagined utopias, and intriguing conceptualizations of the alien and the exotic. Through historical contextualization and close reading, we will explore the porous boundaries and dynamic interactions between history and fiction, religion and popular literature, monstrosity and divinity, as well as tradition and modernity. All readings in translation. Students taking the course for Chinese credit will meet for an additional hour of reading in the original language. Prerequisite: sophomore standing, or consent of the instructor. Conference. Cross-listed as Literature 375.

Not offered 2019–20.

Chinese 380 - The Story of the Stone and the Chinese Literary Tradition

Full course for one semester. This course will approach the Chinese narrative tradition through close reading of The Story of the Stone and its literary antecedents. First published in 1792, The Story of the Stone recounts the experiences of a magical stone from heaven reborn as the male heir of the immensely wealthy and aristocratic Jia family. Through reading and discussion of poetry, drama, short story, and longer works of fiction from earlier periods alongside selected chapters from the novel, we will explore the ways in which The Story of the Stone self-consciously adapts literary conventions, techniques, and motifs from the narrative tradition, and learn to appreciate both China’s rich literary tradition and the unique artistic achievements of this novel. An additional hour of class of guided readings in the original will be offered for students taking the course for Chinese credit. Readings in English. Prerequisite: sophomore standing and Chinese 210 or equivalent, or consent of the instructor. Conference. Cross-listed as Literature 380.

Chinese 412 - Selected Topics in Chinese Literature

Full course for one semester. Topics vary, selected from Chinese literature. Readings and instruction in Chinese. Prerequisite: third-year level of Chinese proficiency. Conference. May be repeated for credit.

Not offered 2019–20.

Chinese 470 - Thesis

One-half or full course for one year.

Chinese 481 - Independent Study

One-half or full course for one semester. Prerequisite: approval of instructor and division.

Classics 362 - Classical Mythology

Full course for one semester. An examination of the origins, function, and significance of myth in Greek and Roman literature and culture. The course will begin by considering different theoretical approaches to myth, and then move to an analysis of particular Greek and Roman myths. Authors and works may include Homer, Homeric Hymns, Hesiod, Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, Plato, Virgil, Ovid, Seneca, and Apuleius. Prerequisite: first semester of Humanities 110. Conference. Cross-listed as Literature 362.

Not offered 2019–20.

Classics 371 - The Greek World from 776 to 404 BCE

Full course for one semester. This course offers a chronological survey of archaic and classical Greek history and civilization from the traditional foundation of the Olympic games in 776 BCE to the fall of the Athenian Empire in 404 BCE. After beginning with a brief look at Bronze and Dark Age Greece, we will cover the following topics: the rise of the polis; Greek colonization; the “Age of Revolution”; hoplite warfare, aristocracy, and the spread of tyranny; the rise of Athens and Sparta; the Persian Wars; the development of Athens’ democracy and empire; the causes and course of the Peloponnesian War; the development of ethnography and historical inquiry; and the nature of Greek social relations, with an emphasis on slavery and gender dynamics in Athens and Sparta. Emphasis is placed on the interpretation of ancient evidence, including primary literary works, inscriptions, and relevant archaeological material. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference. Cross-listed as History 391.

Not offered 2019–20.

Classics 373 - The Rise and Fall of the Roman Republic

Full course for one semester. This course offers a chronological survey of Republican Roman history from Rome’s consolidation of power on the Italian peninsula in 266 BCE to the death of the Emperor Augustus in 14 CE. We will begin with a consideration of Rome’s rapid growth from 264 to 146 BCE and the various theories concerning the factors behind Roman imperial expansion. We will then explore the political, social, economic, and cultural repercussions of Rome’s transformation into the leading power in the Mediterranean and the various factors that led to the fall of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire under Augustus. During the semester we will cover the following topics: the structure and evolution of the Roman constitution; the development of the “professional” Roman army and its political ramifications; changing gender relations in Roman society; imperial governance; the growth and practice of slavery; Rome’s cultural interaction with Greece and the East; the social and cultural function of gladiatorial combat; Rome’s relations with its allies; the politicization of the Roman people and the rise of “popular” politicians; and the Augustan settlement. Emphasis is placed on the interpretation of ancient evidence, including primary literary works, inscriptions, and relevant archaeological material. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference. Cross-listed as History 393.

Classics 375 - Special Topics in Ancient Mediterranean History

Full course for one semester. Each special-topics course offers an intensive study of a particular topic or period of the history of the ancient Mediterranean world. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference. Cross-listed as History 395. May be repeated for credit.

Not offered 2019–20.

Classics 381 - Archaeological Method and Theory

Full course for one semester. This course investigates theoretical approaches to the study of material culture and the philosophical foundations of archaeology as a discipline. Topics to be covered may include the history of archaeology; cultural, historical, processual, and postprocessual approaches to archaeology; middle-range theory; behavioral archaeology and formation processes; the nature and definition of style; archaeologies of identity; field methodology; and archaeological research design. In addition to reading major foundational theoretical works, students will engage with specific archaeological case studies drawn from both the ancient Mediterranean and elsewhere. Prerequisite: Humanities 110, or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Classics 382 - Material Culture and Empire: The Archaeology of the Roman World

Full course for one semester. This course considers the archaeology and material culture of the Roman Empire, including the city of Rome, Italy, and the provinces. This course is theoretically grounded in the archaeology of empire, but will also be content-based, covering major sites throughout the empire and classes of material culture. Topics to be covered may include the origin and development of the city of Rome; imperial display; daily life in the Roman Empire; the archaeology of the Roman economy; the archaeology of cult and religion; provincial archaeology and the relationship between center and periphery; the archaeology of border regions; and methodological and disciplinary issues in approaching a vast territorial empire. Throughout the course, emphasis will be placed on the archaeology of identity in an imperial context. Prerequisite: Humanities 110, or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference. 

Not offered 2019–20.

Classics 383 - Contact and Exchange in the Mediterranean: The Archaeology of the Greek World

Full course for one semester. This course considers the archaeology and material culture of the Greek world, centering on the Aegean and the wider eastern Mediterranean, as well as other areas of Greek settlement. The focus will be both theoretical and content-based, covering important sites, objects, and classes of material culture. Topics to be covered may include the development of urban and public space; monumental architecture; sculpture and other fine arts; houses, households, and the archaeology of daily life; Greek colonization and city foundations; ceramics and the use of pottery as archaeological evidence; and funerary practices. Throughout the course, emphasis will be placed on the interaction between Greeks and other groups in the Mediterranean, and the material effects of that interaction. Prerequisite: Humanities 110, or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference. 

Classics 389 - Special Topics in Archaeology

Full course for one semester. Each special-topics course offers an intensive study of a particular archaeological topic. Prerequisite: Humanities 110, or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Classics 470 - Thesis

One-half or full course for one year.

Classics 481 - Independent Reading

One-half or full course for one semester. Prerequisite: approval of instructor and division.

Comparative Literature 201 - Introduction to Comparative Literature

Full course for one semester. This class introduces students to the study of literature across linguistic, cultural, and historical boundaries. We will examine the concept of literature itself, asking whether it is a historically—or culturally—specific notion. We will also consider the ways in which our practices of reading and interpretation have to change once we put aside the organizing principles of national literary traditions. In each session, we will analyze one or more literary works in conjunction with essays by theorists and critics. Key topics will include interdisciplinarity, intermediality, the relationship between aesthetics and politics, translation, colonialism and postcolonialism, and world vs. global literature. Conference.

Comparative Literature 470 - Thesis

Full course for one year.

Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 150 - The Cultural Study of Music

See Music 150 for description.

Music 150 Description

Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 261 - Dancing Latin/x America

See Dance 241 for description.

Dance 241 Description

Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 270 - Race and Identity in American Theatre

See Theatre 270 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

Theatre 270 Description

Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 277 - Race, Place, and Performance

See Theatre 277 for description.

Theatre 277 Description

Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 300 - Junior Seminar

Full course for one semester. This course for CRES majors explores the way race and ethnicity can be analyzed from interdisciplinary perspectives, considering categories of “race” and “ethnicity” a) both together and in relation to each other, and b) as designating or emerging out of separate politics of difference and otherness. Course topics may change from year to year. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing, and completion of or concurrent enrollment in the CRES disciplinary courses requirement. Conference.

Race and Modernity 
Full course for one semester. This course explores aspects of the political, philosophical, and anthropological debates that have emerged around race through a focus on the concept of modernity. It will look in particular at articulations of modernity and race following interlinked lines of inquiry. We will 1) examine the different ways that the subject of modernity has been imagined and articulated, 2) see what attributes and experiences have qualified that subject as properly human and rational, 3) understand where identity has been recognized as coming from, culturally and materially, and 4) explore where cosmopolitan loyalties have emerged in demands to see and act beyond the boundaries of immediate particularity. We pursue these inquiries in order to examine the histories of our multicultural present—a period that can be defined by the end of European hegemony in the world of ideas. We re-read some of the “canonical texts” of modern philosophy, social theory, and literarature against the grain to understand the racial (and intersectional gendered, sexualized, and classed) characteristics of modern subjects and the forms of knowledge they produce and affirm. Prerequisite for anthropology credit: Anthropology 211. Prerequisite for CRES credit: junior standing and completion of or concurrent enrollment in the CRES disciplinary courses requirement. Conference, Cross-listed as Anthropology 443 for 2019–20.

Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 342 - Sociology of Asian America

See Sociology 342 for description.

Sociology 342 Description

Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 343 - Sociology of Race and Racism

See Sociology 343 for description.

Sociology 343 Description

Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 344 - Race, Group Mobilization, and Institutions

See Sociology 344 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

Sociology 344 Description

Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 348 - Race, Economy, Public Policy

See Sociology 348 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

Sociology 348 Description

Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 359 - Music and the Black Freedom Struggle, 1865–1965

See Music 360 for description. 

Not offered 2019–20.

Music 360 Description

Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 363 - African Diaspora Dance Studies

See Dance 363 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

Dance 363 Description

Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 365 - Contemporary Global Dance

See Dance 365 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

Dance 365 Description

Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 384 - Race and the Politics of Decolonization

See History 334 for description.

History 334 Description

Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 385 - Defining and Defying Difference: Race, Ethnicity, and Empire

See History 315 for description. 

Not offered 2019–20.

History 315 Description

Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 388 - Race and Ethnicity in the Andes

See History 388 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 388 Description

Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 389 - Race and the Law in American History

See History 369 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 369 Description

Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 396 - Anthropology of Race and Ethnicity

See Anthropology 396 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

Anthropology 396 Description

Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 398 - Race and Migration

See Anthropology 398 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

Anthropology 398 Description

Creative Writing 201 - Introduction to Creative Writing

Making Fiction
Full course for one semester. In this course, students will learn about and experiment with the tools of fiction writing. Students will complete numerous generative, exploratory forays into the world of fiction, honing their craft as well as considering the ethical, political, and personal implications that arise when one transmits language to the page. Our reading list will be composed of work by contemporary writers who represent the range of what gets classified as “fiction” today, such as Carmen Maria Machado, Percival Everett, Stephen Graham Jones, Kelly Link, and NoViolet Bulawayo. Class sessions will be used primarily for discussion of assigned readings and student work. Enrollment limited to 15. Prerequisites: a writing sample of three to five pages, at least sophomore standing, and consent of the instructor. Conference.

Poetry in and through Performance
Full course for one semester. Poets who also perform are often lumped into “spoken word” or “performance art” categories. In truth, there are a number of ways to integrate poetry, performance, and collaborative art practice. In this course we will work through a variety of processes toward bringing poems to life individually and together. Unlike traditional approaches to lyric poetry, performance often takes a proverbial village to pull off well. In this course, taught in conjunction with theatre professor Catherine Duffly’s Applied Theatre Production course, we will engage the challenges and benefits of collaboration and production by staging of Citizen: An American Lyric by poet Claudia Rankine, adapted for the stage by Stephen Sachs. Drawing on oral, lyrical, musical, dramaturgical, and (post)modern traditions, we will explore approaches to poetry in performance individually and alongside musicians, singers, film and video artists, dancers, performers, and more as presented in theatre, club, site-specific, and nontraditional settings. Enrollment limited to 15. Prerequisites: a three- to five-page writing sample and consent of the instructor. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

The Short Story
Full course for one semester. In this course students will write short stories, and read the work of their classmates as well as that of published authors. Close attention will be paid to the narrative strategies used by writers such as Alice Munro, Jamaica Kincaid, Lydia Davis, George Saunders, and Yasunari Kawabata to help the students in writing their own fiction. We will consider these various strategies when reading and responding to the work of peers. Class sessions will be used for discussion of assigned readings and work in progress. Enrollment limited to 15. Prerequisites: a writing sample of three to five pages, at least sophomore standing, and consent of the instructor. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Creative Writing 207 - Introduction to Creative Nonfiction

The Personal Essay
Full course for one semester. What does it mean to get personal with the essay? For many of us, our first impression of the personal essay is that it’s basically autobiography, or maybe memoir; i.e., the “person” in “personal” is us. And this is often the case. But “personal” is also about a tone, a relationship with the reader, a sense of intimacy established, often, through the use of the first person. Which is to say that the personal essay may look outward as much as it looks inward. In this class students will take numerous approaches to writing the personal essay, and will read work by primarily contemporary practitioners of the form such as Brian Blanchfield, Kiese Laymon, Michelle Tea, and Aisha Sabatini Sloan. Students will turn to the fundamental elements of writing itself—to language, syntax, structure, form—as a means to navigate the delicate balance between fact and imagination, “I” and audience, authority and doubt. Class sessions will be used primarily for discussion of assigned readings and student work. Enrollment limited to 15. Prerequisites: a writing sample of three to five pages, at least sophomore standing, and consent of the instructor. Conference.

Creative Writing 224 - Poetry Studio I

Awakenings and Connections
Full course for one semester. According to Lucille Clifton, “Poetry began when somebody walked off a savanna or out of a cave, looked up at the sky with wonder and said, ‘Ah-h-h!’” In this introductory poetry studio students will engage in writing exercises designed to help them strengthen their poetry-writing skills. We will read, listen to, and analyze poetry written by nationally recognized authors in an attempt to find a common critical language that we will use while discussing student work. To that end, students will write poetry, both in and out of class, and will workshop that poetry with their peers. Enrollment limited to 15. Prerequisites: a writing sample of three to five poems, at least sophomore standing, and consent of the instructor. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Rearranging the Mirrors
Full course for one semester. In Cole Swensen’s poem “The Painter Rearranges the Mirrors,” she writes: “You open a little door. The door could be anywhere.” This line will serve as our governing precept in creating an entry point for approaching poetry and, in particular, for writing poems.  We will examine the poem as portal, as a backstage all-access pass of our own making; any other door left ajar will be ours to enter as figuratively as we please. In practical terms, this will translate to rigorous reading, writing exercises, and in-depth class discussion designed to hone the critical skills and strategies necessary to the craft. Heavy emphasis will be placed on encouraging and examining student work within a workshop format, but we will also cover a wide range of published poetry, contemporary and otherwise, from poets aligned with our thinking and poets diametrically opposed. Prerequisite: a writing sample of three to five poems and consent of instructor. Conference.

Creative Writing 274 - Poetry Studio II

Full course for one semester. Variable topics. Enrollment limited to 15. Writing sample required. See specific listing for other prerequisites. Conference. May be repeated for credit. 

From Intent to Accident (Unfolding the Poem by Chance)
Full course for one semester. The focus of this course is to provide an intensive, critical forum for students to engage with poems within a workshop format as a process-oriented activity and to test or tease out the relationship between chance and necessity (“Everything existing in the universe is the fruit of chance and necessity” —Democritus), between the subconscious and conscious mind. We will explore ways chance has been used and can be used as a motivating instrument, but with a steady eye on how it introduces possibilities for objectivity and care. Heavy emphasis will be placed on appreciating the draft as a means of sourcing resonance and primacing intuition. Our lively, collaborative investigation will include weekly exercises aimed squarely at stimulating and disrupting our current reading and writing strategies, group discussion exploring wider questions of freedom, mystery, and the utility of disorder. Be prepared for rigorous reading of a range of poetry and essays by poets, artists, and other dedicated thinkers-at-play. Enrollment limited to 15. Prerequisites: a previous workshop course, a writing sample of three to five poems, and consent of the instructor. Conference.

Creative Writing 321 - Special Topics Studio

Full course for one semester. Variable topics. Enrollment limited to 15. Writing sample required. See specific listing for other prerequisites. Conference. May be repeated for credit. 

Ambivalence, Failure, and Doubt
Full course for one semester. Many of us go through our days feeling more than one way—about a person, a film, a political issue, what to eat for lunch. Doubt shapes our path as much as certitude. Though we must learn to make choices and forge ahead in order to function in the world, our inner landscapes are rich with complexity and contradiction. In this course, intended for writers of fiction and creative nonfiction, we bring this multiplicity onto the page—from the level of word to sentence to story/essay. We will write and share writing and read a good deal of fiction and nonfiction (Renee Gladman, Thomas Bernhard, John Keene, Charles D’Ambrosio, Bhanu Kapil) and some critical theory (Lauren Berlant, Homi K. Bhabha, Jack Halberstam) to help us envision what a literature that values many paths, that sometimes chooses the “wrong” path, might be. Enrollment limited to 15. Prerequisites: a writing sample of three to five pages, one 200-­level creative writing course, at least sophomore standing, and/or consent of the instructor. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Economy
Full course for one semester. This workshop is designed for students with considerable experience in writing short prose. Students will read stories and essays by published authors in order to learn how to manage effects economically, and to write with maximum efficiency and suggestion. Students will write one short piece of prose per week; critically responding to others’ work, and the revision of one’s own stories, will also be emphasized. Class sessions will be used for discussion of assigned readings and work in progress. Enrollment limited to 15. Prerequisites: a writing sample of three to five pages, one 200-level creative writing course, at least sophomore standing, and consent of the instructor. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Fact to Fiction
Full course for one semester. This workshop is designed for students with considerable experience in writing short fiction. Students will read nonfiction, source material, poetry, and other documents along with fiction that is based on or inspired by these sources. Readings will include work by John Edgar Wideman, Angela Carter, Andrea Barrett, Maggie Nelson, and others. Students will choose and explore personal and factual sources and, over the course of the semester, write fiction that takes these sources into account. Special emphasis will be given to critical response to others’ work, and the revision of one’s own stories. Class sessions will be used for discussion of assigned readings and work in progress. Enrollment limited to 15. Prerequisites: a writing sample of three to five pages, one 200-level creative writing course, at least sophomore standing, and consent of the instructor. Conference. 
Not offered 2019–20.

The Fantastic
Full course for one semester. This workshop is designed for students with considerable experience in writing short fiction. Readings and discussion will focus on storytelling that contains events and situations that are out of the “ordinary” and that cannot easily be explained psychologically. Students will read published stories by writers such as Poe, Hawthorne, Bradbury, Borges, Cortázar, Henry James, Octavia Butler, Kelly Link, Shirley Jackson, Haruki Murakami, and Angela Carter as well as fairy tales, folktales, and other texts. Special emphasis will be given to individual voices, critically responding to others’ work, and the revision of one’s own stories. Class sessions will be used for discussion of assigned readings and work in progress. Enrollment limited to 15. Prerequisites: a writing sample of three to five pages, one 200-level creative writing course, at least sophomore standing, and/or consent of the instructor. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Queer Writing
Full course for one semester. In this open-genre course, “queer” will exist as an adjective, noun, and verb. That is, through frequent short and longer writing forays, we will investigate why and how writing might be considered “queer”; we will consider strategies for expressing queer subjectivity and experience on the page; and we will explore how writing (language, genre, form) can be “queered” in ways that go beyond subject matter. Writing prompts will touch on realms corporeal, confessional, political, fantastical, abject. Readings will cross genre and decade, including but not limited to work by Jess Arndt, Hilton Als, David Wojnarowicz, Audre Lorde, Ocean Vuong, Ari Banias. Students do not need to identify as queer to take this course. Enrollment limited to 15. Prerequisites: a writing sample of three to five pages, one 200-­level creative writing course, at least sophomore standing, and consent of the instructor. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Revision and Beyond
Full course for one semester. This workshop is designed for students with considerable experience in writing short fiction. Often, we talk about writing as if the bulk of the work is in generating the first draft, and revision isn’t much more than a final polish. But most writers eventually find that revision is as creative and gratifying a part of the writing practice as the earlier stages. In this course, students will practice and develop strategies for revision from sentence to story level, focusing on elements of craft as well as considerations of audience, genre, and the ethical dimension of fiction writing. The course will also offer students the opportunity to familiarize themselves with the contemporary literary landscape through discussion and research around publishing, literary community building, the practice of creative writing in the academy, and other timely conversations in the field. Enrollment limited to 15. Prerequisites: a writing sample of three to five pages, one 200-­level creative writing course, sophomore standing, and consent of the instructor. Conference.

Somatic Writing
Full course for one semester. “Maybe it takes a lifetime to get used to occupying your own body, writer or no,” said memoirist Mary Karr. In this course we will engage in various somatic exercises and practices to discover a more embodied space for reading, writing, thinking, and exploring our subjects. We will employ some somatic methods together, while others will take the shape of weekly assignments. If creative nonfiction can be, perhaps oversimply, defined as “true stories, well told,” to borrow from Lee Gutkind, then this course will challenge us to push our narratives toward more fully, physically embodied truths. Enrollment limited to 15. Prerequisites: a writing sample of three to five pages, one 200-level creative writing course, at least sophomore standing, and consent of the instructor. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Writing Resistance
Full course for one semester. Our current cultural climate may more easily stick the word “resistance” to a car bumper than to substantive declaration or action. But as writers, we have the power to remake language with intention—or even choose to altogether reclaim or create language anew. In this open-genre course, we will ask what it means for writing to be “political,” to “resist” through form and structure, content and sentiment. To be didactic and subtle. To be barbed and tender. To affect change. While considering the presence and practice of resistance in fiction, creative nonfiction, and poetry, we’ll also ask why or whether genre needs to exist at all. Is that a political question? Our reading of published authors will focus on contemporary work by writers such as Solmaz Sharif, Juliana Spahr, Nana Kwame Adjei-Brenyah, Etel Adnan, and Hilary Plum. Enrollment limited to 15. Prerequisites: a three- to five-page writing sample of any genre, one 200-­level creative writing course, at least sophomore standing, and consent of the instructor. Conference.

Creative Writing 331 - Special Topics Studio

Full course for one semester. Variable topics. Enrollment limited to 15. Writing sample required. See specific listing for other prerequisites. Conference. May be repeated for credit. 

Artist/2/Artist—Experiments in Ekphrasis
Full course for one semester. Although ekphrasis is often loosely defined as “writing inspired by art” it offers much more than inspiration to the poetic mind. When fully engaged, ekphrastic poetry holds the potential for both the poet’s voice and the original artwork to be seen and experienced anew. In this course students with considerable experience with poetry and an appreciation for visual artwork and art practice will work at the intersection between the two. Students will read and discuss a variety of poetry inspired by works of art and explore different ways in which poets can access their own work through the work of others. Each student will choose two visual artists whose work they will engage with deeply, one at a time, for six weeks each. Regular writing exercises and critical responses to peer writing will be a significant part of the work of this course. Enrollment limited to 15. Prerequisites: Creative Writing 224 and one other poetry workshop, a writing sample, at least sophomore standing, and consent of the instructor. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Bulldozers, Birds, and Benson’s Bubblers: Poetry Grounded in Place
Full course for one semester. “Feelings are bound up in place,” wrote 20th-century southern writer Eudora Welty, arguing that art grounded in place can focus the “voracious eye of genius...into mediation, into poetry.” From the margins to the mainstream and all points surrounding, we will sharpen our own focus through specificity and sensory detail to write through the many dimensions of place—physical and psychological, real and imagined. To achieve our goals, we will physically and lyrically explore the city of Portland and its surroundings. By engaging the work of poets like Camille Dungy, C.S. Giscombe, Gary Snyder (Reed ’51), Brenda Hillman, Rodrigo Toscano, Mei-mei Berssenbrugge (Reed ’69), and others, we will explore contemporary approaches to ecopoetics and building a poetry of landscape, urbanity, and the natural world that leaves room for, as poet Juliana Spahr notes, the “bulldozer” as well as the “bird.” Enrollment limited to 15. Prerequisites: a writing sample of three to five poems, and consent of the instructor; a previous creative writing workshop course is preferred although not required. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

The Long Poem
Full course for one semester. The long-view focus of this advanced workshop is to provide an intensive critical forum for students to engage deeply with the practice of poetry with a specific focus on reading and writing long poem(s). We will work diligently to further the development of each poem/poet, exploring various strategies to generate and extend new work, and giving close consideration to the different modes of time expressed and experienced in poetry. This is primarily a workshop, but each participant will be responsible for presenting/explicating a long work in class discussion. Given the advanced nature of the course, students must have completed at least two course-long poetry workshops at Reed. Enrollment limited to 15. Prerequisites: Creative Writing 224 in poetry, in addition to either Creative Writing 274 or 331 in poetry, a writing sample of three to five poems, and consent of the instructor. Conference. 

Multimedia Poetries
Full course for one semester. This course will be an inquiry into craft and discovery of the multimedia poetries around us and within us. We examine the recent landscape to understand how these poetries and poetics work, how and where they succeed (and fail), and how they might move into the future. We will critically study the work of others, including our peers, while working through regular skills-building creative assignments toward the completion of our own capstone project. Enrollment limited to 15. Prerequisites: Creative Writing 224 and one other creative writing course, a writing sample, at least sophomore standing, and consent of the instructor. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

The Poem, Visualized
Full course for one semester. In this course, we’ll explore what it means to consider the poem as a visual object, beyond concrete poetry. Looking to films, paintings, dance, fashion, graphic novels, and other media, we’ll test and expand where our poems can live on and off the white page. Our lively and collaborative investigation will include weekly writing exercises and a freewheeling range of poetry and essays. Heavy emphasis will be placed on encouraging and examining student work within a workshop format, but this course will also include gallery visits and engagements with local working poets and artists. Enrollment limited to 15. Prerequisites: a previous workshop course, a writing sample of three to five poems, and consent of the instructor. Conference.

Regarding Revision
Full course for one semester. “I don’t write poems,” poet Robert Lowell famously said, “I rewrite them.” In this special topics studio we will focus intently on the art of re-visioning your poetry through multiple drafts to explore how the poem might become its truest self. While not a workshop in the traditional sense, this course will operate closer to the mode of a workshop in an old garage: placing our previously written (and occasionally newly written) poems on metaphorical sawhorses and trying their shape, their sound, their polish or exposed rough edges. Students will be presented with a variety of revision strategies employed by multiple generations of poets while also testing methods to re-vision old strategies anew and in particular for their own voice and their own poems. Together we will work to demystify the often confounding, yet very gratifying, task of revision. Enrollment limited to 15. Prerequisites: any 200-level poetry writing course (instructor may consider exceptions on a case-by-case basis), and a writing sample of three to five poems, sophomore standing, and consent of the instructor. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Creative Writing 481 - Independent Study

One-half or full course for one semester. Independent writing projects. Prerequisite: consent of the instructor and the division.

Computer Science 121 - Computer Science Fundamentals I

Full course for one semester. An introduction to computer science, covering topics including elementary algorithms and data structures, functional and procedural abstraction, data abstraction, object orientation, logic, and the digital representations of numbers. Emphasis is on mathematical problems and calculations and on recursive algorithms and data structures. The course includes a significant programming laboratory component where students will solve computational problems using a high-level language. The mechanisms for processing and executing programs will be surveyed. Prerequisite: three years of high school mathematics. Lecture-laboratory. 

Computer Science 221 - Computer Science Fundamentals II

Full course for one semester. A second course in computer science, an introduction to advanced structures and techniques. The course will develop the foundations of computing, providing an introduction to theoretical models of computation and also to practical computer system construction. Selected topics include digital design, from gates to processors; the construction of interpreters, including language parsing and run-time systems; parallelism and concurrency; and universality. There will be significant programming projects exploring a number of these topics, and students will be introduced to the advanced programming techniques and data structures that support their construction. Prerequisite: Computer Science 121 or equivalent. Lecture-laboratory. 

Computer Science 315 - Ethics and Public Policy

One-half course for one semester. Primarily for majors entering computer-related fields. Ethical and social issues related to the development and use of computer technology will be discussed. The course will cover ethical theory and social, political, and legal considerations. Scenarios covered in class will include privacy, reliability and risks of complex systems, and responsibility of professionals for applications and consequences of their work. Prerequisite: Computer Science 221. Lecture-conference.

Computer Science 377 - Artificial Intelligence

Full course for one semester. This course is an introduction to the construction of software systems that emulate intelligent behavior. Topics include knowledge representation, reasoning under uncertainty, logic programming, planning, and algorithmic strategies for large-scale combinatorial search. Students will explore these topics with a series of implementation projects. Prerequisites: Computer Science 221 and Mathematics 113. Lecture-conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Computer Science 378 - Deep Learning

Full course for one semester. This course is an introduction to deep neural architectures and their training. Beginning with the fundamentals of regression, optimization, and regularization, the course will then survey a variety of architectures and their associated applications. Students will develop projects that implement deep-learning systems to perform various tasks. Prerequisites: Mathematics 201 and 202, and Computer Science 221. Lecture-conference.

Computer Science 382 - Algorithms and Data Structures

Full course for one semester. An introduction to the design and analysis of algorithms. The course will focus on various abstract data types and associated algorithms. The course will include implementation of some of these ideas on a computer. Prerequisite: Computer Science 121 or equivalent and Mathematics 112 and 113. Conference. Cross-listed as Mathematics 382. 

Computer Science 384 - Programming Language Design and Implementation

Full course for one semester. A study of the organization and structure of modern programming languages. This course will survey key programming language paradigms, including functional, object-oriented, and logic-based languages, with particular focus on the fundamental concepts underlying them, including their syntax, semantics, and type systems. It will take a mathematical approach, examining several strong ties with formal logic and the mechanization of proof, especially logics and proof methods related to the properties of programs. Prerequisites: Computer Science 221 and one of Mathematics 112 or 113. Lecture-conference. 

Computer Science 385 - Computer Graphics

Full course for one semester. Introduction to computer image synthesis and mathematical modeling for computer graphics applications. Topics include image processing, 2-D and 3-D modeling techniques such as curve and surface representation, geometric algorithms for intersection and hidden surface removal, 3-D rendering, and animation. Prerequisite: Computer Science 121 and Mathematics 201. Lecture-conference. 

Not offered 2019–20.

Computer Science 387 - Computability and Complexity

Full course for one semester. Introduction to models of computation including finite automata, formal languages, and Turing machines, culminating in universality and undecidability. An introduction to resource-bounded models of computation and algorithmic complexity classes, including NP and PSPACE, and the notions of relative hardness and completeness. Prerequisites: Computer Science 121 or equivalent and Mathematics 112 and 113. Lecture-conference. Cross-listed as Mathematics 387. 

Computer Science 388 - Cryptography

Full course for one semester. An introduction to modern cryptography. Topics include private- and public-key encryption, message authentication codes, pseudorandomness, and digital signatures. Emphasis is placed on formal definitions of security, proofs of security, and key constructions. Prerequisite: Computer Science 382 or 387 or Mathematics 382, 387, or 332. Lecture-conference. Cross-listed as Mathematics 388. 

Computer Science 389 - Computer Systems

Full course for one semester. A study of the design and implementation of computing systems, surveying computer architecture, machine organization, the hardware-software interface, memory and storage subsystems, compilation and run time, and concurrent and networked programming. Students learn to pay particular attention to the underlying factors that affect a program’s performance. An introduction to approaches to problems related to the synchronization and coordination of independently executing processes, and also to the structure of distributed and network-based services. Prerequisite: Computer Science 221. Lecture-conference. 

Computer Science 393 - Operating System Design and Implementation

Full course for one semester. This course covers the low-level details of the software that drives computing hardware, spanning such disparate systems as supercomputers, the internet backbone, laptops, and smartphones. Topics include kernel architectures, scheduling, memory management, security policies and mechanisms, assurance, file systems, networking, virtualization, real time, safety-critical and security-critical systems. Students will implement several operating system components. Prerequisite: Computer Science 221. Lecture-conference-laboratory.

Not offered 2019–20.

Computer Science 394 - Principles of Compiler Design

Full course for one semester. An in-depth look at the design and construction of programming language compilers, covering the basic phases of the compilation process, including syntactic analysis and parsing, semantic analysis, intermediate representations of code, dataflow analysis, register allocation, code generation, and other optimizations. Students will develop a working compiler and run-time system for a programming language. Time permitting, the course surveys advanced techniques such as compilation of functional programming languages or compilation for high-performance hardware. Prerequisite: Computer Science 389 or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Computer Science 395 - Advanced Computer Architecture

Full course for one semester. A course that explores the implementation of computer processors, with focus on techniques and designs that seek high performance. We look at pipelining, superscalar designs, multiprocessor systems, cache coherence in multiprocessors, graphics processing units, embedded systems, and network processors. Material includes reading and discussion of technical papers as well as programming projects on several different architectures. Prerequisite: Computer Science 389 or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Computer Science 396 - Computer Networks

Full course for one semester. A broad-ranging exploration of topics in computer networks that includes history, communications theory, network architectures, internet protocols, client-server models, strategies for improving network security, and the social impact of modern networking. The course emphasizes both theory and practice and therefore includes both mathematical analysis and programming projects written in Python. Prerequisites: Computer Science 221 and one of Mathematics 112 or 113. Lecture-conference.

Computer Science 421 - Computing Theory Research Seminar

One-half course for one semester. This course is an exploration of research in an area of theoretical computer science. Example topics include randomized or parallel algorithms, approximation algorithms, quantum computation or complexity, and zero-knowledge proof systems. Offered alternate years. Prerequisites: Computer Science 382 and 387. Lecture-conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Computer Science 422 - Computer Systems Research Seminar

One-half course for one semester. This course is an exploration of recent research in the design, development, and implementation of computer systems. Example topics include high-performance architecture, highly available networked and distributed systems, software and hardware system verification. Offered in alternate years. Prerequisite: Computer Science 389. Lecture-conference. May be repeated for credit.

Not offered 2019–20.

Computer Science 441 - Topics in Computer Science Theory

Full course for one semester. Exploration of topics from advanced algorithm design and theoretical computer science including complexity theory, quantum computation, and approximation algorithms, as selected by the instructor. Prerequisites: Mathematics 201 and Computer Science or Mathematics 382 and 387, or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference. Offered in alternate years. Cross-listed as Mathematics 441. 

Computer Science 442 - Topics in Computer Science Systems

Full course for one semester. A study of the design and implementation techniques used in a particular area of computer science as selected by the instructor. Students will implement a working system in that area. Recent offerings have covered distributed and networked systems, compilers, and computer game design. Prerequisite: Computer Science 389 or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference. Offered in alternate years. 

Not offered 2019–20.

Computer Science 470 - Thesis (Computer Science)

Full course for one year.

Computer Science 481 - Independent Study

One-half course for one semester. Primarily for juniors and seniors. Prerequisite: approval of the instructor and the division.

Dance 101 - Dance Technique

Variable credit: one-half or zero course for one semester. Through this course, students may take technique classes in ballet, Afro-Brazilian dance, Afro-Cuban dance, Argentine tango, hip-hop, lyrical jazz, or other dance forms; students should consult the schedule of classes for specific techniques and levels offered in a given semester. To qualify for one-half credit, students must have taken or be currently enrolled in a graded (rather than a credit/no credit) dance department course; each graded dance department course taken allows a student to earn credit for two semesters (one unit) in Dance 101. Students may repeat Dance 101 and/or enroll in more than one section for credit. A maximum of four units (eight semesters) in Dance 101 may be accrued overall. This course may apply toward the dance studio requirements for majors. Students may simultaneously receive PE credit for this course. Credit/no credit only. Studio. May be repeated for credit.

Dance 111 - Introduction to Contemporary Dance: Mind in Motion

One-half or full course for one semester. Designed for students with no previous dance training, this course provides a foundation for the further study of a variety of dance forms. Principles of alignment, body mechanics, and locomotion will be explored through the practice of movement vocabularies drawn from modern and contemporary concert dance. Though primary work will be in the studio, the course includes a discussion of critical perspectives from which to view contemporary dance performance, and viewing of dance performances both live and on video. Students enrolled in the course for one unit will undertake additional reading, viewing, and writing assignments. This course may apply toward the dance studio requirement for majors. Students may simultaneously receive PE credit for this course. Studio.

Dance 112 - Introduction to Contemporary Dance: Cross-Cultural Contexts

One-half or full course for one semester. This course emphasizes the study of modern and contemporary dance technique and introduces elements of movement composition through the creation of collaborative choreography projects. Active work in the studio, along with readings and discussions, are designed to locate contemporary dance within cross-cultural contexts. Students enrolled in the course for one unit will carry out additional projects in choreography and additional written work. Dance 111 strongly recommended but not required. This course may apply toward the dance studio requirement for majors. Students may simultaneously receive PE credit for this course. Studio.

Dance 201 - Introduction to Dance: History and Culture

Full course for one semester. This course is an introduction to dance studies as an interdisciplinary field within the humanities and social sciences. Broadly defined, dance studies engages in critical analyses of dance practices from historical and cultural perspectives. Throughout the course of the semester, students explore and affirm dance as a vital cultural practice by considering a broad range of concert and social dance practices across time and geographic place. Course material pays particular attention to how dance articulates complex questions around race, gender, sexuality, class, ability, and nation. Written and embodied assignments introduce and explore key methodologies in the field, including movement description and analysis, critical assessment of embodied practice, archival research, and interviews. No previous dance experience is necessary. This course may apply toward the dance studies requirement for majors. Conference.

Dance 211 - Contemporary Dance I: Invention and Design

Full course for one semester. Designed for the intermediate dancer, this course combines an exploration of modern and contemporary dance techniques with an extensive introduction to movement composition. Work in both areas emphasizes movement invention, design, and development. Course work includes attendance at professional dance performances, video viewings, discussions, and critiques. Students will perform their work in the end-of-semester concert. This course is appropriate for students with previous training in dance technique. This course may apply toward the dance studio requirement for majors. Students may simultaneously receive PE credit for this course. Studio.

Dance 212 - Contemporary Dance II: Analysis in Motion

Full course for one semester. This course is designed to deepen students’ technical and compositional development in contemporary dance with an emphasis on movement analysis. Broadly defined, movement analysis refers to methods for describing, visualizing, interpreting, and documenting human movement. In terms of technique, students develop strength, flexibility, and versatility in movement through immersion in classic and contemporary vocabularies, focusing on the use of weight, musicality, articulation, and alignment in dance. This technical work complements compositional work, viewings, readings, and writing assignments that approach movement analysis from a variety of perspectives, including aesthetic and quotidian movement. This course may apply toward the dance studio requirement for majors. Students may simultaneously receive PE credit for this course. Studio.

Dance 232 - Community Dance and Collective Creation

Full course for one semester. This course explores community dance as a mode of choreographic composition and social intervention based on principles of collective creation. Students develop strategies for creating an inclusive dance practice open to all participants regardless of age, training, or physical capacity that is critically attuned to the dynamics of difference that shape embodied encounters, in particular race, class, ability, gender, and sexuality. Course work includes weekly movement sessions that are open to the Portland community. Enrolled students develop and lead these sessions as part of the ongoing Community Dance at Reed project (www.reed.edu/dance/courses/232). The course’s approach to collective dance practices will be based on structured improvisation methods drawn from the Western contemporary dance tradition; however, we will engage group members’ particular embodied knowledges. This course is appropriate for students with previous training in dance technique. For students without prior training, Dance 111 and 112 are recommended as preparation for this course. This course may apply toward the dance studio or studies requirement for majors. Studio-conference.

Dance 241 - Dancing Latin/x America

Full course for one semester. This course is an introduction to Latin/x American dance studies. This course takes a hemispheric perspective and considers a wide range of social, concert, and popular dance practices from the United States, Mexico, the Caribbean, and Central and South America. From a disciplinary perspective, this course explores the intersection of three fields: dance studies, Latin American studies, and Latin/x studies. At this intersection, it engages the methods used by scholars working from historical, ethnographic, queer, feminist, and ethnic studies standpoints to ask: What is the relationship between dance and Latin/x American identity (national, personal, and/or transnational)? How do dance practices reinforce and/or deconstruct racialized, gendered, and classed stereotypes? How do movement forms and performance styles mobilize, remember, or reimagine Latin/x identities and histories? Dance 201 recommended but not required. This course may apply toward the dance studies requirement for majors. Conference. Cross-listed as Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 261.

Dance 252 - Improvisation

One-half or full course for one semester. Since the early 1960s, improvisation has played an increasingly sophisticated role in contemporary dance. This course will investigate contemporary improvisational practices that are at once creative, performative, and philosophic. The first half of the course will focus on contact improvisation, a partnering form that explores the exchange of physical support, the practice of which has challenged notions of gender roles, ability and disability, and community structure. The second half of the course will focus on choreographic improvisation, a constellation of improvisational practices in which movement scores are developed and refined over time, and which has influenced changing views of the function of performance and the relationships between makers, performers, and viewers of dance. Students enrolled in the course for one unit will undertake additional readings and an extended research project. One year of dance technique or one year of creative work in visual art, music, theatre, or creative writing is highly recommended. This course may apply toward the dance studio or studies requirement for majors. Students may simultaneously receive PE credit for this course. Studio-conference. May be repeated for credit.

Dance 260 - Dances of Bali, Indonesia

Full course for one semester. This course offers the opportunity for students to combine contextual study of Southeast Asian culture and performance arts with studio activities in dance. The class provides social, cultural, and aesthetic views of the performing arts in Southeast Asia with a special focus on Bali, Indonesia. The course will examine selected ritual, social, and court dances of Bali such as Kechak and Legong in cultural and historical context. Students will be introduced to technical aspects of Balinese dance and its relation to music. Studio sessions will bring these ideas to life as students learn basic dance movements and musical structures. Lectures, readings, films, and images will cover the diversity of the island, the role of dance and music in Balinese culture, and the challenges of globalization. This course may apply toward the dance studio or studies requirement for majors. Students may simultaneously receive PE credit for this course. Conference-studio.

Dance 270 - Dance, Gender, and Sexuality

Full course for one semester. How do global dance practices perform and/or contest gender and sexual identities? What is the relationship between quotidian and danced identities? This course introduces and explores the intersections between dance studies and gender, queer, feminist, and transgender studies, with special attention to how these fields intersect with questions of race, class, and ability. It considers a wide range of historical and contemporary practices ranging across concert dance, social practices, club dancing, ballroom culture, and popular forms. Work inside and outside the classroom focuses on readings, viewings, class discussion, and written assignments; however, students also engage in movement workshops and dance practice–based classes throughout the course of the semester. Dance 201 is recommended but not required. This course may apply toward the dance studies requirement for majors. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Dance 311 - Contemporary Dance III: Action and Interaction

One-half or full course for one semester. Designed for high-intermediate- and advanced-level dancers, this course will combine rigorous technical training with work in choreography. Work in contemporary dance technique will include introductory partnering and detailed work in alignment and focus on moving with energy and precision. Choreographic work will address compositional elements of dance—including action, space, time, gesture, structure, image, and interaction—as inherently meaningful catalysts for thinking choreographically. Studio work will be supported by video viewings, discussions, and critiques, as well as attendance at professional dance performances. Student work will be performed in the end-of-semester concert. Prerequisite: Dance 211 and 212, or Dance 312, or Dance 313, or equivalent experience. This course may apply toward the dance studio requirement for majors. Students may simultaneously receive PE credit for this course. Studio. May be repeated for credit.

Not offered 2019–20.

Dance 312 - Contemporary Dance IV: Embodied Research

One-half or full course for one semester. Designed for high-intermediate- and advanced-level dancers, this course combines rigorous technical training with work in choreography. Work in contemporary dance technique will emphasize clarity and specificity within complex movement phrases and include floor work and partnering. Choreographic work will focus on embodied research through projects that consider conceptual, thematic, and processual frameworks for generating performance works. Studio work will be supported by attendance at professional dance performances, video viewings, discussions, and critiques, and students will perform in the end-of-semester concert. Prerequisite: Dance 211 and 212, or Dance 311, or Dance 313, or equivalent experience. This course may apply toward the dance studio requirement for majors. Students may simultaneously receive PE credit for this course. Studio. May be repeated for credit.

Not offered 2019–20.

Dance 313 - Contemporary Dance V: Biography/Autobiography

One-half or full course for one semester. Designed for high-intermediate- and advanced-level dancers, this course combines rigorous technical training with work in choreography. Contemporary dance vocabularies will provide a platform from which to hone technical facilities and approach nuanced movement material. Work in choreography will investigate biographical and autobiographical sources as source materials for performance. A critical review of significant choreographic works employing biography or autobiography will inform our on-going investigation of ways to approach and develop these source materials. Through the use of movement, text, vocalizations, journal writing, memory games and storytelling, students will create performances based on biographical narratives and real-life experiences. Work in this course will include attendance at professional dance performances, video viewings, discussions, and critiques, and students will perform in the end-of-semester concert. Prerequisite: Dance 211 and 212, or Dance 311, or Dance 312, or equivalent experience. This course may apply toward the dance studio requirement for majors. Students may simultaneously receive PE credit for this course. Studio. May be repeated for credit.

Not offered 2019–20.

Dance 321 - Contemporary Performance Ensemble

Zero or one-half course for one semester. This course focuses on performance through the development, rehearsal, and production of contemporary dance works. Students will address the technical, stylistic, and interpretive challenges of choreographic material presented as well as develop and manipulate choreographic material of their own. Work in and out of class leading to performance will be supported through written responses, small group sessions, and critiques. Requires rehearsal outside of class times. Prerequisite: instructor’s permission or by audition. This course may apply toward the dance studio requirement for majors. Students may simultaneously receive PE credit for this course. Credit/no credit only. Studio. May be repeated for credit.

Dance 335 - Special Projects in Choreography: Analogous Forms

One half or full course for one semester. This class will explore concepts, creative processes, and formal concerns derived from creative writing, comics, film, music, theater, and the visual arts as ways to expand and inform the dance-making process and as bases for interdisciplinary work. Prerequisite: one year of dance technique and one year of creative work in dance, music, theatre, writing, or the visual arts. This course applies toward the dance studio or studies requirement for majors. Studio-conference. May be repeated for credit.

Dance 351 - Dance Traditions of Southeast Asia

Full course for one semester. This course provides an in-depth investigation of the cultural, historical, and artistic significance of choreographic works from Southeast Asia in the context of religious, social, and political development. We will explore classical dance forms including the Peking Opera of China, court dances of Cambodia, ceremonial and ritual dances of Myanmar and Indonesia, and the performing arts of Vietnam, along with contemporary Southeast Asian dance works. Students will learn excerpts of traditional dances as a base from which to explore cultural and anthropological perspectives of performing arts in Southeast Asia, and how these perspectives influence creative processes of contemporary Southeast Asian dance artists. This course may apply toward the dance studio or studies requirement for majors. Lecture-conference-studio.

Not offered 2019–20.

Dance 362 - Dance Ethnography

Full course for one semester. This research seminar examines methods and theories that engage in and emerge from cross-cultural dance analysis and practice. It explores the relationship between dance and ethnography through readings, performance, discussion, and independent research. Students read foundational texts in the field as well as recent ethnographies to address the politics of representing and engaging others, situating positionality, accounting for the transnational circulation of performance practices, and serving as advocate and/or witness. Assigned ethnographies emphasize the relationships between dance and race, nation, class, sexuality, and gender. Prerequisite: Dance 201 or consent of the instructor. This course may apply toward the junior seminar and dance studies requirements for majors. Conference.

Dance 363 - African Diaspora Dance Studies

Full course for one semester. This course is an introduction to African diaspora dance studies. From a disciplinary perspective, this course explores the intersection of three fields: dance studies, African diaspora studies, and African American studies. It considers dance as a social process through which categories of race and ethnicity are constructed and debated, and as such, it asks students to investigate the political and social implications of dance and movement. We will survey a range of African diaspora dance forms—from samba to vodun to tap dance—through readings, video viewings, discussion, and movement exercises with guest artists (no previous dance experience required). How do dance practices reinforce and/or deconstruct radicalized, gendered, and classed stereotypes? How do movement forms and performance styles mobilize, remember, or reimagine black identities and histories? While our focus will remain on dance, we will also read pertinent scholarship on jazz music and theatre. Dance 201 recommended but not required. This course may apply toward the junior seminar and dance studies requirements for majors. Conference. Cross-listed as Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 363. 

Not offered 2019–20.

Dance 365 - Contemporary Global Dance

Full course for one semester. This course asks what it means to dance “locally” in a global world. It considers how contemporary global dance practices challenge neat distinctions between Western and non-Western traditions and destabilize the ethnic and racial identities most readily associated with each. To explore dance as a complex site of cultural negotiation, contestation, and exchange, the course traces transnational dance diasporas across the global north/south axis. Students examine how global dance flows animate the formation of national, racial, ethnic, and gendered (post)colonial identities, chart global migration patterns, mobilize transnational political economies, and complicate facile understandings of cultural authenticity. Prerequisite: Dance 201 or consent of the instructor. This course may apply toward the junior seminar and dance studies requirements for majors. Conference. Cross-listed as Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 365.

Not offered 2019–20.

Dance 411 - Advanced Technique: Performance Practices

One-half or full course for one semester. Designed for the advanced dancer, this course offers a rigorous examination of technique, integrating vocabulary from classical and contemporary dance with choreological conceptions of the body in motion. Emphasis will be placed on understanding and embodying the conceptual framework of movement material and the ways in which that understanding is integrated in performance. Focused assignments will center on how varying approaches to dance performance relate to genre and conceptions of the performative. With permission of the instructor, the course may be repeated as an advanced practicum. Prerequisite: Dance 311, 312, or 313 or equivalent experience. This course may apply toward the dance studio requirement for majors. Students may simultaneously receive PE credit for this course. Studio. May be repeated for credit.

Not offered 2019–20.

Dance 470 - Thesis (Dance)

Full course for one year.

Dance 481 - Independent Study

One-half or full course for one semester. Prerequisite: approval of instructor and division.

Economics 201 - Introduction to Economic Analysis

Full course for one semester. This course will introduce students to the analytical approaches and tools of the economics discipline, and how these are used to examine current issues and problems that arise in the functioning of economic systems. Microeconomic theories of consumption, production, and exchange provide much of the analytical framework that will be utilized, although we will also explore some relevant applications to the macroeconomy. A central feature of this course is the examination of markets and how they determine what is produced and how it is allocated. We also devote some attention to evaluating market outcomes, to thinking about remedies to resource allocation problems that markets cannot solve, and to thinking about the factors that determine long-run productive capacity and income potential. Lecture-conference.

Economics 304 - Intermediate Macroeconomics

Full course for one semester. A survey of basic theories of economic growth and business cycles using graphical and algebraic methods. Studies the relationships among aggregate economic variables such as GDP, inflation, interest rates, unemployment, and exchange rates. Analysis of macroeconomic policy issues. Prerequisite: Economics 201 or consent of instructor. Lecture-conference.

Economics 311 - Survey of Econometric Methods

Full course for one semester. An introduction to applications of empirical methods in economics. Students are introduced to the nature and sources of economic data and basic concepts of statistics and econometrics. Topics include the estimation of econometric models, hypothesis testing, and forecasting. Emphasis is placed on the use of these techniques in empirical economic literature. Prerequisite: Economics 201. Lecture-conference.

Economics 312 - Theory and Practice of Econometrics

Full course for one semester. An introduction to the statistical methods commonly used in economic research. Classroom development of theoretical material is combined with extensive hands-on practice of econometric techniques. Statistical methods discussed include estimation and inference in simple and multiple linear regression models, detection and correction of autocorrelation and heteroskedasticity, time-series models and distributed lags, and estimation of systems of simultaneous equations. Considerable emphasis is placed on learning to specify, implement, and evaluate tests of economic hypotheses. Prerequisites: Economics 201 and Mathematics 141 or similar introduction to statistics, or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference.

Economics 313 - Microeconomic Theory

Full course for one semester. This course provides a thorough exposition of neoclassical theories of producer and consumer behavior. Considerable attention is devoted to understanding the economic concept of efficiency and demonstrating the efficiency of competitive equilibrium in a general equilibrium framework. The efficiency of market outcomes under alternative assumptions is also examined, and some time is devoted to discussing social choice theory and the limits of the market. Prerequisites: Economics 201 and Mathematics 111, or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference.

Economics 314 - Macroeconomic Theory

Full course for one semester. A detailed introduction to modern theories of economic growth and business cycles. Emphasizes the derivation of relationships among aggregate variables from assumptions about the behavior of households and firms. Examines empirical evidence for and against macroeconomic theories. Prerequisites: Economics 201 and Mathematics 111, or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference.

Economics 315 - Game Theory

Full course for one semester. Game theory is the study of strategy. This course introduces students to game theory and its application in a wide range of situations. We study various classes of games, including static and dynamic games as well as those of complete and incomplete information. We also consider various solution concepts, including iterated elimination of dominant strategies and Nash equilibrium. Numerous refinements of the Nash equilibrium concept, including subgame perfect Nash equilibrium, Bayesian Nash equilibrium, and perfect Bayesian equilibrium, are also considered. We apply game theory to the study of competition, the commons, bargaining, auctions, conventions, institutions, and political decision-making. Prerequisite: Economics 201 and Mathematics 111, or the equivalent. Lecture-conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Economics 323 - American Economic History

Full course for one semester. This course introduces the student to the economic history of the United States from colonial times to the present. Emphasis is placed on understanding the sources of economic growth and key developments in the historical economy. Topics to be covered include colonial markets for labor and land, the economics of slavery, and the Great Depression. Prerequisite: Economics 201. Economics 311 or 312 recommended. Lecture-conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Economics 341 - Monetary and Fiscal Policy

Full course for one semester. A study of classical and contemporary monetary theory, the structure and operation of private and public monetary and financial institutions, and the techniques and objectives of monetary and fiscal policy. Contemporary policy problems emphasized include maintenance of full employment and economic growth, prevention of inflation, and economic stabilization. Prerequisite: Economics 201. Conference.

Economics 342 - International Macroeconomics

Full course for one semester. This course examines the macroeconomic linkages between countries. The core of macroeconomic theory is extended to the open economy. In this context, a number of issues are addressed, including current account imbalances, the role of fiscal and monetary policy in an open economy, and the choice of an exchange rate regime. Illustrations come from the adoption and abandonment of the gold standard, the European monetary union, and financial crises both past and present. Prerequisite: Economics 201. Conference.

Economics 343 - Behavioral Economics

Full course for one semester. This course will provide an introductory overview of the structure and operations of financial markets, basic theories of portfolio management, and how recent contributions from behavioral economics have improved our understanding of human decision-making within a social and highly interactive context. Students will learn about the basic functioning of financial markets in terms of trading, arbitraging, hedging, leveraging, etc.; their major products, like commodities, bonds, stock, options; and the basic theories of portfolio management and price formation. We will discuss how original theories have evolved to include contributions from behavioral economics about decision-making under risk and uncertainty, including behavioral biases. A discussion of price equilibria and the efficient market hypothesis will be combined with criticisms from behavioral finance on the existence of market bubbles and price anomalies, like the equity puzzle, herding, over-under reaction to new information, etc. The course will be mostly theoretical, but it will include occasional practical exercises in which students will gather actual financial data and perform simple corporate stock valuations. Prerequisite: Economics 201. Conference.

Economics 348 - Economics of the Public Sector

Full course for one semester. This course considers the role of government in the economy. We examine the theoretical rationale for government intervention in the economy and the economic consequences of such government intervention, with examples coming primarily from the United States. In addition, the course studies how taxation affects economic efficiency, income distribution, capital formation, and microeconomic incentives. Major topics include environmental regulation, publicly funded education, welfare, social security, health care, tax reform, and international public finance. Prerequisite: Economics 201. Conference.

Economics 351 - Environmental Economics

Full course for one semester. This course presents an economic analysis of environmental issues and policies. We will examine the impact of the economy on the environment, the importance of the environment to the economy, and how policies such as transferable permits, subsidies, taxes, and regulations affect the environment and economy. Concepts covered in this course include static efficiency, equity, property rights, discounting, cost-benefit analysis, risk and uncertainty, market failure, nonmarket valuation techniques, and sustainability. Prerequisite: Economics 201. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Economics 352 - Natural Resource Economics

Full course for one semester. This course presents an economic analysis of renewable and nonrenewable natural resources. Concepts introduced include static and dynamic efficiency, equity, property rights, discounting, market failure, nonmarket valuation, and sustainability. The course will cover current and proposed policies for resource management such as transferable quotas, taxes, subsidies, regulations, and public versus private ownership. Prerequisite: Economics 201 and Mathematics 111 or consent of instructor. Conference.

Economics 354 - Economics of Science and Technology

Full course for one semester. An introduction to the economics of growth, innovation, and technological change in industrialized market economies. The neoclassical growth model is used as a theoretical basis for exploring empirical studies measuring the causes of economic growth. The causes and nature of innovative activity, as well as its effect on technological progress, are explored. Issues of appropriability and diffusion of technology are addressed. Industry and country studies are used to gauge the effect of technological change on economic performance. Prerequisite: Economics 201. Conference.

Economics 358 - Urban Economics

Full course for one semester. In this course, the focus is on the city, in determining its costs and benefits as well as location and land use. We explore policy issues specific to local governments in urban areas, including zoning, housing and segregation, poverty, homelessness, transportation, education, and crime. Prerequisite: Economics 201. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Economics 364 - Economics of Population, Gender, and Race

Full course for one semester. This course will consider race and gender as they influence and are reflected in decisions about schooling, work, and family. Using microeconomic models of marriage, fertility, migration, labor supply, and human capital investment, we will analyze and try to explain observed trends. Drawing on well-established literatures in the fields of labor economics and economic demography to provide frameworks for our discussions, we will consider the theoretical and empirical findings in light of their potential contributions to policy. Prerequisite: Economics 201. Conference.

Economics 366 - Jobs, Technology, and Trade

Full course for one semester. Investigation of the causes and consequences of changing patterns of labor demand. We will seek to understand how technological innovation and a rising volume of trade influence the structure of labor demand and the organization of the workplace. Effects on wage levels, wage inequality, and patterns of employment will be examined. The role of worker representation, in various forms, will be considered along with an analysis of factors that contribute to labor organizing efforts and outcomes. We will focus our attention on the U.S. labor market although comparative analysis with the experiences of other industrialized countries will enhance our understanding. Prerequisite: Economics 201. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Economics 369 - Growth and Inequality

Full course for one semester. This course will examine the historical evolution of modeling economic growth and development. We will first survey theories of economic growth and the associated empirical evidence in order to understand inequality across countries. We will then examine policies, at both the macroeconomic and microeconomic level, aimed at alleviating poverty and improving the lives of individuals in developing economies. This course will conclude with a brief examination of inequality in developed countries, focusing on the sources and evolution of inequality in the United States. Prerequisite: Economics 201. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Economics 371 - Law and Economics

Full course for one semester. Applications of microeconomic theory focused on common law and the legal system. Topics include the effect of the legal system on resource allocation, the establishment and scope of property rights, allocation of risk and efficient investments in precaution, product liability, and an economic analysis of criminal behavior and punishment. Prerequisite: Economics 201. Conference.

Economics 382 - Market Development in Poor Countries

Full course for one semester. The economic problems and policies of poor countries will be examined, with emphasis on agriculture and the rural sector because this is where much of the population and economic activity is located, and where poverty is often most severe. We consider households, and the decisions they face, in the context of both their market and nonmarket environments, including their access to land, credit, insurance, and labor employment opportunities. Market failures, and potential strategies for their resolution, are a recurring theme. Additional topics include population growth, inequality and poverty, structural change, and globalization and trade. Prerequisite: Economics 201. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Economics 383 - International Trade

Full course for one semester. This course analyzes the causes and consequences of international trade. The theory of international trade and the effects of trade policy tools are developed in both perfect and imperfect competition, with reference to the empirical evidence. This framework serves as a context for a discussion of several important issues: the effect of trade on income inequality, the relationship between trade and the environment, the importance of the World Trade Organization, strategic trade policy, the role of trade in developing countries, and the effects of free trade agreements. Prerequisite: Economics 201. Conference.

Economics 385 - Asian Economies in Transition

Full course for one semester. This course will compare and contrast plan-to-market transition processes across several Asian countries noted for their economic size and significance, including China, Japan, and India. We will take a sectoral approach, noting variation in policy objective, design, implementation, and outcome. Among the sectors we will consider are agriculture, industry, banking and finance, foreign trade and investment, and the public sector. Our focus will be contemporary rather than historical, although the roles of initial conditions and historical legacies also are relevant to our discussions. Prerequisite: Economics 201. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Economics 391 - Health Economics

Full course for one semester. This course is a survey of major topics in health economics with a focus on the United States and other developed countries. We will examine health behaviors, health services, and health outcomes through the lens of microeconomic theory. Much of the course will examine market failures in health and public policies designed to address them. Substantive topics include Medicaid, Medicare, obesity, smoking, alcohol, early life health conditions, domestic violence, and pollution. Prerequisite: Economics 201. Conference.

Economics 392 - Health in Poor Countries

Full course for one semester. Poor health is one of the biggest problems facing poor people in poor countries. Diarrhea, HIV/AIDS, intestinal helminthes, iodine deficiency, malaria, sleeping sickness, tuberculosis, vitamin A deficiency, and yellow fever are common problems in much of the developing world. These health problems reduce happiness directly, as well as indirectly through decreased cognitive and physical ability in productive activities. This course uses microeconomic and econometric tools to examine the causes and consequences of a few of these sources of poor health. Unlike a medical or public health approach to these topics, we will focus on behavioral aspects of these problems. Some of the questions we will explore include: How responsive is demand for health inputs to changes in the price of health inputs? How does economic activity affect health behavior? How does information affect health behavior? Prerequisite: Economics 201. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Economics 401 - Contemporary Topics in Economics

One-half course for one semester. A detailed examination of a topic of current theoretical or policy interest. The course may be repeated when topics vary, up to a maximum of one unit of credit. Prerequisite(s) vary according to topic. This course may not be used for Group B or divisional requirements. Conference. May be repeated for credit.

Not offered 2019–20.

Economics 402 - Junior Seminar

One-half course for one semester. This course focuses on preparing students for economic research. Topics include choosing a research question, conducting a literature review, locating and collecting data, economic theorizing, writing, research design, hypothesis testing, and presentation skills. Prerequisites: Economics 304, 313, or 314, or consent of instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Economics 418 - Behavioral Economics

Full course for one semester. Economic theory assumes a degree of mathematical precision, cognitive awareness, and overall rationality that does not exist in most people. This course will help students get a better handle on human behavior by combining ideas from psychology and economics. Topics include decision making, endowment effects, prospect theory, neuroeconomics, risk aversion, and notions of fairness and trust. Prerequisite: Economics 313, or Economics 315 with consent of instructor; or Psychology 322, 333, 366, or 373. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Economics 470 - Thesis

Full course for one year.

Economics 481 - Independent Reading

One-half or full course for one semester. Credit in proportion to work done. Prerequisite: junior or senior standing.

English 201 - Introduction to Narrative

Full course for one semester. Variable topics. See specific listing for prerequisites. Conference. May be repeated for credit.  

American Autobiography
Full course for one semester. This course examines twentieth- and twenty-first-century autobiographies and memoirs, with a focus on the way the self is developed and narrated in those life writings; the problems of memory, truth, and distortion; the ways autobiographers give symbolic form and meaning to their diverse experience; and such crucial determinants as race, ethnicity, and gender as they shape identity and the representation of the “I.” Some of the works will be by immigrants, African Americans, Asian Americans, and Jewish Americans, with an eye to those writers’ self-consciousness as American subjects. In addition to autobiography theory, we’ll read texts by Nabokov, Maxine Hong Kingston, James Baldwin, Philip Roth, and Gertrude Stein and a graphic memoir by Art Spiegelman. Prerequisite: Humanities 110 or sophomore standing, or consent of the instructor. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

The Art of Speech
Full course for one semester. Studies suggest that Americans fear public speaking more than they fear death itself. Yet many of us would agree that skilled orators have the ability to change not only minds, but also the world. In this course we will examine the hallmarks of exceptional speeches. Using influential speeches from antiquity to the present, we will pay attention to rhetorical devices, pathos, ethos, structure, audience, openings, visuals, body language, vocal variety, humor, storytelling, and “sticky” endings. Assignments will include oral presentations and written analyses. Oral presentations will develop skills in delivering original speeches, giving effective speech evaluations, and becoming comfortable with impromptu speaking. This course is open to first-year students. Conference.

Arthurian Literature
Full course for one semester. Stories about King Arthur and the knights of the Round Table have exhibited an unusual hold on the imaginations of readers from the Middle Ages into the twenty-first century: Arthur, Merlin, Guinevere, Lancelot, and others have seemingly taken up long-term residence in the English literary imagination. In this course, we will take a diachronic approach to a wide range of Arthurian texts, from romances and pseudohistories to poetry and more modern novels. The course will begin by examining the origins of Arthurian material in early medieval Wales before focusing on the international popularity of tales of King Arthur and his companions beginning in the twelfth century. A significant portion of the course will also be devoted to the study of Sir Thomas Malory’s Morte d’Arthur, a text that straddles the medieval and modern worlds. During the final weeks of the class we will read a sampling of more modern understandings of Arthurian legend. In addition to the Morte d’Arthur, texts under consideration may include the Welsh Culhwch and Olwen, Nennius’s History of the Britons, Geoffrey of Monmouth’s History of the Kings of Britain, early Merlinic prophecies, high medieval courtly romances by Chrétien de Troyes and others (including Sir Gawain and the Green Knight), Tennyson’s Idylls of the King, T.H. White’s The Sword in the Stone, and Kazuo Ishiguro’s The Buried Giant. Prerequisite: Humanities 110 or sophomore standing, or consent of the instructor. This course fulfills the pre-1700 requirement. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Introduction to Digital Humanities
Full course for one semester. Digital humanities combines the methods of the traditional humanities with the tools provided by computing. These tools provide innovative ways to analyze, present, and share data. In this class students will look at the theory behind how digital media can create a dynamic, multimedia environment for interdisciplinary scholarship, and will learn how to use and assess specific digital tools. We will cover methods and best practices for how to do textual analysis, visual storytelling, digital maps, data visualizations, archives, websites, video abstracts, and digital portfolios. Writing assignments will embrace the impact of digital forms and genres on writing, and cover grant applications and proposal writing. This course is open to first-year students. Conference.

Medieval Celtic Literatures
Full course for one semester. This course will focus on early medieval texts from Ireland, Wales, and England in order to understand the particular concerns and narrative techniques of Celtic literatures and to consider their transformation and integration into later English traditions. At the same time, students will interrogate the usefulness of the term “Celtic” as an accurate descriptor of Welsh and Irish cultures. Other issues under consideration will include the shift from orality to literacy in early Ireland and Wales; the tensions between the pagan past and the Christian present; the construction of notions of gender, heroism, and sovereignty; and, most importantly, the impact of twelfth-century Anglo-Norman colonization upon Welsh and Irish literary cultures. Specific texts under consideration will include the Irish TáinThe Voyage of BranThe Wooing of EtaínThe Destruction of Da Derga’s Hostel, and The Tales of the Elders of Ireland; Welsh texts from The Mabinogion and from the Arthurian, Aneirin, Merlin, Taliesin, and Heledd traditions; and finally Anglo-oriented texts by Geoffrey of Monmouth, Giraldus Cambrensis, and Chrétien de Troyes. All texts will be read in translation. This course fulfills the pre-1700 requirement. Prerequisite: Humanities 110 or sophomore standing. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Monsters and Marvels in the Middle Ages
Full course for one semester. In this course we will explore the contours of the medieval imagination as it made sense of the world in a variety of literary and historical texts from the sixth through the fourteenth centuries. We will focus on the function of marvels and monsters as plot devices, as ways of representing cultural anxieties, and as modes of construing the relationship between self and “other” and between the natural world and the social world. We will focus mainly on texts from the British Isles and France, including Beowulf, The Travels of Sir John Mandeville, the Lais of Marie de France, Geoffrey of Monmouth’s History of the Kings of Britain, Gerald of Wales’s Journey Through Wales, Chrétien de Troyes’s Arthurian romances, Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, and the Middle Welsh Mabinogion, as well as shorter excerpts from Isidore of Seville, Walter Map, Gervase of Tilbury, and others. Prerequisite: Humanities 110 or sophomore standing. This course fulfills the pre-1700 requirement. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Plot and Plantation: Resistance, Flight, and Narrative Form
Full course for one semester. What are the connections between plot (in a novel) and plantation? By considering the historical, economic, and social contexts for the Caribbean plantation system, this course is an inquiry into how to think about and theorize around plot. We will begin with the notion that the Caribbean plantation was not only a system of violence, but also a modern site connected to the development of literary cultures (particularly the rise of the novel). Plots and plantations structure acts and actions, and we’ll ask ourselves how representations of slaves, resistance, and marronage (acts of truancy or flight from slavery) played into narrative themes about power, pleasure, and property. In the first portion of this course, we will engage with colonial anxieties around slave revolts and study how these revolts were represented (plotted) in works that overlapped with the rise of the novel. The second portion examines how Caribbean writers used themes of power, pleasure, and property as they adapted narrative plots associated with earlier Anglophone literature. As we shift into the third portion of the course, we’ll track the ways Caribbean works of literature remember and aestheticize histories of opposition and resistance carried out by the enslaved. Bringing together literary theory and history, we will read works by Jane Austen, Aphra Behn, Vincent Brown, Michelle Cliff, William Earle, Édouard Glissant, Geoffrey Hartman, Jamaica Kincaid, Claude McKay, Katherine McKittrick, Elizabeth Nunez, Caryl Phillips, Jean Rhys, Edward Said, Michel-Rolph Trouillot, and Sylvia Wynter. Prerequisite: Humanities 110 or sophomore standing, or consent of the instructor. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Short Story Cycles
Full course for one semester. In the nineteenth through twenty-first centuries, North America has seen remarkable development in the short story cycle, a form of narrative also found in many other periods, cultures, and languages (The Thousand and One Nights, The Decameron, Dubliners). This narrative form differs from story collections in its degree of unity, and from the novel in the relative independence of its constituent parts (stories rather than chapters). In this class, we will explore the constructions of gender, ethnicity, and the ethics of reading in short story cycles from authors such as Anderson, Anzaldúa, Barth, Hemingway, Garcia, Erdrich, Kingston, Jewett, Munro, Naylor, O’Brien, Salinger, and Stein. Readings will also include critical and theoretical essays on narrative. Students will write and revise short essays analyzing narrative techniques, aesthetics, ethics, and the social functions of prose fiction. Prerequisite: Humanities 110 or sophomore standing, or consent of the instructor. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

U.S. Novels of Formation from the Gilded Age to the Roaring Twenties
Full course for one semester. In 1902, the English journalist William Thomas Stead announced “The Americanisation of the World”: “The advent of the United States of America as the greatest of world-Powers is the greatest political, social, and commercial phenomenon of our times.” The Young Republic had finally come of age. Novels of formation, adapting the conventions of the European bildungsroman, allegorized the nation’s rapid growth through their protagonists’ development from youth to maturity. Yet between the 1880s and the 1920s, the conventional goals of bourgeois adulthood—education, marriage, career, artistic achievement—were in turmoil. Novels of education became central to debates on racial uplift and integration; increasing economic inequality and the disillusionment of the immigrant experience permeated traditional plots of self-making. The New Woman and the flapper revolutionized the Victorian courtship plot and World War I ended millions of young lives. Indeed, the future of the novel itself seemed uncertain in the face of modernist experimentation. Authors may include Henry James, Frederick Douglass, Charles Chesnutt, Zitkála-Šá, Edith Wharton, Sui Sin Far, Willa Cather, Anita Loos, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, Samuel Raphaelson, William Faulkner, and Nella Larsen. Prerequisite: Humanities 110 or sophomore standing, or consent of the instructor. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

English 203 - Introduction to Theory

History and Problems of Literary Theory
Full course for one semester. This course begins with a brief survey of the history of literary criticism and theory. It will then take up a series of distinct problems: What is the nature and function of mimesis? What is the role of intention in the production and reception of literary works? How does figurative language operate in literary contexts? How can we define “fiction,” and how best understand its relationship to what we take to be the “real” world? What are the constraints on what counts as a plausible reading of a literary text? Throughout the semester we will make recurrent reference to a small set of literary texts, including Hamlet and Frankenstein. Theorists to be considered range from Aristotle through Judith Butler and Dan Sperber. Prerequisite: Humanities 110. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

English 205 - Introduction to Fiction

Full course for one semester. Variable topics. See specific listing for prerequisites. Conference. May be repeated for credit.  

The American Con Artist
Full course for one semester. This course explores America’s fascination with speculative economic and fictional enterprises by examining the figure of the confidence artist in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Does the American con shape U.S. literature more than the American dream? What is the relationship between self-making and fraud? Where do we draw the line between swindling and savvy? How does the history of economic deceit relate to financial crises today? What, if anything, makes the con distinctly American? We focus on the stories confidence artists tell and what stories, in turn, are told about them. This course begins with the historical conditions that made the confidence artist a central figure of the nineteenth century, from debates about urban anonymity, counterfeit currency, and social mobility to representations of racial and national ambiguity in the international slave trade, tracing the cultural fusions that resulted from the African diaspora. We then turn to the double-sided relationship of the American dream and the American con as it plays out in narratives of immigration and migration, examining the individual’s role within a larger economic and cultural system. Throughout the course, we will analyze the narrative techniques that create confidence and unmask deception. Prerequisite: Humanities 110 or sophomore standing. Conference.

The American Short Story
Full course for one semester. This course introduces students to the techniques of analyzing narrative fiction with a focus on the American short story as it has developed from the nineteenth to the twenty-first centuries. We will analyze traditional and innovative narrative techniques in the short story, including point of view and focalization, time and space, plot compression, the relation of narrative structure and temporality, diction, and figurative language. Additionally, we will consider the short story as shaping and responding to American history and the diversity of American experience. We initiate questions about an American literary history of the short story by beginning with a recent volume of Best American Short Stories. We study works exemplifying major literary movements (e.g. romance, realism, allegory, impressionism, experimentalism), and end with the Canadian writer Alice Munro to question the boundaries of the “American” short story. Readings may include works by Hawthorne, Poe, Melville, James, Hemingway, Fitzgerald, Langston Hughes, Flannery O’Connor, Anzia Yezierska, Philip Roth, James Baldwin, Grace Paley, Raymond Carver, Bharati Mukherjee, Sherman Alexie, Sandra Tsing Loh, Helena María Viramontes, Jennifer Egan, and others. Prerequisite: Humanities 110 or sophomore standing. Conference.

British Women Writers since 1900
Full course for one semester. Using Virginia Woolf’s classic feminist literary polemic A Room of One’s Own as its point of departure, this course studies British women fiction writers in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries through their concerns with establishing communities, whether in literary, familial, social, political, ethnic, or gender-based terms. Paying attention to various subgenres of fiction (such as the gothic romance, the bildungsroman, the novel of courtship, the modernist novel, and the postmodern novel), we will study writings by figures who may include Katherine Mansfield, Virginia Woolf, Sylvia Townsend Warner, Jean Rhys, Iris Murdoch, Muriel Spark, Angela Carter, Helen Oyeyemi, and Ali Smith. Prerequisite: Humanities 110 or sophomore standing. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Female Knowledge and the Novel
Full course for one semester. The novel is the first literary tradition to take seriously the particular individual’s endeavors to create himself or herself. A crucial element of self-creation is the acquisition of self-consciousness, the knowledge of oneself. Yet there is an asymmetry in the quests for masculine self-knowledge and feminine self-knowledge insofar as certain types of knowledge—above all knowledge of sexual desire—are prohibited for women. If the modern individual must know himself to fully realize himself, how does a woman, who cannot know aspects of herself without violating her femininity, realize herself? This course will examine the novel’s navigation of this dilemma. We will ask what must be disavowed in women’s experiences in novels to conform to a normative vision of femininity and how this normative vision constructs ideals of propriety and purity. We will examine the strategies that the novel employs to articulate female knowledge, especially through displacement, disguise, and repudiation. To assist in our inquiry, we will read theoretical and critical works touching on the formation of identity, the novel genre, and the problem of women’s knowledge. Readings may include Eliza Haywood’s Fantomina; or Love in a Maze, Samuel Richardson’s Pamela, Charlotte Lennox’s The Female Quixote, Oliver Goldsmith’s The Vicar of Wakefield, Jane Austen’s Persuasion, Charlotte Brontë’s Jane Eyre, George Eliot’s The Mill on the Floss, and Henry James’s What Maisie Knew. Conference.

The Marriage Plot from the American Renaissance to the New Woman
Full course for one semester. “No story of love was surely ever less of a ‘love story,’” Henry James wrote of The Scarlet Letter. “To [Nathaniel] Hawthorne’s imagination the fact that these two persons had loved each other too well was of an interest comparatively vulgar; what appealed to him was the idea of their moral situation in the long years that were to follow.” Hawthorne’s historical novel of adultery and sin in Puritan New England was hardly exceptional in the nineteenth-century U.S. literary canon. Most accounts of early nineteenth-century American fiction denounced the marriage plot central to the development of the novel in Britain and Europe as maudlin sentimentalism at odds with the highbrow aesthetics and morals of the American Renaissance. In recent decades, however, feminist literary critics have worked to recover these antebellum texts. This course investigates the cultural history of the novel and the marriage plot in the nineteenth-century United States. Which British novelistic conventions could be imported, and which required reimagining? Why are women absent from so many “classic” American novels? How does the representation of women change in the early twentieth century? Authors may include Jane Austen, Charlotte Brontë, E.D.E.N. Southworth, Herman Melville, Elizabeth Stoddard, Hannah Crafts, Henry James, Mark Twain, Charles Chesnutt, Kate Chopin, and Edith Wharton. Prerequisite: Humanities 110 or sophomore standing. This course applies toward the pre-1900 requirement. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Memory, Desire, and the Modern Novel
Full course for one semester. T.S. Eliot begins his 1922 poem The Waste Land with the admixture of memory and desire, reflecting literary modernism’s preoccupations both with the subjective life and with time and historicity. This course will examine the ways in which fictions from roughly the first half of the twentieth century repeatedly return to questions of a remembrance of eros past, both in their thematic content and in their formal narrative complexities. Marcel Proust, the most influential literary explorer of these questions, will occupy a central position in our analysis, but we will also examine novels by transatlantic modern authors who may include Virginia Woolf, Rebecca West, Willa Cather, Jean Rhys, Christopher Isherwood, Graham Greene, James Baldwin, and Vladimir Nabokov. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or above. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Modern Fiction
Full course for one semester. This course explores a range of modern novels from several countries: America, England, France, and Israel. The works will be drawn from Toni Morrison, Faulkner, Philip Roth, Proust, Virginia Woolf, Nabokov, and A.B. Yehoshua. The two major themes center on race and the depiction of “the other” and time and memory across generations. We will examine such modernist strategies as the use of nonlinear time, stream of consciousness, fragmentation of the subject, subversion of realism, “pure aesthetics” vs. history, and relativism in both form and subject matter. We will also read some critical texts focusing on narration, prose fiction as genre, and the concept of literary modernism, asking whether these writers collectively constitute anything we can regard as a movement. Prerequisite: Humanities 110 or sophomore standing. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

The Nineteenth-Century Novel: The Bildungsroman
Full course for one semester. This course examines one of the most important forms of the nineteenth-century novel, the bildungsroman, or novel of formation, focused on the ways in which the protagonist reacts to a changing society and forges identity within it. We will read works drawn from the following authors: Sir Walter Scott, Jane Austen, Honoré de Balzac, the Brontës, Charles Dickens, and George Eliot. In addition to works of fiction we will read a number of critical texts by major scholars of narrative on topics including narrators and narrative structure, the function of novelistic character, the concept of realism, and the nature and history of literary genres. This course applies toward the pre-1900 requirement. Prerequisite: Humanities 110 or sophomore standing. Lecture-conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Victorian Gothic Fiction
Full course for one semester. The Victorians prided themselves on their commitments to reason, taxonomy, order, and rectitude. The novel, however, which was their dominant cultural form, often concerned itself with the dark underside to their world, where concomitant fascinations with superstition, chaos, crime, and vice instead held sway. These gothic Victorian fictions—dominated particularly by the related forms of the sensation novel, the detective novel, and the imperial romance—will be the object of study for this course, which will examine major works by such potential authors as Emily and Anne Brontë, Charles Dickens, Mary Elizabeth Braddon, Wilkie Collins, H. Rider Haggard, Arthur Conan Doyle, and Bram Stoker as a means of understanding not simply Victorian culture but more generally the form of the novel. We will also read short critical and theoretical works in the study of narrative to accompany our readings in gothic fiction. This course applies toward the pre-1900 requirement. Prerequisite: Humanities 110 or sophomore standing. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

English 211 - Introduction to Poetry and Poetics

Full course for one semester. This course is designed to introduce students to the fundamental elements of a poem, such as rhythm, diction, imagery, metaphor, tone, form, speaker, and audience. We will read texts from a wide historical range and consider the historical development of selected forms and techniques. The course will also examine what some poets and critics have regarded as the nature and function of poetry and what bearing such theories have on the practice of poetry and vice versa. The course will emphasize close reading of the texts, and there will be frequent writing assignments. Prerequisite: Humanities 110 or sophomore standing. Conference.

English 212 - British Poetry

British Romanticism
Full course for one semester. An introduction to literature in Britain from c. 1790 to 1830 with an emphasis on the poetry of Blake, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron, Shelley, and Keats. Readings will also include selections from the most influential prose writers of the period, including Edmund Burke, Mary Wollstonecraft, William Godwin, and Hannah More, and recent critical studies of the history, political context, and aesthetic debates of this revolutionary era. Prerequisites: sophomore standing or permission of the instructor. This course applies toward the pre-1900 requirement. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Early Modern Woman
Full course for one semester. Queen Elizabeth I was both an exception and an ideal in early modern England: a woman, ruling a patriarchal nation, about whom countless poems were written. She was also a poet in her own right, serving as both literary subject and object, and the same was true of women at all levels of society. This course introduces students to the range of poetry written by and about women in early modern England. In particular, it examines the ways in which sixteenth- and seventeenth-century poets represented the relationship of English womanhood to the world that produced and surrounded it, at home and abroad. What can we learn from both idealized and realistic portrayals of early modern women? To what extent do changes in literature reflect shifts in English history and culture, including the intersections of religion, politics, science, and class and gender relations? In considering these questions, students will develop a formal analytical vocabulary and skills central to the reading and studying of poetry. This course applies toward the pre-1700 requirement. This course is open to first-year students. Conference.

English 213 - American Poetry

African American Poetry
Full course for one semester. This course serves both as a general introduction to poetry and poetics and as an introduction to African American poetry. Using primarily but not exclusively examples taken from the full history of African American poetry, students will learn about meter and prosody, rhythm, imagery, rhetorical tropes, metaphors, and different ways of conceiving the role of the poet. We will consider a range of poetic genres or kinds and see the way that African American poets have adapted and innovated those forms over time. One of our main tasks will be to explore and consider the ways that African American poets have embraced or resisted the demand to offer representative voices, and to contribute to the cause of social justice through their poetry. Prerequisite: Humanities 110 or sophomore standing. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

English 242 - Introduction to Drama

Full course for one semester. Variable topics. See specific listing for prerequisites. Conference. May be repeated for credit.  

European X
Full course for one semester. As with its nine previous iterations, this course looks at European drama in its social and political context in a limited time frame from the perspective of different countries. In this version, we will be covering the late 1970s and early 1980s. Probable authors will include Heiner Müller, Caryl Churchill, and Brian Friel. Prerequisite: sophomore standing. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Introduction to Shakespeare
Full course for one semester. In this course we will read major plays from several genres: comedy, history, tragedy, and romance, including A Midsummer Night’s DreamThe Merchant of Venice, Hamlet, Othello, and The Tempest. Engaging with criticism, performances, and films, we will approach the plays both as literary texts and as embodied theatrical events. We will give special attention to Shakespeare’s poetic language, dramaturgy, and complex treatments of power, politics, community, family, sex, and the self. Prerequisite: sophomore standing. This course fulfills the pre-1700 requirement. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Shakespeare, Text, and Performance
Full course for one semester. This course will consider the relationship between literary analysis and theatrical or cinematic performance in several Shakespearean plays. We will pay particular attention to images of plays and playing in the scripts, to the different political and ethical implications of different performances, and to changes in conventions of representation. Plays to be examined include Hamlet, King LearOthelloThe Tempest, Henry V, and Much Ado about Nothing. Prerequisite: sophomore standing. This course fulfills the pre-1700 requirement. Conference. 

Shakespeare’s Tragedies
Full course for one semester. In this course we will explore the astonishing breadth of Shakespeare’s tragedies by reading his major masterpieces in the genre (such as Hamlet, Othello, and King Lear) alongside plays that complicate and expand our understanding of the tragic (such as Richard II, Troilus and Cressida, and The Winter’s Tale). We will consider Shakespeare’s tragedies in relation to classical and medieval precedents as well as theoretical accounts of the genre from antiquity to the twentieth century. Engaging with criticism, performances, and films, we will approach the plays both as literary texts and as embodied theatrical events. We will give special attention to Shakespeare’s poetic language, dramaturgy, and complex treatments of power, politics, community, family, sex, and the self. Prerequisite: sophomore standing. This course fulfills the pre-1700 requirement. Conference.

English 251 - Introduction to Anglophone and Postcolonial Literature

Irish Literature
Full course for one semester. This course is an introduction to Irish literature and its sociocultural contexts. Beginning with the writings of Jonathan Swift and Maria Edgeworth in the 18th and 19th centuries, the course devotes the bulk of its time to the literature of the Irish Renaissance 1890–1940, including the work of W.B. Yeats, Lady Gregory, Oscar Wilde, J.M. Synge, James Joyce, Samuel Beckett, Elizabeth Bowen, and Flann O’Brien. We conclude with readings from recent Irish literature and the Troubles, including work by Seamus Heaney and Eavan Boland. There will be additional readings on social and literary history exploring nationalism and national character, colonialism and the relationship between Ireland and England, romanticism, the Anglo-Irish and the Protestant Ascendancy, and the Troubles, 1968–98. Prerequisite: Humanities 110 or sophomore standing. Lecture-conference. Not offered 2019–20.

English 301 - Junior Seminar in English Literary History

Full course for one semester. This course offers a study of the methods and a sample of the materials of English and American literary history. Offered in two or three sections each year with different emphases, this course engages the in-depth study of one work and its precursors, influences, and effects, or may study a range of works attending to intertextual transformations and generic change. The course will also include substantial reading in literary theory, and students will develop their own critical history, together with an annotated bibliography of the work of a major author. This course is primarily for English majors, for whom the junior seminar is usually required no later than the end of the junior year. Prerequisite: junior standing and two 200-level English courses. Conference.

English 303 - American Studies Seminar

Dead and Undead 
Full course for one semester. This course examines changes in the way Americans have understood and dealt with death from the Puritans through the postmodern era. Special attention will be paid both to elegies and to gothic literature about the “undead,” particularly the grim reaper, skeletons, ghosts, mummies, vampires, and zombies. Literary works by major American authors will be examined in the context of American history and material culture related to death, particularly cemeteries and places where the dead are prepared for burial or cremation. The timid should beware, as course assignments will include field trips to local graveyards in order to do iconographic and seriation studies. This course offers an introduction to the methods of American studies and digital humanities. Prerequisites: at least one 200-level English class or one course in American history. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

English 311 - Studies in Nonfiction Prose

Autobiography: Writing American Selves
Full course for one semester. This course will introduce problems of narrative through the study of American autobiography and memoir. We will examine various strategies writers employ to describe the self, whether in isolation or in relationship to family and the surrounding culture(s). We will focus on the language of self-representation; the function and expression of memory; problems of truth, fiction, and lying in autobiography; the relation of performativity to identity; the ways autobiographers give symbolic meaning and form to their experience; and the relation of gender, race, ethnicity, and class to self-representation. We’ll look at ways that writers experiment with diverse forms, such as graphic autobiographies, or autobiographical novels. In addition to readings in autobiographical theory, texts may include works by the following writers: Henry Adams, W.E.B. DuBois, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Henry James, Emma Goldman, Gertrude Stein, Zora Neale Hurston, Vladimir Nabokov, Lillian Hellman, Joanne Greenberg, Maxine Hong Kingston, Richard Rodriguez, Ernesto Galarza, and Art Spiegelman. Prerequisite: two English or literature courses. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

English 320 - Studies in Drama

History Plays: Shakespearean and Contemporary
Full course for one semester. From Henry V to Hamilton, dramatizations of history raise questions about what’s at stake when we tell stories of the national past. How do we use representations of the past to understand, critique, and shape the present? What are the claims of historical fidelity against imaginative license? What does it even mean to tell a “national” story? This course explores these questions by looking at two moments in the history of the history play: the Shakespearean and the contemporary. We will begin by considering some of Shakespeare’s most searching examinations of power, politics, social obligations, and what it means to be a nation. Using Shakespeare’s history plays to define the genre, we will then consider comparable works by contemporary British and American playwrights: these may include Suzan-Lori Parks, David Hare, Moira Buffini, Mike Bartlett, and Lin-Manuel Miranda. Prerequisites: two English or literature courses at the 200 level or above, or consent of the instructor. This course fulfills the pre-1700 requirement. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

English 333 - Studies in Fiction

Full course for one semester. Variable topics. See specific listing for prerequisites. Conference. May be repeated for credit.  

American Feminist Fiction, Post-1945
Full course for one semester. While some feminist literary history simply traces a teleology from “prefeminist” to fully feminist to “postfeminist” works, this course asks instead: How is feminist fiction in dialogue with feminist theory?  Rather than ask of a work, “Is it feminist?” we will ask (with Rita Felski) “Feminist - for whom?” and “How is it feminist?” We will consider the poetics and politics of (white) women’s liberation novels and fiction that explores women’s experience of multiple categories of identity (including race, ethnicity, sexuality, class, age, and [dis]ability). In addition to fictional narratives, readings will include feminist theory. Writers whose works may be studied include Octavia Butler, Louise Erdrich, Joanne Greenberg, Gayl Jones, Maxine Hong Kingston, Ursula Le Guin, Paule Marshall, Gloria Naylor, Joyce Carol Oates, Grace Paley, Marge Piercy, Alice Walker, Rita Felski, Shulamith Firestone, Gilbert and Gubar, Gayle Greene, bell hooks, Teresa de Lauretis, Janice Radway, Adrienne Rich, Sonia Saldívar-Hull, Bonnie Zimmerman. Prerequisites: two English or literature courses at the 200 level or above, or consent of the instructor. Conference. 

Description and Narration
Full course for one semester. This course will focus on the relations between description and narration in examples drawn from American, French, and English fiction. In what ways does description serve various narrative drives? In what ways does description assert its separate purposes and what might those be? Primary texts include Callistratus’s Descriptions, Chrétien de Troyes’s Yvain, Melville’s Typee, Flaubert’s A Sentimental Education, Hardy’s Tess of the D’Urbervilles, Zola’s The Ladies’ Paradise, Woolf’s The Waves, Stein’s Three Lives, and Joyce’s Dubliners. Theoretical readings will be drawn from the work of M.M. Bakhtin, Michel Riffaterre, Roland Barthes, Elaine Scarry, W.T.J. Mitchell, and Paul Ricoeur. Weekly writing assignments and active participation are required. Prerequisites: two English courses at the 200 level or above. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

James Joyce
Full course for one semester. Critics and scholars have repeatedly hailed James Joyce as the most influential and important fiction writer of the twentieth century, noting that he effectively rewrote the forms and capabilities of the short story, novel, and epic. Over the track of his career, Joyce’s fiction progressed from its roots in literary naturalism to more complex modernist forms, exhibiting his uncanny ability to master and also invent different rhetorical discourses. This course will track the full range of this development, from his earliest fictions in Dubliners and A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man all the way through brief selections from his last and most difficult work, Finnegans Wake. We will focus particular attention on the entirety of Ulysses. We will also pay attention to critical, biographical, and historical contexts for Joyce’s work. Prerequisite: two English or literature courses at the 200 level or above. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

The Literary Imagination and the Working Hand
Full course for one semester. American authors have conceived of the writer’s work in ambivalent terms: sometimes as drudgery for pay, sometimes as artisanal craft, and sometimes as a sign of the intellect’s accession to a realm of freedom and truth. In nineteenth- and twentieth-century American literature, this ambivalence about the writer’s place in society is manifest in the literary text as a range of attitudes that moves from empathy with the working classes to alienation from their condition. The project of this course is to compare the material and social labor performed by the characters to the imaginative, rhetorical work done by its narrator(s). Our close readings will be grounded in the following questions: Are characters and narrators ontological equals or do they occupy different positions in an allegorical hierarchy? Are the text’s representations of material labor and the work of the literary imagination congruent or in conflict with one another? How prominently and to what purpose does a character’s work figure in the narrator’s consciousness of his or her own project? When and why is a character’s work echoed in the narrative’s style (i.e., the redundant nature of the character’s work is represented by verbal repetition in the text)? Finally, how does the represented status of material, ethical, and artistic work contribute to the text’s argument about which values are either ideally or distinctly American? Primary texts include Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter: A Romance (Broadview 2004), Melville’s Billy Budd and The Piazza Tales (Barnes and Noble 2006), Mark Twain’s Huckleberry Finn (Modern Library 2001), Willa Cather’s My Antonia (Penguin 1994), Henry James’s The Turn of the Screw (Modern Library 2001), Gertrude Stein’s Three Lives (Penguin Twentieth-Century Classics 1990). Prerequisite: two English or literature courses at the 200 level or above. Conference.

Modernity and Memory in the Indian Ocean
Full course for one semester. The Indian Ocean has been a site of cultural exchange across continents for several millennia, but it has often been marginalized from discussions of modernity based on Euro-American and trans-Atlantic models. What does it mean to be modern in the context of the Indian Ocean, a region crisscrossed by multiple empires, competing religions, and movements of migrants, merchants, slaves, pilgrims and soldiers? How have individuals and communities in the Indian Ocean been framed by larger transnational processes like colonization, decolonization, slavery, trade, migration, and displacement? Using literature as the primary mode of thinking, this course will consider the ways in which the unique history of circulation of people, objects, and ideas in the Indian Ocean shapes ideas of modernity distinct from those developed in the West. The aim is to explore the refashionings of modernity in literary and theoretical texts that return to archival sources to announce critical rewritings of the past. Paying close attention to narrative techniques and forms, the course will examine how the uses of non-Western modes of representation and epistemologies provide modes for critiquing various theoretical positions on modernity. Prerequisite: two English or literature courses at the 200 level or above. Conference.

The Novel and Romanticism
Full course for one semester. What is a romantic novel? Emphasis on the transcendental aspects of romanticism has tended to define the romantic era as one dominated by the great poetic texts of the era, but the period also marks an extraordinary high point in the development of the novel. In this course we will look at the novel’s figuring of transcendence; at its response to the events, aesthetic theories, and dominant figures of romanticism; and at the variety of forms the novel spans at this time.Readings drawn from among the following authors: Rousseau, Goethe, Wollstonecraft, Radcliffe, Mary Shelley, Percy Shelley, Austen, Sir Walter Scott, Emily Brontë. There will also be substantial readings from important critical accounts of romanticism, including Frye, de Man, Butler and Chandler. Prerequisite: two English or literature courses at the 200 level or above, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Place, Space, and Memory in Modern Fiction
Full course for one semester. This course focuses on place and space in the rhetoric and ethics of modern fiction, and on the related themes of identity, history, and memory. Drawing on urban, feminist, and literary theory (Gaston Bachelard, Michel de Certeau, Henri LeFebvre, Yi-Fu Tuan, Barbara Mann, and others), students will explore relations between fiction and place/space.  Readings for the class foreground a paradigmatic case of varying narratives of place and space in modern fiction by focusing on works by Israeli, Palestinian, and American authors, in which memory and history construct the disparate places of homeland in the same space, in conversation with identities of galut and diaspora. We will also analyze selected visual and poetic texts, and supplement our study with historical and sociological readings. Readings may be drawn from works by the following writers: Shmuel Yosef Agnon, Orly Castel-Bloom, Ghassan Kanafani, Khulud Khamis, Yehuda Amichai, Mahmud Darwish, Joan Leegant, Philip Roth, Sayed Kashua, and Etgar Keret. Prerequisite: two English or literature courses at the 200 level or above, or consent of the instructor. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Postbellum, Pre-Harlem: The Literature of Reconstruction
Full course for one semester. Born too late for the slave narrative and too early for the Harlem Renaissance—“Post-Bellum–Pre-Harlem,” as he puts it—Charles W. Chesnutt missed two major African American literary movements. Chesnutt’s life (1858–1932) spanned crucial moments in American history—the Civil War, Reconstruction, the rise of post-Reconstruction violence, the establishment of schools for black children led by black teachers, the emergence of the convict labor system, and the beginnings of the civil rights movement. This course examines Chesnutt’s fiction as the core of the literature of Reconstruction and its aftermath, from the pernicious myths of the plantation school to the protest fiction of the NAACP’s magazine, The Crisis. Methodologically, we will draw on recent work in African American archival recovery and periodical culture, examining the cultural politics of publication history. Genres will include realism, regionalism, and sentimentalism; the slave narrative and the social problem novel; journalism, legal writing, and essays. Prerequisite: Humanities 110 and two 200-level English courses or consent of the instructor. This course applies toward the pre-1900 requirement. Conference.

The Reified Subject and the Elusive Thing
Full course for one semester. The novel is the genre composed of the otherwise unremarkable stuff of the everyday: a necklace filched from a child’s neck by a pickpocket prostitute, a file used to stir a rum and water, a wedding present of a gilded crystal bowl. These mundane objects create the verisimilar world of the eighteenth- and nineteenth-century novel, and yet they also contain a secret threat. In their status as things to be handled, used, discarded, or rediscovered by the subject, they inspire a confidence in the subject’s ability to navigate an external world. On the other hand, the proliferation of objects with the rise of commodity culture, working in tandem with the disclosure of the economic or dominating bases of human relationships, increasingly erase the firm boundary between subject and object. The subject is revealed to also be an object to be grasped and manipulated. This course will examine the relationship between an increasingly reified and thinglike subject and things in the novel. In our study, we will attempt to address questions that underlie the relation. What is the nature of an object? In what ways does the novel assume, effect, and problematize the difference between a subject and an object? How does gender inflect the threat against the subject of being made into an object? What are the consequences of the rise of consumer culture on the subject? And, how does the novel imagine spaces for recovering subjectivity from object-hood? Readings may include Daniel Defoe’s Moll Flanders, Samuel Richardson’s Pamela, Jane Austen’s Mansfield Park, Charles Dickens’s The Old Curiosity Shop, Charlotte Brontë’s Villette, George Eliot’s Daniel Deronda, and Oscar Wilde’s The Picture of Dorian Gray. Prerequisite: two English or literature courses at the 200 level or above. Conference.

Theories of Mind: Representations of Consciousness in Fiction and Theory
Full course for one semester. This course will explore how human consciousness is represented in twentieth- and twenty-first-century novels and theory, focusing on the topics of sensation, emotion, thought, language, memory, object relations, and intersubjectivity. Working from contemporary to modernist fiction, we will examine how the syntax of relations among narrators and characters or among plots and sentences participates in the modeling of consciousness. Every literary text will be paired with texts drawn from philosophy, phenomenology, psychology, and cognitive science. Writers will include Emma Donoghue, Jennifer Egan, Nicholson Baker, Virginia Woolf, Proust, Gertrude Stein, and Henry James. Theorists will include Vygotsky, Merleau-Ponty, William James, Freud, Lacan, Nussbaum, Damazio. Prerequisites: two English courses at the 200 level or above, or consent of the instructor. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Virginia Woolf’s Modernist Networks
Full course for one semester. The idea of the network was central not only to the ways in which Virginia Woolf conceived of relations between and among people in her novels but also according to the terms by which she understood her own fictional career. Woolf’s affiliations with her Bloomsbury Group cohort, her literary collaborators and rivals, and the younger writers she mentored informed her own sense of herself as an author, and were ultimately turned into literary capital regarding the complex manner by which selves are constituted through their engagements with others. This course will explore this dynamic not only through Woolf’s own fiction and essays but also those within the works of Woolf’s modernist network both during her lifetime and after by figures such as Katherine Mansfield, E.M. Forster, Lytton Strachey, T.S. Eliot, Arnold Bennett, Vita Sackville-West, Elizabeth Bowen, and Ali Smith. We will also read critical and theoretical readings relevant to the concept of the network and to these writers. Prerequisite: sophomore standing and two English or literature courses at the 200 level or above. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

English 337 - Studies in British Culture

The Age of Oscar Wilde
Full course for one semester. The Victorian fin de siècle, or end of the century, was intellectually and culturally dominated by the figure of Oscar Wilde. Not only did his fictions, plays, and essays cause a sensation in British society, but the aftershocks of the scandal of his trial for “gross indecency” changed the way the late Victorians viewed sexual and gender roles. This course will look at this period primarily through Wilde’s writings, his influences, and his lingering effect on British culture. We will also look at works by Wilde’s contemporaries, who may include Matthew Arnold, John Ruskin, Walter Pater, Robert Louis Stevenson, Vernon Lee, Richard Marsh, and H.G. Wells. There will also be substantial critical and theoretical readings. Prerequisite: two English courses at the 200 level or above, or consent of the instructor. This course applies toward the pre-1900 requirement. Conference. Not offered 2019–2020.

Romanticism and Emotion
Full course for one semester. The romantic era was marked by a particular fascination with and exploration of intensity in aesthetic and emotional response. From the tear-stained pages of its sentimental novels to the various explorations of joy, dejection, fear, and terror that dominate the era’s poetry and gothic fiction, it is evident that the precise nature of certain strong emotions, especially those of the writer/creator, were a major focus of intellectual interest. Drawing on a number of recent studies of the history of emotion, we will read authors including Laurence Sterne, Mary Wollstonecraft, William Blake, William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Matthew Lewis, Jane Austen, and Percy Shelley. Topics to be addressed in the course of these readings include which emotions are most frequently invoked or explored by romantic writers; characteristic forms and techniques; the nature of the cultural constraints, or spurs, to the expression of various emotions, and how attitudes towards such expression change over time, especially after 1789. Prerequisite: two English courses at the 200 level or above, or consent of the instructor. This course applies toward the pre-1900 requirement. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

English 341 - Studies in American Literature

Full course for one semester. Variable topics. See specific listing for prerequisites. Conference. May be repeated for credit.  

American Pastoral: Literature and Environment
Full course for one semester. This course explores the relationship between idyllic fictions and concrete experience through two transformative centuries of American environmental history. Examining literature’s role as both the product and producer of “nature’s nation,” we trace the changing values attached to wilderness, farming, and the nonhuman environment, from early modern fantasies of the exploration and settlement to present-day prophesies of environmental doom. We will examine the many ideological functions of pastoral imagination across literary genres, including enlightenment travel writing, romantic poetry, transcendentalist essays, regionalist fiction, muckraking journalism, and children’s fiction. Prerequisite: two English courses at the 200 level or above, American studies background, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

English 352 - Studies in Medieval Literature

Chaucer
Full course for one semester. The late-fourteenth-century poet Geoffrey Chaucer is surely one of the greatest masters of irony in English literature. In this course we will study a generous selection of his masterpiece, The Canterbury Tales. The first section of the course will focus on developing students’ facility with Chaucer’s language and with medieval culture through a study of the General Prologue. As we proceed through the tales, we will pay careful attention to Chaucer’s representation of gender and class through his use of irony and satire, his manipulation of genre, his relationship to his source materials and to medieval Christian authorities, and his subtle exploration of a poetics of instability. Throughout the course we will also consider and reconsider the implications of Chaucer’s ambiguous social status within the Ricardian court, as well the validity of thinking of the poet as a “skeptical fideist.” Students will learn to read Middle English fluently by the end of the semester, though no previous experience with early forms of English is required. Prerequisite: two English courses at the 200 level or above, or consent of the instructor. This course fulfills the pre-1700 requirement. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Dante’s Divine Comedy 
Full course for one semester. In this course we will study Dante Alighieri’s fourteenth-century masterpiece The Divine Comedy, seeking to understand this ambitious poem both on its own merits and as an index of the major literary, artistic, and intellectual currents of European culture during the High Middle Ages. The Divine Comedy as a whole narrates Dante’s fictional journey through the afterlife, where he witnesses the eternal torments of the damned souls in hell, the patient endurance of the restless Christian spirits in purgatory, and the ineffable delights of the blessed in paradise. As we follow Dante-pilgrim on his journey, we will look specifically at the poetic and narrative strategies that Dante-poet employs in thinking through the changing relationships between language and truth in the separate canticles of the poem, thinking about how an infernal poetics, for example, differs from a paradisiacal one. In light of ongoing debates in Dante studies, we will also focus on the extent to which Dante’s poem enjoins readers to a process of conversion and on the ways in which Dante establishes his own poetic and moral authority as a counterweight to the corruptions of the fourteenth-century church. Readings will be from the English translation by Robert and Jean Hollander, with the Italian text of Dante’s poem on the facing page. Prerequisite: two English courses at the 200 level or above, or consent of the instructor. This course fulfills the pre-1700 requirement. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

English 355 - Twentieth-Century Jewish Literature

See German 355 for description. Not offered 2019–20.

German 355 Description

English 356 - Studies in African American Literature

African American Women Playwrights 
Full course for one semester. In this course we will study several twentieth-century African American women playwrights. We will look at them both as artists and as writers responding to specific historical circumstances. Writers will include Lorraine Hansberry, Ntozake Shange, Suzan-Lori Parks, Dominique Morisseau, and Adrienne Kennedy. Prerequisite: two English or literature courses at the 200 level or above. Conference.

August Wilson’s Twentieth-Century Cycle
Full course for one semester. Between 1982 and 2005, African American playwright August Wilson wrote 10 plays, one for each decade of the twentieth century, in which he offered an alternative view of American history as seen through the perspective of black characters. Those formally marginalized now took center stage, and the cycle celebrates their struggles to establish community and maintain a sense of history. We will read the entire cycle chronologically by decade depicted, starting with Gem of the Ocean (1900s) (2003) and concluding with Radio Golf (1990s) (2005). This is thus a course in both African American history and literature. Prerequisite: two English or literature courses at the 200 level or above. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

The Black Panthers
Full course for one semester. In October 1966, the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense was founded in Oakland by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale. Fifty years later, it is time to assess this movement through a study of its literature. We will read the major works of Newton, Seale, Eldridge Cleaver, George Jackson, Angela Davis, Elaine Brown, Kathleen Cleaver, Assata Shakur, Mumia Abu-Jamal, and others, concluding with a look at the Panthers’ work in Portland. Prerequisite: two English or literature courses at the 200 level or above. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Contemporary African American Fiction
Full course for one semester. In 2011, University of Chicago professor Kenneth Warren published What Was African American Literature? in which he argued that African American literature as an entity was a product of the Jim Crow era. When Jim Crow died, according to Warren, so did African American literature. What came after was something new and different. This course will interrogate Warren’s idea by first looking at several theoretical texts by Saunders Redding, George Schuyler, Langston Hughes, Alain Locke, and Richard Wright from the 1920s–1950s to get a sense of the early form of the debate. We will then read two “African American” novels by George Schuyler and Richard Wright to ascertain what African American literature was. The rest of the semester we will engage in reading texts from 1998–2015 to test Warren’s theory. Authors will include Danzy Senna, Percival Everett, Suzan-Lori Parks, Edwidge Danticat, Colson Whitehead, Teju Cole, and Paul Beatty. Prerequisite: two English or literature courses at the 200 level or above. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

English 358 - Introduction to Anglo-Saxon Language and Literature

Full course for one semester. Anglo-Saxon (or Old English) represents the earliest historical form of the English language. In the centuries before the Norman Conquest in 1066, Anglo-Saxon was the chief vernacular of lowland Britain, and texts written in the language constitute a rich and varied literary tradition. In this course, we will begin with an intensive study the grammar and vocabulary of the Anglo-Saxon language, with an eye toward acquiring the ability to read the relevant texts in the original; students should be able to read Anglo-Saxon with relative ease by the end of the term. As the semester progresses, much conference time will be spent translating key passages of Anglo-Saxon prose and poetry together. Our time will be punctuated by ongoing discussions of readings in the history and literature of the period. Texts under consideration may include Bede’s Ecclesiastical History of the English Church and People, Asser’s Life of Alfred, Judith, the poetry of Cynewulf and Aldhelm, and other anonymous poetry from the Exeter Book. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or higher. This course fulfills the pre-1700 requirement. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

English 359 - Intermediate Readings in Anglo-Saxon

Full course for one semester. This course is designed for students who wish to continue their study of the technical aspects of the Anglo-Saxon language, to hone their skills at translation, and to read more deeply in the literature and history of the period. Texts under consideration may include Beowulf, the Christ poems, Alfred’s translation of The Consolation of Philosophy, and Wulfstan’s Sermo Lupi ad Anglos. Prerequisite: English 358. This course fulfills the pre-1700 requirement. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

English 362 - Studies in Early Modern Literature

Early Modern Drama
Full course for one semester. A study of the origins (theatrical and literary) and the generic breadth of English drama in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth century. In addition to some works by Shakespeare, we will read plays by a variety of early modern playwrights, including Thomas Kyd, John Lyly, Elizabeth Cary, Christopher Marlowe, Ben Jonson, Thomas Heywood, John Marston, and John Webster. Considerable attention will be paid to the larger institutional context (theatrical, social, and political) within which these works originally appeared. Where possible and appropriate, we will also consider modern stage and cinematic adaptations of these works. Prerequisite: Humanities 110 and sophomore standing, or consent of instructor. This course fulfills the pre-1700 requirement. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

John Donne
Full course for one semester. Obsessed with death, love, piety, loss, science, and the power of the written word, John Donne lived and worked on very private and public levels throughout his career. This course will consider the writer who noted that “no man is an island” and pondered “for whom the bell tolls,” reading the prose works in which these words first appeared together with his poetry and letters. We will also consider adaptations of Donne’s poetry and concerns by other writers in other genres in the seventeenth century; the film Wit (2001; based on the 1999 play), which revolves around his famous “Death be not proud” sonnet; and critical receptions of his work since his death. Prerequisite: two English courses at the 200 level or above (English 211, 212, or 213 strongly recommended), or consent of the instructor. This course fulfills the pre-1700 requirement. Conference. Not offered 2019–20. 

John Milton
Full course for one semester. From imagining his presence at the birth of Christ, attacking censorship, defending divorce, and ultimately justifying the ways of God to man, John Milton’s literary, political, and religious interests were both wide-ranging and impassioned. This course immerses students in Milton’s major works with attention to generic range, reading his political prose, shorter poems, dramas, and the complete Paradise Lost and Paradise Regained. This course will assume familiarity with and skills in prosodic analysis. Prerequisite: two English courses at the 200 level or above (English 211, 212, or 213 strongly recommended), or consent of the instructor. This course fulfills the pre-1700 requirement. Conference.  

Renaissance Epic
Full course for one semester. If the poets and playwrights of Renaissance England saw themselves as part of a “rebirth” of classical literature, no genre posed a more formidable challenge than the epic. In this course, we will explore how early modern writers translated, reimagined, and critiqued the classical epic to create their own stories of heroism and collective identity in poetry and drama. We will spend most of our time with two masterpieces of the genre: Edmund Spenser’s allegorical Arthurian romance The Faerie Queene and John Milton’s sublime biblical epic Paradise Lost. We will also look at early English translations of Homer and Virgil along with dramatic adaptations by William Shakespeare and Christopher Marlowe. The course will assume familiarity with Homer’s Iliad and Virgil’s Aeneid. Prerequisite: two English or literature courses at the 200 level or above. This course fulfills the pre-1700 requirement. Conference. Not offered 2019–20. 

English 363 - Studies in Shakespeare

Shakespearean Mimesis
Full course for one semester. As Hamlet says, the purpose of playing is to hold the mirror up to nature. This course examines that purpose, exploring three main topics: 1) what mimesis meant to early modern literary theorists; 2) how within a partly deterministic framework of textual and rhetorical devices, Shakespeare creates the illusion of human character, freedom, and fatality; and 3) how readers and viewers of these plays can understand the implications of his artistry. The course focuses on not more than half a dozen plays (e.g., As You Like It, Hamlet, King Lear, Henry V, and The Tempest), looking also at texts drawn from early modern literary controversies (e.g., Gosson and Sidney) and contemporary analyses of comparable issues (e.g., Bloom, Montrose, and Palfrey). Prerequisite: two English courses at the 200 level or above, or consent of the instructor. This course fulfills the pre-1700 requirement. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Shakespeare’s Tragedies
Full course for one semester. In this course we will explore the astonishing breadth of Shakespeare’s tragedies by reading his major masterpieces in the genre (such as Hamlet, Othello, and King Lear) alongside plays that complicate and expand our understanding of the tragic (such as Richard II, Troilus and Cressida, and The Winter’s Tale). We will consider Shakespeare’s tragedies in relation to classical and medieval precedents as well as theoretical accounts of the genre from antiquity to the twentieth century. Engaging with criticism, performances, and films, we will approach the plays both as literary texts and as embodied theatrical events. We will give special attention to Shakespeare’s poetic language, dramaturgy, and complex treatments of power, politics, community, family, sex, and the self. Prerequisite: two English or literature courses at the 200 level or above. This course fulfills the pre-1700 requirement. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

English 366 - Studies in Poetry

Beauty and the Poetic Text
Full course for one semester. What makes us perceive things as beautiful? Why do certain works of art move us emotionally, while others engage us intellectually? The concept of aesthetics is nothing if not fluid: it can relate to perception through the senses; the philosophy of beauty; the art (or science!) of what is pleasing; the study of good taste; the standards by which art is judged—the list goes on. We will embark on a transhistorical exploration of beauty and the senses in Western literature across multiple genres, beginning with Plato and moving through the ideas of beauty and the sublime in the medieval world, representation and the self in the Renaissance, taste, sentiment, and the senses in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, finally ending with the modern period and the turn toward self-conscious artistic creation. Likely texts include Shakespeare’s Sonnets and T.S. Eliot’s Four Quartets, as well as works by Longinus, Aquinas, Donne, Thomas Gray, Edmund Burke, Wordsworth, Emerson, Dickinson, Wilde, and Walter Benjamin. Prerequisite: sophomore standing and two English or literature courses at the 200 level or above. This course applies toward the pre-1900 requirement. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Crafting Presence in Early Modern Lyric
Full course for one semester. Early modern England was home to a flourishing of lyric poetry arguably unmatched before or since. Often used as a blanket term for short-form poetry, the essence of lyric lies in its vivid representation of a voice, whether as a script for the reader or a dramatic depiction of a scene, rendering the reader a spectator. But how is this voice on the page made “real” to readers? How do early modern poems situate readers with respect to the action or moment of a lyric poem? Focusing in equal part on the major poets (Wyatt, Sidney, Shakespeare, Spenser, Donne, Milton) and less canonical figures like Anne Locke, Richard Barnfield, and Mary Wroth, we will consider the reader’s relationship to the speaker imagined in a poem—how readers are interpolated by texts rhetorically, grammatically, and materially, as audiences and as speakers. Literary theory focused on linguistics, reader response, and material culture will frame our approach to lyric, testing the boundaries between spoken and silently read word and song to better understand the ways lyric was and can be read and used. Students will develop a working knowledge of ancient and early modern rhetoric; theoretical texts will include Plato, Benjamin, Saussure, Jakobson, Austin, Barthes, de Man, Derrida, Jonathan Culler, Barbara Johnson, and Peter Stallybrass. Course requirements: weekly responses to the reading posted to the class site, a short midterm paper, and a longer final paper. Prerequisite: English 211 or 213. This course fulfills the pre-1700 requirement. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Phenomenology of Early Modern Lyric
Full course for one semester. Early modern England was home to a flourishing of lyric poetry arguably unmatched before or since. Often used as a blanket term for short-form poetry, the essence of lyric lies in its vivid representation of a voice, whether as a script for the reader or a dramatic depiction of a scene, rendering the reader a spectator. But how is this voice on the page made “real” to readers? How do early modern poems situate readers with respect to the action or moment of a lyric poem? Literary and linguistic theory interested in semiotics, phenomenology, reader response, and material culture will frame our approach to answering these questions, testing the boundaries between spoken and silently read word and song to better understand the ways lyric was and can be read and used. Focusing in equal part on the major poets (Wyatt, Sidney, Shakespeare, Spenser, Donne, Milton) and less canonical figures like Anne Locke, Richard Barnfield, and Mary Wroth, we will consider the reader’s relationship to the speaker imagined in a poem—how readers are interpolated by texts rhetorically, grammatically, and materially, as audiences and as speakers. Students will develop a working knowledge of ancient and early modern rhetoric; modern theoretical texts will include Bergson, Saussure, Jakobson, Agamben, Austin, Barthes, de Certeau, de Man, Derrida, Wright, Culler, and Johnson, among others. This course will assume familiarity with and skills in prosodic analysis. Prerequisite: two English courses at the 200 level or above (English 211, 212, or 213 strongly recommended), or consent of the instructor. This course fulfills the pre-1700 requirement. Conference.

English 370 - Studies in Cultural Contacts

Full course for one semester. Variable topics. See specific listing for prerequisites. Conference. May be repeated for credit.  

Global Intimacies
Full course for one semester. This course frames Anglophone literature as a means for thinking about “global intimacies” produced through imperial expansion, colonialism, and slavery. While violence and exploitation undergirded imperial enterprises, the administrative and imaginative writings of empire also produced a lexicon for creative resistance. From ships to plantations to city ports, we will ask ourselves how sites of economic transactions and imperial administration can illuminate the dynamic processes of multiethnic, diasporic exchanges. We’ll also examine how the histories of colonialism and postcoloniality structure routes for reading with and against the idea of “the global.” How useful is this scale of reading? What are its assumptions and limits? Throughout the semester we’ll engage in and reflect on the disciplinary practice of close reading, a critical exercise in getting intimate with the written word and “the worlds” that it gestures toward. Building from Lisa Lowe’s 2015 work The Intimacies of Four Continents, we will develop together an idea of “global intimacies” along these definitions offered by Lowe: (1) proximity in terms of geography, (2) privacy in connection to conjugal, familial, and domestic relations, and (3) the zones of contact between Asian and African diasporic cultures. While we play with the multiple meanings and relationships associated with the word intimacy, we will develop ways of calibrating the temporal and spatial scales of reading texts that appear (historically and geographically) distant to us. Alongside Lowe’s study, we will read works by Joan Anim-Addo, Gaiutra Bahadur, Aimé Césaire, Maryse Condé, David Dabydeen, Édouard Glissant, Stuart Hall, Saidiya Hartman, Jamaica Kincaid, Andrea Levy, Elizabeth Nunez, Caryl Phillips, Patricia Powell, Sam Selvon, and Monique Truong. Prerequisite: two English courses at the 200 level or above, or consent of the instructor. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Transatlantic Bestsellers 
Full course for one semester. This course examines the economic, political, and cultural exchanges that created transatlantic writing and reading practices through an intensive study of two bestselling novels and the literary forms they deployed. Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852) not only inflamed the conflicts that led to the Civil War but also revolutionized Anglo-American print culture, selling more copies in the nineteenth century than any book except the Bible and winning Harriet Beecher Stowe international renown. Charles Dickens enjoyed similar acclaim in the United States; when he died in 1870, it was said that he was mourned more than anyone else of his generation except President Lincoln. Great Expectations (1860–61), Dickens’s penultimate novel, solidified his reputation with near-universal acclaim. Reading the original serials of both novels, we will draw on the methods of book history to consider contemporaneous reviews and journalism, visual cultures, and the proliferation of adaptations of Dickens and Stowe. Throughout the course, we will trace novelistic genres through the Atlantic world: sentimentalism, realism, and the gothic; the slave narrative and black Anglophilia; the social problem novel and documentary nonfiction; and the origins of crime literature. In addition to recent work in transatlantic studies and history of the book, readings may include Washington Irving, Frederick Douglass, Henry James, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Mark Twainand Jacob Riis. Prerequisite: Humanities 110 and two 200-level English courses or consent of the instructor. This course applies toward the pre-1900 requirement. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

English 384 - Poetry and History

Full course for one semester. Variable topics. See specific listing for prerequisites. Conference. May be repeated for credit.  

American Modernism
Full course for one semester. Virginia Woolf wrote that on “or about December, 1910, human character changed,” voicing a widely shared excitement over an anticipated revolution in the arts. The American poets who stayed in the United States shared this excitement, but also faced unique cultural circumstances. We will do close readings of poems written over the first three decades or so of the twentieth century.  The poets on whom the class will focus may include William Carlos Williams, Marianne Moore, Melvin Tolson, Wallace Stevens, and Langston Hughes; we will look at how these writers responded to and helped shape American attitudes about the arts, including the visual arts. In investigating the poets’ ideas about poetry’s place and function, we will also look at how modernist poetry circulated in the United States in the early twentieth century, drawing on the Reed library’s collection of small magazines from the period. Prerequisite: two English courses at the 200 level, or English 211 or a twentieth-century American history course, or consent of the instructor. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Contemporary American Poetry
Full course for one semester. This course is devoted to the works of American poets writing in the decades after 1945, beginning with poets ranging from Richard Wilbur to Charles Olson and ending with those writing now. The emphasis will be on the heterogeneous nature of poetic practices and poetic traditions and practices in the United States in the last half of the twentieth century, and most class discussions will focus on individual poems and essays about poetics, especially those less commonly read these days. We will also consider questions about the relationships between poetry, poetics, and American culture, characterizing major historical changes in the United States in the period. Prerequisite: English 211, and either one upper-division English course or one twentieth-century American History class, or consent of the instructor. Conference. 

English 393 - Literary Theory

Meaning and Interpretation
Full course for one semester. In this course we address debates within philosophy of language, literary theory, and legal analysis concerning our practices of interpreting texts. In ordinary personal communication, people use various sounds, gestures, and marks to express thought and feeling. The course begins by examining this activity, asking what factors determine what we mean, and what we interpret each other to mean. Several distinctions matter to our investigation: 1) the distinction between what we directly mean or say and what we indirectly mean or imply; 2) the distinction between what we literally or explicitly mean and what we nonliterally, figuratively, or inexplicitly mean; 3) the distinction among texts as conveyers of authorial meaning, texts as understandable according to publicly available meaning, and texts as socially interpretable objects; and 4) the (putative) distinction between the exchange of sounds, gestures, and marks in a shared present context and the production, reception, and cultural and political deployment of text(s) across some distance in space and time. We examine the phenomena of vagueness, ambiguity, underspecificity, indeterminacy, and undecidability; develop accounts of lying, pretense, irony, and fiction; and finally engage controversies about the nature of genre, the meanings of texts, and the interpretation of statutes. Readings are drawn from the philosophy of language (e.g., Austin, Grice, and Kripke), from literary theory (e.g. de Man, Derrida, and Tamen), and from legal theory (e.g. Scalia). We also use a few short literary texts as test cases for some of our analyses. Prerequisites: two upper-division courses in philosophy or two courses in English, or Literature 400, or consent of instructors. Conference. Cross-listed as Philosophy 414: Meaning and Interpretation.

English 400 - Introduction to Literary Theory

See Literature 400 for description.

Literature 400 Description

English 470 - Thesis

One-half or full course for one year.

English 481 - Independent Reading

One-half or full course for one semester. Prerequisite: approval of the instructor and the division.

Environmental Studies 200 - Introduction to Environmental Studies Research

Full course for one semester. This course is designed to provide an introduction to environmental studies research methods and design, including widely used techniques in natural and social sciences. Specific topics include spatial analysis, statistical modeling, document coding, case study, and archival research; students will also learn about and practice field study design and oral and visual data presentation. Prerequisites: completion of one semester of either Biology 101 or 102 or Chemistry 101 and one semester of Humanities 110. Conference.

Environmental Studies 300 - Junior Seminar

Full course for one semester. This course for ES majors explores the way environmental themes can be analyzed from interdisciplinary perspectives. Prerequisites: completion of or concurrent enrollment in the ES–history and social science core requirements and both of the 100 level ES–mathematical and natural sciences core requirements. Conference.

Environmental Studies 470 - Thesis

Full course for one year.

French 110 - First-Year French

Full course for one year. A study of elements of grammar, speaking, and reading. Conference.

French 210 - Second-Year French

Full course for one year. Revision of grammar and elementary composition; readings in philosophy, lyric poetry, novel, and theatre. Prerequisite: French 110 or equivalent. Conference.

French 320 - Stylistics and Composition

Full course for one semester. This course is designed to help students develop strong written skills and near-native fluency in spoken French through frequent discussions and composition assignments pertaining to French and Francophone texts of various genres, as well as a wide variety of cultural materials and media. Discussion in French. Prerequisite: French 210 or demonstration of equivalent ability by placement exam. Conference. (May not be repeated for credit if previously completed as a yearlong course.)

French 331 - French Literature and Culture of the Middle Ages

Full course for one semester. From bird-men to werewolves, from crumbling political and social structures to farcical judicial proceedings, this course explores several eleventh- to fifteenth-century literary works that stage a “culture clash” of one kind or another. Through formal analysis and close reading of works from several different genres (including the chanson de geste, the lai, the romance, the farce, and the fabliau), we will be particularly interested in how the figuring of discord might suggest certain paradigm shifts in the period. We will ask how these works navigate, for example, questions of cultural or gender difference, changing social structure, or the waning of different institutions. Works will include the Chanson de Roland, the Lais of Marie de France, a romance of Chrétien de Troyes, La Mort du roi Arthur, La Farce de Maistre Pathelin, and several other short works. Discussion in French. Prerequisite: French 210 or demonstration of equivalent ability by placement exam. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

French 332 - Early Modern French Literature and Culture

Full course for one semester. This course will take “time and narration” as its principal area of inquiry. We will examine French works of literature from the early modern and Enlightenment periods (as well as a few works from the twentieth century that are inspired by these thinkers) that engage with one of the major philosophic questions of the period: the nature of temporality and its relation to representation. We will look especially at the work of Montaigne, Pascal, Racine, Mme de Lafayette, and Rousseau in an effort to discern how their experiments with representing time and the nature of becoming (rather than just being) inspire later twentieth-century thinkers such as Sartre, Deleuze, and Blanchot. Discussion in French. Prerequisite: French 210 or demonstration of equivalent ability by placement exam. Conference.

French 334 - Nineteenth-Century French Literature and Culture

Full course for one semester. This course centers on the notion of l’imaginaire fantastique and looks at the peculiar fascination with the supernatural and the uncanny that permeates nineteenth-century French literature and art. We will not only read a selection of short stories, poems, and essays of the period, but also consider a variety of contemporary media (painting, photography, and early cinema) with an eye to understanding how the supernatural was conceived and recaptured and what new problems of representation and formal experimentations came in its wake. Authors studied include major French writers and poets, such as Nodier, Mérimée, Gautier, Balzac, Hugo, Baudelaire, Barbey d’Aurevilly, Villiers de L’Isle Adam, and Maupassant, as well as influential “theorists” of the uncanny, such as E.T.A. Hoffmann, Poe, Marx, Freud, Caillois, Todorov, and Cixous. Discussion in French. Prerequisite: French 210 or demonstration of equivalent ability by placement exam. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

French 341 - French Narrative and the Novel Prior to Realism

Full course for one semester. An examination of the novel and other narrative forms that developed in France from the seventeenth to the nineteenth century. The course will focus on the function of these new narrative forms within their social and historical contexts, with special emphasis on the institutionalized forms of public discourse that developed during the period and the various theories of representation upon which they drew. Authors covered will include Mme de La Fayette, Laclos, Rousseau, Balzac, and Flaubert. Discussion in French. Prerequisite: French 210 or demonstration of equivalent ability by placement exam. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

French 342 - Novel from Flaubert to the New Novel: The Collapse of Realism and the Undoing of the Subject

Full course for one semester. The theory and decline of realism in the French novel will be discussed in Flaubert, Proust, Sartre, Robbe-Grillet, and Sarraute. Focusing primarily on the evolution in narrative form from 1850 to 1960, this course will examine the shift in the modern novel from representing social structures or systems objectively to evoking subjectivity and provoking more complex reader-text transactions. Discussion in French. Prerequisite: French 210 or demonstration of equivalent ability by placement exam. Conference.

French 343 - Late Twentieth-Century French Fiction

Full course for one semester. This course will examine narrative strategies since the late 1950s and their underlying aesthetic theories. The course will focus on several issues or problems, including the autonomy of the literary text, narrative as a space of encounter between objective reality and the creative imagination, and the construction of the subject through autofiction. How do the formal aspects of prose fiction place into question our experience of the self and the world? To what extent are the self and the world disclosed through narrative, and what is the nature of this process? Readings will include Robbe-Grillet, Perec, Duras, Hébert, Barthes, Modiano, Ernaux, and Condé. Conducted in French. Prerequisite: French 210 or demonstration of equivalent ability by placement exam. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

French 351 - Seventeenth-Century French Drama

Full course for one semester. In this course, we will address authority, spectacle, and skepticism in seventeenth-century theater, examining several plays by Corneille, Racine, and Molière. We will focus on how authority is established in a society where all authority is in question and dissimulation reigns. We will look at the theatrical representation of a variety of social roles in order to consider the sources of power and authority in a political climate of suspicion and doubt. We will consider whether theater functions as a skeptical tool for advancing social critique during this period. Conducted in French. Prerequisite: French 210 or demonstration of equivalent ability by placement exam. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

French 363 - Francophone Literature: Birthplace of the “Tout-Monde”: Antillean Society as a Precocious Model of Transnational and Transcultural Relation

Full course for one semester. This course will examine how the French Antilles, with their discrete set of sociohistorical coordinates, came to constitute an ideal laboratory of sorts for the elaboration of the concept of “Tout-Monde”—a way of thinking of the world as a productive, though necessarily chaotic, maelstrom of cultural changes and exchanges. How then did this cluster of small islands, which often modestly refer to themselves as small rocks lost in the Caribbean sea, birth a term that offers a radically different understanding of globalization? We will first survey early ethnographies and imagery documenting the multiple immigration waves of Guadeloupe and Martinique to understand how diverse ethnicities coalesced under the banner of the République française universelle. We will then explore how this sociohistorical landscape shaped and was in turn shaped by poetry, fiction, and political and theoretical texts. We will examine Aimé Césaire’s Cahier d’un retour au pays natal, novels by Joseph Zobel, Mayotte Capécia, Maryse Condé and Raphaël Confiant, and theoretical works by René Ménil, Frantz Fanon and Édouard Glissant to open up discussions on notions of Négritude/Antillanité/Créolité/Littérature Monde and the universal; on the relationship between politics, identity politics and literary form; and on the role of the engaged author in producing and transmitting a multicultural Antillean ethos. Discussion in French. Prerequisite: French 210 or demonstration of equivalent ability by placement exam. Conference.

French 368 - Mind in the World: Cognitive Approaches to North African/Diaspora Literature

Full course for one semester. While the relatively new field of cognitive literary studies has often focused on canonical modernist texts from the Western tradition, interpretation of Francophone literature from North Africa has been dominated by anthropological and historical approaches. This interdisciplinary course brings together research in cognitive science and North African/diaspora literature in order to examine the relationship between mental functions and aesthetic forms. How do cognitive approaches to memory, theory of mind, language, and metaphor allow us to engage North African literature in new theoretical ways? We will examine the ways in which attending to linguistic features (writing direction, time-space metaphors, gendered nouns in bilingual texts), mental features (memory, theory of mind, empathy), and cultural features (e.g., language as a tool for integration, differentiation, assimilation, and resistance) might alter our readings of this corpus. Authors include Djebar, Sebbar, Khatibi, Yacine, Fellous, and Ben Jelloun. Theoretical readings include Scarry, Jakobson, Boroditsky, LeDoux, and Lakoff. Discussion in French. Prerequisite: French 210 or demonstration of equivalent ability by placement exam. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

French 371 - Nineteenth-Century French Poetry and Poetics

Full course for one semester. This course explores the renewal of French lyric poetry in the postrevolutionary years and the daring experimentations with form and subject matter to which it lent itself throughout the nineteenth century. Through reading a wide selection of compositions and essays by poets such as Marceline Desbordes-Valmore, Hugo, Bertrand, Nerval, Baudelaire, Siefert, Rimbaud, Verlaine, and Mallarmé, students will not only develop reading skills to identify and analyze formal evidence of the upturning of lyric conventions, but also reflect on how the changes relate to literary factors (e.g., the practice of translation, women’s subversion of lyric conventions, transnational dialogues about poetry and its relation to other arts, and so forth) as well as external political, social, and cultural realities that contributed to determining the place of poetry and the modalities of its production within an emerging modern, consumerist, and increasingly democratic society. Topics discussed include theories of the lyric, the gendering of poetry, revolution, literary sociability, art for art’s sake, irony, modernity, hermeticism, music, and abstraction. Conducted in French. Prerequisite: French 210 or demonstration of equivalent ability by placement exam. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

French 381 - Twentieth-Century French Poetry and Poetics

Full course for one semester. This course will focus on poets since Mallarmé and the theoretical, aesthetic, and ethical projects of poetry in the context of modernity. Poets covered will include Apollinaire, Reverdy, Desnos, Eluard, Ponge, Bonnefoy, Guillevic, Réda, and Roubaud. The course will rely on close rhetorical readings in order to found an understanding of lyric poetry in the modern age, focusing on address, theories of performative language, relationships between figurative and literal language, and the materialism-textualism debate. Conducted in French. Prerequisite: French 210 or demonstration of equivalent ability by placement exam. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

French 382 - Twentieth-Century French Theater

Full course for one semester. This course explores a wide spectrum of experimental and theoretical avenues in twentieth-century French theater. Taking the notion of interprétation as a point of departure, we will examine the various intersections between modern theories of dramaturgy, acting, and stage production with a view to opening up the theatrical space to new modalities of reading. Authors studied include playwrights (Jarry, Tzara, Anouilh, Sartre, Beckett, Ionesco, Césaire, Genet, Koltès, and Novarina) and major theoreticians of avant-garde theater (Artaud, Brecht, Dort, Sartre, Brooks, Mnouchkine, et al.). In counterpoint to the study of these authors, the course will also discuss the demise of the very notions of “author” and “spectacle” and its impact on theatrical creation in the aftermath of mai 68. Class activities include close reading, discussion, video footage analysis, and a performance. Conducted in French. Prerequisite: French 210 or demonstration of equivalent ability by placement exam. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

French 383 - The Matter of Poetry

Full course for one semester. This course focuses on the 20th-century French poets Francis Ponge and Yves Bonnefoy, whose work displays an acute interest in materiality. By looking in depth at the poetry and essays of these authors, we will explore questions arising at the intersection of literary texts and the world of material things and bodies that they name, figure, or represent. Can language influence our understanding of the real? Do texts declare their autonomy from a world of referents and fortify their own self-enclosure, or can we conceive of a continuity between text and material reality? How are human beings alienated from nature and how can they be reconciled with it? In addition to Ponge and Bonnefoy, we will read other pertinent authors such as Camus, Sartre, Derrida, and Pascal. Conducted in French. Prerequisite: French 210 or demonstration of equivalent ability by placement examination. Conference.

French 390 - Postwar French Cinema (1945–1975)

Full course for one semester. This course examines the testimonial and critical function taken on by French cinema in the second half of the twentieth century. Focusing on films that problematize significant trends or crises in this historical period (the Occupation, the Holocaust, decolonization, the rise of consumer society, student protests in May ’68, etc.), we will discuss what formal strategies allow the filmic medium to propose critical alternatives to traditional historical narratives. Additionally, we will read key essays by film critics and theorists that examine the commitment of postwar French cinema to politics and ethics. Films viewed include works by filmmakers Resnais, Ophüls, Bresson, Tati, Varda, Truffaut, Godard, Marker, and Eustache, as well as various cinétracts. Course includes weekly film screenings. Discussion in French. Prerequisite: French 210 or demonstration of equivalent ability by placement exam. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

French 391 - French Literature and Cultural Studies

Full course for one semester. In an age when truth is conflated with “alternative facts” and facts with spin, it is necessary to investigate how theories of subjectivity, science, and philosophy have successively redefined authenticity, factuality, and the concept of truth itself. We will establish a historical inventory of these changing notions of truth, and analyze how literary works, especially fiction, rely on them to ground their own verisimilitude and meaning. We will read a variety of texts covering five centuries, including texts by Montaigne, Descartes, Pascal, Mme d’Aulnoy, Mme de Graffigny, Rousseau, Flaubert, Sartre, Foucault, Lyotard, Sarraute, Beckett, and Marie NDiaye as well as contemporary theory.  Conducted in French. Prerequisite: French 210 or demonstration of equivalent ability by placement examination. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

French 470 - Thesis

One-half or full course for one semester or one year.

French 481 - Independent Reading

One-half or full course for one semester. Prerequisite: French 210 or demonstration of equivalent ability by examination; approval of instructor and division.

German 110 - First-Year German: A Foundation

Full course for one year. This class is an introduction to reading, writing, and speaking German. Grammar instruction is supplemented with cultural materials from German-speaking countries. Classroom activities include poetry readings, film clips, and internet research. Use of the language laboratory is integral to the course. The class is reserved for students with no background in the language. Conference.

German 220 - Second-Year German: Cultural and Literary Perspectives

Full course for one year. This class is designed to enhance one’s skills in reading, writing, and speaking German. Along with a systematic grammar review, we explore literary, historical, and cultural topics, drawing on a variety of texts, including films, artworks, advertisements, and newspaper articles. One hour per week is spent in small conversation workshops, and students regularly complete listening comprehension exercises online. Prerequisite: German 110 or placement by examination. Conference.

German 311 - Advanced German I: Twentieth-Century Art and Politics (Berlin)

Full course for one semester. This class is designed to help students develop advanced competence in written and spoken German. There will be regular essay assignments, oral presentations, and group projects. We will discuss twentieth-century German culture and history, primarily through literary and filmic representations of Berlin. We will explore the city as the center of emergent mass culture in the early twentieth century, the capital of National Socialism, the divided capital of the Cold War era, the symbol of the united Germany, and the multicultural core of contemporary German society. Prerequisite: German 220 or consent of the instructor. Conference.

German 312 - Advanced German II

Full course for one semester. This course is designed to further students’ advanced competence in written and spoken German. Students will participate in a literature course but will write short papers in German and complete weekly grammar assignments. Prerequisite: German 311. Conference. Cross-listed with German 335 for 2019–20; see German 335 for description. Students will not be allowed to subsequently take German 335 for credit.

German 325 - Kafka and Modernism

Full course for one semester. This seminar considers the work of Franz Kafka in the context of cultural and political modernism. We will explore Kafka’s relationship to film, psychoanalysis, Judaism, imperialism, bureaucracy, and the modern city. Close attention will be paid to the stylistic features that make Kafka’s texts uniquely perplexing yet rewarding, including literalism, ambiguity, paradox, and self-reflexivity. Primary readings from Kafka’s letters, short fiction, and novels (Der Process, Der Verschollene) are supplemented by film screenings and readings from Nietzsche, Freud, Benjamin, Derrida, and others. Conducted in German. Prerequisite: German 311 or consent of the instructor. Conference. 

Not offered 2019–20.

German 328 - Modernism in Art and Literature

Full course for one semester. This seminar focuses on literature and visual art from the German-speaking world of the early twentieth century, a time of great sociopolitical and cultural upheavals. We will explore the way writers and artists responded to radical changes—increased industrialization, urbanization, new technologies—by representing “reality” in innovative and shocking ways. These modernist experiments in representation include a wide array of literary and visual works from expressionism, Dada, and New Objectivity (prose poetry, drama, film, painting, and photography) by Rilke, Benn, Lasker-Schüler, Kirchner, Schwitters, Kandinsky, Trakl, Grosz, Lang, Brecht, and Wiene, among others. Conducted in German. Prerequisite: German 311 or consent of instructor. Conference. 

Not offered 2019–20.

German 335 - Contemporary German Literature

Full course for one semester. This seminar focuses on literature written since the 1990s. We will explore topics such as the unification of Germany, multiculturalism, globalization, postfeminism, and the representation of the German past. Special attention will be paid to experimental forms of writing such as the prose poem, pop literature, the deconstruction of narrative patterns, and “the new storytelling.” Authors include Christian Kracht, Zafer Şenocak, W.G. Sebald, Barbara Honigmann, Herta Müller, Yoko Tawada, and Daniel Kehlmann. Conducted in German. Prerequisite: German 311 or consent of instructor. Conference. Cross-listed with German 312 for 2019–20.

German 346 - Introduction to Media Studies

Full course for one semester. Since Marshall McLuhan’s pronouncement that “the medium is the message,” scholars have studied the ways in which media technologies—from the printing press and the postal service to electric lighting and WiFi—support and transform our lives. This course offers and introduction to major theorists and debates in media studies through close analyses of films, literature, and theoretical texts. In keeping with McLuhan’s dictum, our focus will be not so much on understanding individual media, but on understanding from the perspective of media. Questions that will concern us include: What is (and isn’t) a medium? What do media do? To what extent do we create media, and to what extent do media create us? Readings from Plato, McLuhan, Kittler, Benjamin, Adorno, Heidegger, and Donna Haraway; art by Antonioni, Lang, Kafka, Hitchcock, Hoffman, H.D., Gertrude Stein, and Spike Jonze. Conducted in English. Students taking the course for German literature credit will meet in extra sessions. Prerequisite for students taking the course for German credit: German 220 or consent of the instructor. Conference. Cross-listed as Literature 346 and Art 346.

German 348 - Literature and Photography

Full course for one semester. Since its invention in the early nineteenth century, photography has been intricately linked to writing, as its name suggests: photo-graphy is light-writing. In this course, we will trace the cultural, artistic, and theoretical history of photography with a focus on the conceptual relation between photography and writing. Through engagement with works by photographers, critics, and literary authors, we will address selected issues and ongoing debates such as: What differentiates photography from other visual (and literary) media? What does it mean to “read” a photograph? And how does the photographic image relate to history, memory, and truth? We will analyze a range of literary and visual works (including short fiction, poetry, novels, photo-books, film, and critical essays) to explore how photography and writing supplement, unsettle, or illuminate each other. Course materials include works by Talbot, Baudelaire, Benjamin, Kracauer, Renger-Patzsch, Brecht, Tucholsky, Heartfield, Höch, Barthes, Sontag, and Sebald, among others. Conducted in English. Students taking the course for German literature credit will meet in extra sessions. Prerequisite for students taking the course for German credit: German 220 or equivalent or consent of instructor. Conference. Cross-listed as Literature 348.

Not offered 2019–20.

German 349 - Cinema and Politics

Full course for one semester. This course offers an introduction to German cinema, focusing on the question: “What makes a film political?” From expressionist film to New Wave cinema to the contemporary Berlin school, the German cinematic tradition includes numerous films with a political agenda. The “political” may take on the form of critique: of authorities and hierarchies, of racism and anti-semitism, of the repression of the Nazi past, of capitalism and consumer society. Or it may aid the creation of inclusive communities by expanding our sense of who can talk and be heard, what can be seen and felt. We will watch groundbreaking films by German and other European directors, including Murnau, Lang, Eisenstein, Riefenstahl, Rossellini, Resnais, Kluge, Herzog, Fassbinder, Akerman, von Trotta, Akin, Petzold. Theoretical readings by Brecht, Benjamin, Adorno, Mulvey, Rancière, and others. Conducted in English. No previous experience with film analysis is required; students will be introduced to key skills and concepts. Students taking the course for German literature credit will meet in extra sessions. Prerequisite for students taking the course for German credit: German 220 or equivalent or consent of instructor. Conference. Cross-listed as Literature 349.

German 355 - Twentieth-Century Jewish Literature

Full course for one semester. This course offers a comparative approach to the works of Jewish writers from American, German, and Eastern European backgrounds, with a special emphasis on modernism and the postwar period. We will read literary texts as reflections on the Jewish experience in the twentieth century, including migration and assimilation, religious tradition and secular society, rising anti-Semitism, and the Holocaust. Throughout the course, we will be asking what exactly marks a literary text as “Jewish”—the author’s identity, intended audience, thematic concerns, or stylistic choices?—and discuss critical concepts such as “ethnic,” “diaspora,” and “minority” literature. Literary readings will be drawn from Arthur Schnitzler, Joseph Roth, Franz Kafka, Else Lasker-Schüler, Sholem Aleichem, Isaac Bashevis Singer, Mary Antin, Philip Roth, Cynthia Ozick, Jonathan Safran Foer, and Art Spiegelman. Alongside the literary texts, we will read theoretical essays by Walter Benjamin, Dan Miron, Robert Alter, and others. Conducted in English. Students taking the course for German credit will meet in extra sessions. Prerequisite for German credit: German 220 or equivalent or consent of instructor. Prerequisite for English credit: two English or literature courses at the 200 level or above, or consent of the instructor. Conference. Cross-listed as English and Literature 355.

Not offered 2019–20.

German 358 - The Holocaust and the Limits of Representation

Full course for one semester. Through a study of Holocaust film and literature, this course investigates the relations between history, trauma, and representation. How do authors and filmmakers describe events that shatter traditional forms of perception and comprehension? How do they portray human agency in an age of bureaucratically administered mass destruction? How do they relate history, memory, and imagination? We will study works from diverse cultural and religious backgrounds and explore a wide range of genres, including documentaries, memoirs, novels, poetry, drama, comics, and feature films. In the final weeks of the semester, we will discuss how memories of the Holocaust relate to other instances of historical trauma and violence, especially American slavery and its aftermath. Primary sources will include works by Hannah Arendt, Primo Levi, Charlotte Delbo, Imre Kertész, Cynthia Ozick, Tadeusz Borowski, Joshua Sobol, Paul Celan, Art Spiegelman, Steven Spielberg, and Claude Lanzmann. Conducted in English. Students taking the course for German literature credit will meet in extra sessions. Prerequisite for students taking the course for German credit: German 220 or consent of the instructor. Conference. Cross-listed as Literature 358.

Not offered 2019–20.

German 391 - German Theory I

Full course for one semester. Variable topics. See specific listing for prerequisites. Conference. May be repeated for credit. 

Introduction to Critical Theory
Full course for one semester. This class explores post-Kantian conceptions of critique and their significance for the analysis of fascism, mass culture, and the politics of the artwork. We will focus on the notion of literature as a socially progressive force. We will also consider the intersections of psychoanalysis and Marxism. Authors include Kant, Schlegel, Hegel, Marx, Büchner, Freud, Benjamin, Adorno, Arendt, Celan, Derrida, and Kristeva. Conducted in English. Students taking the course for German literature credit will meet in extra sessions. Prerequisite for students taking the course for German credit: German 220 or consent of the instructor. Conference. Cross-listed as Literature 391.

The Languages of War
Full course for one semester. Although it is routinely condemned as quintessentially inhuman, war has played a role in every culture in history. In this seminar, we will ask why no single approach to war—anthropological, psychological, philosophical—can explain the full range of its complexities. We will be interested in the ways in which war has been understood in aesthetic terms and in the idea that language is inherently a paradigm of violence. We will also consider how the concepts of fantasy and fiction have proven crucial to the conceptualization of war. Conducted in English. Students taking the course for German literature credit will meet in extra sessions. Prerequisite for students taking the course for German credit: German 220 or consent of the instructor. Conference. Cross-listed as Literature 391. Not offered 2019–20.

Psy Fi: Psychoanalysis and Literature
Full course for one semester. Freud liked to joke that he invented psychoanalysis because it had no literature. Naturally, he meant there was no secondary or scientific literature, which is why the foundational texts of psychoanalysis cite not academic essays or monographs but the writings of Shakespeare and Sophocles, Heine and Hoffmann. This course offers an introduction to the major concepts of psychoanalysis through close study of Freud’s work and the imaginative literature that informed it. We will also consider some of the literature and film that Freud in turn inspired. Throughout, our focus will be on understanding psychoanalysis not as a set of facts about infants, their development, and their desires, but instead as a mode and practice of interpreting individuals and objects. Subjects to be studied include dreams, desire, sexual object choice, mourning, melancholia, and narcissism; authors will include Hitchcock, Chris Kraus, Poe, Rilke, Shakespeare, and Sophocles. Students taking the course for German literature credit will meet in extra sessions. Prerequisite for students taking the course for German credit: German 220 or consent of the instructor. Conference. Cross-listed as Literature 391. 

German 392 - German Theory II

Full course for one semester. Variable topics. See specific listing for prerequisites. Conference. May be repeated for credit. 

Revolutions in Poetic Language
Full course for one semester. Between 1750 and 1850, virtually every assumption about poetry’s forms, powers, and goals underwent a series of radical transformations that would shape the modern understanding of art and literature. Reading lyric, dramatic, and prose works, as well as critical and philosophical essays, we will concentrate on developing skills in interpreting texts and formalizing the theoretical challenges they present. Authors will include Arnold, Büchner, Dickinson, Goethe, Hegel, Kleist, Lessing, Poe, Rousseau, and Schlegel. Conducted in English. Students taking the course for German literature credit will meet in extra sessions. Prerequisite for students taking the course for German credit: German 220 or consent of the instructor. Conference. Cross-listed as Literature 392. Not offered 2019–20.

German 470 - Thesis

One-half or full course for one year.

German 481 - Independent Study

One-half or full course for one semester. Prerequisite: approval of instructor and division.

Greek 110 - First-Year Greek

Full course for one year. A study of the elements of ancient Greek grammar and first readings in Greek prose. Conference.

Greek 210 - Second-Year Greek

Full course for one year. A review of grammar, continued readings in Greek prose, and first readings in Homer or drama. Prerequisite: Greek 110 or equivalent. Conference.

Greek 311 - Advanced Greek

Full course for one semester. Two of these semester topics are offered each year: Greek poetry, Greek tragedy, Greek comedy, Greek prose authors. Prerequisite: Greek 210 or equivalent. Conference. May be repeated for credit.

Greek 312 - Advanced Greek

Full course for one semester. Two of these semester topics are offered each year: Greek poetry, Greek tragedy, Greek comedy, Greek prose authors. Prerequisite: Greek 210 or equivalent. Conference. May be repeated for credit.

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Note: 300-level history courses are ordinarily open to sophomores, juniors, and seniors, and to first-year students only with the consent of the instructor.

History 220 - Late Imperial China

Full course for one semester. This course surveys the history of late imperial China (sixteenth through nineteenth centuries) by examining several critical issues in the historiography of this period. Weekly discussions will address the following topics: despots, ritualized rulers and the growth of a “bureaucratic monarchy”; global economic crisis, peasant rebellion, and the Ming–Qing cataclysm; ethnicity, violence, and exchange on Chinese frontiers; lineage formation, strategic marriages, and the consolidation of gentry rule; local magistrates and scholars and their popular tales; migration, mobility, and social anxiety in a prosperous age; gender and sexuality in Qing Confucian ideology; exploration, trade, and emigration on the south China coast; and the challenge of seaborne imperialists in the nineteenth century. Conference.

History 221 - From Treaty Ports to Megacities: Chinese Urban History

Full course for one semester. In China today, few environments change more rapidly than those in major metropolitan centers. Uncontrollable hypergrowth, large floating populations, and insufficient resources and infrastructure all make efficient urban planning and healthy community development difficult to achieve. This course will examine the origins of these current challenges, as well as solutions posed to solve earlier problems, both imagined and real. Topics to be addressed will include imperial models and spatial legacies; treaty ports, bunds, and foreign concessions; rural migration, sojourning, and movement between cities; hinterlands, regional networks, and global connections; revolutionary hygiene and public health; department stores, desire industries, and Shanghai fashion; the interwar lifestyles of petty urbanites and Westernized capitalists; covert political communities and urban labor organizing; wartime destruction and relocation; purifying the decadent city via socialist governance; hutongs, alleyway houses, and rebuilt residential space; and reassessing the colonial past and the globalized present in China’s megacities. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 222 - Consumer Cultures in Modern East Asia

Full course for one semester. This course will explore the relationship between consumerism, nationalism, and imperialism in Republican-era China and the Japanese empire. We will consider how individuals in China, Japan, and Korea forged new identities and livelihoods through the increasingly global marketplace. Governments and social reformers, recognizing the potency of consumerism, encouraged and coerced their citizens into spending patterns intended to support moral improvement, national strength, and imperial victories. Gender will be an important factor in our analysis, for anxieties about consumer culture frequently targeted women. Individual, class, and government interests converged and diverged in early twentieth-century efforts to mold not just spending habits, but daily life in East Asia. Topics will include Shanghai as a dazzling emporium, Japan’s department stores and their first branches in Seoul, and the colonial roots of South Korea’s chaebol. The course will also address the differences within each region, between the metropoles and provincial cities, for example. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 240 - World Environmental History

Full course for one semester. This course approaches the study of “world environmental history” as a fascinating problem of historical methodology. We begin by introducing environmental history at its largest scales of time and space, investigating how climate, biodiversity, natural resources, and commodities have affected human history on a global level. We will then move on to a series of more specific case studies that complicate these large-scale historical analyses. As we visit the pastoral landscapes of Nazi Germany, the toxic waters and fields of modern Japan, the denuded countryside of imperial China, and the socially stratified villages of northern India, we will see how culture, memory, religion, and power shape reciprocal relationships between humans and their geographically unique surroundings in a number of different ways. Finally, we will investigate how these different valances of environmental history have informed a twentieth-century regime of global environmental governance—a regime born of good intentions, but one replete with problems of efficacy, equitability, and justice. Conference.

History 251 - Slander, Censorship, and Surveillance in Modern European History

Full course for one semester. This course seeks to historicize and interrogate the limits on, and protections for, free speech in modern Europe. We will explore topics including libel laws, censorship and public morality, the development of ideas about natural rights, and the influence of changing technologies on practices and beliefs surrounding the liberty of expression. The class will focus on France and Britain between 1644 (the publication of Milton’s crucial text, Areopagitica) and 2016, when the EU adopted a code of conduct for regulating online hate speech. Conference.

History 256 - Migration Histories in the British Imperial World

Full course for one semester. The British Empire was built on migrations both forced and free, and in this course we will examine particular migration stories in wider imperial and global contexts. Some of the migrants that we will examine include settler colonists, enslaved persons, transported radicals, colonial officers, missionaries, and indentured and migrant laborers. The course will present a broad chronological survey of the British imperial world since 1700, paying attention to political, economic, social, and cultural dynamics. The final project for this course will be a digital exhibition to which students will contribute content and explanatory material. Conference.

History 261 - Native Peoples in the Twentieth-Century American West

Full course for one semester. This course is an ethnohistorical examination of political and cultural change among Native American communities in the twentieth- and early twenty-first-century American West, and how these changes differ across time and space throughout the region. A central theme in this course will be how Native American history helps us better understand twentieth-century U.S. history in a more holistic and nuanced way. Among the topics covered in this course will be the closing of the Western frontier, the assimilation era, Indian reorganization, Cold War politics, Indian termination and relocation, Native activism, the emergence of tribal sovereignty, environmental dilemmas, and indigenous politics in the twenty-first century. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 270 - Introduction to American Environmental History (Previously: Nature, Culture, and Society in American History)

Full course for one semester. This course introduces students to the major themes, questions, and methods in American environmental history. Environmental historians see the natural world as both a material place and a historical and cultural idea. This course considers how human societies have shaped the natural world, how the natural world has shaped human societies, and how ideas about nature have been created, challenged, and changed in American history. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 276 - Culture and Society in Twentieth-Century America

Full course for one semester. Chronological survey of selected social, cultural, and political developments in the United States, 1890s to 1940s. We will be especially concerned with the interaction of the society (defined here as social, economic, and political institutions) and culture (the values, ideals, and structures of meaning) through which Americans understood and interpreted private and public life. Topics include the ideals and reforms of the Progressive era; a comparison of World War I and the influenza pandemic; the 1919 race riot in Chicago; domestic culture in the 1920s; the respective economic and cultural effects of the Great Depression, Dust Bowl, and New Deal; U.S. prosecution of World War II abroad and its effects on the home front; and the global and domestic legacies of the war. The course is open to sophomores considering the history major and transfer students; others, including students in their first year, will be admitted as space permits by consent of the instructor. Conference with occasional lectures.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 278 - U.S. Politics and Culture, 1929–1979

Full course for one semester. Examines the immediate and long-term social, cultural, and political effects of the Depression, World War II, and the Cold War, and the changing political landscapes of the 1960s and 1970s. Topics include the rise and fall of organized labor, the emergence of the civil rights movement, suburbanization, the economic and legal status of women, new immigrants after 1965, and the cultural roots of the new American right. The course is open to sophomores considering the history major and transfer students; others, including students in their first year, will be admitted as space permits by consent of the instructor. Conference with occasional lectures.

History 283 - Latin America and the United States

Full course for one semester. Since their respective independence, relations between the United States and the Latin American republics have been of great importance to the domestic politics in both, and have disproportionately affected the political and economic trajectory of the latter. Topics addressed will include competing visions of the proper relationship between the two regions; overt and covert U.S. military intervention; foreign investment in economic ties; and popular attitudes toward the United States in Latin America, and vice versa. Lecture-conference.

History 292 - The Ottoman Empire: Diversity, Power, and Memory in the Middle East

Full course for one semester. This course explores the history of the Ottoman Empire (1300–1924), which ruled vast territories in what is now the Middle East and Europe. The Ottoman state had many identities: Muslim caliphate; Turkic principality; successor to Rome and Byzantium; post-Mongol “gunpowder empire”; “terror of the world”; and then “Sick Man of Europe.” Its inhabitants had even more identities, as the empire included Muslims, Christians, Jews, Yazidis, Alawis, Druze, and more; speakers of dozens of languages; and a vast diversity of lifestyles and livelihoods. Through primary sources and select secondary readings, this course will trace the political, social, and cultural history of the Ottoman Empire from its foundation to its demise. We will pay particular attention to the ways the Ottoman state governed its diverse populations and to how those populations accommodated, resisted, or avoided state policies. At the same time, the course will consider the Ottoman legacy: from Syria to Bulgaria to Turkey to Algeria to Armenia to Ukraine, the empire looms large in the rhetoric of its successor states and, often, in the minds of their populations. Even ISIS has its own narrative of the Ottoman past—and so does the United States. We will explore how these perceptions are themselves historically contingent, and what role nationalism and globalization play in constructing historical narratives. More broadly, the course will serve as an introduction to Middle Eastern history. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 298 - Music and the Cold War United States

See Music 238 for description. 

Music 238 Description

History 301 - Gender and Sexuality in Africa

Full course for one semester. This course examines constructions of gender and sexuality in sub-Saharan Africa from the nineteenth century to the present. This seminar supplants Western constructions of gender and sexuality with African feminism(s) and alternative approaches to the study of gender and sexuality in Africa more broadly. Topics include kinship and dual-sex systems; how categories such as “men” and “women” are understood and change over time; the effects of colonization on the political, social, and economic roles of men and women; anticolonial politics and gendered nationalisms; women’s “domestic” roles; and the effects of migration, urbanization, and globalization on sex and sexuality. We will explore these topics through secondary texts as well as fiction, political tracts, films, magazines, and visual culture. Prerequisite: Humanities 110 or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 302 - Indigenous Peoples and Environmental Change

Full course for one semester. This course explores the historical relationships between indigenous communities and the continuously changing environmental landscapes of the North American West from before European contact to the present. Since time immemorial, indigenous communities have developed complex interactions with the numerous and diverse environmental landscapes of the region, and these interactions were often the basis for their political, economic, and spiritual practices. But since the arrival of nonindigenous peoples in the region, environmental landscapes became altered and manipulated in ways like they had never been before. Yet still, indigenous communities continue to rethink and adapt traditional cultural practices to meet ever-changing environmental realities. With this broader context, this course examines how specific indigenous communities have navigated their relationship with the natural world amidst the challenges of colonialism, globalization, environmental ruin, climate change, and an increasing national dependency on the natural resources of the North American West. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 307 - War and Peace in Europe, 1700–1914

Full course for one semester. This course examines the cultures of war in Europe in the period leading up to World War I, and explores changes in the historiography as well as the history of warfare in this critical period. We will examine theories of peace and the rise of philanthropic organizations alongside developments in military recruitment, technology, and mobilization to question the relationships between military and society, and between pacifism and militarism. Key themes will include the influence of the press and public opinion on European wars, the role of women in modern warfare, and the relationship between war, diplomacy, and the development of national and European identities. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

History 308 - Precolonial African History

Full course for one semester. This course introduces students to the history and historiography of African societies and states from the early Iron Age through the emergence of the Atlantic world. The first part of the course focuses on case studies of African civilizations, including the empires of Ghana and Mali, the Swahili Coast and Great Zimbabwe. The second part considers West Africa during the era of the transatlantic slave trade and explores the changes that the tide wrought on African societies and states. topics include long-distance trade and state formation; the diffusion of Islam; practices of slavery; and the origins and effects of European contact. In this course, we will pay particular attention to the sources and methods that historians use to study precolonial Africa, including oral traditions, archival documents, historical linguistics, traveler’s accounts, and material and archeological evidence. Prerequisite: Humanities 110 or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 310 - Water and the American West

Full course for one semester. This course uses the environmental and political history of America’s rivers, streams, reservoirs, and aquifers to introduce students to important issues in water history and contemporary water policy. We will begin by exploring a series of different frameworks for understanding the complex relationships between water, labor, land, and political power as those relationships have changed over time. As we build a deeper and more critical understanding of water as a natural, cultural, and political entity in American history, we will pay particular attention to the ways in which history has helped to shape the way we allocate and regulate water across a geographically and politically diverse continent. Armed with the dual weapons of history and basic legal doctrine, we will then begin to tackle some of the key issues in twentieth-century American water policy, starting with the Columbia and Colorado River basins. Looking toward the future, we will also explore the problems and potential solutions on the cutting edge of water politics both in the Colorado River basin and elsewhere, including groundwater policy, water marketing, and an extended discussion of the potential water implications of global warming. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 311 - Music, Meaning, and Politics in Twentieth-Century Europe

Full course for one semester. This course explores the social and political construction of musical meaning, and the many ways music has been used for political purposes, in Europe from the early twentieth century to today. Themes will include music and modernity; music and national identity; music and political protest; and music, unification, and globalization. In the course of our inquiry, we will consider the perspectives of composers, performers, states, political parties, opposition to movements, and countercultures, and develop our own understanding of what it means for music to be political. Sources will encompass primary and secondary texts exploring the perspectives of a variety of actors, as well as music, video, and film. No prior musical training required; through our discussions in conference and on the course website, we will develop our own vocabulary for discussion. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 312 - The Environmental History of the American West

Full course for one semester. The American West, with its majestic beauty, strange landscapes, and abundant natural resources, has inspired wonderment, desire, and fear in those who traveled there. This course will focus on the theme of land, water, and power in the West. We will examine the intersection of natural resource use, property rights, politics, and values in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. We will ask questions about how natural resources are regarded and claimed, how institutions governing resource use arise and evolve, and the impact on the communities who need, use, and/or control the resources. Topics will include the political battles over Indian land cessions; land speculation and urbanization; water rights, irrigation, and fishing; and the rise of conservationism and preservationism. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 313 - Wildlife in America

Full course for one semester. Humans and wild animals have lived together in North America for more than 14,000 years. During that time, around 150 native species have gone extinct, and thousands of exotic species have colonized the landscape. Some formerly rare species have become common, and some common ones have become rare. Wild animals have served as food, clothing, shelter, servants, companions, weapons, and totems. This course will explore the turbulent, contested, and colorful history of wildlife in North America. It will span from the Pleistocene to the present and cover the entire continent. The goal of this course is for students to develop a sophisticated understanding of the changing relationships between people and wild animals over time. There are no easy answers for why things happened the way they did, and no simple lessons for what we should do in the future. But it’s a good story, and one that offers myriad, often unexpected insights for serious students of history and environmental studies. Prerequisite: Humanities 110. Lecture-conference.

History 315 - Defining and Defying Difference: Race, Ethnicity, and Empire

Full course for one semester. From the origins of the British Empire in the sixteenth century, the encounter between Britons and colonial subjects demanded explanations of human difference. In this course, we will consider race and ethnicity as contingent and contested categories shaped by political and economic circumstances. Topics will include the international slave trade and abolition, caste and community in South Asia, color and class in the twentieth-century Caribbean, and immigration and multiculturalism in late twentieth-century Britain. Throughout we will pay attention to gender. Prerequisite: Humanities 110, sophomore standing, or consent of the instructor. Conference. Cross-listed as Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 385.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 316 - Russian Revolution(s), Peter to Putin

Full course for one semester. This course explores the many types of revolutions Russia has undergone from the time of Peter the Great’s seventeenth-century turn to the West up to Vladimir Putin’s global ambitions today. Peter was one of Russia’s great revolution-makers, orchestrating change in governance, society, and intellectual pursuit, and setting the stage for future revolutions both from above and from below. In his own way, Putin has been no less revolutionary and provocative. This course will proceed thematically, exploring Russia’s revolutionary experiences in four areas: politics, society, culture, and science and technology. Through analysis of multimedia primary and secondary sources, we will consider the many meanings the term “revolution” may take, investigate the often cyclical nature of revolutions, and interrogate why change in Russia has so often taken on a revolutionary character, rather than proceeding by a more gradual path of development. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 317 - The American Earth: U.S. Environmental History in the Twentieth Century

Full course for one semester. This course will address the concurrent histories of American environmental politics and the changing environment itself in twentieth-century U.S. history. We will approach the American continent both as a unique constellation of material and geographical spaces and as a changing and historically contingent cultural construct dependent on ideas about power, labor, identity, and morality. Topics will include nature and American nationalism, cultural constructions of nature, the American environmental movement, science and environmental management, and climatic change and sustainability in modern environmental politics. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 320 - Merchants and Mariners on the Water Frontier, 1400–1820

Full course for one semester. Indigenous mariners and merchants had traversed the oceans of East and Southeast Asia long before Europeans first ventured into those seas. By 1600 Chinese and Japanese sea lords and interlopers had created vast networks of migration and exchange, peppered with conflict and violence, from Siam and Malacca to Ryukyu and Nagasaki. This seminar explores the social and cultural history of this early modern maritime world. Selective topics include Zheng He’s Indian Ocean voyages; designated ports and unruly hinterlands; seaborne migrations and translocal connections; regional cults and sea goddesses’ miracles; merchants, supercargoes and the vicissitudes of maritime trade; competing maritime cartographies; pirates and the business of violence; ocean archaeology and mariculture ethnographies; and hybrid identities in a maritime world. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 321 - Visual Cultures in Modern China, 1842–1949

Full course for one semester. This course will explore the rapidly changing visual environment of late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century China. With printed and painted images, photographs, film, fashion, streetscapes, and exhibitions as our sources, we will establish the political, social, and technological changes that were at the root of these new manifestations of the visual. We will also question how images were instrumental in forming modern Chinese culture, paying attention to the development of national consciousness, gender roles, and consumer culture. We will attend to what visual sources depict, but also go beyond their subject matter to understand the complex messages these images conveyed to viewers. We will consider both the foreign gaze upon China and the ways in which modern Chinese artists, designers, and activists used the theories and techniques they had learned from Japan and the West. Pairing primary texts with visual materials, we shall see that these sources can be complementary or contradictory. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 322 - Revolution and the State in Twentieth-Century China, 1911–1976

Full course for one semester. This course examines the intertwined processes of revolution and state building in twentieth-century China, with a focus on the Communist revolution. The course considers the longue durée of the Communist revolution, including Mao Zedong’s investigation of local society in the 1920s, the Communist control of base areas prior to their 1949 victory, the Great Leap Forward of the 1950s, and the Cultural Revolution of the 1960s and 1970s. Considering the Communist revolution as a process, this course also examines the continuities between Communist rule in China and the preceding Nationalist government. The Nationalist efforts to develop China’s infrastructure, educate citizens, and discipline its population will be compared to the unprecedented penetration of Chinese society by the Communist state. Historical investigation based on local archives and personal accounts will permit an understanding of how diverse people experienced and enacted revolutionary change, as Mao Zedong’s territory expanded from scattered bases to nation to China’s borderlands. The course will question how the Great Leap Forward and Cultural Revolution fit within a century of modernization and revolution, and consider government efforts to control nature as well as people. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 323 - Rice in East Asia

Full course for one semester. This course examines the history of rice in East Asia as crop, food, commodity, genetic resource, and symbol. How were institutions of social cohesion in China and Japan influenced by the particular demands of, and a commitment to, small-scale, labor-intensive riziculture? When and how were relations between consumer tastes and rice markets mediated by “rice masters”? What roles has rice played in linking the histories of East Asia, Southeast Asia, and the world between 1000 and the present? How did the “green revolution” alter that regional regime of rice cultivation, exchange, and consumption? These and other questions will be explored in multidisciplinary fashion with a broad range of original data and recent historiography. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 325 - The Family in China and Japan

Full course for one semester. This course explores the visions and myths, manifestations, and transformations of the family in China and Japan from the seventeenth century to the present. Major topics will include: classical statements on filiality, ancestors, and the family as paradigm for social and political theory; demographic change and family “life cycles”; household and lineage interactions; marriage and adoption practices; familial authority, inheritance regulations, and household management strategies; domestic rituals; child rearing and child-parent relations; gender and generational conflicts; social impact of population control; and the effect of modern revolutions on the family and its manifestations. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 326 - Layered Memories of Japanese Colonialism

Full course for one semester. This course explores major issues in the recent historiography on Japanese imperialism and colonialism and the complex communities that designed, managed, and/or experienced Japanese colonial rule in Taiwan and Korea (Japan’s major colonies). Major topics will include typologies and approaches related to colonialism, “colonial modernity,” and other major keywords; legal and epistemological structures of colonial rule, colonizers’ representations of colonial peoples and landscapes; assimilation policies, the rule of colonial difference, and colonial identity formations; narratives of elitist and subaltern resistance; colonial literature and literary movements; colonial anthropology and the “aborigine”; total war and total empire; wartime sex slaves and their clients; decolonization and the complexity of postcolonial problems and problematics. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 327 - Meiji Restoration/Revolution

Full course for one semester. Few events in Japanese history receive more attention than the Meiji Restoration (or Revolution). A critical marker in Japanese political history, the restoration is also perceived as a major watershed in economic, social, and cultural developments. This course will examine the specific drama of imperial restoration, the modernizing revolution initiated from above thereafter, and the historical contexts that help to explain both. Major topics will include agrarian uprisings, new religious movements, and ee ja nai ka dancing; nativism and world rectification thought; the “opening” of Japan and the effect of international trade and diplomacy on internal Japanese conflicts; bakafu attempts at political reform and the avoidance of foreign invasion; the military rebellion of “loyalist” samurai; and the transformative changes initiated by the Meiji oligarchy after 1868. Readings will include both participant observations and post-Meiji assessments. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

History 329 - Cameras and Photography in Nineteenth-Century East Asia

Full course for one semester. This course examines the early history of photography in China and Japan. Attention will be given to the complex (and disparate) technological histories of the medium, the varied uses to which the camera was put, and the impact of this new technology upon visual cultures in China and Japan. The dissemination of photographs into other media and the impact of consumer preferences upon content and style will also be examined. Travel landscapes, studio portraits, ethnographic photographs, and documentary images by Euro-American, Japanese, and Chinese photographers are among the visual data to be analyzed. Other sources include optical treatises, travel literature, government reports, and early ethnographies. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

History 330 - Captivity and Law in World History

Full course for one semester. This course explores the different legal, social, economic, and technological factors that have structured captivity in several European and Middle Eastern societies. The goal is not comprehensive factual coverage, but instead to achieve, through discussions, a general understanding of the many complex ways in which captivity has been structured through history, and what this can tell us about history, about law in society, and perhaps about modern issues such as human trafficking, piracy, and terrorism. We will read parts of a number of current monographs as well as primary sources, with some attention to slavery in the Atlantic world but a deeper exploration of slavery, serfdom, indenture, imprisonment, and captivity in the Indian Ocean, the Middle East, and Eurasia. Key questions to consider will include: How have societies drawn different lines between those who can and cannot be captured, and between what can and cannot be done to them? For what reasons? How often are these differences based on ideas of who “belongs” and who does not in a society? What difference, if any, have modern discourses of humanitarianism, human rights, sovereignty, and nationality made? And why does law feature so heavily in this debate, when captivity is at its core a matter of power? Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 334 - Race and the Politics of Decolonization

Full course for one semester. This course examines how the struggle for decolonization in the British Empire was shaped by the politics of race. How did colonial subjects imagine freedom, and how were those visions of freedom constrained by the racial hierarchies of empire? How did they look to other movements within and without the British imperial world to theorize what political, economic, and intellectual decolonization might be? Topics will include intellectual critiques of empires, transcolonial movements, the transfer of power, the postcolonial nation-state, and the Commonwealth. We will pay attention to gender throughout and consider the legacy of the formal era of decolonization in the present day. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or permission of instructor. Lecture-conference. Cross-listed as Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 384.

History 335 - Development: An Imperial History

Full course for one semester. Improvement and welfare have not always been the work of government. This class traces the origins and uneven history of development through the moments when colonial governments in the British Empire became interested in raising the material and social quality of life of colonial subjects. More than a matter of administering policy, attempts to better conditions arose through political circumstances and impacted the lives of colonial subjects in ways that administrators could not have foreseen. We will consider development as a broad category through efforts to manage and improve education, the economy, and maternal health. We will pay attention to the importance of colonial ethnography to know populations; the way development emerged as a rationale for empire; the international contexts of development; and continuities of colonial development after formal decolonization through nongovernmental organizations such as the World Bank and Oxfam International. Our examples will be drawn from metropolitan Britain; subject colonies such as India, Kenya, and the West Indies; and international organizations working with postcolonial nation-states. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 337 - Battle of the Books: The Beginnings of the Modern Sciences, c. 1500–c. 1800

Full course for one semester. The early modern period, covering the three centuries between 1500 and 1800, is often characterized as the era of “the Scientific Revolution,” which scholars who use the term portray as overturning traditional philosophy and ancient beliefs about creation and the role in it of the divine and replacing them with radically new forms of knowledge making and conceptions of nature. However, Sir Isaac Newton (1642–1727), who early in his life declared “truth” to be his “best friend,” also proclaimed: “Plato is my friend, Aristotle is my friend.” Along with his researches in mathematics and physics, his studies included alchemy, astrology, biblical chronology, and theology. “If I have seen further,” he said, “it is by standing on the shoulders of Giants.” In this period, the quarrel of the ancients and moderns, focusing on whether thinkers, writers, and artists should imitate the classics or exercise the freedom to innovate, was joined by debates about the relationship of new discoveries in the natural sciences to the arts, history and humanities, and religious scholarship. It was an age, itself a product of the invention of printing, the rise of print culture, and the emergence of new institutions of learning, and of cross-cultural contact and global trade, that brought new facts, methods and ideas to the arts, literature, philosophy, and historical and religious studies. Rather than a “revolution,” it was a “battle of the books,” embracing knowledge gathered from across the globe, in which rivals clashed about the value, merit, and utility of old and new ideas. This course, focusing on early modern case studies in the several disciplines and drawing on texts, documents, images, and artifacts from the period as well as on recent scholarship will consider these changes in the context of the worldwide advancement of knowledge. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

History 338 - Crisis & Catastrophe in Modern Europe

Full course for one semester. Between 1720 and 1870, a series of natural and manmade crises forced Europeans to question the purpose of violence in a supposedly “improving” society and the role of rational individuals in a world sometimes beyond their control. This course will consider the political, religious, intellectual, and cultural ramifications of disaster and crisis, including financial collapse, revolution, war, earthquakes, disease, and famine. These crises disrupted the political and intellectual worlds of eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Europeans, threatening and transforming their ideas about risk, progress, religion, and political authority, and restructuring the relationships between man and the natural world. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 340 - Empire and Identity in Modern Europe: Encounters in the South Pacific

Full course for one semester. This course examines questions about the relationship between travel, imperialism, and understandings of the self through accounts of Europeans who traveled in the South Pacific as missionaries, colonists, naturalists, tourists, artists, and traders. In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the South Pacific became a site for exploration, exploitation, and colonization, as well as a figurative space for imagining alternative lives for Europeans and for interrogating the idea of “human nature.” Drawing on sources including Captain Cook’s journals from his expedition to Tahiti, the trials of the mutineers of the Bounty, Darwin’s accounts of the people and fauna of the South Pacific islands, missionaries’ reports from Tonga, and the art and writings of Paul Gauguin, this course will explore how the South Pacific as both real and imagined space reshaped Europeans’ ideas about race, religion, nation, and empire, as well as their conception of their own identities and place in the world. We will also explore how to write a history of identity, and what it means to think about identity as a historical category. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 342 - Legalizing Europe: Church, State, Society and “The Rule of Law,” 1200–1600

Full course for one semester. The emergence of the “rule of law” as a basic principle of social organization, a primary mechanism for dispute resolution, and a fundamental cultural value was one of the most far-reaching developments in European history, yet the causes and consequences of this sweeping social, cultural, and political transformation remain poorly understood. This course will examine how “the law” became one of the primary ways Europeans came to comprehend their world and act within it by focusing on the sweeping changes that took place in the administration of justice during the Middle Ages and Renaissance. Among the topics we will consider are the central role of the Catholic Church in creating new legal procedures, theories, and experts; the emergence of increasingly professionalized legal institutions and practices that supplanted judicial combats, trials by ordeal, and the swearing of oaths; and the reasons why official law courts were increasingly utilized not only by the expanding states of this period, but also by ordinary men and women who increasingly turned to them as alternatives, or complements, to vendettas, private settlements, and other forms of dispute resolution. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 344 - The Psychoanalytic Tradition in Historical Perspective

Full course for one semester. This class explores how the psychoanalytic tradition inaugurated changes in what we mean when we call ourselves human beings. The first half of the course reviews Freud’s thought as it evolved in the context of clinical practice. The aim is to consider how influential ideas about the unconscious, love and sexuality, dreams, fantasy, and the organization of the psyche developed in response to the peculiar kind of suffering Freud called neurosis. The second half of the course asks what is to be learned by situating psychoanalytic thought in its scientific, cultural, and social contexts, and by following its international dispersion in the work of those who extended (and revised) Freud’s ideas in ways he did not foresee. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 345 - Whole Earths, Globalizations, and World Pictures

Full course for one semester. Hear the word “Earth” or “world” and the image likely to flash through the mind is a photo known as “Whole Earth” (1972), which reveals the disk of our terraqueous planet suspended alone in the void. It is reputed to be the most widely disseminated photograph in human history, and together with other views of the Earth from beyond has prompted a revolution in the global imagination. The aim of this seminar is to assess the plausibility of that claim, by situating these images in their diverse historical contexts. These contexts include the history of humankind’s imaginative self-projection into the beyond from ancient times to our day; how the “whole earth” image has been mobilized by environmental campaigns, political movements, and commercial enterprises; how the view of Earth has figured in economics, anthropology, philosophy, biology, chemistry, cartography, and art; and how this pictorial imaginary has become integrated into the unthought ways we inhabit our natural and human-built worlds. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 351 - France and Its Colonies in the Age of Absolutism (1598–1760)

Full course for one semester. This course traces the complex and often tumultuous processes that established France as one of the preeminent political, cultural, and economic powers in Europe and the Atlantic in the seventeenth century, and its gradual decline during the first half of the eighteenth century. In the process, we will analyze the causes and consequences of the royal state’s expansion under Richelieu, Mazarin, and Louis XIV; the ideology and realities of “absolute monarchy”; the vexing religious problems posed by Huguenots and Jansenists; and transformations in elite and popular culture. Particular attention will be devoted to the constantly evolving relationship between center and periphery, both in the French provinces and the kingdom’s growing colonies in North America (Canada, the Illinois Country, and Louisiana) and the Caribbean, where divergent economic, social, racial, and political imperatives often strained royal authority, and even the very notion of French identity, to its limits. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 352 - Renaissance and Religious War in the French World (1494–1610)

Full course for one semester. This course will examine France’s rise from the devastation of the Hundred Years’ War to a position of prominence in early sixteenth-century Europe, focusing particular attention on the reign of Francis I, when France became a center of Renaissance culture and a major rival to the Habsburgs. From there we will trace the spread of the Reformation in France and the subsequent crises that spawned four decades of religious civil wars, two royal assassinations, and the near collapse of the monarchy, culminating in a religious and political settlement that promised toleration for France’s Protestant minority and the accession of the Bourbon dynasty to the throne. The course will also examine French explorations of the Americas; the effects of religious and political tensions on efforts to establish settlements in Canada, Florida, and Brazil; and the influence of these experiences on French culture and society. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 353 - The French Revolution, 1775–1800

Full course for one semester. Within a generally chronological framework, this course will focus on the social and cultural history of the French Revolution. Particular attention will be given to the ideological origins of the Revolution, the question of class, the popular movement, revolutionary culture, gender and citizenship, the role of terror, and the nature of counterrevolution. Another focus of the course will be the historiography of the French Revolution. Works from both traditional historiography and contemporary revisionist historiography will be included on the syllabus. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 354 - Cultural Construction in the Soviet Empire

Full course for one semester. This course examines in depth the methods employed by the Soviet government to closely integrate the union’s 15 republics and create a unified, pan-ethnic Soviet identity through cultural construction. Ranging from the Baltics, Belarus, and Ukraine in the west to the Caucasian republics in the south and the Central Asian republics in the east, the Soviet state sought to encourage the development of cultural practices “national in form, socialist in content,” in Stalin’s phrase, intended to raise these national groups from colonial oppression and encourage their investment in the Soviet project through demonstrations of official benevolence. We will explore a variety of “soft power” cultural construction techniques aimed at legitimizing Soviet authority. On the “national in form” side, we will consider policies that promoted the development of indigenous literature and folk culture, while on the “socialist in content” side, we will investigate limiting strategies that aimed to prevent national-ness from progressing into national-ism. Further, we will discover how members of national groups used such policies to advance their own aims. Through critical reading of secondary literature and engagement with primary sources in multiple media, including cultural artifacts from the Soviet republics, students will develop a complex understanding of the Soviet state’s reasons for working diligently to integrate its national minorities, the nature of its efforts, and the successes, failures, and unintended consequences thereof. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 355 - Heretics, Witches, and Inquisitors: Deviance, Orthodoxy, and the Law in Medieval and Early Modern Europe

Full course for one semester. This course will examine the evolution and operation of one of medieval and early modern Europe’s most infamous religious and legal institutions—the Inquisitions of Heretical Depravity. Initially established in the late eleventh and twelfth centuries to affirm the Roman Church’s spiritual authority and to repress religious heterodoxy, Inquisitions could be found across much of Catholic Europe by the early sixteenth century. This course will examine several of the most prominent examples: the Inquisition of medieval Languedoc, the Roman and Venetian Inquisitions, and the Spanish Inquisition, to compare how they functioned as hybrid legal and religious institutions in distinct historical contexts. We will also explore the complex interplay between inquisitors, secular authorities, and the populace by looking at their treatment of a specific heretical crime—witchcraft—during the early modern period. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

History 356 - Justice and the Law in Medieval and Early Modern Europe

Full course for one semester. “Those who are even a little bit above the common find it impossible to escape the law courts,” lamented one seventeenth-century writer. From the Middle Ages to the eighteenth century, men and women across Europe and its colonies flocked to courts of law in staggering numbers as plaintiffs, defendants, or witnesses. Why did Europeans from all social ranks increasingly seek justice through legal tribunals when other, more traditional methods were readily available? Was the “rule of law” imposed by social elites and political authorities, or did it emerge from premodern Europeans’ use of litigation and other legal practices to manage credit, defend reputations, air marital grievances, remedy injuries, and generally maintain order in their families and communities? What can the “uses of the law,” in other words, tell us about political authority and social relations in medieval and early modern Europe? Prerequisite: Humanities 110 or sophomore standing. Lecture-conference.

History 358 - Religious Reformations and Social Transformations in Early Modern Europe

Full course for one semester. While the tale that the Protestant Reformation started with Martin Luther nailing his Ninety-Five Theses to the door of the cathedral church in Wittenberg on October 31, 1517, remains an enduring one, the fracturing of Western Christendom over the course of the sixteenth century was the product of many forces. These included the transformation of popular piety, reform movements within the Roman Church, and broader changes in European culture and society. This course will examine the processes that brought about the end of centuries of religious unity in Western Europe as well as the many social, political, and cultural consequences of this epochal transformation. We also will examine how the Reformations (Protestant and Catholic) transformed European society by looking at the nature of religious violence, the hardening of confessional divides, and the gradual emergence of forms of religious coexistence and cooperation. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 360 - Histories of Anthropocene

Full course for one semester. Anthropocene. What kind of a word is that? For geologists, Anthropocene refers to the proposition that the history of the planet has entered a new epoch, in which human activity has come to exert the power of a geological force. The proposition has also produced some of the most interesting theoretical work on the practice of history in recent years, animated by the question, is it possible to conjoin human history with geohistory, and if so, how? This class will survey the most prominent answers thus far, above all, efforts inspired by postcolonial and subaltern studies to imagine new histories of capitalism. The class will build on that foundation by considering how phenomenology, a tradition of thought that aims at a thick description of lived experience, can also be of use in writing histories of the Anthropocene. Here, the focus will be on human experiences that embody both the conjunction and disjunction of scale—human time and geological time, human places and planetary spaces—at once. Students will have the opportunity to research and write minihistories of Anthropocenic episodes. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 361 - Dreaming the Twentieth Century

Full course for one semester. Every evening, just about every human on the planet enters an altered state of mind characterized by wild hallucinations sometimes thought to reveal the deep truths of the universe. Still, for something so common, dreaming is remarkably intractable to historical inquiry, in part because there is little agreement on what dreams are and on how or if they mean anything at all. The aim of this class is to consider two questions: What kinds of histories can we write with dreams? And, how can we use the history of approaches to dreams to shed light on the history of modern psychological thinking? The class will begin with a close reading of Sigmund Freud’s The Interpretation of Dreams (1900), and will situate it and other major approaches to dream interpretation in their historical contexts. We will then consider some exemplary collections of dreams dreamt under different regimes of control, including dreams under the Third Reich, the dreams of colonized peoples, the dream life of consumer capitalism, and dreams in the era of big data. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 362 - Revolutionary America

Full course for one semester. In the late eighteenth century, 13 North American colonies severed their colonial ties to Britain and constituted a new nation. This course will assess the causes of these changes, as well as the extent to which they altered the political, economic, social, and cultural landscape of North America. We will address major conflicts of the period from 1763 to 1815, including the tensions between libertarian ideology and institutionalized slavery, household dependence and national independence, centralized authority and local control, enlightenment rationalism and evangelical religion, private property and communal interests, and Indian sovereignty and American expansionism. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 363 - American Social Reform from Revolution to Reconstruction

Full course for one semester. Countless nineteenth-century Americans participated in movements for social reform. What made it possible for ordinary people to believe that they should and could change their world? What were the boundaries of their reformist visions? How did reformers balance radical and conservative impulses within their movements? This course considers these questions with reference to temperance, abolitionism, women’s rights, health reform, and other reform agendas. In contextualizing these movements, the course will consider the transnational dimensions of American reform, as well as connections between social reform and the rise of market capitalism, evangelical Christianity, and democratic politics in the early republic. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

History 365 - The Depression-Era United States

Full course for one semester. Students will study secondary texts and primary documents that focus on key events and various historical approaches of the period that spans the agricultural depression of the 1920s up to the 1941 bombing of Pearl Harbor. Topics include the expansion of executive power, struggles and compromises in the establishment of New Deal agencies and programs, and the growth of labor unions. We will also explore the political and popular culture of this epoch, including documentary photography and art spawned by federal programs, Hollywood movies and commercial radio, and selected literature of the Popular Front. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 367 - Sources and Methods in Early African American History

Full course for one semester. What do historians know about the early African American past (c. 1619–1865), and how do they know it? This course will explore major problems in African American historiography, including the relationship between the rise of slavery and the development of racial ideology; the nature of slave resistance, rebellion, and revolution; the transmission of African cultural forms and the creation of black culture(s); the social dynamics of the slave plantation; and the significance of regional differences in the historical experience of African Americans. We will study various historians’ interpretations of these problems, as well as the primary sources that form the basis of those interpretations. While analysis of written texts remains a mainstay of historical practice, scholars in this field have also drawn on less traditional forms of evidence, such as DNA, demography, folklore, oral history, material artifacts, and human remains. We will critically assess the possibilities and pitfalls of using these diverse sources to reconstruct the early African American experience. Students will apply what they have learned from other scholars’ methods to produce their own primary source–based research papers. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

History 369 - Race and the Law in American History

Full course for one semester. Ranging from the colonial period to the recent past, this course examines the role of the law and the courts in the construction of racial categories and the production of racial inequality in the United States. We will read scholarship from history and other fields concerning the relationship between law and social practice and the possibilities and limitations of law as a means for resisting racism and securing equality. While we will engage a range of primary source material, we will devote particular attention to landmark Supreme Court decisions concerning civil rights, segregation, and immigration and naturalization. Other topics include regional variations in racialization in the United States, race making beyond the black-white binary, and historical methodology applied to the realm of law. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference. Cross-listed as Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 389.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 370 - The Tragedies of American Diplomacy: U.S. Foreign Policy since 1893

Full course for one semester. Building from the framework laid out in William Appleman Williams’ hallmark essay, “The Tragedy of American Diplomacy,” this course will explore the history of American foreign policy since Frederick Jackson Turner declared the end of the American Frontier in 1893. Beginning with Turner’s “Frontier Thesis” and John Hay’s famous “Open Door Note,” we will investigate how the flexible, economically oriented policies of the late nineteenth century became the sacred political ideologies at the heart of twentieth-century American imperialism. Topics will include the Spanish-American War, policies leading up to each of the two world wars, the advent of and decision to drop the atomic bomb, the Marshall Plan, and a variety of political, economic, and military issues associated with the Cold War, including its origins, its institutions, its many phases, and its ultimate end. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 371 - American Inequality, 1865–Present

Full course for one semester. The United States today is as unequal a society as it has been since 1929, on the eve of the Great Depression. Three billionaires—Bezos, Gates, Buffett—own more wealth than 160 million people, or half the population. How did so great a concentration of income and wealth at the very top come to be? Is such stratification the inevitable result of market processes in a globalized world, forces that, whatever their adverse consequences, lead to the most efficient allocation of society’s resources? In this course, we will get at some of these questions by exploring issues of wealth inequality in the United States from the end of the Civil War to the present. We will organize our exploration into the history of inequality around three analytical dimensions: ideas, institutions, and social forces. The course examines the roles of social scientists and other experts in identifying the causes of and cures for inequality, while also paying attention to the lived experiences of Americans from all income brackets. Prerequisite: Humanities 110. Lecture-conference.

History 372 - U.S. Women’s History, 1890–1990

Full course for one semester. This course examines transformations in women’s economic status, political participation, educational opportunities, and familial and reproductive lives from the late nineteenth to the late twentieth century in the United States. We consider how structural changes and political movements involved and affected women of different classes, races, and ethnic groups. Major topics will include: women’s increased participation in the paid labor force, especially wage work by married women with children; political struggles for equal rights (e.g., woman suffrage, pay equity); the separation of sexuality and reproduction; and the intellectual origins and development of feminism, as well as the arguments of those who opposed it. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

History 373 - The Progressive Era Reconsidered

Full course for one semester. The United States from the 1890s through 1920 used to be characterized by historians as “the Progressive era.” Yet a look at the social and political history of this epoch reveals much that seems contradictory or even repressive. Direct democracy was established, even as Jim Crow laws, enforced by lynchings, shored up racial segregation. Women emerged as reform professionals and wageworkers, yet lacked full suffrage. Recent immigrants and their children were sought out by settlement house workers who wanted to “Americanize” them, and vilified by nativists who wanted to restrict immigration. Proponents of war and imperialism met opposition. To understand these tensions, the course will compare old and new secondary works on this period, and make extensive use of primary documents and key works published at the time. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 374 - Gender and Sex

Full course for one semester. Examination of the changing ideas about gender and sex roles in the context of key transformations from the late nineteenth through the late twentieth centuries in America. These include the second industrial revolution, which enabled women and men to live on their own outside of household economies; the emergence of modern consumer culture; service in same-sex militaries during two world wars; the rise of social scientific and psychological experts who named and quantified “deviant” and “normal” sexual practice; and the so-called sexual revolutions of the 1960s and beyond. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 375 - Hannah Arendt and Origins of Totalitarianism

Full course for one semester. Hannah Arendt was one of the most important thinkers of the twentieth century, and her book The Origins of Totalitarianism (1951) is habitually invoked as one of the century’s most important works of nonfiction. The aim of this class is to provide entry to Arendt’s thought and to the history and theory of totalitarianism by way of a close reading of her seminal work and some of its historical and philosophical intertexts. Arendt’s work addresses topics like the rise of anti-Semitism and race thinking in nineteenth-century Europe, mass politics, propaganda, mob-elite alliances, the concentration camp, and terror as a mode of government. We will also consider texts from some of the leading thinkers of Arendt’s time attracted to authoritarianism, such as Carl Schmitt, Georges Bataille, Ernst Jünger, and the Italian futurists. Last, we will consider the reception and extension of Arendt’s work in postwar arguments about Zionism, Nazi criminality, and the Cold War. Throughout, we will ask if Arendt’s work can help us understand contemporary movements in the United States and Europe that explicitly or implicitly seek a renovation of totalitarian rule. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

History 376 - The United States in the 1970s

Full course for one semester. For many years U.S. historians neglected the 1970s to focus on the political and cultural shifts in the 1950s and 1960s. Drawing on a wealth of new historical studies, we will look at the 1970s to assess the successes and defeats of movements that originated in earlier decades. These include civil rights, feminism, gay and lesbian rights, environmentalism, and organized labor. We will examine transformations in party politics in the wake of Vietnam and Watergate, and chart the changing fortunes of liberals and conservatives. This was a time of economic turmoil and anxiety, and we will consider how inflation, deindustrialization, and the oil crises in 1973 and 1979 influenced the lives of working Americans. We will also look at the changing demographics of families, households, and suburbs in this epoch. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 378 - Gender and Family

Full course for one semester. The course begins with the rise and spread of waged labor, with emphasis on how new economic structures altered household and familial life. Families under slavery will be considered, especially African Americans under slavery and in transition to freedom. Migration and resettlement in the West shaped families on the frontier and workers in male-dominated mining towns. The legal and political meanings of marriage also changed; we will examine arguments for and against married women’s ownership of property, and Mormon polygamy, to see how nineteenth-century Americans understood the relationship between patriarchy (legal rights of fathers and husbands over children and wives) and democracy. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 379 - The Fifties in America

Full course for one semester. We will use a range of secondary texts and primary documents to focus on key events and different historical approaches to the study of this era. The ’50s were shaped by the Great Depression and World War II, and we will look back at those cataclysmic events. Topics include the Cold War and its effects on domestic politics; the baby boom and the ideology of the American family; civil rights battles in the legal and political arenas; medical and public health responses to polio; and the political and economic ramifications of postwar consumer culture. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

History 382 - Riddles of Reciprocity

Full course for one semester. “Exchange” in the present day is commonly considered an economic category, but, understood as “the action of reciprocal giving and receiving,” it has been a ubiquitous feature of sociability and social interaction—of commodities and gifts, greetings and blows, friendships and enmities—across the globe from ancient times. It has been construed by many commentators as a blessing, in some instances a providential one, promoting peace and harmony among individuals and peoples. In practice, however, it has also been a source of oppression, violence, and conflict. Through a series of particular case studies and the analysis of major primary texts from the relevant periods, this course considers the principal practices of exchange as they emerged over time along with the main theories—philosophical and ethical as well as economic, social, and cultural—put forth in the past and the present to understand and analyze them. The coverage will begin with evidence of ancient exchange across the globe, and end with consideration of recent episodes in the world history. However, the case studies will concentrate on major developments in the Mediterranean and Atlantic worlds from ca. 1400 to ca. 1850—i.e., from the “age of discovery” to the “age of the industrial revolution.” Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 384 - The Mexican Revolution

Full course for one semester. This course examines the roots, development, and effect of the Mexican Revolution (1910–17), from the Porfiriato through the institutionalization of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) rule. Principal themes include regionalism and tensions caused by centralization; industrialization, economic development, and dependency; class conflict; gender, citizenship, and political participation; and the production of a modern Mexican identity. Prerequisite: Humanities 110 or sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference.

History 385 - Catholicism in the Early Modern Spanish World

Full course for one semester. This course examines the central role of the Catholic church, of Catholic belief and practice, in the Spanish world of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. We start with the transformation of Iberia from a center of religious pluralism to the bastion of Catholic orthodoxy with the expulsion of Jews and Moslems and extreme hostility to Protestantism. The first half of the course looks at the role of the Church and the Inquisition in society; popular religion; and personal spirituality. We then turn to examine the role of the Church in intellectual debates surrounding the colonization of the Americas; indigenous religion and the campaigns and infrastructure of conversion; and the role of the Church in creole culture. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 386 - The Incas

Full course for one semester. This course examines the Incas of the central Andes, from their emergence in the thirteenth century as a small clan alliance through their imperial apogee, their colonial reconstitution, and their republican demise; the class concludes with a brief look at the Inca legacy in modern Peru. Topical emphases are archaic imperial organization, Andean history and cosmology, and Spanish colonialism and evangelization. Methodologically, the class focuses on the challenges of studying nonliterate civilizations and of reading sixteenth- and seventeenth-century texts as historical and ethnographic sources. Fulfills departmental pre-1800 requirement; does not fulfill departmental post-1800 requirement. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 388 - Race and Ethnicity in the Andes

Full course for one semester. This course explores the ethnic and racial organization of Andean society from Inca times to the present, and Andean discourses on race. Beginning with the ethnic pluralism of the Inca Andes, we turn to the creation of the colonial categories of “Indian” and “Spanish” and the imposition of two racialized legal republics from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century. We then examine the development of “creole republics” that instituted unified republics with deeply racialized hierarchies; the indigenista critiques of that ordering in the twentieth century; and the emergence of indigenous and ethnic politics over the past few decades. While attention will be paid to Afro and Asian Andeans, the course focuses on the categories of indigenous and European. The central focus is on Peru, although ethnicity and race in Ecuador and Bolivia will also be considered. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. This course is recommended for students interested in critical race and ethnic studies. Lecture-conference. Cross-listed as Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 388.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 389 - Labor in Modern Latin America

Full course for one semester. This course examines the social relations of labor, labor organization and militancy, and the political and cultural importance of the working classes in twentieth-century Latin America. Particular topics include the emergence of organized labor and its relation both to earlier guild-based relations and to oligarchic rule in the early twentieth century; the role of organized labor in Mexican, Bolivian, Peruvian, and Chilean revolutionary movements; alliances between labor and bureaucratic-authoritarian states; the position of rural laborers in these modernizing economies; the relationship between race, ethnic, and class identities; and the effects of the vast “informal” working class on postmodern Latin American societies. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

History 390 - Music and the Black Freedom Struggle, 1865–1945

See Music 360 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

Music 360 Description

History 391 - Ancient History: Greece

See Classics 371 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

Classics 371 Description

History 393 - The Rise and Fall of the Roman Republic

See Classics 373 for description.

Classics 373 Description

History 395 - Special Topics in Ancient Mediterranean History

See Classics 375 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

Classics 375 Description

History 411 - Junior Seminar

Full course for one semester. Variable topics. See specific listing for prerequisites. Conference. 

Experiment and Enlightenment: History of Science, 1660–1860
Full course for one semester. This course examines the development and diffusion of scientific practices and ideas in Europe in the 200 years between the founding of the Royal Society of London, a society dedicated to the pursuit of natural knowledge, and the publication of Darwin’s On the Origin of Species. During this time, individuals throughout Europe debated how best to understand the natural world and how to verify and confirm that knowledge: should it be observed or manipulated through experimentation? How would a “fact” be proven? Who constituted a legitimate authority?  And were there limits to what man could, and should, know about the natural world? This class will examine these changing practices of experimentation and modes of communication among natural historians in Europe and the reception and circulation of scientific ideas, including in art and literature.  Particular attention will be paid to the material objects that made natural inquiry both possible and increasingly popular, including scientific instruments, botanical specimens collected on imperial voyages, and museums dedicated to natural history. Students will develop, research, write, and present a substantial research paper using primary and secondary sources. Prerequisites: junior-standing history major and two history courses at Reed. Conference.

The Twenties in America
Full course for one semester.  The 1920s in the United States—the so-called Roaring Twenties—was a complex and contradictory decade.  This course will use historical surveys and primary documents that challenge popular conceptions of the period between the end of World War I and the onset of the Great Depression. Topics include twenties economics, prosperity, credit, and the moral meanings of mass consumer culture; the post–World War I U.S. nation-state, and the rise and role of political lobbying groups; immigrants’ lives before and after the 1924 National Origins Act; the Great Migration of African Americans from the South to northern cities; the “New Negro” and the Harlem Renaissance; racism, anti-Semitism, and the rise of the second Ku Klux Klan; and changing ideas about sexuality and gender roles, including public debate over contraception, the emergent ideal of companionate marriage, and same-sex attraction in theory, practice, and popular culture. Students will develop, research, write, and present a substantial research paper using primary and secondary sources. Prerequisite: junior-standing history major and two history courses at Reed. Conference.

History 470 - Thesis

Full course for one year.

History 481 - Individual Study

One-half or full course for one semester. Individual study in fields either more specialized than the regular courses or not covered by them. Individual reading also may be done in connection with a regular course for one or two units additional to the course. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing and approval of instructor and division.

Humanities 110 - Introduction to Humanities

One and one-half unit course for one year. “The humanities” referred originally to the study of texts written by human, rather than divine, hands. In modern education, the humanities include the study of literature, history, philosophy, religion, politics, and the arts. Students of the humanities consider how people have represented and reflected on the physical, social, psychological, and ideological features of their worlds. We investigate the various materials that form the basis of cultures and identities and that simultaneously provide key terms for their critique and transformation. As the only course required of all first-year students at Reed, Humanities 110 serves as the college’s foundational writing course and introduces students to the skills and habits of mind necessary for academic inquiry in their future work at Reed. For more information, please see the Humanities 110 information on the academics page. Lecture-conference.

Humanities 211 - The Renaissance World and the Birth of Modernity I

Full course for one semester. Beginning with the cultural and intellectual entanglements of the Christian and Islamic worlds in the Middle Ages, this course examines how Europeans’ understanding and experience of the world they inhabited were transformed between the thirteenth and sixteenth centuries. Through readings of authors such as Ibn Tufayl, Averroës, Dante, Machiavelli, Diaz, Luther, Rabelais, Marguerite de Navarre, and Montaigne, we will explore how the momentous social, cultural, political, religious, philosophical, literary, and artistic developments of this period—encounters with non-Christians in the Mediterranean and Atlantic worlds, the emergence of new genres in the literary and visual arts, and the social and religious upheaval of the Protestant Reformation—provoked a period of crisis and creativity that transformed the complex legacies of the ancient world. In particular, we will study how the reconfigured understandings of humanity’s relationship to nature, society, and the divine challenged assumptions about political, intellectual, religious, and gendered authority. Prerequisite: Humanities 110, sophomore standing, or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference.

Humanities 212 - The Renaissance World and the Birth of Modernity II

Full course for one semester. In the wake of the political, religious, and cultural upheavals in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, Europeans pursued new forms of knowledge, literary and artistic expression, social and religious life, and domestic and political authority.  In doing so, however, they also provoked new questions about the individual’s relationship to God, nature, family, and polity. By examining the writings of authors and artists such as Shakespeare, Teresa of Avila, Cervantes, Artemisia Gentileschi, Galileo, Descartes, Molière, Hobbes, and Milton, this course will examine topics such as the Counter-Reformation, the development of philosophical skepticism, the so-called Scientific Revolution, Mediterranean encounters with the Ottoman Empire, and the ongoing tension between absolute monarchy and constitutional government. Lecture-conference.

Humanities 220 - Modern European Humanities

Full course for one year. An interdisciplinary study of the development of modern European humanities, from the Enlightenment to roughly the mid-twentieth century. Primary attention is given to the transformations of ideas, political institutions, social structures, and forms of artistic, literary, and philosophical expression that characterize the modern world. The course addresses such crucial topics as the Enlightenment, the French Revolution, Romanticism, the Industrial Revolution, liberalism and socialism, the modern city, imperialism, Darwinism, psychoanalysis, modernist art and literature, the Bolshevik Revolution, and twentieth-century war, totalitarianism, and genocide. The course includes lectures, discussions, and papers on topics of individual interest that are developed in each conference. Prerequisite: Humanities 110 or equivalent. Students may not register for the course if they have a conflict with the lecture hour. Lecture-conference.

Prior iterations of the course can be viewed at reed.edu/humanities/hum220/.

Humanities 231 - Early Imperial China: The Qin-Han Unification

Full course for one semester. In geography and cultural advances, the Qin and Han dynasties surpassed their predecessors, and together they number among the world’s greatest empires. This course examines their heritage through a selection of primary texts including the Confucian Analects, the enigmatic Dao de Jing, the cosmological Book of Changes, and the historical narrative tradition of Sima Qian’s Shi Ji. It samples cultural expression ranging from the poetic discourse of rhapsodies and pentasyllabic verse to the religious endeavors manifested in funerary artifacts. Alongside textual studies, this course explores the Han’s physical remains, including the ruins of its capitals, and its important tombs. The Qin/Han portrays itself as a territorial, political, and cultural unifier, and it sets the benchmark against which all later dynasties must measure themselves. Prerequisite: sophomore standing; however, second-semester freshmen are welcome with instructor’s consent. Lecture-conference.

Humanities 232 - Middle Imperial China: The Great Song Transition

Full course for one semester. The transformation of Chinese civilization during the “Song renaissance” (960–1279) is our major concern for the fall semester. China mentally realigned itself, first because it had to acknowledge other players in the world such as the powerful nomad states along its own northern borders and second because those nomads would occupy the northern half of China during what is called the “Southern Song” (1127–1279). Buddhism, a foreign religion though it had been introduced to China many centuries before the Song period, flourished alongside the indigenous popular pantheon. Furthermore, China underwent internal changes such as the emergence of a vibrant urban culture. Self-representation changed in tandem with the rise of a new social stratum, the shidafu, and the literati culture it produced. The change rippled into the fine arts as well. We will study the new contexts of Chinese civilization through travel essays, cartography, and reports and journals of diplomatic envoys. Tiantai Buddhism, Chan Buddhism, and indigenous popular religion will be examined through their primary texts. We will observe the changes in culture via storytelling and dramatic texts and via Song cityscape paintings. We will “learn about the Way” (daoxue) with Zhu Xi, China’s second-most famous scholar, who recast his forerunner Confucius to make him the linchpin of middle and late imperial education. In literature, we will study Song shi- and ci-poetry. Shi-poetry showed expanded topics and the mindset of the new literati class. Ci-poetry transformed the very notion of poetics. In art, we will analyze monumental landscape painting, printed illustrations, and Song aesthetic theory. The Qin-Han unification may have laid the basic foundation of China, but many have argued that the Song gave modern China its distinctive cultural heritage. Prerequisite: sophomore standing; however, second-semester freshmen are welcome with instructor’s consent. Lecture-conference.

Humanities 411 - Senior Symposium

One-half course for one semester. Each section of the senior symposium is limited to 15 students and is guided by two or three faculty members representing different divisions. The course engages students and faculty from different majors and disciplines to discuss how various authors and artists present and interrogate problems of our age, from the political to the personal. Selected works comprise a variety of genres, such as memoir, graphic novel, short fiction, poetry, sociological case study, film, and investigative journalism. Authors in recent years have included Michelle Alexander, Svetlana Alexievich, Barbara Demick, Arlene Russell Hochschild, Rutu Modan, Maggie Nelson, Claudia Rankine, and Ayelet Tsabari. The course considers themes such as understanding how we talk to one another, appreciating the meaning and history of words and their weight once they have been spoken, reflecting on the difficult art of describing other people’s lives, and recognizing just how hard it is to listen and hear and translate others’ experiences. Offered on a credit/no credit basis only. Prerequisite: senior standing. Discussion.

International and Comparative Policy Studies 300 - Special Topics in International and Comparative Policy Studies

Full course for one semester. This course is an advanced seminar for juniors and seniors with sufficient background in international relations and/or foreign policy. It grounds a survey of multi-method approaches to conducting research in international and comparative policy studies in substantive contemporary interdisciplinary topics. The course will be particularly useful both for students who will be writing their junior qualifying examination in ICPS or related fields and for students who are in the first semester of their thesis research. Prerequisites: junior standing and Political Science 240 or History 370. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

International and Comparative Policy Studies 470 - Thesis

Full course for one year. 

Latin 110 - First-Year Latin

Full course for one year. A study of the elements of Latin grammar and first readings in Latin literature. Conference.

Latin 210 - Second-Year Latin

Full course for one year. A review of grammar and continued readings in Latin prose and poetry, with an introduction to Cicero’s rhetoric and Virgilian poetry. Prerequisite: Latin 110 or equivalent. Conference.

Latin 311 - Advanced Latin

Full course for one semester. Two of these semester topics are offered each year: Latin poetry, Roman satire, Roman comedy, Latin prose authors. Prerequisite: Latin 210 or equivalent. Conference. May be repeated for credit.

Latin 312 - Advanced Latin

Full course for one semester. Two of these semester topics are offered each year: Latin poetry, Roman satire, Roman comedy, Latin prose authors. Prerequisite: Latin 210 or equivalent. Conference. May be repeated for credit.

Liberal Studies 541 - Global Health: Critical Perspectives

One-half course for one semester. This course entails a critical examination of contemporary global health. We begin by identifying the main actors, institutions, practices, and forms of knowledge production that have defined global health. We then examine the social, political, and economic factors that shape patterns of suffering and disease across societies as well as the efforts taken to ameliorate them, and place present-day developments in historical perspective. We will consider the unexpected consequences of global health programs—for the individuals who compose “target populations,” but also for global health professionals themselves as well as local experts. And we will scrutinize the values that underpin specific policies and practices of global health. Conference. Offered fall 2019.

Liberal Studies 546 - Politics and Policy in America: Does the Government We Want Give Us the Policy We Need?

Full course for one semester. This course is designed to create an informed understanding of American politics, specifically: what happened in the 2016 and 2018 elections, what might happen in 2020, and why (or if) elections matter in producing public policy. Americans discuss politics without regard for academic distinctions between institutions, behavior, and policy; the result is a mismatch between how researchers think about democracy and how people actually experience it in the United States. This course intends to meld the existing specialized research in American politics and public policy to create a holistic understanding of American governance. The course will work through important academic books that have laid the foundation for a modern understanding of American politics in terms of both the leaders we have selected and the outcomes of the democratic process in the form of specific policies. Conference. Offered summer 2020.

Liberal Studies 572 - The Rise of the Russian Avant-Garde

One-half course for one semester. This cultural history and theory course explores in detail the key works, artists and projects of the Russian avant-garde emerging between 1912 and 1928. The course will acquaint students with the history of the Russian avant-garde by examining the textual and visual practices of leading representatives and the theoretical bases, ideological positions, and objectives of the movements. The course will address a range of media—from visual to film, theater, and architecture—which represent the arc of styles and social and political functions. The impact of political and social upheaval on the definition of the nature of art, its social function, and the revolutionary model of the artist will be studied with particular reference to the emergence of the utilitarian art of constructivism. The films will be examined as paradigmatic new forms of mass communication, produced in response to official mandate. Conference. Offered spring 2020.

Linguistics 211 - Introduction to Linguistic Analysis

Full course for one semester. An introduction to the empirical study of human language. This course introduces students to the core subfields of linguistics (phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics/pragmatics), focusing on the essential formalisms and analytical techniques needed to pursue more specialized coursework in the field. Through direct engagement with data from a wide range of the world’s languages, students gain experience in describing linguistic structures and formulating testable hypotheses about the organization of mental grammar. Conference.

Linguistics 212 - Introduction to Language, Culture, and Society

Full course for one semester. The second part of the department’s introduction to the field of linguistics. Building on key themes from Linguistics 211, we consider the inclusion of social aspects of language use in linguistic inquiry—the dialogue between langue and parole. This course is presented as a survey of the central themes in the study of language and culture. We will explore theoretical notions (facework, power, ideology, indexicality, social meaning), methodologies for gathering sociolinguistic data (variationist/quantitative sociolinguistics, ethnography, discourse analysis), perspectives on sociolinguistic analysis at the level of the group (speech communities, communities of practice, social networks) and the individual (style, audience design, social practice), and threads of inquiry (ethnicity, gender, third wave sociolinguistics). Prerequisite: Linguistics 211 or equivalent, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Linguistics 312 - Topics in Linguistic Analysis

Full course for one semester. An opportunity to pursue intensive readings in specialized topics pertaining to formal linguistic theory and research methods. Building on analytical skills learned in Linguistics 211, this course invites students to explore a chosen topic in phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, typology, or interfaces between these, by discussing current and seminal literature and engaging in original research. Choice of topic varies from year to year. May be repeated for credit with consent of the instructor. Prerequisite: Linguistics 211 or equivalent, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Linguistics 313 - Topics in Language and Society: Language, Race and Ethnicity in the West

Full course for one semester. This course is an opportunity to explore the unique linguistic situations of various ethnic groups in the North American West. Building on concepts from Linguistics 211 and 212, the course presents in more detail the social and linguistic dynamics of ethnic speech communities in the West, with attention to the unique historical and sociocultural experience of ethnic groups in the West. Social dynamics will be considered alongside theoretical approaches to identity construction, language attitudes, and outcomes in terms of linguistic behavior. Students will complete a final capstone project exploring language use among a particular ethnic community of the North American West. May be repeated for credit with consent of the instructor. Prerequisite: Linguistics 212 or equivalent, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Linguistics 320 - Phonetics

Full course for one semester. This course covers areas such as the articulation of speech, the basic anatomy of the vocal tract, the acoustic properties of speech sounds, and speech perception. Students will become proficient in reading and using the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) through extensive practice in transcribing speech sounds drawn from a wide variety of languages, and will obtain practical skills in doing speech analysis with Praat. The course will prepare students for independent field and laboratory work, as well as familiarizing them with basic techniques necessary for conducting phonetic experiments. Conference.

Linguistics 321 - Phonology

Full course for one semester. Although no two utterances sound exactly the same, speakers of a language overlook distinctions to which mechanical recording devices are sensitive, and they “hear” contrasts that are objectively not there. This course examines the nature of the complex links between abstract language-specific perceptual worlds and the real world of actual sounds in light of the major empirical approaches and theoretical currents in the study of linguistic sound systems. It will consider the relations between the articulatory gestures of language and other levels of linguistic description, notably morphology and syntax, and will also explore different models for formulating phonological rules. Prerequisite: Linguistics 211 or equivalent, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Linguistics 322 - Phonological Knowledge

Full course for one semester. The way we understand the phonological grammar has changed as formal phonological theory and psycholinguistic research continue to evolve. Through reading articles, writing reviews, and designing our own experiments, we will seek to answer the question: what do speakers know about the sounds of their language? Topics to cover include exemplar theory, the psychological reality of irregular patterns and morphological structure, the gradient nature of phonotactics, the strength of paradigm uniformity and contrast, and the role of lexical statistics in a speaker’s native language. In addition, we will cover linguistic accommodation, second language phonology, and the effect of having competing phonologies in the same speaker. Prerequisite: Linguistics 211 and Linguistics 321 or equivalent, or consent of the instructor. Conference-laboratory.

Not offered 2019–20.

Linguistics 323 - Introductory Syntax

Full course for one semester. The goal of syntax is to characterize the (largely unconscious) knowledge that enables speakers of a language to combine words into larger units such as phrases and sentences, and to “parse” (i.e., assign an abstract representation to) the phrases and sentences that they read and hear. This course—accessible to students with no previous training in linguistics—will introduce increasingly explicit grammar fragments of English. The goal is to present a range of phenomena of concern to syntax, and to explore formal devices that have been proposed to account for such phenomena. The course will consider such topics as constituent structure, subcategorization and selectional restrictions, idioms, movement and locality, case assignment, empty categories, and the interpretation of pronouns. The course also introduces central concepts and notation from contemporary theoretical syntax, focusing on the Principles and Parameters framework developed by Noam Chomsky and others. Conference.

Linguistics 324 - Advanced Topics in Syntax

Full course for one semester. This course gives students the opportunity to build on concepts and methodologies learned in introductory syntax by exploring current research problems in formal syntax. Readings for the course include influential papers from the history of generative grammar, as well as more recent contributions to the field. This course also builds on the topics discussed in Linguistics 328 by considering data from a wide variety of languages, and addressing the issue of how formal syntactic theories handle cross-linguistic variation. Topics covered may include word order variation, constraints on phrase structure and movement, functional categories, and the theory of anaphora. May be repeated for credit with consent of the instructor. Prerequisite: Linguistics 323 or equivalent, or consent of the instructor. Linguistics 328 is recommended. Conference.

Linguistics 328 - Morphosyntactic Typology

Full course for one semester. The course provides an introduction to cross-linguistic variation and grammatical description. We develop the notion of linguistic typology and explore proposed universals of language, based on the comparative study of the morphology and syntax of the languages of the world. We consider such topics as parts of speech, word order, case marking, grammatical relations, passive and its friends, causatives, relative clauses, and configurationality—all with reference to both the familiar languages of Europe and less familiar languages of the Americas, Africa, Asia, Australia, and Oceania. Prerequisite: Linguistics 211 or equivalent, or Linguistics 323, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Linguistics 329 - Morphology

Full course for one semester. This course is an introduction to the study of the internal structure of words, providing an overview of contemporary morphological theory and analysis. Topics include a survey of word formation processes (such as affixation, reduplication, and stem changes); the interface between word structure and other domains of organization in the grammar, such as sound structure (phonology) and sentence structure (syntax); and the reality of morphological categories such as “morpheme.” Prerequisite: Linguistics 211 or equivalent, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Linguistics 330 - Contact Languages

Full course for one semester. An investigation into the linguistic varieties and linguistic practices that emerge from contact situations. Taking into account both diachronic and synchronic perspectives, we focus on the linguistic effects of language contact, including code-switching, admixture, lexical borrowing, and language shift. We emphasize the most striking cases of language contact—pidgins and creoles—identifying the formal structures of these varieties, describing the social contexts that surround their emergence, and discussing the relevance of creole formation to models of universal grammar. Students gain experience working with audio and other primary source data to present case studies of the structural and sociolinguistic properties of contact varieties. Prerequisites: Linguistics 211 and 212, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Linguistics 332 - Dialects of English

Full course for one semester. This course is an introduction to dialectology—the study of regional variation in language—with an emphasis on the history and description of the varieties of English currently spoken in the United States. Students will acquire a practical knowledge of major linguistics differences among dialects of English, and will gain hands-on experience in collecting linguistic data from varieties of nonstandard English. Forms of English to be discussed include varieties of American English and other global English dialects. Other topics include language attitudes, the rise of “standard” English and its implications, phonological chain shifts and diffusion, and language variation and change. Students will actively collect data on dialects from family, friends, and the media, to be accompanied by audiovisual material in class, including video clips and songs. Students will read scholarly articles and complete short assignments throughout the semester, and conduct a data-driven research project to be submitted at the end of the semester. Prerequisite: Linguistics 211 and 212. Conference.

Linguistics 334 - Historical Linguistics

Full course for one semester. This course provides an introduction to the study of language change, linguistic relatedness, the spread of new forms in language, and linguistic prehistory. Students will engage in two methods of reconstructing words in unattested languages: the comparative method and internal reconstruction. The comparative method is traditionally used as the basis for classifying linguistic relatedness, but has been challenged because of assumptions that it makes about how innovations in language occur. Students will be presented with critiques of certain approaches to reconstructing languages at large time depths and will learn about alternative cross-disciplinary methods of understanding language diversification at deep time depths. In addition, students will learn about cultural reconstruction on the basis of linguistic reconstruction and geography. Prerequisite: Linguistics 320 or 321, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Linguistics 335 - Language, Sex, Gender, and Sexuality

Full course for one semester. This course is an introduction to the large body of literature on language and gender within sociolinguistics and the study of language in context more generally. Students will investigate how language in use mediates, and is mediated by, social constructions of gender and sexuality. An emphasis on the history of research in language and gender, which contains distinct phases and movements in the field, will culminate in a current description of the state of language and gender research today. Particular attention will be paid to the evolution of feminist theory, the political economy, ideology, hegemony, performativity, resistance, and the “borders” of gender identities. Students will read scholarly articles and write critical reflection papers, and complete a final paper on a topic of their choosing related to language and gender. Prerequisite: Linguistics 212 or equivalent, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Linguistics 336 - Linguistic Field Methods

Full course for one semester. Through the empirical study of a non-European language, using native-speaking informants, the course explores the aims and techniques of linguistic fieldwork. Students will be expected to produce fragments of linguistic description based on individual and group elicitation. Prerequisites: Linguistics 211 or equivalent and one 300-level linguistics course. Recommended: Linguistics 328, or at least one other course focusing on formal analysis (such as Linguistics 321, 323, or 329). Conference with laboratory sessions.

Not offered 2019–20.

Linguistics 337 - Methods of Design and Analysis

Full course for one semester. The tasks of designing, carrying out, and interpreting linguistic research vary across subfields, traditions, and time; in particular, quantitative methods have become increasingly crucial in both formal and social areas of linguistic study. Using a different unifying topic each semester, this course will guide students through the process of quantitative linguistic research from the choice of topic and research design through statistical analysis and presentation. Students will write their own research papers on topics of their choosing using the skills covered here, including devising a feasible research question; designing a study to operationalize that question; gathering, annotating, and analyzing data; visualizing results in various formats; interpreting and evaluating those results; writing a journal article–style paper to present the findings; and preparing a conference-style poster and/or talk presentation to share the conclusions. Students should emerge with a newfound ability to critically engage with journal articles in linguistics and related fields. Throughout the semester, students will make use of software such as Audacity, Praat, Excel, and R, and learn how and when to use statistical tests such as correlations, regressions, t-tests, and ANOVAs. Prerequisite: Linguistics 211 and 212, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Linguistics 338 - African American English

Full course for one semester. The variety currently known as African American English (AAE) is perhaps the most studied by sociolinguists yet remains the least understood by U.S. residents. This course covers the history, linguistic structure, and sociocultural patterns of use of the English of African Americans in the United States. We will place the systematic descriptions of AAE by sociolinguists in the context of critical race theory, and use the concept of strategic essentialism to understand the context for and history of AAE scholarship. We will take a variationist approach to African American English features, focusing on the phonology and morphosyntax that is considered unique to AAE, and discussing lexical and discursive features as well. We will cover the major debates that continue to rage in AAE scholarship: the origins debate, including the Anglicist and creolist positions, and the related divergence/convergence debate over AAE’s relationship to standard American English. Additional topics include AAE and hip-hop, appropriation and crossing, and AAE in education and the public sphere. Prerequisite: Linguistics 212, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Linguistics 341 - Semantics

Full course for one semester. The course will introduce the systematic study of meaning in language, ranging from problems in the semantic structure of lexical systems, and syntactic and morphological contributions to sentence meaning, to competing theories of truth-conditional semantics, situational semantics, and putative universal semantic primitives for integrated linguistic description. Prerequisite: Linguistics 323 or equivalent, or consent of the instructor. Students may take Linguistics 341 concurrently with Linguistics 323 if they have already completed Linguistics 211. Conference-seminar.

Linguistics 350 - Languages of South Asia

Full course for one semester. The Indian subcontinent is home to five typologically divergent language families (Indo-European, Dravidian, Tibeto-Burman, Austroasiatic, Tai-Kadai) in addition to at least two language isolates, creating an ideal setting for the areal spreading of diverse linguistic features across genetic affiliations, affecting all areas of the grammar, from phonetics (e.g., retroflexion) and intonation (e.g., macrorhythmicity) to morphology (e.g., fixed segment reduplication) and syntax (e.g., head finality). In class, we will take a broad typological view of the languages of South Asia while also making more detailed observations of specific languages representing the diversity of the region. Outside of class, each student will focus on a South Asian language of their choice—collecting data from native speakers or from available language grammars—to examine the phonetic, phonological, lexical, morphological, syntactic, semantic, and other features, from a synchronic formal perspective as well as from historical and sociolinguistic perspectives. Prerequisite: Linguistics 211 or equivalent, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Linguistics 352 - Intonation

Full course for one semester. This course will explore linguistic prosody from a range of theoretical, structural, and functional perspectives. We will begin by first contextualizing prosodic research historically, philosophically, and academically—focusing on the long-term relative neglect of prosody in twentieth-century linguistic theory—and, second, constructing a (more or less) theory-neutral metalanguage appropriate to the cross-linguistic description and analysis of prosody. We will turn our attention to the major prosodic features and structures (e.g., length, stress/accent, tone, intonation) in terms of their phonetic manifestation, their phonological organization, and their pragmatic function. We will compare, contrast, and critically evaluate the most important contemporary theoretical perspectives on prosody and, finally, investigate the potential utility of a distinctly semiotic anthropological approach to its study. Prerequisite: Linguistics 211 or equivalent and one other linguistics course. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Linguistics 411 - Performance and Performativity

See Anthropology 411 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

Anthropology 411 Description

Linguistics 412 - Sociolinguistic Variation

Full course for one semester. The contemporary field of sociolinguistics is most often associated with the program on language variation and change (or variationism), which focuses on the orderly heterogeneity of the linguistic system and how that variation is indicative of language change. This approach to language in use utilizes quantitative methods to track the patterns of linguistic variables according to both linguistic and social constraints. This course explores the theories that motivate variations as a means to a deeper understanding of the linguistic system. In particular, we will use the “three waves” model of variations to follow the evolution of variations theory over the last 50 years. In tandem, students will work as variationists, collecting data and analyzing it within the quantitative paradigm. Prerequisites: Linguistics 212 and 337. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Linguistics 470 - Thesis

Full course for one year.

Linguistics 481 - Independent Reading

One-half or full course for one semester. Open only to upper-class students with special permission.

Literature 309 - Introduction to Film Theory

Full course for one semester. The goal of this course is to introduce students to the main ideas and debates on film theory and criticism, from the early days of silent film to the most recent approaches to digital cinema. The discussion will focus on the most significant movements and film schools in Europe, the United States, Latin America, and other parts of the world: realism, formalism, apparatus theory, psychoanalysis, feminism, auteurism, genre criticism, theories of spectatorship and reception, postmodernism, and third world and postcolonial cinema, among others. In addition to theoretical approaches, students will become familiar with cinematic language, including mise-en-scène, cinematography, editing, and sound. The course will explore the work of directors such as D.W. Griffith, Sergei M. Eisenstein, F.W. Murnau, Fritz Lang, Alfred Hitchcock, Luis Buñuel, Vittorio De Sica, Jean-Luc Godard, Octavio Getino and Fernando Solanas, Akira Kurosawa, Ingmar Bergman, Ousmane Sembene, Pedro Almodóvar, Agnès Varda, Wong Kar-wai, and Asghar Farhadi. Course includes weekly film screenings. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor.  Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Literature 400 - Introduction to Literary Theory

Full course for one semester. This course is a historical and analytical introduction to the major theoretical movements of the last 50 years in Western Europe and America. We will trace the philosophical origins and conceptual affiliations of the major developments in these movements. We will unpack the central concepts or master tropes of these theories to think about their function in literary criticism and learn how to use them purposefully. The course will cover structuralism and semiotics, poststructuralism and deconstruction, psychoanalytic theory, poststructuralist Marxist theory, Foucauldian theory and new historicism, postcolonial studies, and gender and feminist studies. The course will be taught as a seminar, with each student responsible for organizing the discussion of a reading or topic. It is designed for literature majors, but non–literature majors with adequate preparation may be admitted at the discretion of the instructors. Prerequisite: junior standing or at least two literature courses. Conference. Cross-listed as English 400.

Literature 500 - Introduction to Literary Theory

One-half course for one semester. This course is a historical and analytical introduction to the major theoretical movements of the past century primarily in Russia, Europe, and the United States The course will cover structuralism and semiotics, poststructuralism and deconstruction, psychoanalytic theory, Marxist theory, Foucauldian theory and new historicism, postcolonial studies, and gender and feminist studies. We will trace the philosophical origins and conceptual affiliations of the major developments in these movements. We will unpack the central concepts or master tropes of these theories to think about their function in literary criticism. Throughout the semester, Gertrude Stein’s Three Lives will serve as the testing ground for our readings in theory. Conference. Offered fall 2019.

Literature (Chinese) 325 - Songs to Lost Music: Readings in Ci-Poetry

See Chinese 325 for course description.

Chinese 325 Description

Literature (Chinese) 329 - Stranger Things in Medieval China

See Chinese 329 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

Chinese 329 Description

Literature (Chinese) 334 - The Yijing: Text and Tradition of the Book of Changes

See Chinese 334 for description.

Chinese 334 Description

Literature (Chinese) 335 - Chineseness, Translated Modernity, and World Literature

See Chinese 335 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

Chinese 335 Description

Literature (Chinese) 346 - From Allegories to Documentaries: Screening Postsocialist China

See Chinese 346 for description.

Chinese 346 Description

Literature (Chinese) 348 - Reading for Translation

See Chinese 348 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

Chinese 348 Description

Literature (Chinese) 360 - The Social Life of Poetry in the Tang Dynasty (618–907)

See Chinese 360 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

Chinese 360 Description

Literature (Chinese) 367 - Love in Late Imperial China

See Chinese 367 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

Chinese 367 Description

Literature (Chinese) 369 - Modernizing Sentiments, Sentimentalizing Modernity

See Chinese 369 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

Chinese 369 Description

Literature (Chinese) 374 - Reading Early Chinese Novels: The Four Masterworks

See Chinese 374 for description.

Chinese 374 Description

Literature (Chinese) 375 - Chinese Strange Writing: From Ghost Stories to Scientific Fantasies

See Chinese 375 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

Chinese 375 Description

Literature (Chinese) 380 - The Story of the Stone and the Chinese Literary Tradition

See Chinese 380 for description.

Chinese 380 Description

Literature (German) 346 - Introduction to Media Studies

See German 346 for description.

German 346 Description

Literature (German) 348 - Literature and Photography

See German 348 for description. 

Not offered 2019–20.

German 348 Description

Literature (German) 349 - Cinema and Politics

See German 349 for course description. 

German 349 Description

Literature (German) 355 - Twentieth-Century Jewish Literature

See German 355 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

German 355 Description

Literature (German) 358 - The Holocaust and the Limits of Representation

See German 358 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

German 358 Description

Literature (German) 391 - German Theory I

Introduction to Critical Theory
See German 391 for description.

The Languages of War
See German 391 for description. Not offered 2019–20.

Psy Fi: Psychoanalysis and Literature
See German 391 for description.

German 391 Description

Literature (German) 392 - German Theory II

Revolutions in Poetic Language
See German 392 for description. Not offered 2019–20.

German 392 Description

Literature (Classics) 362 - Classical Mythology

See Classics 362 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

Classics 362 Description

Literature (Russian) 266 - Russian Short Fiction

See Russian 266 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

Russian 266 Description

Literature (Russian) 325 - Multicultural Russia

See Russian 325 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

Russian 325 Description

Literature (Russian) 362 - Red Sci-Fi: Science Fiction in Soviet Literature and Film

See Russian 362 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

Russian 362 Description

Literature (Russian) 366 - Literature of Destruction

See Russian 366 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

Russian 366 Description

Literature (Russian) 371 - Russian Literature and Culture from Medieval to Romantic

See Russian 371 for description.

Russian 371 Description

Literature (Russian) 372 - Russian Literature: Realism

See Russian 372 for description.

Russian 372 Description

Literature (Russian) 373 - Modern Russian Literature from Chekhov to the Present

See Russian 373 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

Russian 373 Description

Literature (Russian) 383 - Special Topics in Russian Literature: Russian Romanticism in the Western European Context

See Russian 383 for description. May be repeated for credit.

Not offered 2019–20.

Russian 383 Description

Literature (Russian) 390 - Russian Culture under Putin: Submission and Resistance

See Russian 390 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

Russian 390 Description

Literature (Russian) 391 - Postcommunist Cultures: Identity, Power, Resistance

See Russian 391 for course description.

Russian 391 Description

Literature (Russian) 392 - Nuclear Literatures: A Comparative Approach

See Russian 392 for course description.

Russian 392 Description

Literature (Russian) 404 - Tolstoy’s Great Novels

See Russian 404 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

Russian 404 Description

Literature (Russian) 408 - Decadence and Symbolism in Russia and Europe

See Russian 408 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

Russian 408 Description

Literature (Russian) 409 - Late Tolstoy: From Anna Karenina to a Religious Teaching

See Russian 409 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

Russian 409 Description

Literature (Russian) 410 - Russian Literature in Revolution: 1917–1932

See Russian 410 for course description.

Russian 410 Description

Literature (Russian) 413 - Russian Formalism, Structuralism, and Semiotics

See Russian 413 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

Russian 413 Description

Literature (Russian) 436 - Sergei Eisenstein’s Film Art: Decadence, Revolution, and the Mechanics of Ecstasy

See Russian 436 for description.

Russian 436 Description

Literature (Russian) 445 - The Films of S. Kubrick and A. Tarkovsky

See Russian 445 for description. 

Not offered 2019–20.

Russian 445 Description

Literature (Spanish) 343 - Don Quixote and Narrative Theory

See Spanish 343 for description.

Spanish 343 Description

Literature (Spanish) 344 - Visual Art in Spanish Baroque Literature

See Spanish 344 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

Spanish 344 Description

Literature (Spanish) 361 - Decentering the Human

See Spanish 361 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

Spanish 361 Description

Literature (Spanish) 371 - Sensing Justice: Cinema and Politics of the Senses

See Spanish 371 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

Spanish 371 Description

Literature (Spanish) 378 - Space and Power

See Spanish 378 for description.

Not offered 2019–20.

Spanish 378 Description

Literature (Spanish) 383 - From Los olvidados to Roma: Contemporary Mexican Cinema

See Spanish 383 for description.

Spanish 383 Description

Course Offerings - The following courses are scheduled for the 2019–20 academic year:

MALS 670 - Thesis

Full course for one semester or one year.

Recent Courses - The following graduate courses have been offered in the past five years:

Anthropology 520 Race, Labor, and the Immigrant Experience
Art 508 Renaissance Space
Art 544 Video, Media, Politics (1968–present)
Art 551 Theories of Visuality
Biology 530 Science and Society: Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
Classics 531 Socrates and Plato
Dance 551 Dance and Identity on the Global Stage
English 530 Race and Region: Representing the American South
English 540 August Wilson’s Twentieth-Century Cycle
History 510 Family History in the Twentieth Century U.S.
History 516 The Power of American Things: United States and Its Stuff in the Twentieth-Century World
History 544 The Psychoanalytic Tradition
Liberal Studies 505 Transformation and Identity in the Roman Empire
Liberal Studies 509 Religious Reformations and Social Transformations in Early Modern Europe
Liberal Studies 513 Critical American Indian Studies
Liberal Studies 520 Turn-of-the-Century Vienna and Prague
Liberal Studies 524 American Dead and Undead
Liberal Studies 525 Hindu Religious Traditions
Liberal Studies 534 The Politics of Genre
Liberal Studies 538 The Immigrant as Protagonist
Liberal Studies 539 Russian Culture under Putin: Submission and Resistance
Liberal Studies 552 Classical Traditions and Receptions
Liberal Studies 554 Media, Persons, and Publics in a Globalized World
Liberal Studies 558 Islam in the Modern World
Liberal Studies 564 The Modern Middle East: History, Culture, Politics
Liberal Studies 575 The Art of Speech
Liberal Studies 578 Politics, Culture, and the Great Depression
Literature 524 Red Sci-Fi: Science Fiction in Soviet Literature and Film
Literature 527 Drugs, Gangs, and Aliens
Literature 528 Late Tolstoy: From Anna Karenina to a Religious Teaching
Literature 537 James Joyce
Literature 550 The Unknown Holocaust Cinema
Literature 554 The Novels of Vladimir Nabokov: A Study
Literature 571 Critical Race Theory
Mathematics 547 The Geometry of Light
Music 560 Music and the Black Freedom Struggle
Political Science 553 American Climate Change Politics
Theatre 540 Race in American Theatre 

Mathematics 111 - Calculus

Full course for one semester. This includes a treatment of limits, continuity, derivatives, mean value theorem, integration—including the fundamental theorem of calculus, and definitions of the trigonometric, logarithmic, and exponential functions. Prerequisite: three years of high school mathematics. Lecture-conference.

Mathematics 112 - Introduction to Analysis

Full course for one semester. Field axioms, the real and complex fields, sequences and series. Complex functions, continuity and differentiation; power series and the complex exponential. Prerequisite: Mathematics 111 or equivalent. Lecture-conference.

Mathematics 113 - Discrete Structures

Full course for one semester. Sets, cardinality, number theory, combinatorics, probability. Proof techniques and problem solving. Additional topics may include graph theory, finite fields, and computer experimentation. Prerequisite: three years of high school mathematics. Lecture-conference.

Mathematics 141 - Introduction to Probability and Statistics

Full course for one semester. The basic ideas of probability including properties of expectation, the law of large numbers, and the central limit theorem are discussed. These ideas are applied to the problems of statistical inference, including estimation and hypothesis testing. The linear regression model is introduced, and the problems of statistical inference and model validation are studied in this context. A portion of the course is devoted to statistical computing and graphics. Prerequisite: three years of high school mathematics. Lecture-conference and laboratory.

Mathematics 201 - Linear Algebra

Full course for one semester. A brief introduction to field structures, followed by presentation of the algebraic theory of finite dimensional vector spaces. Topics include linear transformations, determinants, eigenvalues, eigenvectors, diagonalization. Geometry of inner product spaces is examined in the setting of real and complex fields. Prerequisite: Mathematics 112. Lecture-conference.

Mathematics 202 - Vector Calculus

Full course for one semester. The derivative as a linear function, partial derivatives, optimization, multiple integrals, change of variables, Stokes’s theorem. Prerequisites: Mathematics 112 and 201, or permission of the instructor. Lecture-conference.

Mathematics 241 - Data Science

Full course for one semester. Applied statistics class with an emphasis on data analysis. The course will be problem driven with a focus on collecting and manipulating data, using exploratory data analysis and visualization tools, identifying statistical methods appropriate for the question at hand, and communicating the results in both written and presentation form. Prerequisite: Mathematics 141 or equivalent. Lecture-conference. 

Mathematics 243 - Statistical Learning

Full course for one semester. An overview of modern approaches to analyzing large and complex data sets that arise in a variety of fields from biology to marketing to astrophysics. The most important modeling and predictive techniques will be covered, including regression, classification, clustering, resampling, and tree-based methods. There will be several projects throughout the course, which will require significant programming in R. Prerequisite: Mathematics 141, or experience with linear regressions and programming. Lecture-conference.

Mathematics 311 - Complex Analysis

Full course for one semester. A study of complex valued functions: Cauchy’s theorem and residue theorem, Laurent series, and analytic continuation. Prerequisite: Mathematics 202. Lecture-conference.

Mathematics 321 - Real Analysis

Full course for one semester. A careful study of continuity and convergence in metric spaces. Sequences and series of functions, uniform convergence, normed linear spaces. Prerequisite: Mathematics 202. Lecture-conference.

Mathematics 322 - Ordinary Differential Equations

Full course for one semester. An introduction to the theory of ordinary differential equations. Existence and uniqueness theorems, global behavior of solutions, qualitative theory, numerical methods. Prerequisite: Mathematics 202. Lecture-conference. Offered in alternate years.

Mathematics 332 - Abstract Algebra

Full course for one semester. An elementary treatment of the algebraic structure of groups, rings, fields, and/or algebras. Prerequisite: Mathematics 331, or Mathematics 201 and one of Mathematics 113, 131, or 138. Lecture-conference.

Mathematics 341 - Topics in Geometry

Full course for one semester. Topics in geometry selected by the instructor. Possible topics include the theory of plane ornaments, coordinatization of affine and projective planes, curves and surfaces, differential geometry, algebraic geometry, and non-Euclidean geometry. Prerequisite: Mathematics 202. Lecture-conference. Offered in alternate years.

Mathematics 342 - Topology

Full course for one semester. An introduction to basic topology, followed by selected topics such as topological manifolds, embedding theorems, and the fundamental group and covering spaces. Prerequisite: Mathematics 202 and 332, the latter of which may be taken concurrently. Lecture-conference.

Mathematics 343 - Statistics Practicum

Full course for one semester. In this course, students will participate in a team-based, semester-long research project. Class time will be divided between supervised research time and a seminar focused on providing students with skills to facilitate their research. Seminar topics will include reproducible workflows, effective strategies for collaborative work, technical writing, statistical consulting, and scientific presentations. The course covers several components of the research process, such as literature reviews, technical writing, and scientific presentations. Emphasis is placed on developing a reproducible workflow. Prerequisite: Mathematics 243, or Mathematics 241 with permission of the instructor. Conference-laboratory. May be repeated for credit.

Mathematics 361 - Number Theory

Full course for one semester. A study of integers, including topics such as divisibility, theory of prime numbers, congruences, and solutions of equations in the integers. Prerequisite: Mathematics 201. Concurrent Mathematics 332 is recommended. Lecture-conference. Offered in alternate years.

Not offered 2019–20.

Mathematics 372 - Combinatorics

Full course for one semester. Emphasis is on enumerative combinatorics including such topics as the principle of inclusion-exclusion, formal power series and generating functions, and permutation groups and Pólya theory. Selected other topics such as Ramsey theory, inversion formulae, the theory of graphs, and the theory of designs will be treated as time permits. Prerequisite: Mathematics 113 and 201. Lecture-conference. Offered in alternate years.

Mathematics 382 - Algorithms and Data Structures

See Computer Science 382 for description.

Computer Science 382 Description

Mathematics 387 - Computability and Complexity

See Computer Science 387 for description.

Computer Science 387 Description

Mathematics 388 - Cryptography

See Computer Science 388 for description.

Computer Science 388 Description

Mathematics 391 - Probability

Full course for one semester. A development of probability theory in terms of random variables defined on discrete sample spaces. Special topics may include Markov chains, stochastic processes, and measure-theoretic development of probability theory. Prerequisites: Mathematics 113 and 202. Lecture-conference.

Mathematics 392 - Mathematical Statistics

Full course for one semester. Theories of statistical inference, including maximum likelihood estimation and Bayesian inference. Topics may be drawn from the following: large sample properties of estimates, linear models, multivariate analysis, empirical Bayes estimation, and statistical computing. Prerequisite: Mathematics 391 or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference.

Mathematics 393 - Stochastic Processes

Full course for one semester. A brief introduction to calculus-based probability theory, as well as a study of the main discrete- and continuous-time stochastic processes. Topics include Markov chains, martingales, Poisson processes, renewal processes, continuous-time Markov chains, and Brownian motion. A portion of the course is devoted to modeling stochastic processes using computer software. Prerequisites: Mathematics 202 and one of Mathematics 113, 141, or 391. Lecture-conference.

Mathematics 411 - Topics in Advanced Analysis

Full course for one semester. Topics selected by the instructor. Prerequisite: Mathematics 321 or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference. May be repeated for credit.

Mathematics 412 - Topics in Algebra

Full course for one semester. Topics selected by the instructor, for example, commutative algebra, Galois theory, algebraic geometry, and group representation theory. Prerequisite: Mathematics 332 or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference. May be repeated for credit.

Mathematics 441 - Topics in Computer Science Theory

See Computer Science 441 for description.

Computer Science 441 Description

Mathematics 470 - Thesis

Full course for one year.

Mathematics 481 - Independent Study

One-half course for one semester. Independent reading primarily for juniors and seniors. Prerequisite: approval of the instructor and the division.

Music 101 - Private Instruction

Variable credit: either one-half course or zero credit for one semester of individual instrumental or vocal instruction. Students taking this course for one-half credit are encouraged to participate in at least one student recital. Credit/no credit only. May be repeated for credit. See “Academic Credit for Music Performance” above for pre- or corequisite for credit. 

Music 104 - Reed Orchestra

Variable credit: either one-half course or zero credit for one semester. Availability of credit is dependent on instruments needed for repertoire to be performed in any given semester. Because there are two rehearsals per week, the pre- or corequisite of enrollment in other music courses to earn credit is waived, although the restrictions on the amount of credit that can be earned still apply. The orchestra rehearses and performs works from the eighteenth to the twenty-first century. It presents one or two concerts each semester. Prerequisite: audition required. Credit/no credit only. May be repeated for credit. 

Music 105 - Reed Chorus

Variable credit: either one-half course or zero credit for one semester. The chorus, open to all members of the Reed community, rehearses and performs works from all periods of music, often with the orchestra. (No audition required). Credit/no credit only. May be repeated for credit. See “Academic Credit for Music Performance” above for pre- or corequisite for credit.

Music 107 - Collegium Musicum

Variable credit: either one-half course or zero credit for one semester. The Collegium rehearses and performs vocal music from many historic periods suitable for a small group. The pre- or corequisite of enrollment in other music courses to earn credit is waived, although the restrictions on the amount of credit that can be earned still apply. Prerequisite: audition required. Credit/no credit only. May be repeated for credit. 

Music 108 - Jazz Ensemble

Variable credit: either one half-course or zero credit for one semester. Jazz ensembles selected by the instructor rehearse regularly and give several performances each semester. Rehearsals include improvisational techniques, soloing, and accompanying. Prerequisite: audition required. Credit/no credit only. May be repeated for credit. See “Academic Credit for Music Performance” above for pre- or corequisite for credit.

Music 109 - Chamber Music

Variable credit: either one-half course or zero credit for one semester. Available by audition when there are enough advanced students to form an ensemble of one player per part. This course consists of weekly coaching sessions and several performances during the semester. Prerequisite: audition. Credit/no credit only. May be repeated for credit. See “Academic Credit for Music Performance” above for pre- or corequisite for credit.

Music 111 - Theory I

Full course for one semester. This course examines notation of pitch and rhythm; scales and key signatures; intervals, triads, and diatonic seventh chords; and writing in four parts. It begins with the basic elements of music, but moves swiftly through the contents of a first-semester college-level music theory course. Labs include sight singing, dictation, and keyboard. Lecture and laboratory.

Music 142 - Latin American Popular Music

Full course for one semester. This course examines Latin American popular musics within their social, political, and cultural contexts. Musical genres to be studied include tango, samba, son, nueva canción, tropicália, rock nacional, and funk carioca, among others; themes to be discussed include music and the nation, music and dictatorship, and the crisis of cultural inclusion and exclusion in contemporary Latin America. Understanding how these musics are framed by broader assumptions regarding race, class, gender, and ethnicity will be a key concern of the course. Our focused listening will be complemented with analytical, critical, and contextual readings, including relevant selections from Latin American literature in translation and occasional film screenings. Lecture-conference.

Music 150 - The Cultural Study of Music

Full course for one semester. Music carries a tremendous range of meanings and functions, serving as both a symbol and generator of other forces in social life and history. Taking a comparative approach to a variety of world musical cultures (including selected examples of folkloric, popular, and art musics from Africa, the Middle East, India, Asia, the Americas, and Europe), this course will examine how music communicates and is made meaningful within specific historical and cultural contexts. We will focus on developing the critical vocabulary and listening skills needed to account for music as a cross-cultural phenomenon. Lecture-conference. Cross-listed as Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 150.

Music 211 - Theory II: Intermediate Harmony and Species Counterpoint

Full course for one semester. This course continues the laboratory skills acquired in Music 111. Students are introduced to principles of melodic construction, modal counterpoint, and more advanced tonal harmony, applying them to appropriate musical examples. Prerequisite: Music 111 or equivalent skill, determined by a placement examination given at the beginning of the academic year. Lecture-conference-laboratory.

Music 221 - Music History I: Unexpected Encounters in Early Modern Europe

Full course for one semester. French composer Christoph Willibald Gluck’s 1765 opera La rencontre imprévue (The Unexpected Encounter), a story of star-crossed lovers set in the Middle East, offers evidence of Europe’s ambivalent yet continuous engagement with the Islamic world throughout the early modern period. Introducing students to a range of sacred and secular genres, this course will study the history of music in early modern Europe through focus on European entanglements, cultural exchanges, and integration with the Islamic world, particularly the Ottoman Empire. Memory of the Crusades, repercussions from the “Fall of Constantinople,” and imperial confrontation and diplomacy reverberated in music produced in Europe from the fifteenth through the eighteenth centuries. How did encounters with the Ottoman Empire during this period, as represented through music composition, shape ideas about European culture, mapping of the world, and racial and ethnic difference? How were understandings of the language of “classical music” constituted and reaffirmed through imagination about the Ottomans and Islam? Conference.

Music 222 - Music History II: Enlightenment, Romanticism, Modernism

Full course for one semester. This course will study selected examples of art music cultivated in Western Europe and the United States since the mid-eighteenth century, with particular focus on the philosophical and aesthetic features of Enlightenment thought, romanticism, and modernism. We will study major genres spanning the transition from late baroque to classical style and the distinctive iterations of the modern in music produced in the United States during the twentieth century. Students will develop the listening, analytical, and critical skills necessary to formulate and engage music-historical questions relating to aesthetics, social context, and intellectual history. Conference.

Music 224 - Rhythm: Concepts and Practices

Full course for one semester. In this course we will study the way composers and performers shape musical time in different styles and genres, in tandem with the study of various conceptual frameworks for understanding these practices. We will consider examples from such genres as rap, hip-hop, soul, alternative rock, jazz, European concert music, American experimental music, electronic music, and minimalism. We will discuss the approaches to rhythm by jazz performers such as Louis Armstrong, Billie Holiday, Ella Fitzgerald, Charlie Parker, Charles Mingus, and Max Roach and conductors like Wilhelm Furtwängler and Arturo Toscanini. We will develop ways of understanding the rhythmic practices of composers such as Stravinsky, Bartók, Ives, Cowell, Crawford, Nancarrow, Messiaen, Cage, Carter, Lucier, Reich, Laurie Anderson, and Meredith Monk. Readings will include discussions of rhythm by Cowell, Cage, Messiaen, Stockhausen, and Reich. Assignments will include short essays and exercises in composition, performance, and improvisation. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Music 225 - Electroacoustic Music

Full course for one semester. Electronic music technology has changed the course of composition and performance since the late nineteenth century, reaching beyond stylistic and geographic boundaries. This course encompasses the study and application of electronic music composition from its origins through contemporary practice. Students will learn about acoustics, psychoacoustics, composition, various tools and techniques of recording and audio production using Logic, Max/MSP and other software to meet the course’s primary goal: creating original electroacoustic works. Students will examine the development of the medium and explore future directions through weekly labs; quizzes; reading, listening, and writing assignments; and a student-produced public performance at the end of the semester. Conference-studio.

Music 230 - Tango: Music, Culture, History

Full course for one semester. Tango is a rich and diverse cultural practice. Focusing on music and its connections to other expressive forms, especially dance and verbal art, this course will examine tango in its cultural and historical contexts. We will develop a detailed knowledge of the history and stylistic development of tango as a global genre, and explore how musical debates within tango have both reflected and contributed to the broader transformations of twentieth-century society, culture, and politics in Argentina and beyond. Lecture-conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Music 238 - Music and the Cold War United States

Full course for one semester. Post–World War II negotiations of anticommunism, national identity, and global membership reverberated throughout U.S. musical life in the 1950s. These sociopolitical developments impacted the careers of musicians as disparate as Aaron Copland, Hank Williams, and Dizzy Gillespie; shaped the reception of repertories ranging from experimental music to the Broadway musical to rock and roll; and transformed the meanings of ethnic assimilation, the civil rights movement, and ideologies of modernism and populism. Through study of selected music examples and relevant historical literature, this course will examine the performance, composition, and consumption of music in the United States during the early Cold War period. Conference. Cross-listed as History 298.

Music 249 - Race, Sexuality, and Empire on the Operatic Stage

Full course for one semester. This course will focus on three operas that premiered during what some European historians have called the “Age of Empire”: Giuseppe Verdi’s Aida (1871), Georges Bizet’s Carmen (1875), and Giacomo Puccini’s Madama Butterfly (1904–07). Set in Egypt, Spain, and Japan, respectively, these works are famous for their scores, which feature some of opera’s best-known music, but also for the complex, romantically doomed, and racially marked women who are the title characters: Aida the enslaved Ethiopian princess, Carmen the “gypsy” femme fatale, and Cio-Cio San the tragic geisha. Students will be introduced to opera as a genre, to late romantic musical aesthetics, to the literary origins of these works, and to relevant scholarship theorizing empire and representations of difference. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Music 252 - History of the Madrigal

Full course for one semester. This course will trace the development of the madrigal from its origins in the fifteenth-century Italian frottola to the Elizabethan madrigal school in England. The madrigal was the most important genre of secular music in the sixteenth century and represents a springboard for the treatment of dramatic text which would help set the stage for the birth of opera in the early seventeenth century. Looking at the span of madrigal composition over roughly 150 years, students will be asked to analyze stylistic changes in both musical and poetic composition. Class meetings will be a combination of lecture, conference, and rehearsal of this repertory. Students will be expected to read music, and the course is open to singers and instrumentalists. Lecture-conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Music 255 - Beethoven and Schubert

Full course for one semester. This course is an introduction to the music of Ludwig van Beethoven (1770–1827) and Franz Schubert (1797–1828), who shared overlapping heydays in Vienna during the age of romanticism. Read against each other, the careers of Beethoven, commonly identified with the monumentality of the symphony, string quartet, and sonata, and Schubert, who earned fame as a master of such “small forms” as the art song and the piano miniature, illuminate the politics of genre and the interpenetration of public and private spheres in early nineteenth-century Europe. Students will critically assess constructions of “genius” in Viennese musical culture and the gendered aesthetics of the “heroic” Beethoven and of Schubert, famously characterized by one critic as “the feminine Beethoven.” We will also consider Schubert’s “Beethoven Project,” his conscious effort at self-rebranding as a composer of large-scale works in “Beethovenian” genres toward the end of his short life. Prerequisite: sophomore standing. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Music 271 - Studying Popular Music

Full course for one semester. This course is an introduction to some of the key aesthetic, theoretical, and methodological concerns in the burgeoning field of popular music studies, which has explored the performance, (re)production, and consumption of popular music. Seeking to develop listening skills and drawing on both field-defining work and new scholarship, the course will explore topics including the analysis of recorded music, the politics of style and genre, the role of technological and social mediation, the production of intersectional identities, and fan reception. Though the focus will be music originating in the United States, students will also consider the circulation of popular music in international contexts. Prerequisite: sophomore standing. Lecture-conference.

Music 277 - Music and Politics

Full course for one semester. This course will examine the relationship between music and politics in a variety of historical and cultural contexts, exploring how and why music has been such a powerful carrier of ideology. Grounded in core readings on the politics of music and the arts, we will address themes of musical nationalism, censorship, cultural policy making, the cultural industries, musical activism and social movements, and the broader expediency of musical culture in the global era. Conference.

Music 280 - American Folk Music of the Twentieth Century

Full course for one semester. This course will examine the origins, development, and function of traditional folk music in North America during the twentieth century. Modern American folk music traces its roots through a wide array of cultures and traditions. Beginning with the inherited folk repertoire of an immigrant nation, students will be asked to examine how America’s national identity can be traced through its folk music during a time of great cultural transformation. By using examples of crossover into pop, rock, country, blues, and classical genres, we will explore the boundaries between the major categories of folk, pop, and art music. Finally, we will examine how the recording industry has created an odd marriage of folk culture and commercialism. Students will be encouraged to sing, compose, and play as they are able in order to bring the class material alive through performance. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Music 291 - Women and Performance in 1960s Popular Music

Full course for one semester. If U.S. popular music in the 1950s exhibited a relatively narrow bandwidth of performances by women, the possibilities—in sound, style, approach, and affect—expanded dramatically in the 1960s. This course studies how women popular musicians in the sixties, along with their audiences, enacted these diversifying musical performances. Particularly influential for this multiplication of performance modes were seminal developments in second-wave feminism, the cresting civil rights movement, sixties counterculture, and transformations within the music industry. Students will cultivate skills for close listening to recordings and analysis of musical style, and will read literature by a range of scholars thinking through musicology, media studies, U.S. history, African American studies, feminist theory, and performance studies about such artists as Nina Simone, Janis Joplin, Joni Mitchell, the Supremes, Astrid Gilberto, Barbra Streisand, Loretta Lynn, Miriam Makeba, and others. We will also consider how musical performances by 1960s women were mobilized intersectionally with racial, ethnic, class, political, and geographic identities. Prerequisite: sophomore standing. Lecture-conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Music 305 - Musical Ethnography

Full course for one semester. This course will introduce the theory and practice of musical ethnography, the key mode of ethnomusicological research and representation, to advanced students in ethnomusicology, anthropology, and related disciplines. Combining critical readings on ethnography from music scholarship, anthropology, and a variety of disciplines with hands-on projects (including the production and analysis of field recordings, musical transcriptions, and various forms of qualitative ethnographic data), the course will prepare students to both conduct and critically reflect upon ethnographic research. Conference. Cross-listed as Anthropology 305.

Music 308 - Music as Material Culture

Full course for one semester. Questions of materiality are surprisingly absent in scholarly accounts of music, which tend to emphasize ideologies of ephemerality and performance, on the one hand, and the transcendent monumentality of “the work,” on the other. Nevertheless, modern musical culture is saturated with things: sheet music, sound recordings, audiovisual materials, digital file formats, and the articulating equipment they require, to name only a few objects of everyday musical consumption and engagement. How can we account for what Jane Bennett (2010) calls the “vibrant” materiality of these musical objects? How do the different materialities of music relate to one another across affective networks of style, genre, and media production? How do musical materials become subjects of knowledge regarding the past? How is that knowledge mobilized in the practice of collecting and managing historic material culture? How might ongoing practices of remediation challenge our assumptions regarding the stabilities of material forms? Employing a variety of methodological perspectives and drawing upon a wide array of listening examples, this course will introduce students to debates regarding music as material culture and question the ontological presuppositions of contemporary music scholarship. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Music 312 - Theory III: Advanced Harmony

Full course for one semester. This course will examine the development of harmonic resources in late nineteenth- and twentieth-century musical idioms through compositional and analytical exercises. In particular we will study contemporary jazz and popular harmony; the impressionist harmonies of Debussy and Ravel; and the early modernist idioms of Stravinsky, Bartók, and Schoenberg. Prerequisite: Music 211. Conference with musicianship lab.

Music 314 - Composition

Full course for one semester. This course is an introduction to contemporary composition. Students will compose and perform short works. The course will deal with problems of instrumentation, notation, and performance, as well as the larger aesthetic issues of coherence and gesture, within a broad range of styles and media. Prerequisite: Music 211 or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Music 316 - Songwriting

Full course for one semester. Students will develop skills in song composition in a range of genres and styles, including rock, rap, blues, music theatre, folk, protest, and jazz standard. We will examine relevant models of these styles to inform composition, and hone musicianship skills in hearing melodies, rhythms, and harmonic progressions and in setting different kinds of lyrics. Students will notate songs as lead sheets and then make arrangements for performances at a final concert. Prerequisite: Music 211 or consent of the instructor. Conference-studio.

Not offered 2019–20.

Music 319 - Collaborative Creativity

Full course for one semester. Collaboration is the foundation upon which many celebrated art projects achieve a whole greater than the sum of their parts. Whether poets and composers writing songs, choreographers and visual artists creating intermedia performance, or any devised-performance group developing new work together, this course seeks to engage students from varied disciplines in collaborative creativity. The central focus of the course is to create collaborative performance projects based upon the unique skill sets and interests of the students enrolled that will be presented in a student-produced performance. Students will study and apply the process of collaboration, group improvisation, and interdisciplinary performance spanning diverse genres, time periods, and media through reading, discussion, and creative work, and learn practical skills to bring such a project to fruition in a professional setting. Conference-studio.

Music 324 - The Power of Genre

Full course for one semester. Jazz, country, hip-hop, dance, classical, salsa, rock: the list could go on and on. But what is genre? How does it work? What does it do? This course will examine recent scholarship on genre in critical music studies and related disciplines, exploring how genre shapes musical production, circulation, consumption, and meaning. How do artists use genre in the process of creation? How does genre frame our affective response to music? What role does genre play in the formation and maintenance of affinity networks? How does it shape musical markets, channels of musical circulation, and the structure of musical institutions? How is it shaped by those same forces? Employing a variety of methodological perspectives and drawing upon a wide array of listening examples, this course will introduce students to contemporary debates regarding the power of genre in music and explore how this understanding of genre informs musical practice more broadly. Prerequisites: Sophomore standing. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Music 343 - Theory IV: Form and Analysis

Full course for one semester. This course prepares students to analyze the fugue as exemplified in the music of J.S. Bach and the sonata forms found in the music of Beethoven, as well as later developments in musical structure from romanticism to contemporary compositional practice, using score study and critical listening. Prerequisite: Music 211. Conference.

Music 344 - Junior Seminar: Ideologies of Improvisation

Full course for one semester. This junior seminar will examine improvisation as a musical practice, analytical object, and subject of critical discourse in a variety of historical and cultural contexts, attending to the musical techniques and artistic ideologies of improvisational performance in equal measure. Case studies will engage a diverse selection of historically significant improvisational practices in world musical culture and reflect the scope and range of critical music scholarship on these issues. Students will also conduct and workshop significant research projects on an improvisatory practice of their choice, together developing the methods and skills needed to undertake substantial independent projects. Prerequisite: Music 150, 221, 222, 312, and junior standing. Conference.

Music 357 - Introduction to Conducting

Full course for one semester. The conductor’s role in ensemble leadership is largely misunderstood. A casual observer might claim that setting the tempo is the principal concern of a conductor, but that is only one of the myriad of considerations that go into preparing a performance. This course will provide an introduction to the craft of conducting, including focus on score study rehearsal technique, performance practice, effective gesture, and the role of collective (group) intelligence in large-ensemble music. Students will conduct one another and guest musicians in a laboratory setting to allow for real-time feedback. Assignments will be drawn from a wide variety of genres (choral, instrumental, opera, chamber music) in order to address the specific conducting challenges of each category. Prerequisite: Music 111 and 211. Lecture-conference-studio.

Music 360 - Music and the Black Freedom Struggle, 1865–1965

Full course for one semester. The civil rights movement in the United States, demanding full citizenship for African Americans, is most commonly associated with the momentous sociopolitical developments of the 1950s and 1960s. Increasingly, scholars have situated this “classical” period of the movement within a broader historical arc encompassing an ongoing “black freedom struggle” that dates to Reconstruction. Over the course of this century of struggle and resistance, music has continuously been a terrain on which U.S. citizens conceptualized, articulated, and negotiated the terms of an equitable society. Through close study of primary and secondary historical texts and musical repertory that will include the spiritual, jazz, and concert music, this course will explore ways in which ideas about musical sound and musical performance, from the end of the Civil War to the beginning of World War II, articulated the stakes of the black freedom struggle and the meanings of freedom. Prerequisites: Sophomore standing. Conference. Cross-listed as History 390 and Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 359.

Not offered 2019–20.

Music 361 - Junior Seminar: U.S. Music in the 1950s

Full course for one semester. Despite its reputation as a period of American conservatism, the 1950s presented listeners with an array of music exhibiting the widespread fascination with “new sounds,” expressed in jazz (Miles Davis and Ornette Coleman), pop recordings (Sam Cooke, Patsy Cline, and Tito Puente), art music (John Cage and Igor Stravinsky), and musical theater (The King and I and West Side Story). Through study of selected examples from these repertories and relevant literature, this course will examine the performance, composition, and consumption of music in the United States during the 1950s, as well as the contribution of music to broader discourse on the Cold War, race and ethnic relations, national identity, and ideologies of modernism and populism. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Music 364 - The Blues: Forms, Styles, Meanings

Full course for one semester. In this course we will study one of the most important wellsprings for twentieth-century popular music, the blues, proceeding along three lines of inquiry: musical elements that characterize the blues, focusing on formal and harmonic structure, melodic and poetic ideals, and improvisational strategies; stylistic manifestations of the blues, including country blues, “classic” blues, postwar commercial styles, and influences on gospel music, rock, and jazz; and interpretations of the “blues aesthetic” as a cultural signifier, as reflected in music criticism, documentary film, literature, its production and consumption, and international reception. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Music 372 - Music and the Voice

Full course for one semester. The bel canto ideal of Italian opera, the “flow” produced by a rapper’s delivery, the crooning of pop vocalists, the growl of heavy metal vocals, the microtonal inflections of Indian classical singing: such examples indicate a range of vocal practices that shape the production and experience of musical sound. What functions are served by the presence of a voice in music? Is a voice simply a bearer of words, or something more? Through study of selected musical examples and relevant music-historical and theoretical “voice studies” literature, this course will explore the manifestations, roles, and significance of the voice in music, as deployed artistically and as engaged by listeners to make meaning of musical experience. We will also consider how singing voices become linked to gender, race, ethnicity, class, and geographic region, and the ways in which the voice has been reimagined through avant-garde composition and technological intervention. Prerequisite: sophomore standing. Conference.

Music 470 - Thesis

Full course for one year.

Music 481 - Independent Study

One-half or full course for one semester. Prerequisite: approval of instructor and division.

Philosophy 201 - Logic

Full course for one semester. This course is an introduction to the formal logic of propositions, identity, and quantification, which may include metalogic, philosophy of logic, alternate and deviant logics, and applying formal logic when evaluating real arguments. This course meets the department’s logic requirement. Lecture.

Philosophy 202 - Introduction to Metaphysics

Full course for one semester. An examination of selected topics in metaphysics, such as: What kind of beings are we? Do we have free will? Does God exist? Is time real? Does anything exist independently of our minds? This course meets the department’s metaphysics requirement. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Philosophy 203 - Introduction to Ethics

Full course for one semester. An examination of selected historical and contemporary accounts of how we should live, of what makes life good, of what does harm, of what constrains our actions, and of what gives our lives meaning. This course meets the department’s ethics requirement. Conference.

Philosophy 204 - Introduction to Epistemology

Full course for one semester. An examination of the sources, structure, and scope of knowledge and justification. This course meets the department’s epistemology requirement. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Philosophy 205 - Introduction to Philosophy of Science

Full course for one semester. An examination of selected questions in the philosophy of science, such as: Are scientists discovering the real structure of nature or creating models that fit the data? Do our data dictate our theories? Do our expectations about the future have any rational basis? Does science explain anything, help us understand anything, or does it just describe things? How do sciences develop? Do they undergo revolutions? If so, how should that affect our views of science’s aims, activities, and products? This course meets the department’s epistemology requirement. Conference.

Philosophy 207 - Persons and Their Lives

Full course for one semester. What is it to be a person, and to live a life distinctive of persons? This course will explore a variety of philosophical issues relevant to answering these questions, among them: What is it to be the same person across time? Is a person essentially a mind? Is there something distinctive about the way persons act? Must their actions always be rational, and must agents always pursue some perceived good? Do persons have free will? What makes a life meaningful? Is immortality required for a meaningful life, or can only mortals have meaningful lives? This course meets the department’s ethics requirement. Conference.

Philosophy 220 - Introduction to Philosophy I

Full course for one semester. An introduction to contemporary perspectives on traditional issues and questions in metaphysics and epistemology through an engagement with original texts, both historical and contemporary. Topics may include: Does God exist? Is it reasonable to believe without evidence? Is mind material? What is knowledge? What is consciousness? How can we know about matters we have not observed? What is color? How can we know our own minds, or the minds of others? What is there? How can we know about the external world? What are we? Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Philosophy 301 - Ancient Philosophy

Full course for one semester. This course is an introduction to ancient Greek philosophy focusing on the works of Plato and Aristotle. Prerequisites: two 200-level philosophy courses. This course applies to the department’s history of philosophy requirement. Conference.

Philosophy 302 - Modern Philosophy

Full course for one semester. This course is an introduction to the metaphysical and epistemological views of major modern philosophers such as Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Locke, Berkeley, Hume, and Kant. Prerequisites: Philosophy 201 and one other 200-level course in philosophy. This course applies to the department’s history of philosophy requirement. Conference.

Philosophy 306 - History of Modern Social and Political Philosophy

Full course for one semester. This course is an introduction to modern social and political thought and its epistemological foundations, covering authors from the Renaissance to the Enlightenment, such as Machiavelli, More, Erasmus, Luther, Montaigne, Galileo, Descartes, Pascal, Hobbes, and Locke. This course applies to the department’s history of philosophy or ethics requirements. Prerequisite: two 200-level philosophy courses. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Philosophy 310 - Metaphysics

Full course for one semester. This course is a study of the central topics and problems of metaphysics, including the mind-body problem, free will and determinism, persistence and change, and the natures of particulars, properties, time, space modality, causality, identity, and persons. Prerequisites: Philosophy 201 and one other 200-level course in philosophy. This course meets the department’s metaphysics requirement. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Philosophy 311 - Epistemology

Full course for one semester. This course is an introduction to the central topics in the theory of knowledge, including the nature of knowledge, the nature of epistemic justification, and varieties of skepticism. Prerequisites: Philosophy 201 and one other 200-level course in philosophy. This course meets the department’s epistemology requirement. Conference.

Philosophy 312 - Ethical Theories

Full course for one semester. This course is an introduction to the central theories and problems of ethics. Prerequisites: Philosophy 201 and one other 200-level course in philosophy. This course meets the department’s ethics requirement. Conference.

Philosophy 315 - Philosophy of Language

Full course for one semester. This course is a study of such topics as truth, reference, meaning, convention, linguistic and nonlinguistic communication, and the relationships between language, thought, and reality. Prerequisites: Philosophy 201 and one other 200-level course in philosophy. Conference.

Philosophy 316 - Philosophy of Science

Full course for one semester. A philosophical investigation of the nature of science and the light science sheds on the world. Topics covered include the difference between science and pseudoscience, the Quine/Duhem thesis on the underdetermination of theory by evidence, the problem of induction and the grue paradox, the problem of scientific confirmation, Bayesian approaches to confirmation, the nature of scientific explanations and scientific theories, the nature and philosophical implications of scientific revolutions, the rationality of science, the social construction of scientific facts, scientific realism and scientific social responsibility. Prerequisites: Philosophy 201 and one other 200-level course in philosophy, or consent of the instructor. This course meets the department’s epistemology requirement. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Philosophy 318 - Philosophy of Biology

Full course for one semester. This course is a philosophical study of such topics as adaptation; units of selection; emergence and reduction; function and teleology; the nature of life; the nature and epistemological status of biological mechanisms; the nature and epistemological status of species; evolutionary trends; implications of evolutionary theory for psychology, culture, epistemology, and ethics; and the social implications of contemporary biology and biotechnology (such as the human genome project, genetic engineering, and artificial life). Prerequisites: Philosophy 201 and one other 200-level course in philosophy, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Philosophy 321 - Modal Logic and Metaphysics

Full course for one semester. This course is an introduction to modal logic, possible-world semantics, and associated philosophical issues. Prerequisites: Philosophy 201 and one other 200-level course in philosophy. This course meets the department’s logic or metaphysics requirement. Conference.

Philosophy 370 - Junior Seminar (Philosophy)

Full course for one semester. An intensive study of selected philosophical problems or works. The course aims to develop in each student the skills needed to do independent work in philosophy by having the student write a long research paper on a topic defined by the readings. For 2019–20, the course focus is on the mind-body problem. Prerequisite: junior standing and two 300-level courses in philosophy, or consent of the instructor. Conference. May be repeated for credit.

Philosophy 411 - Advanced Topics in Metaphysics

Full course for one semester. See descriptions for prerequisites. Conference. May be repeated for credit.

The Metaphysics of Science
Full course for one semester. Science tells us what the laws are, what causes what, what would happen under which circumstances, what tends to happen in various circumstances, and what the chances are of various kinds of events. In other words, it uses notions of law, causation, counterfactuals, tendencies, and chance; but it does not tell us what it is to be a law, what causation is, what chances or tendencies are, or what grounds the truth of counterfactuals. These questions are left to philosophy. The course will focus on Humean and non-Humean approaches to these “scientific modalities.” Prerequisite: one 300-level philosophy course. This course meets the department’s metaphysics requirement. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Structure and Grounding
Full course for one semester. The thesis that some properties, relations, or objects are more natural or more fundamental than others has been elaborated in a number of ways in the work of contemporary philosophers. David Lewis’s use of the notion of naturalness to play, simultaneously, central roles in philosophy of language, epistemology, and metaphysics is an important example. The course will closely examine Lewis’s theory, as well as related recent work by Theodore Sider and others. We will also consider how the idea of metaphysical grounding relations, running from the more to the less fundamental, connects to the issues raised by our main themes.  Prerequisites: Philosophy 201 and one 300-level course in philosophy. This course meets the department’s metaphysics requirement. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Time and Modality
Full course for one semester. Through close reading and discussion of ancient, medieval, and contemporary texts, an examination of modalities that appear sensitive to time and tense, such as future contingencies, past necessities, and what is inevitable or “could not have been otherwise.” Prerequisites: Philosophy 201 and one 300-level course in philosophy. This course meets the department’s metaphysics requirement. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Philosophy 412 - Advanced Topics in Epistemology

Full course for one semester. See descriptions for prerequisites. Conference. May be repeated for credit.

Computation
Full course for one semester. This course surveys the important epistemological roles of computation in philosophy and science, especially concerning complex systems. The course surveys computation theory, and it includes computer laboratory exercises involving programming and computer simulations. Key course topics are illustrated with case studies, such as cellular automata, artificial life, and intelligent robot scientists. Prerequisite: two 300-level philosophy courses, or consent of the instructor. This course meets the department’s epistemology requirement. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Philosophy 413 - Advanced Topics in Ethics

Full course for one semester. See descriptions for prerequisites. Conference. May be repeated for credit.

Metaethics
Full course for one semester. This course will focus on the nature and justification of ethical claims. Possible questions to be addressed include: Is ethics objective? What are the prospects for ethical realism, antirealism, quasi-realism? What is the relation between ethics and practical reason? Does evolutionary theory have any bearing on the truth of moral claims? Prerequisite: two courses in philosophy at the 300 level or higher, or consent of the instructor. This course meets the department’s ethics requirement. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

The Ethics of Partiality
Full course for one semester. This course will examine the extent and limits of morally justified partial treatment. Some questions we will examine are: Is loyalty a virtue? Is it ever morally justified? How might we distinguish morally acceptable forms of loyalty (e.g., patriotism) from morally reprehensible forms (e.g., racism)? How can we justify special obligations toward some individuals (e.g., members of our family) without thinking that they are morally more important? What is it to treat others “equally?” Is impartiality really a moral ideal we should strive toward? Prerequisite: one 300-level philosophy course. This course meets the department’s ethics requirement. Conference. 

Philosophy 414 - Advanced Topics in Contemporary Philosophy

Full course for one semester. See descriptions for prerequisites. Conference. May be repeated for credit.

Evolution
Full course for one semester. This course studies contemporary approaches to philosophical questions about evolution. Goals for the class include such things as delineating different kinds of evolutionary processes, including natural selection and genetic drift, and including attempts to quantify natural selection; identifying the causes and consequences of open-ended evolution and major transitions in evolution; explaining the similarities and differences between biological and cultural evolution, including whether cultural evolution can undergo natural selection; evaluating whether memetics is a legitimate and useful theory of cultural change, and whether evolutionary psychology is a legitimate and useful theory of human minds; and investigating the goals, methods, and achievements of computation models of evolution processes. Prerequisites: Philosophy 201 and two 300-level philosophy courses. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Philosophy of Logic and Mathematics
Full course for one semester. We will examine central topics within and spanning the philosophy of logic and the philosophy of mathematics. Likely topics include mathematical Platonism, formalism, logicism, intuitionism, structuralism, conventionalism, Tarski’s theory of logical consequence, free logic, other nonclassical logics, and the status of second-order logic. Prerequisite: Philosophy 201 or one 300-level mathematics course, and one 300-level philosophy course, or consent of the instructor. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Meaning and Interpretation
See English 393: Meaning and Interpretation for description. 

English 393 Description

Philosophy 415 - Major Figures in Philosophy

Full course for one semester. See descriptions for prerequisites. Conference. May be repeated for credit.

Aristotle
Full course for one semester. Focusing on Aristotle’s natural philosophy, biology, ethics, and politics, the course investigates the scope, extent, and character of Aristotle’s conception of nature, goodness, and teleological explanation. To what extent do Aristotle’s ethics and politics depend on his conception of the natural world and the divine? Prerequisites: Two 300-level philosophy courses or higher. This course applies to the department’s history of philosophy requirement. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Descartes
Full course for one semester. A course on the philosophy of René Descartes primarily through close reading, study, and discussion of Descartes’s Meditations. Other works by Descartes are to be discussed occasionally, and some secondary literature is to be considered. Prerequisites: two 300-level courses in philosophy. This course applies to the department’s history of philosophy requirement. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

David Hume
Full course for one semester. This course will study some of the major themes and problems from Hume’s work in philosophy of mind, epistemology, philosophy of religion, and ethics. Among the topics to be discussed are: the theory of ideas; skepticism about the external world and causation; arguments against miracles and the existence of god; the scope and nature of practical reason; and the nature of emotions. Prerequisites: Philosophy 201 and one 300-level philosophy course. This course applies to the department’s history of philosophy requirement. Conference.

Philosophy 470 - Thesis

Full course for one year.

Philosophy 481 - Individual Work in Special Fields

One-half or full course for one year. Prerequisite: approval of instructor and division.

Physics 101 - General Physics I

Full course for one semester. Calculus-based introduction to the classical mechanics of particles and systems—kinematics, laws of motion, conservation principles, rotational dynamics, oscillators. Corequisite: Mathematics 111 or equivalent. Lecture-conference-laboratory.

Physics 102 - General Physics II

Full course for one semester. Calculus-based introduction to electricity and magnetism, optics, and other topics at the discretion of the instructor. Prerequisite: Physics 101 and Mathematics 111 or equivalent. Lecture-conference-laboratory.

Physics 201 - Oscillations and Waves

Full course for one semester. Damped and driven vibrations, coupled oscillators, and waves. Related mathematical methods are introduced: complex numbers, ordinary differential equations, linear algebra, and Fourier analysis. Weekly laboratories provide an introduction to basic electronics, from filters and voltage dividers to transistors and operational amplifiers. Prerequisite: Physics 101 and 102 and Mathematics 111 (or equivalent) and 112. Lecture- laboratory.

Physics 202 - Modern Physics

Full course for one semester. Introduction to thermal physics, special relativity, and quantum mechanics, with applications to atomic, nuclear, condensed matter, and particle physics as time permits. Weekly laboratories include an introduction to computational physics, the Millikan oil drop experiment, measurement of the speed of light, determination of Planck’s constant, the charge-to-mass ratio of the electron, and blackbody radiation. Prerequisite: Physics 201. Lecture- laboratory.

Physics 311 - Classical Mechanics I

Full course for one semester. Careful examination of the foundations and limitations of Newtonian mechanics leads to development of the Lagrangian formulation, variational principles, and Hamiltonian mechanics. Applications to the motion of rigid bodies, systems of coupled oscillators, and celestial mechanics are treated as time permits. Prerequisite: Physics 201 and 202 and Mathematics 201 and 202. Lecture.

Physics 321 - Electrodynamics I

Full course for one semester. Electrostatics and magnetostatics in vacuum and in matter, electromagnetic induction, force and energy in electrodynamics, Maxwell’s equations. Mathematical methods introduced include multivariable calculus and the solution of partial differential equations by separation of variables. Prerequisite: Physics 201 and 202 and Mathematics 201 and 202. Lecture.

Physics 322 - Electrodynamics II

Full course for one semester. A continuation of Physics 321, this course emphasizes time-varying electric and magnetic fields. Topics include radiation from point charges and dipoles; propagation of electromagnetic plane waves in vacuum and in matter; reflection, refraction, and dispersion; and the relativistic formulation of electrodynamics. Prerequisite: Physics 321. Lecture.

Physics 323 - Optics

Full course for one semester. This course examines theories of light and laser physics. Topics include ray propagation through optical components, interference, diffraction, polarization, Gaussian beam propagation, optical resonators, and atom-light interactions. In laboratory, students construct He-Ne lasers and utilize them to investigate laser physics. Prerequisites: Physics 201 and 202 and Mathematics 201 and 202. Lecture-laboratory.

Physics 331 - Advanced Laboratory I

Full course for one semester. A study of advanced electronics and computer-assisted data acquisition and analysis intended to provide the student with a basis for understanding and designing laboratory systems used in contemporary experimental physics. Topics include operational amplifiers, filters, oscillators, logic circuits, and computer interfacing and analysis using a LabVIEW system. Prerequisite: Physics 201 and 202. Lecture-laboratory.

Physics 332 - Advanced Laboratory II

Full course for one semester. Guided and independent experimental investigations of physical phenomena using research-style measurement techniques. Prerequisite: Physics 331. Lecture-laboratory.

Physics 342 - Quantum Mechanics I

Full course for one semester. An introduction to quantum theory, beginning with the Schrödinger equation and the statistical interpretation of the wave function. One-dimensional applications, including the infinite square-well, the harmonic oscillator, and scattering; in three dimensions, the theory of angular momentum, central potentials, and the hydrogen atom; time-independent perturbation theory, spin, identical particles, and the Pauli exclusion principle. In general, this course concentrates on exact solutions to artificial problems, in contrast to Quantum Mechanics II, which develops approximate solutions to real problems. Prerequisite: Physics 201 and 202 and Mathematics 201 and 202. Lecture.

Physics 351 - Thermal Physics

Full course for one semester. Examines the essentials of probability and statistics, the kinetic theory of gases, statistical mechanics, temperature, equations of state, heat, internal energy, entropy, reversibility, and distribution functions. Prerequisite: Physics 201 and 202 and Mathematics 201 and 202. Lecture.

Physics 362 - Solid-State Physics

Full course for one semester. Crystalline lattice structures, vibrational modes, and electronic band theory are explored and used to explain the observed electrical, thermal, optical, and magnetic properties of solids. Prerequisite: Physics 201 and 202 and Mathematics 201 and 202. Lecture.

Physics 364 - Selected Topics of Astrophysical Interest

Full course for one semester. Specific topics vary from year to year, drawn principally from the following areas: internal constitution, evolution, and death of stars; structure of galaxies; interstellar medium; radiative processes and cosmology. Prerequisite: Physics 201 and 202 and Mathematics 201 and 202. Lecture.

Not offered 2019–20.

Physics 366 - Elementary Particles

Full course for one semester. Introduction to the theory and phenomenology of elementary particle physics. The course includes a semihistorical overview, followed by relativistic kinematics, the Dirac equation, evaluation of simple Feynman diagrams, and a survey of the strong, electromagnetic, and weak interactions from the perspective of gauge theory. Prerequisite: Physics 201 and 202 and Mathematics 201 and 202. Lecture.

Not offered 2019–20.

Physics 367 - Computational Methods

Full course for one semester. Variable topics. Prerequisites: Mathematics 201 and 202 and Physics 201 and 202. Lecture. May be repeated for credit. 

Computational Methods
Full course for one semester. This course focuses on diverse physical problems and computational techniques that can be applied to them, with an emphasis on the mathematical motivation behind the methods. Problems are drawn from electrodynamics, quantum mechanics, classical mechanics, and special and general relativity. The course develops methods for solving ODEs and PDEs and integrating arbitrary functions in multiple dimensions. Numerical linear algebra is covered in both full and iterative form. Additional topics include nonlinear minimization, Galerkin methods, neural network models, and chaotic dynamics. Conference. Not offered 2019–20.

Quantum Computation and Computational Quantum Mechanics
Full course for one semester. The course explores the intersection of computation and quantum mechanics, both how computers are used to solve problems in quantum mechanics and how quantum mechanics can be leveraged to perform computations. The first half of the course is an introduction to quantum computing, covering qubits, quantum circuit diagrams, and examples of quantum algorithms. The second half of the course covers classical algorithms used to analyze many-body quantum systems, including exact diagonalization and quantum Monte Carlo techniques. Conference.

Physics 411 - Classical Mechanics II

Full course for one semester. A continuation of Physics 311; specific content varies from year to year. Prerequisite: Physics 311. Lecture.

Not offered 2019–20.

Physics 414 - Introduction to General Relativity

Full course for one semester. Students in this course will build enough geometric machinery to understand the mathematical formulation and physical significance of general relativity. Focus will be on field equations and particle motion associated with gravity. Predictions studied will be: perihelion precession, bending of light, gravitational redshift (among others), as well as current experimental tests. Exact solutions to Einstein’s equation and the strong field predictions for particle motion outside of static, rotating, and charged black holes will be considered. A good command of classical mechanics, linear algebra, and the theory of differential equations is assumed. Lecture.

Physics 442 - Quantum Mechanics II

Full course for one semester. A continuation of Physics 342, specific content varies from year to year. The emphasis is on approximation techniques (time-independent and time-dependent perturbation theory, WKB approximation, variational principles, Born approximation), with applications to atoms, molecules, and solids, the quantum theory of radiation, and formal scattering theory. Prerequisite: Physics 342. Lecture.

Physics 470 - Thesis and Physics Seminar

Full course for one year. The thesis is independent work on an original problem and is intended as an introduction to research. In addition to the thesis project itself, all seniors are expected to participate in a weekly seminar in which various topics from the current literature are discussed.

Physics 481 - Special Topics in Physics

One-half or full course for one semester. Readings and laboratory work of an advanced character. Students will choose a field in which they are interested; they are expected to become familiar with the special instruments and methods of that discipline. Open only to juniors and seniors, by consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference.

Political Science 220 - Introduction to Comparative Politics

Full course for one semester. This course surveys major topics and theoretical and empirical contributions in comparative politics. It addresses such issues as methodology, modernization and economic development, democracy and authoritarianism, political parties, participation, representation, social movements, institutions of government, ethnic violence, revolutions, and civil wars. Conference.

Political Science 240 - Introduction to International Relations

Full course for one semester. This course introduces the theoretical study of international relations, with a focus on structures, systems, and strategies. Students will learn to perform basic research and analysis through writing and thinking about events in international relations from different perspectives, including realism, liberalism, and feminism. Readings are drawn from historic and contemporary scholars of international relations, cover a wide variety of issues, and are grouped together in conflicting pairs where possible. Assignments and exams are a mixture of analysis and experiential learning. Lecture-conference.

Political Science 260 - Introduction to American Politics and Public Policy

Full course for one semester. This course provides an introduction to the processes of political decision making, political institutions, and the formation of public policy in the United States. The course introduces students to the basics of political decision making by a collective, including how individual actors (voters, politicians, policy makers) reason; how institutions constrain and shape action; and how policies are ultimately designed and implemented. There will be weekly lectures and individual conferences. Lecture-conference. Course may not be taken for credit if student has previously taken Political Science 210 or 250.

Political Science 280 - Introduction to Political Theory

Full course for one semester. This course introduces major ancient and early modern political thinkers who are antecedents of contemporary political philosophy and social theory. Course focuses on Aristotle, Thomas Hobbes, Samuel Pufendorf, John Locke, David Hume, Jean Jacques Rousseau, Immanuel Kant, Karl Marx, and Carl Schmitt. Conference. Previously numbered Political Science 230.

Political Science 295 - Catholic Political Theory

Full course for one semester. This course surveys the central works of Catholic political theory. The focus of the course will be the central moment where Catholic political thought emerges in contrast to Protestant political thought after 1517. As a necessary preparation for this, the first half of the course will focus on the political thought of three saints (St. Augustine, St. Francis, and St. Thomas) and the political dimension of their works and lives. Then we will turn to the revival of neo-Thomism in Spain and the origin of human rights law, Reason of State thinking in Italy and France after 1517, and the Catholic political critique of secularism (from Pascal to early Carl Schmitt) and other related topics. (This course is not a substitute for Political Science 280, Introduction to Political Theory.) Lecture-conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Political Science 301 - Multimethods Seminar: Approaches to IR

One-half course for one semester. This course surveys a number of methods for conducting research in political science. It pairs substantive articles written by leading scholars with methodological readings by the same or similar authors, including but not limited to case selection, discourse analysis, ethnography, process tracing, content analysis, counterfactual analysis, structured focused comparison, and network analysis. Readings will primarily come from international relations scholars, but these techniques are applicable across all subfields of political science. The course will be useful both for students who will be writing their junior qualifying examination in political science and for students who are in the first semester of their thesis research. Prerequisite: sophomore standing. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Political Science 302 - Junior Research Seminar

One-half course for one semester. This course focuses on preparing students for political science research, particularly the junior qualifying examination and subsequent thesis. Topics include shaping and framing a research question; constructing a literature review; concept formation and measurement; writing with style, clarity, and grace; and presenting results. All areas of inquiry in political science will be given ample coverage. While focused on students who are writing their junior qualifying examination in political science, the course may be helpful to students in the first semester of their thesis research. Prerequisite: sophomore standing and political science, environmental studies–political science, or international comparative policy studies–political science major, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Political Science 311 - Introduction to Quantitative Analysis in the Social Sciences

Full course for one semester. This course is designed to provide students with the skills necessary to conduct quantitative research in the social sciences. The course provides a hands-on approach to obtaining, managing, and using data. Students will learn how to formulate appropriate research questions, obtain relevant information, and input and analyze data using the R statistical program. Topics will include data acquisition, causal inference, measurement, graphical displays, and multivariate analysis. Students who have previously taken Economics 311, Sociology 311, or Mathematics 141 are discouraged from taking this course due to overlap in coverage. Lecture-laboratory.

Political Science 321 - Latin American Politics

Full course for one semester. This course examines the dynamics of political, economic, and cultural change in contemporary Latin America. The course will focus largely in six countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Mexico, Peru, and Venezuela. We will examine Latin American politics since the collapse of democracy and the establishment of military regimes in the 1960s and 1970s, through the return of democracy in the 1980s, the economic liberalization of the 1990s, and the contemporary turn to the left and rise of populism in the 2000s. The course will focus on the challenges that persistent inequality, poverty, corruption, clientelism, political violence, and the war on drugs pose to the quality and consolidation of these democracies. Whereas we will engage with some classical texts, most of the readings will be drawing on new research conducted in the region. Prerequisites: Students should have some familiarity with the history and geography of Latin America, as well as with comparative political science. Prerequisite: Political Science 220, 322 (previously numbered 342), 324 (previously numbered 357), or 327 (previously numbered 347), or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Political Science 322 - Social Movements and Politics

Full course for one semester. The goal of the course is to inquire about the causes and consequences of several historical and contemporary social and political movements. Studying social movements in the United States from the ’60s to the current Black Lives Matter movement, social movements in communist regimes in the Eastern Bloc and in Syria, and past and current social and political movements throughout Latin America, the course will assess the consequences these movements had in the political lives of the individuals and groups involved, as well as in the societies in which they took place. The course will conclude examining the political causes and consequences that give rise to different social movements across time and space. Prerequisite: Humanities 110. Conference. Previously numbered Political Science 342.

Political Science 323 - Comparative Study of Political Corruption

Full course for one semester. This course offers an overview of the comparative literature on democratic accountability for corruption. Which countries are the most corrupt and why? What is corruption and how does it change over time? How can democratic institutions prevent and combat corruption? Students will learn about the controversies around the meaning of corruption and examine different approaches to defining corruption. We will contrast ways to explain and measure corruption, studying micro and macro causes of this phenomenon. The course will address issues of horizontal and vertical accountability, the role of civil society and mass media, the changes in citizen attitudes toward corruption, and the consequences of corruption for democracy and political representation. Prerequisite: Humanities 110. Conference. 

Political Science 324 - Politics, Violence, and Human Rights in Latin America

Full course for one semester. This course combines normative theory, empirical research, and a historical perspective to critically examine human rights in Latin America. By reviewing civil, political, and economic rights in Argentina, Peru, and Chile, the course seeks to familiarize students with human rights in the region. To accomplish this goal, the course reviews human rights issues that have afflicted (and continue to affect) Latin American countries since the Cuban Revolution (1959). The topics covered in the class include the emergence, development, and disappearance of urban and rural guerrillas; transitions from authoritarianism to democracy; violations to human rights and their effects on the selected countries; the creation, work, and consequences of Truth Commissions; and drug cartels, violence, and human rights abuses in present day Mexico and Colombia. Prerequisite: Humanities 110. Students are expected to have familiarity with Latin American history. Conference. Previously numbered Political Science 357.

Not offered 2019–20.

Political Science 325 - Elections, Parties, and Voters in Developing Democracies

Full course for one semester. This course will provide students with the analytic tools to understand political parties in democracies. It will introduce students to theories that explain how parties (and party systems) emerge and evolve, and how they compare to other political parties in different democratic countries. The course will be organized in three parts. First, students will learn what political parties are and where they come from. Second, students will study why parties change their structures and behaviors and how sociological, economic, and psychological theories can explain these changes. Third, students will learn how political parties work, what role they play in a democratic system, and what are some differences and similarities between party systems around the world. By the end of the course, students will be familiar with the main debates about political parties and be able to critically evaluate theoretical claims and empirical evidence. Prerequisite: Humanities 110. Conference. 

Political Science 327 - The Politics of Poverty in Developing Countries

Full course for one semester. This course examines everyday politics in poor democracies. Elections enable voters to select leaders and to hold them accountable for their performance in office. Yet, in new democracies where a large number of voters are poor, their political participation could be effectively exchanged (bought) for favors. This course studies the political effects of electoral corruption in democracy by examining the emergence and consolidation of political machines, organizations that provide social services and jobs in exchange for votes. The course will study electoral corruption, clientelism, and machine politics in the early history of the United States, present-day advanced European democracies, Latin America, India, and Africa. Prerequisite: Humanities 110. Conference. Previously numbered Political Science 347.

Political Science 332 - Inequality

Full course for one semester. The course will examine the challenges that income, class, gender, and race inequality pose to consolidated democracies. The course will focus on Latin America and the United States (focusing mostly on Hispanic and Latino Americans). Prerequisite: Political Science 220, 321, 322 (previously numbered 342), 324 (previously numbered 357), or 327 (previously numbered 347), or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Political Science 334 - Bystanders to Violence

Full course for one semester. Violence consists of at least four elements—violators, violated, means of violence, and bystanders. This course concerns the last element: bystanders. But the category itself is hotly disputed. Ordinary understanding identifies three overlapping figures: bystanders (passive or active), witnesses, and heroes. The social science and theoretical reflections about the interaction between these figures constitute the “problems of bystanding.” This course will review the problems of bystanding with a focus on the social scientific dimension of these problems, namely the issues of causation and consequences—that is, from the fields of psychology, history, sociology, anthropology, and political science. While we likely will cover phenomenological approaches to bystanding that focus on the meaning of bystanding, this exploration should not be confused with the moral disputes over agency that constitute the ethical discussion about bystanding. This is therefore not a course in political theory, ethical thought, or philosophy. Any proper discussion of the ethical issues, in the first place, must be grounded in the empirical literature. Prerequisites: Humanities 110 completed and at least one introductory course completed in political science, economics, psychology, sociology, religion, or anthropology, or one upper-level history course completed; or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Political Science 343 - Torture in Wars

Full course for one semester. Widespread torture in war does not happen in every war, and to the extent that it does, there are great variations. In fact, there are strong strategic and tactical incentives not to use it in many conflicts. And even if cruelty towards prisoners does occur, it does not characterize every side in a conflict, and not every unit within an army. These variations suggest politicians, generals, midtier officers, and soldiers must confront different situations in which they may choose to torture prisoners. What are these conditions? How might one explain them? After a review of earlier wars (the Philippine-American War, World War II, the Korean War, the Algerian and Vietnam Wars), this course focuses on explanations of torture in war, focusing on the multiple wars in Iraq between 1980 and 2015: the Iran-Iraq War (1980–88), the Iraq-Kuwait War (1991), Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm (1991–92), the Second American Gulf War (2003), the Iraq insurgency (2003–11), and the Iraq Civil War and Da’esh conflicts (2011–present). Prerequisite: any introductory political science course or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Political Science 344 - International Environmental Politics

Full course for one semester. This course examines contemporary international environmental problems from theoretical and policy perspectives. What are the causes of environmental problems? What strategies do international actors use to attempt to address these problems, and which are most successful? What are the most pressing problems facing policymakers today? How do environmental issues create other problems in areas such as security and economics? In an attempt to shed light on these questions, this course analyzes structures, agents, and processes affecting the international environmental politics in the first part. The second part focuses on examining contemporary issue areas including the use of natural resources, overpopulation, pollution, energy use, global climate change, environmental security, and potential future problems. Prerequisite: Political Science 240. Conference. Previously numbered Political Science 372.

Political Science 350 - Networks and Social Structure

See Sociology 380 for description. Previously numbered Political Science 310. 

Not offered 2019–20.

Sociology 380 Description

Political Science 359 - Weapons, Technology, and War

Full course for one semester. This course examines the historical evolution of the conduct of war from a theoretical and normative perspective. What elements of war have changed over time, and what core precepts remain the same? To what degree have advances in technology altered the conduct and outcomes of war? Why have some weapons been deemed cruel and inhumane at times and merciful at others? We will explore the interrelationships among military technology, society, politics, and war, asking how different forces have shaped warfare, focusing on how and why different weapons have been used (or prohibited) over time. Prerequisite: Political Science 240. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Political Science 361 - Politics in Film

Full course for one semester. Since emerging as a mass medium in the twentieth century, film has been used to convey political ideas, ideologies, and policy choices to the public. To some extent, films inform our understanding of politics, but films may also present unrealistic and idealized views of political reality, focusing more on heroic individuals than on institutions, or conveying simple answers to complex questions. The class will read political science research on topics in American politics, such as candidate ambition, campaigns, and state and local politics, and view a film each week related to the topic. We will discuss the films as a class, and students will write a short critical essay and complete a longer research paper that compare the theories and processes of politics as understood by political science with those presented in film. This class is not about film. This class is about whether or not political science theories are accurately represented in films and, by implication, other mass media. Prerequisite: Political Science 260. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Political Science 362 - State and Local Politics

Full course for one semester. Understanding state and local politics in this course involves an inquiry proceeding in three general stages. First, the course engages in a broad survey of the varied institutional arrangements that serve to administer subnational governments in the United States. Second, the course examines the varied political environment in which state governments operate, including an examination of state-level political culture and opinion. Finally, the course will use institutional arrangements and political environment to investigate variation in policy choices at the state and local level—particularly environmental policy. Prerequisite: any introductory political science course or consent of the instructor. Conference. Previously numbered Political Science 331.

Not offered 2019–20.

Political Science 363 - Constitutional Law and Judicial Politics

Full course for one semester. This course will focus on the main body of the U.S. Constitution (Articles I–VII) through developmental analysis of Supreme Court decisions since ratification in 1787 and social science and legal literature on the dynamics of decision making. This includes the rise of executive power over the past century, especially during the George W. Bush administration, both domestic and international (Article II); the limits and potential of Congressional power in meeting economic crisis (Article I); and the changing nature of the Supreme Court in terms of the liberal/conservative dimension as the constitutional “umpire” of federal policy and action (Article III).  Issues arising from the amendments are not considered. The course is offered as a true seminar where all students write a research paper, share drafts, and present the paper orally before revising for final submission. Prerequisite: Political Science 260 (previously numbered 210 and 250), 280 (previously numbered 230), or consent of the instructor. Conference. Previously numbered Political Science 381.

Not offered 2019–20.

Political Science 368 - Environmental Politics and Policy

Full course for one semester. The purpose of this course is to meld the science of environmental problems with the policy and politics surrounding them. Over the semester, we will cover the sources of environmental problems, the foundations of environmental policy, how environmental policy changes over time, the role of science and uncertainty, environmental policy in practice, and alternative routes towards addressing these issues. Throughout, we will focus on the conflicts that arise between the science of these problems, how they are perceived by the public and elites, and the role institutions play in addressing them. Prerequisite: any introductory political science course or consent of the instructor. Conference. Previously numbered Political Science 338.

Political Science 369 - Public Policy

Full course for one semester. This course teaches the extant and emerging theories of the policy process and their application to both emerging and chronic problems. The study of public policy is sorted into several distinct but non–mutually exclusive theories which can be used to explain processes by which governments aggregate preferences, coordinate relevant interests, and make decisions. Each week, the course will examine the foundational texts of a policy theory, relevant extensions, and applications to current issues facing national and subnational decision makers. The course is mainly U.S.-focused, but the covered theories are applied in a comparative context in countries around the world. Students should have a working knowledge of American policy-making institutions before taking this course. The course assesses policy theory through literature that leverages empiricism. Prerequisites: sophomore standing and Political Science 260, or consent of the instructor. Students who have taken Political Science 250 may not enroll in this course for credit. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Political Science 377 - Elections: American Style

Full course for one semester. Elections are fundamental to democratic government, but there seem to be as many variations in electoral institutions, party systems, and campaign styles as there are democratic societies. In this course, we review the expansive literature covering elections, electoral rules, and electoral behavior in the United States. The course focuses on three main areas. First, we review electoral institutions, including laws, regulations, and the current state of electoral reforms. Second, we will survey the campaign literature, likely focusing on the presidency. Finally, we will examine individual vote choice—why individuals choose to vote, how they integrate information from the political environment, and how they cast their ballot. Students should be comfortable with analytical and quantitative material, since it makes up such a large portion of the literature in this area. Prerequisites: Political Science 260 (previously numbered 210 and 250) and one course in statistics (Economics 311 or 312, Linguistics 337, Mathematics 141, Political Science 311, Psychology 348, Sociology 311, or comparable course). Conference. Previously numbered Political Science 333.

Not offered 2019–20.

Political Science 389 - Torture Prevention

Full course for one semester. This course examines the two waves of the modern torture prevention movement internationally after World War II. It considers the reemergence of torture abolitionism and the “naming and shaming” strategies that appear next in the 1960s. The course will consider moral and religious arguments for torture prevention, legal recommendations, institutional policies, and social scientific evaluation of various human rights strategies and the prospects for torture prevention in the twenty-first century. Prerequisite: one introductory political science course. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Political Science 393 - Liberalism and Its Critics

Full course for one semester. In this course we explore contemporary political theory through critical engagement with works of prominent twentieth-century liberal thinkers and their critics. We address questions including: What makes a thinker liberal or not? What grounds different varieties of liberalism (religion, reason, power, pragmatics)? What is, or ought to be, the connection between liberal political philosophy, liberal justifications, and liberal institutions? We consider the topics of freedom, progress, knowledge, power, equality, law and institutions, the relationships between individual and community, democracy and liberalism, public and private, toleration and unity, difference and gender. We will focus on the positions in this literature regarding what political theory is and why and how we ought to do it. The focus will provide a critical lever for the evaluation of materials and will result in the writing of a major research project in political theory. Prerequisite: one introductory political science course and Humanities 110 or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Political Science 394 - Sex, Gender, and Political Theory

Full course for one semester. This course provides an intensive study of Western political thought through the lenses of sex and gender. At least since Plato proposed abolishing the family in the name of justice, questions about sex, gender, power, and politics have been central to Western political thought. Does biological difference matter in political life? Why or why not? Should it? Can it not? What is “sex”? What is “gender”? Is either, or are both, socially constructed or naturally existing? Can we change the way sex and/or gender figure into political life? Should we? Why or why not? What is “political”? What is “power”? We shall engage these questions with thinkers from Plato to Simone de Beauvoir, Harvey Mansfield, and Judith Butler. Prerequisite: Humanities 110. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Political Science 396 - Neoliberalism and Its Critics

Full course for one semester. In this course, we investigate scholarship about and the phenomenon/a described as “neoliberal/ism.” We begin in scholarship that aims to define and describe neoliberalism. What do commentators and scholars mean when they use this label? Where do they disagree? Why? What are the benefits (and shortcomings) of various definitions? We then explore the intellectual sources of this historical phenomenon. A coherent philosophy or a hodgepodge of inconsistent attachments? What views about human nature, politics, history, knowledge, and truth do neoliberals defend and assume? What values does neoliberalism presume and promote? What is said in favor of neoliberalism? And what opposed? Here we turn to critics of neoliberalism. We examine broad theoretical challenges. We also consider concrete policy/issue areas—intimate care and the family, prisons and carceral policy, and the gap between the rich and the poor—to deepen our understanding of the assumptions, impact, defense, and criticism of neoliberalism. Prerequisite: Political Science 280 (previously numbered 230) or 380–415 (any political theory course), or consent of instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Political Science 398 - What Is Political Freedom?

Full course for one semester. What is political freedom? This course investigates the central question of the modern canon of Western political thought. Our materials include that canon and its commentators, contemporary scholarship, and the real world of politics. The course is organized thematically, but with an eye to the history of ideas. Our inquiry draws on a range of methodological traditions or approaches housed in the contemporary discipline of political theory. The course is designed to help students to develop a comfortable but critical understanding of these approaches. Prerequisite: Political Science 280 (previously numbered 230) or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Political Science 403 - Hegel and Marx

Full course for one semester. This course examines the principal political writings of Hegel and Marx. Much emphasis will be placed on Hegel’s Philosophy of Right and its conceptual and historical foundations. Readings from Marx will include Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right, Paris Manuscripts, Theses on Feuerbach, German Ideology, Capital, and Critique of the Gotha Program. Contemporary ideas on the question of Hegel and Marx will be traced in various writings, including those of Habermas and Althusser. Conference.

Political Science 409 - “Being and Time” and Politics

Full course for one semester. An exploration of the political implications of Heidegger’s ontology, understood primarily as a phenomenology of mind.  We will begin by considering some of the contexts of Heideggerian thought through an examination of Husserl’s Cartesian Meditations, and we will end by tracing certain aspects of its moral and political influence both in the writings of Levinas and Arendt and in the more recent critical literature on the question of Heidegger and National Socialism. Our principal task, however, will be to pursue a close and systematic study of Being and Time, focusing on central elements of its conceptual apparatus, including, for example, notions of entity and world, care and concern, anxiety and resoluteness, temporality and death, history and the state. Prerequisites: Humanities 110 or equivalent. Conference.

Political Science 411 - Max Weber

Full course for one semester. This course examines Weber’s account of the field of social scientific inquiry and the methods appropriate to it, his substantive claims about empirical phenomena as well as the concepts he used to understand them (e.g., rationalization, authority). Emphasis will be on his comparative political sociology, his explanation of the rise of capitalism, his account of legal sociology, and his notion of legitimacy. Economy and Society will be read in its entirety in addition to other central essays. As with all great thinkers, the question is, “What is alive and what is antiquated in Weber’s thought for us today?” Prerequisites: completion of two upper-division courses in one of political science, anthropology, sociology, economics, psychology, religion, or history, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Political Science 412 - The Subject of the Final Foucault

Full course for one semester. This course examines the work of Michel Foucault after his last published works on sexuality. The main texts are Foucault’s The Hermeneutics of the Subject (1981–82) and The Courage of Truth (1983–84). We will in addition be reading Ghamari-Tabrizi’s Foucault in Iran. In HS, Foucault offers a new theoretical access point to the history of ancient, and particularly Hellenistic, philosophy, especially in relation to Christian hermeneutics. At the same time, Foucault uses HS and CT to reframe his earlier work. In HS, the subject is an active agent in games of truth, not as it is in his earlier work, a subject bound in relation to existing relations of knowledge or power through which people become subjects of a certain kind. In CT, his last lectures, he follows HS with a genealogy focusing on the Cynics as precursors to critical or revolutionary thought and situates himself within it. This course requires either a serious background in Hellenistic thought or Continental philosophy (Hegel to Heidegger), familiarity with standard theories of power, or extensive familiarity with Foucault’s published work (please note: having read parts of Discipline and Punish, The History of Sexuality, and a few essays is not adequate preparation). Prerequisites: Political Science 320, 388, 391, 398, 403, 405, 409, 410, or 411, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Political Science 442 - Nuclear Politics

Full course for one semester. This course investigates the origins and effects of the spread of nuclear weapons and power at international and domestic levels. It begins with a discussion of the morality of nuclear technology, the motives different states have for obtaining it, and the problems with intelligence on states’ progress. It continues with asking what nuclear strategies have been and should be used, then moves to sociological critiques of conventional understandings of nuclear weapons as well as debates over the safety of such weapons. The latter half of the class concentrates on case studies of a variety of programs, including proliferation networks and terrorism. Prerequisites: junior standing and Political Science 240, or consent of the instructor. Conference. Previously numbered Political Science 422.

Not offered 2019–20.

Political Science 444 - Global Risk Politics

Full course for one semester. This course investigates the politics of global risks—challenges, some created by humans and others by nature—that have the potential to drastically alter human civilization, the planet, or life itself. Such “apocalyptic” risks include extreme climate change, ecological catastrophes, global pandemics, nuclear war, artificial intelligence, and asteroid impacts. The course will analyze these nascent Armageddons using a variety of theoretical perspectives including the precautionary principle, the social construction of risk, normal accidents theory, and concepts of high-reliability operations. Prerequisites: junior standing and Political Science 240, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Political Science 469 - Food Politics and Policy

Full course for one semester. This course examines the intersection of the political, social, economic, and ecological systems surrounding the production and consumption of what we generally call “food.” The dimensions of the semester-length study of food and food policy ask questions related to the modes of agricultural production—including policies that promote production for the sake of production, the rise and subsequent bureaucratization of the organic movement, and impacts of animal welfare and husbandry tactics. However, interlinked with these modes of production are socioenvironmental implications of consumption in the form of nutrition standards, food deserts, food justice, and the impacts of so-called locavores. The course will explore structures designed to govern food systems across a variety of federal, state, and local jurisdictions. Students will get an overview of food system components, key policies and policy instruments used to govern the food system, influential institutions and policy actors, and emerging food system trends. Prerequisites: sophomore standing, Political Science 260 (previously numbered Political Science 210 and 250), and one upper-division political science or environmental studies–history course. Conference. Previously numbered Political Science 420.

Not offered 2019–20.

Political Science 470 - Thesis

Full course for one year.

Political Science 481 - Independent Reading

One-half or full course for one semester. Prerequisite: junior or senior standing and approval of instructor and division.

Psychology 101 - Foundations in Psychological Science

Full course for one semester, taught by several faculty members in the department. This course provides an overview of current topics in the field of psychology. Topics include human development, language, learning, memory, motivation, neuroscience, perception, psychopathology, and social behavior. Concept labs and applied labs will address the descriptive and experimental aspects of the topics covered in the lectures. Lecture-laboratory.

Psychology 200–210 - Psychological Science Labs

One-quarter course for one semester. Courses offered in a seven-week sequence (offered first or second half of semester). Each lab section examines research methods and current topics in various subdisciplines of psychology. Students gain hands-on experience carrying out psychological experiments, leading group discussions, and preparing written and/or oral research presentations. Students register for at least one-half unit in a semester, which includes one lab in each quarter. Note: students who plan to major in psychology would typically register for one full unit over the course of the semester, which would require two labs in each quarter. Prerequisite: Psychology 101 or concurrent enrollment in Psychology 101. Conference-laboratory. Not all topics offered every year.

201 Brain and Behavior
This course will investigate the basic principles of neuropharmacology and neural science with an emphasis on brain systems and synaptic mechanisms implicated in behavior. Laboratories will include experimentation using animal models.

202 Cognitive Neuroscience
An investigation into the neural basis of perception, attention, and consciousness. The current research literature will be explored in depth and students will be introduced to experimental techniques including behavioral psychophysics and EEG/ERPs.

203 Learning and Comparative
An exploration of basic principles of learning and behavior across species. Students will be exposed to the latest concepts and methods in the field via discussion and hands-on experimentation, and will learn how to collect, analyze, and interpret animal and human behavior in a comparative context.

204 Educational Psychology
A focus on the application of psychological science to issues of motivation in educational contexts. Students will be introduced to the primary literature and learn to use a variety of methodologies (e.g., quantitative, qualitative) for understanding how motivational processes operate across development.

205 Psycholinguistics
An introduction to research design and computer programming to investigate issues in language processing. Reading primary literature about a well-known psycholinguistic phenomenon, students will be introduced to Presentation (a computer program), allowing them to design and implement their own study investigating a follow-up question. Not offered 2019–20.

206 Psychopathology
This course will explore the use of laboratory-based experimental techniques to examine issues related to the etiology, expression, and treatment of psychiatric conditions. Students will apply methodologies from psychological science to better understand psychopathology across development. Not offered 2019–20.

207 Social Psychology
This section examines the ways individuals think, feel, and act in social situations. Students will read the primary literature, learn about current empirical methods to approach social psychological questions, and conduct original empirical research.

208 Cognition
In this course, students will be familiarized with some basic cognitive processes and cognitive resources such as working memory, long-term memory, concepts, visual imagery, and reasoning. In addition to reading and discussing the primary literature, students will also become familiar with data collection and data analysis methods. Not offered 2019–20.

209 Psychology of Music
In this course, students will discuss primary literature and will learn about the empirical methods used to explore the psychology of music from a social and cognitive perspective. Topics may include the relationship between music and language, music and emotion, the cognitive benefits of music, how music is connected to identity and autobiographical memory, and the social functions of music. 

Psychology 217 - Neuroscience of Consciousness

Full course for one semester. This course offers an introduction to the scientific study of consciousness by examining the neural basis of perception, action, and various states of consciousness. Topics will include the impressive capabilities of unconscious perception and action, the relationship between attention and awareness, neural correlates and causes of conscious perception, disorders of consciousness, dreams and altered states of consciousness, neural representations of the self who is conscious, consciousness in nonhuman animals and artificial systems, and the evolution of consciousness. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Psychology 225 - Psychology of Stress and Resilience

Full course for one semester. The goal of this course is to give an overview of the theoretical and empirical work on stress, coping, and resilience. Topics will include the neurobiology of stress (e.g., the HPA axis, the immune system), chronic disease (e.g., cardiovascular disease, cancer), mental health (e.g., depression, anxiety), ecological stressors (e.g., social and community factors, catastrophes), common life stressors (e.g., work, interpersonal conflict), and diversity-related stressors (e.g., racism, heterosexism). Conference.

Psychology 232 - Socialization of the Child

Full course for one semester. This course will focus on the socialization process—the ways in which children’s behaviors and personalities are shaped by their relationships to parents, peers, and the larger cultural context. Specific topics will include theory and research on emotional attachment to parents, the origins of friendship and prosocial behavior, aggression and bullying, the development of morality, the socialization of self-control, and the role of teachers and schools. Lecture-conference.

Psychology 241 - Judgment and Decision Making

Full course for one semester. How do people make judgments and decisions (and can we do better)? We will survey classic and current research in the field of judgment and decision making to answer this question. The course draws on research from cognitive psychology (memory, biases and heuristics), economics (rationality) and a little neuroscience (neural substrates of choice) to provide an introduction into this growing interdisciplinary area of research. Conference. 

Psychology 296 - Psychology of Language Acquisition

Full course for one semester. This course focuses on the processes by which children acquire language (such as word meanings, morphology, and syntactic structure). We will try to explain the “language paradox” of how all normal children acquire this vast and complex knowledge from a limited input and in spite of linguistic variation. We will study the specific issues of bilingualism, the relation between language and thought, language and concept learning, and language in special populations. Lecture-conference. 

Not offered 2019–20.

Psychology 319 - Psychology of Addictions

Full course for one semester. This course will examine the psychology of addiction to substances, such as alcohol, nicotine, and narcotics, and to behaviors, including gambling, eating, and seeking pornography. We will explore historical and cultural attitudes toward addictions, theories of addiction along with related empirical findings, physical and psychosocial consequences of addictions, and prevention and treatment models. Prerequisite: Psychology 101. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Psychology 322 - Social Psychology

Full course for one semester. An examination of psychological theory and research concerning the ways in which people think, feel, and act in social situations. Conferences will focus on areas of basic social psychological research and theory, including social cognition, attribution, impression formation, social interaction, intergroup and interpersonal relationships, and social influence. Special issues addressed in the course are stereotyping and prejudice, the self within the social context, and applications of social psychology to social problems. Opportunities for students to plan and conduct empirical research are available. Prerequisite: Psychology 101, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Psychology 323 - Motivation in Educational Contexts

Full course for one semester. An overview of theory and research on motivation as it applies to educational contexts, focusing primarily on school-aged children. Why do some students focus on learning while others only care about getting the grade? How do rewards affect motivation? Why does failure sometimes debilitate and other times invigorate? How do we perceive our own academic abilities and how does this affect our self-worth? Where do these motivational processes come from and how do they develop? This course will draw on social, developmental, educational, and cognitive psychology as we address questions about achievement motivation. Prerequisite: Psychology 101. Conference.

Psychology 324 - Health Psychology

Full course for one semester. This course will examine the interplay of psychological, biological, behavioral, and social factors (biopsychosocial model) in the study of health including mechanisms and pathways in disease etiology, prevention, and treatment. Students will analyze factors that influence risk for cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic pain, and sexually transmitted infections, among other conditions. Students will engage in a self-directed behavior modification project to promote a health behavior of their choosing (e.g., reducing/quitting smoking, moderating alcohol intake, reducing sugar intake, reducing cell phone screen time, increasing exercise frequency, meditating or doing yoga, promoting healthy sleep hygiene). Prerequisite: Psychology 101. Conference.

Psychology 325 - Stereotyping and Prejudice

Full course for one semester. This conference is an analysis of psychological theory and empirical research on stereotyping and prejudice. The course explores the development and causes of intergroup perceptions and antagonism, reasons for the persistence and prevalence of stereotypes and prejudice, ways in which feelings and beliefs about groups influence social perception and interaction, and possible ways to change group stereotypes or reduce prejudice. In examining these issues, conferences consider both the ways that individuals perceive themselves as members of groups and the ways that they perceive other groups. Students conduct original empirical research. Prerequisite: Psychology 101. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Psychology 330 - Comparative Cognition

Full course for one semester.  An overview of current research and theory in comparative cognition—the scientific study of cognitive functioning from an evolutionary perspective. The course will emphasize continuities and discontinuities between humans and other animals in basic psychological processes, including decision making, problem solving, remembering, symbolic and relational learning, awareness, and communication. We will read and discuss the primary literature, with special emphasis on experimental issues and comparative methods. Prerequisite: Psychology 101, or Biology 101 and 102, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Psychology 333 - Behavioral Neuroscience

Full course for one semester. An examination of the neural basis of behavior with a focus on brain anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, and neural modeling. Specific topics include the organization and function of the nervous system, neuronal signaling, sensorimotor physiology, appetitive motivation, drug reward, neuroplasticity, epigenetics, and neuropathology. Laboratory includes mammalian brain dissection and experimentation using animal models. Prerequisite: Psychology 101, or consent of the instructor. Lecture-laboratory-conference.

Psychology 334 - Cognitive Neuroscience

Full course for one semester. The neural basis of cognition will be examined by focusing on evidence from electrophysiology, functional neuroimaging, and electromagnetic stimulation. Overviews of basic concepts including neuroanatomy, research methods, and various cognitive processes will be introduced via book chapters and review articles. Each concept will be explored in more detail through readings and discussions of the primary research literature. Topics will include single-cell recording, EEG/MEG, fMRI, TMS, perception, memory, attention, consciousness, cognitive control, and social cognition. Prerequisite: Psychology 101, or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Psychology 336 - Neuropsychology

Full course for one semester. We will explore models of normal higher cognitive functions based on evidence obtained from brain-damaged individuals and compare it with that obtained from intact individuals or from animal models. We will review functional neuroanatomy as it relates to higher cognitive functions, as well as methods and techniques used in the field. Prerequisite: Psychology 101 or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Psychology 344 - Thinking

Full course for one semester. We will survey classic and current research on thinking. How (and how well) do we think and reason? This course will examine cognitive psychology’s answers to this question. We will also consider the relation between decision-making and rationality. Prerequisite: Psychology 366 or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Psychology 347 - Statistical Modeling for Applied Research

Full course for one semester.  This course is designed to provide an overview of the Bayesian approach to building statistical models, with an emphasis on writing code in order to conduct applied research. The resulting models will be suitable for inference, prediction, and virtual experiments performed by simulation. Topics will include multivariate linear and nonlinear regression, model selection using information criteria, numerical parameter estimation, and multilevel modeling. Prerequisites: Psychology 348, Mathematics 141, Economics 311, or Sociology 311, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Psychology 348 - Research Design and Data Analysis

Full course for one semester. This course is designed to introduce the basic concepts, logic, and methods of research design and data analysis used in psychological research. Central questions include how to select, perform, and interpret statistical techniques while emphasizing the application of these techniques to students’ own research projects. Topics include descriptive statistics, hypothesis testing, t-tests, one-way and two-way analysis of variance, and correlational techniques. Lecture-laboratory.

Psychology 350 - Psychology and Law

Full course for one semester. This course is an examination of how psychological research can inform and be informed by many aspects of the legal process. Topics covered include forensic profiling, eyewitness testimony, identification procedures, lie detection, jury bias, jury decision making, and the insanity defense. Prerequisite: Psychology 366. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Psychology 351 - Psychopathology

Full course for one semester. This course focuses on description, conceptualization, etiology, development, and prognosis of maladaptive functioning. We examine theories and research about the origin and development of specific mental health disorders, including experimental, correlational, and cross-cultural research, and case studies. Prerequisite: Psychology 101, or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference.

Psychology 355 - Interpersonal Perception

Full course for one semester. This conference is an analysis of interpersonal relations focusing on the dynamic relationship between perception (of one’s self and others) and social interaction. The course will examine classic and current research on the complex interplay of interpersonal perception, social cognition, and behavior as everyday relations unfold. Conferences will focus on ways in which individuals attempt to make sense of themselves, other people and groups, and their social environment. Students conduct original empirical research. Prerequisite: Psychology 101. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Psychology 361 - Developmental Psychology

Full course for one semester. An examination of theory and research on psychological development through the lifespan focusing primarily on cognitive and social growth in the childhood years. This course begins with an overview of theoretical frameworks and research methods specific to the study of development. We then explore chronologically the development of the individual through five major periods of life: infancy, early childhood, middle childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. Students conduct original observational research and participate in fieldwork in local schools or other sites that serve children. Prerequisite: Psychology 101. Conference-laboratory.

Psychology 364 - Cognitive Development

Full course for one semester. This course will explore wide-ranging processes such as perception and learning, domain-general resources such as executive functions and general intelligence, and various domains such as intuitive physics and intuitive psychology (theory of mind) through the lenses of different theoretical (and philosophical) frameworks. We will first review some philosophical arguments that came out of the nativism-empiricism debate, and we will relate those arguments to recent empirical studies in cognitive, developmental, and evolutionary psychology that bear on those arguments. Next, we will introduce the concept of heritability and individual variability, and we will review some recent findings coming from behavioral genetics. We will conclude the course by reviewing studies focusing on the influence of social and cultural factors on cognitive development. Prerequisite: Psychology 101. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Psychology 366 - Cognitive Processes

Full course for one semester. We will examine how humans acquire, store, and use knowledge. The course will center on memory and knowledge representation, but to understand these we will also need to consider the processes of perceiving, categorizing, and attending. Our emphasis will be on contemporary experimental approaches, and we will discuss the methodological arguments underlying these approaches. Prerequisite: Psychology 101 or consent of the instructor. Conference-lecture.

Psychology 373 - Learning

Full course for one semester. We will undertake a systematic examination of the factors governing learned behavior, with emphasis on the relationship of animal to human behavior. Topics include learning through associations, selection by consequences, and modeling; drug addiction; discrimination and concept formation; choice and self-control; voluntary action and free will; and verbal behavior. Experimental methods and analyses are emphasized. Prerequisite: Psychology 101, or Biology 101 and 102, or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference-laboratory.

Psychology 374 - Functional Variability

Full course for one semester. Much of psychology involves a search for predictable relationships, i.e., for deterministic laws. But variable and unpredictable behavior is often functional. Creativity, problem solving, exploration, scientific discovery, learning, voluntary (or free-willed) actions, self-control, mindfulness, and many other competencies may depend in part upon ability to vary thoughts and behaviors. This course is grounded in behavioral studies on variability but brings together research and discussions from different perspectives on the study of functional variability. We will explore how behavioral variability arises (its elicitation, motivation, and reinforcement); how it is explained (including chaotic and stochastic theories); and influences on it (including neurological injury, psychopathologies, drug states, age, and states of consciousness). Prerequisite: Psychology 101, or junior or senior standing, or consent of the instructor. Conference-lecture.

Psychology 381 - Sensation and Perception

Full course for one semester. In this course students will investigate how the nervous system detects, analyzes, and creates meaning from environmental stimuli. The course explores the anatomy, physiology, and function of the sensory cells and the brain nuclei involved in various sensory modalities including vision, audition, olfaction, and touch. It investigates how these cells work in concert to produce a seamless perception of colors, textures, flavors, sounds, and smells. Prerequisite: Psychology 101. Lecture-laboratory.

Psychology 393 - Psycholinguistics

Full course for one semester. This course is an introduction to the study of the human language-processing system, and how it is organized to produce and comprehend language. We will study speech perception, lexical access, and sentence processing in the context of language acquisition, bilingualism, sign language, and brain function. Basic linguistic concepts will be covered. Students are expected to design and carry out a research project. Prerequisite: Psychology 101 or Linguistics 211, or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference-laboratory. 

Not offered 2019–20.

Psychology 415 - Learning and Comparative Research Methods

Full course for one semester. A systematic exploration of research methods in human and animal learning and cognition from a comparative perspective. Structured laboratory exercises are designed to provide students with hands-on experience in experimental and quantitative analysis used by investigators in the field, with special emphasis placed on the unique conceptual and methodological challenges of comparing behavior across species. Conferences will focus on critical examination of the primary research literature, emphasizing experimental issues and comparative methods. Prerequisite: Psychology 330 or 373. Conference-laboratory.

Not offered 2019–20.

Psychology 417 - Attention and Consciousness Research

Full course for one semester. This course offers an in-depth look at the scientific study of consciousness by exploring research into the neurophysiology of attention and perception, and by addressing relevant theoretical considerations from neurophilosophy. Central questions will include: How can the electrical firing of neurons produce subjective experience? What types of brain processes establish the contents of consciousness, the continuity of consciousness, and the self who is conscious? How does neural activity differ for conscious versus unconscious processing? Students will critically examine the research literature and work in small groups throughout the semester on independent research projects. Prerequisite: Psychology 217, 334, or 381. Conference-laboratory.

Not offered 2019–20.

Psychology 418 - Behavioral Economics

Full course for one semester. An overview of current research and theory in behavioral economics, an emerging discipline at the interface of psychology and economics. We will read and discuss the primary literature, with special emphasis on the intertranslation of concepts, methods, and models from the two disciplines. Prerequisite: Psychology 322, 333, 351, 361, 366, 373, 381, or 393. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Psychology 422 - The Social Self

Full course for one semester. This course is an analysis of classic and current theory and research on the self within the social context. We examine the complex interplay of the self with situational factors to affect intrapersonal and interpersonal outcomes. Conferences focus on the content, structure, and organization of the self; personal and social identities; implicit and explicit views of the self; motives of the self; self-protection and coping with self-uncertainty; self-regulation; the self within close relationships; and cultural models of the self. Students conduct original empirical research on the social self. Prerequisites: Psychology 101 and either Psychology 322 or 355. Conference-laboratory.

Psychology 433 - Behavioral Neuroscience Research

Full course for one semester. An advanced-level course designed to provide comprehensive and in-depth exposure to the methods and protocols used in neuroscience research. This includes brain dissection, stereotaxic surgery, neurohistology, and drug-receptor interactions. Conferences will focus on an examination and critical analysis of primary research materials as well as discussion of ethics in animal-based research. Prerequisite: Psychology 333 or consent of the instructor. Conference-laboratory.

Psychology 434 - Advanced Topics in Neuropharmacology

One-half course for one semester. The course focuses on the molecular, biochemical, and behavioral characterization of neuroactive drugs by investigating their actions on cells, circuits, and receptor mechanisms. Methods of research in behavioral pharmacology will also be examined. Prerequisite: Psychology 333 or consent of the instructor. Conference. May be repeated for credit.

Psychology 439 - Psycholinguistic Research: Bilingualism

Full course for one semester. This course focuses on theory, design, and methods of psycholinguistic research specializing in the study of bilingualism. We will consider developmental, neuropsychological, cognitive, linguistic, and sociolinguistic theory and data, with an emphasis on psycholinguistic and cognitive neuroscience methods applied to the study of bilingualism. Topics include developmental aspects; cognitive consequences of bilingualism; bilingual memory; bilingual brain representation and aphasia; lexical access and language processing in bilinguals; and the notion of a critical period in second-language acquisition. Students will work in small groups to conduct empirical research projects throughout the semester. Prerequisite: Psychology 393. Conference-laboratory.

Not offered 2019–20.

Psychology 442 - Clinical Psychology

Full course for one semester. We will discuss design and methodological issues related to studying the effectiveness and efficacy of psychological interventions. We examine theory and research for various schools of psychotherapy, including psychodynamic, existential-humanistic, behavioral, and cognitive-behavioral interventions, with brief coverage of multicultural, family, child, and group approaches. Students participate in fieldwork in off-campus facilities related to mental health. Prerequisites: Psychology 101 and 351 and junior or senior standing. Conference-laboratory.

Psychology 470 - Thesis

Full course for one year. Theses in psychology will include empirical research—experimental, observational, or data analytical. Under unusual circumstances the requirement for empirical research may be waived by the department.

Psychology 481 - Individual Work in Special Fields

One-half or full course for one semester. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing, and approval of the instructor and the division.

Psychology 522 - Stereotyping and Prejudice

One-half course for one semester. This course is an analysis of psychological theory and empirical research on stereotyping and prejudice. It explores a number of themes: the development and causes of intergroup perceptions and antagonism, reasons for the persistence and prevalence of stereotypes and prejudice, ways in which feelings and beliefs about groups influence social perception and interaction, and possible ways to change group stereotypes or reduce prejudice. In examining these issues, we’ll consider both the ways that individuals perceive themselves as members of groups and the ways that they perceive other groups. Conference. Offered summer 2020.

Religion 115 - Religion and Philosophy in Preimperial China

Full course for one semester. This course analyzes religion and philosophy in preimperial China (i.e., before 221 BCE) alongside their literary and artistic manifestations. While a billion people can today claim an intellectual inheritance from Greece, more than two billion recognize ancient China as their foundation. Beginning with the oracle bones and sacrificial bronze vessels, the course will progress to the Confucian classics and the blossoming of Chinese philosophy. Analyses will include bronze-age material culture (including the new discoveries of Sanxingdui), The book of songs from the Confucian tradition, The Zhuangzi from the Daoist tradition, and The Huainanzi, the last compiled as a thorough summary of the cosmos to be used by the ruler of a newly unified empire. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Religion 116 - Religion and Philosophy in Early Imperial China

Full course for one semester. Once China unified and became a self-aware entity in terms of history and territory, its philosophies and religions likewise crystallized into recognized schools and distinct churches. Its philosophers endeavored to uncover cosmic patterns, define existence, and map out the ethical life. Its religious specialists imposed structure on the ancestors, streamlined the state cult, and set standards for achieving salvation. This survey of imperial history’s first 600 years will examine state religion, the foundations of the Daoist church, and Buddhism’s entry from India. Devoted to primary texts in translation, it will explore Daoist theoretical musings (including the Liezi and three commentaries to the Daode jing), Confucian ceremonial guidelines (including the Ritual Records), and Buddhist texts (including the Diamond and Vimalakirti sutras). It will also study how particular individuals reacted to this environment, including Emperor Wang Mang, who transformed his capital into a cosmic fulcrum, and the cynic Wang Chong, who dismissed religions that anthropomorphized the cosmos. This course will also draw upon contemporaneous literary, poetic, and material cultures (including the Portland Art Museum collections). Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Religion 121 - The Rise and Formation of Islam

Full course for one semester. This course is an introduction to the rise and formation of Islam as a prophetic religious tradition. Focused thematically on revelation, empire, ritual, and tradition, it examines the emergence of Islam in late antiquity and studies the development of Muslim intellectual traditions and sociopolitical institutions through the eleventh century. Lecture-conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Religion 123 - Islam in the Modern World

Full course for one semester. This course introduces students to how Muslim institutions and conceptions of authority changed in the modern era in relation to such historical developments as industrialization, scientific progress, European colonialism, the rise of nation-states, and feminism. Readings include literary works and autobiographies of Muslims from different cultural backgrounds as well as ethnographies and historical studies of social groups and institutions. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Religion 131 - Introduction to Hinduism

Full course for one semester. This conference will explore the foundations and developments of the South Asian religion called Hinduism. Our sources draw from the vast corpus of mythic and epic literature: cosmogonic Vedas, philosophically speculative Upanishads, duty-focused (dharma) epics, and later devotional (bhakti) poetry. Through primary sources as well as ethnographic accounts of diverse lived traditions we will familiarize ourselves with several gods, goddesses, heroes, ideas, and practices that persist throughout South Asian history. Conference.

Religion 132 - Introduction to South Asian Buddhism

Full course for one semester. This course is designed to explore the foundational “three jewels” of Buddhism: the Buddha, the dharma (the teaching), and the samgha (the Buddhist community). This survey of Buddhist thought and practice in its Indic context will introduce various philosophical and practical currents that have made an indelible mark on the variety of Buddhisms historically practiced throughout the world. The emic “three jewels” framework will organize our inquiry: special attention will be given to 1) the centrality of the Buddha biography; 2) the canonical teachings, speculative abhidharma literature, philosophical systems of the Mahāyāna, and scholasticism; and 3) the practical impact of the samgha in history, including Buddhist nationalism and activism today. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Religion 141 - Christianity: The First Seven Centuries

Full course for one semester. The course serves as an introduction to the Christian religion in the ancient world until the rise of Islam. After an introduction to the earliest Christian writings, translated from the Greek, Latin, Coptic, and Syriac, the course traces the development of Christian institutional forms, the religion’s manifold interpretive strategies and theological debates, its ritual practices and associated material cultures, and its expansion from its origin in Roman Iudaea eastward to the greater Middle East, the Indian subcontinent, and China; southward to Egypt and the Horn of Africa; and westward to Europe and North Africa. The course assumes no prior knowledge of the Christian religion and is open to first-year students. Lecture-conference.

Religion 142 - Christianity: Between the Ancient and the Modern

Full course for one semester. The course serves as an introduction to geographically diffuse and culturally diverse Christian literatures in the period and to a variety of associated ritual practices, material cultures, and institutional forms. Particular attention will be paid to Christian-Muslim relations, the flourishing of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, the evangelization of northern and eastern European peoples, and the emergence of the practice of vernacular preaching and theological writing in Western Europe. The course assumes no prior knowledge of the Christian religion and is open to first-year students. Lecture-conference.

Religion 151 - Introduction to Judaism

Full course for one semester. This course is an introduction to the self-definition of Judaism. The course will analyze Judaism’s understanding of itself by examining such central concepts as God, Torah, and Israel. This central self-definition will then be tested by close readings of selected representative texts and investigation of the varieties of Jewish history, as manifested in such phenomena as mysticism, sectarianism, and messianism. Lecture-conference.

Religion 201 - Theories and Methods in the Study of Religion

Full course for one semester. An introduction to various interpretive frameworks and methodological issues that inform religion as a critical, reflexive, academic discipline. Texts pertaining to the definition and scope of the inquiry and methods of investigation will be critically engaged and their applicability tested with an eye toward their utility for understanding religion and religious phenomena. Prerequisite: Humanities 110 and at least one 100-level course in religion. Lecture-conference.

Religion 256 - Islam in U.S. Religious History

Full course for one semester. This course will examine the history of Islam in America from the colonial period to the aftermath of 9/11. Through examination of select primary sources the course will contextualize the phenomenon of American Islam at the cross section of both American religious history and modern Islamic history. It will inquire into how the history of American Islam could enrich conventional understandings of religious pluralism in the United States and the relationship between Islam and modernity. Topics to be discussed include the relationship between race, ethnicity, and religion in the U.S.; the influence of comparative theology and religious studies on American conceptions of religious diversity; the relationship between missions, colonialism, and industrialization in the late nineteenth century; the role of Islam in the civil rights movement in the U.S. and in nationalist movements in Muslim-majority societies; and the rise of militant Islam as a matter of global concern. Prerequisite: Religion 121 or 123, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Religion 305 - History, Hermeneutics, and Religion

Full course for one semester. This course frames a series of critical inquiries into the varieties of rules and practices that affect the historical understanding of religions. It is best understood as motivated by one question: what might it mean to say that one is doing history of religions? It presumes that work in the history of religions requires reflection on the relationships among the human experience of time, the interpretive practices of the historian, and religions construed as an object of social-historical inquiry. Prerequisite: Humanities 110 and at least one 100-level religion course. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Religion 310 - Death, Hell, and Rebirth in Chinese History

Full course for one semester. Using Reed’s study collection of Chinese hell scrolls as a springboard, this course explores texts and images that trace out the cycles of death and rebirth in literary genres. We follow the monk Mulian as he looks for his mother in hell, and we witness Emperor Taizong as he faces judgment before the underworld magistrates. We study Chinese sutras as well as the Tibetan Book of the Dead, and we unpack the 400-page travelogue of Taiwanese monks who in the 1970s undertook scores of day trips to hell via spiritual mediums. Throughout we will consider which theoretical lenses in religious studies are most useful in increasing our understanding of Chinese retributive hell. Prerequisite: Religion 113 or 115, and Religion 201 or Humanities 231–232, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Religion 312 - Early Chinese Cosmology and Its Ritual Response

Full course for one semester. This course is an examination of the diverse cosmological traditions that underpin later institutional faiths, and will explore early Chinese attempts to locate the human being within a larger natural order. Early Chinese scholars wrestled with ideas of a pervasive yin and yang as well as other forms of correlative interaction, and in their application of these ideas they formulated systems that explained everything from the inner workings of the body to the greater astronomical order. The course examines their broader concepts such as time and space as well as specific topics such as astronomy, alchemy, and afterlife. It also considers the ritual response to this cosmology—that is, the means whereby humans accessed the larger natural order. Rituals mimicked cosmological hierarchies, and they also interacted with that cosmology through sacrifice, divination, shamanism, and seasonal festivals. Students will explore the archeological evidence, and their readings will focus upon primary texts in translation. Prerequisite: Religion 115 or 116, and Religion 201. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Religion 313 - Early and Medieval Chinese Buddhism

Full course for one semester. In its theoretical guise, Chinese Buddhism focused on the idea of “emptiness,” of everything (including the self) being empty of any permanent, independent qualities. This course will begin with the Buddhist sutras and catechisms (e.g., the Perfect Enlightenment, Diamond, and Platform sutras) that endeavored to unpack this idea of emptiness. It will then turn to how religious Buddhism paradoxically attempted to give concrete form to that emptiness, translating theory into the lives of Buddhas and bodhisattvas, into mosaic disciplines and hellish fears, into poetic expression and material culture. Ultimately, our guiding question will be as follows: “Does emptiness actually survive the translation to make Buddhism a unique religion?” Prerequisite: Religion 115, 116, 132, or 201, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Religion 321 - Islamic Thought in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

Full course for one semester. A chronological survey of Islamic thought during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Focusing on conceptions of God and of the ideal human relationship with God in selected Muslim religious writings, the course will analyze the interrelation between sociohistorical and theological developments in the Islamic tradition during this period. The geographical focus of the course will be primarily on the Middle East and South Asia. Among the authors whose theologies we will examine in depth are: Sayyid Ahmad Khan, Muhammad Iqbal, Abu‘l-A‘la Mawdudi, Jamal ad-Din Afghani, Muhammad ‘Abduh, Sayyid Qutb, ‘Ali Shari‘ati, and Ruhallah Khomeini. Prerequisite: Religion 121 or 123. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Religion 322 - Semantics of Love in Sufism

Full course for one semester. Sufism broadly refers to a complex of devotional, literary, ethical, theological, and mystical traditions within Islam. More specifically, it refers to the activities associated with institutionalized master-disciple relationships, which define the paths (turuq) through which Muslims have sought experiential knowledge of God. In both the broad and narrow sense of Sufism, love has been a prominent means of Sufi self-representation. In this course we will explore the ideas and practices semantically associated with love in the Sufi tradition and analyze the ways in which these ideas and practices have both shaped and been shaped by individual lives, religious institutions, and sociocultural contexts. Prerequisite: Religion 121 or 123. Conference. 

Not offered 2019–20.

Religion 333 - Arousing Faith in Hinduism and Buddhism

Full course for one semester. This course explores the affective domain of religion, training attention on the literary and material cultures that prompt and sustain Hindu and Buddhist devotional practices. An emphasis will be on the close reading of primary sources: stūpas and temples that inspire pilgrimage; the creation, use, and interpretation of devotional images of a vast pantheon of deities, Buddhas, and bodhisattvas; and literature in translation (including canonical Buddhist jātaka tales, Amitāyurbuddhānusmrti Sūtra, and seventeenth-century poet Alagiyavanna Mahoāla; from Hindu sources, the Bhāgavata Purāna, poetry of the sixth- through ninth-century Vaishnava Alvars, Jayadeva’s twelfth-century Gītagovinda, and modern poetry). Prerequisite: Religion 201, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Religion 334 - Gender and Buddhism

Full course for one semester. In this conference, we will consider the ways in which categories such as “woman,” “man,” “ubhatovyanjañaka” (“intersex”), “paṇḍaka,” “feminine,” “masculine,” “gender,” “nun,” and “monk” have been explained and imagined by Buddhist communities through various historical and cultural locations. We will begin with an examination of early Buddhist sources, including depictions of the Buddha as a sexualized “bull of a man,” and the stories surrounding the founding of the nun’s order and the songs of women saints (Pāli Therīgāthā). We will then explore gender(ed) imagery in Mahāyāna sources, with a focus on the gender transformation of the bodhisattva Avalokiteśvara in India to Guānyīn in China and Kannon in Japan, as well as the feminine principle envisioned by Tibetan Vajrayāna traditions. Key questions drive our inquiry: how do Buddhists, especially those who have taken vows, understand theoretical and practical tensions inherent in the Buddhist tradition? How do sacred images relate to social realities? Prerequisites: Religion 132 and 201, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Religion 335 - South Asian Religious Nationalisms

Full course for one semester. This conference will explore legends and legitimacy, specifically the use of Hindu and Buddhist theologies and mythologies in the formation and perpetuation of South Asian religious nationalisms. By examining how nationalist discourse invokes and applies historical and theological sources, we will question layers of legitimacy, and explore how and why religious narratives and mythically infused histories are conceived, preserved, explained, and employed. We will focus on ideologies developed around two particular religious sources. The fifth-century Sri Lankan Buddhist chronicle Mahāvaṃsa narrates legitimating stories of three sacralizing visits of the historical Buddha, the paradigmatic authority of the third-century BCE Indian king Aśoka, and the righteous reign of the second-century BCE Sinhalese king Dutthagamini; in the present it has been employed to galvanize Sinhala Buddhist nationalist claims of religious authority. The Indian epic Rāmāyaṇa is at once a theologically complex devotional text, an inspiring guide to pilgrimage and ritual, and source for (personal and communal) identity formation whose power has been effectively harnessed for political ends. Issues to consider include how images operate in augmenting the discourse, the broader context of postcolonial identity formation, and the impact of subaltern studies on historiography and religion. Prerequisites: Religion 131 or 132, or permission of instructor. Conference.

Religion 336 - Buddhist Ethics

Full course for one semester. This conference will consider theoretical structures, patterns of behaviors, and societal norms operative in Buddhist communities of the past and present. East and West. We will begin with shared doctrinal foundations of Buddhist ethics, key elements and values that represent a thread of continuity among Buddhist traditions. Our focus will be on canonical formulations and examples from various genres of Buddhist literature, historical and contemporary accounts of Buddhist behaviors and motivations along thematic lines: Buddhist morality; foundational concepts (such as karma, four noble truths, the practical path or Middle Way); the three marks of existence—namely dis-ease, impermanence, no-self; key practical values; human rights; social ethics; sexuality; gender; abortion and contraception; war, terrorism, and peace; economic ethics; Engaged Buddhism; and animals and the environment. Our goal is to develop a sophisticated lexicon and confidence in our understanding that enables as to delve deeply into primary case examples, literary, documentary, scholarly, or other in nature. We seek to understand the ways Buddhist ethics shape, sustain, and reflect Buddhist worldviews and lives. Prerequisite: Religion 132 or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Religion 341 - Ascesis in the Benedictine and Orthodox Monastic Traditions

Full course for one semester. The course focuses on a complex set of literary, communal, and embodied practices concerned with training and self-regulation, or ascesis, that promises the possibility of self-transformation and an experience of God. With an eye toward understanding contemporary Benedictine and Orthodox Christian monastic thought and practice, the literature of ascesis will be explored in a number of contexts: the late ancient Mediterranean; the medieval West and Byzantium; and the United States, Russia, and Greece in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Academic theories of asceticism and works addressing social-historical contexts will provide the basis for critical reflection and sustained comparison. Prerequisite: Religion 141 or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Religion 345 - The New Testament

Full course for one semester. Although the works comprising the canonical New Testament represent but a fraction of the extant ancient writings that attest to Christian origins, the task of understanding them has long been a discrete field for students of Christian antiquity. This course serves as an introduction to various modes of critical New Testament study and offers students the opportunity to explore the five major classes of works in the collection: the Epistles of Paul, the synoptic Gospels and Acts of the Apostles, the Deutero-Pauline epistles, the Catholic epistles, and the Johannine literature. Prerequisite: Religion 141 or 142. Conference.

Religion 347 - Eastern Orthodox Christianity

Full course for one semester. Rooted in the Greek patristic and Byzantine Christian traditions, Eastern Orthodox Christianity became a lasting expression, lived and institutionalized, of the Christian faith in Greece, the Middle East, Eastern Europe, and Russia. Following an introduction to the distinctive liturgical practices of the Byzantine Church, this course will focus on the Russian Orthodox religious subject and will pay particular attention to its distinctive theological, liturgical, artistic, ascetic, and soteriological dimensions. Frameworks for critical reflection will be provided by academic works concerned with ethnicity and religion, material culture and religion, ritual, and sacred architecture. Prerequisite: Religion 141, or Religion 201, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Religion 349 - Reading Pseudo-Dionysius

Full course for one semester. This course provides an introduction to a major writer in the Christian mystical tradition. The course situates the thought of the Pseudo-Dionysius within the social-historical environment and the main intellectual currents of the Mediterranean world of the fifth century of the Common Era. Prerequisites: Humanities 110 and Religion 141, or Religion 201, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Religion 361 - To Hell with Comparative Religions

Full course for one semester. The pedagogical tour of retributive hell is probably the most detailed religious phenomenon common to a great number of religious traditions. No matter whether the visitor is named Muhammad or Mulian, Vipashchit or Viraf, St. Patrick or Moses, Odysseus or Dante, the protagonist is led through the grisly horrors of hell so that he (or, more rarely, she) can return to the living and warn them to live moral lives. This course explores the usage of hell as a religious tool both past and present. We will begin by studying theories and methods regarding the comparison of religions, and then we will study several hell tours in depth, such as the American evangelical phenomenon of Hell House and the Chinese art tradition of the 10 hell kings. After that, participants will specialize in a particular hell tour from a religious tradition of their own choosing, and as a group we will consider 1) the validity of comparison, 2) the utility of comparison, and 3) the possible reasons behind the popularity of this hellish phenomenon. Prerequisite: Religion 201 or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Religion 362 - Religion and Media

Full course for one semester. This course addresses contemporary theories that attempt to explain the current intersections of religion and media. The primary focus will be on media theory which is arguably the most dynamic new approach in Religious Studies. Such theorists as Niklas Luhmann, Friedrich Kittler, and Vilém Flusser have laid the foundations for media theory today, following on the limited advances of such pioneers as Marshall McLuhan. Cybernetics, cognitive science, and systems science are each now contributing to the third stage in the development of a media theory of religion. The first half of the semester will be devoted to the foundational media theories of Marshall McLuhan, Niklas Luhmann, Friedrich Kittler, and Vilém Flusser. In the second half, we will look at case studies in religious evolution in the present age of rebelief. The operating assumption will be that the phenomena of so-called globalization and so-called fundamentalism are both functions of a primary media process, namely digitalization. Case studies to pursue will include artificial intelligence, transhumanism, the merging of communications and technology, the history of technology as religious evolution, and the history of communications as religious evolution. Prerequisite: Religion 201. Conference.

Religion 365 - Understanding Religion

Full course for one semester. This course provides students with an opportunity to consider religion from a variety of perspectives employed in the contemporary study of religion. Evidence for religion and religions will be examined from multiple traditions, geographical locations, and historical periods, but the course is not intended to be a survey of “world religions” or a historical overview of classic books in the academic study of religion. Instead, exemplary humanistic and social scientific approaches to the study of religion will provide a basis for empathetically exploring religious self-understandings while critically examining them within larger social, political, cultural, and epistemological contexts. Prerequisite: Humanities 110. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Religion 381 - Special Topics in Islamic Studies

Full course for one semester. This course is a research seminar devoted to the investigation of a particular topic in the contemporary study of Islam. Prerequisite: Religion 121 or 123 and Religion 201 or consent of the instructor. Conference. May be repeated for credit.

Not offered 2019–20.

Religion 382 - Special Topics in Jewish History

Full course for one semester. This course is a research seminar devoted to the investigation of a particular topic in Jewish history. Prerequisite: Religion 201. Conference. May be repeated for credit.

Religion 402 - The Junior Seminar in Religion

Full course for one semester. This course offers intensive study of a particular topic, drawing on various methodologies in the study of religion. While the course is intended to prepare department majors for the senior program, it is open to all qualified students.  Prerequisite: junior standing, Religion 201, and three additional courses in religion, or departmental permission. Conference.

Religion 470 - Thesis and Religion Symposium

Full course for one year.

Religion 481 - Individual Work in Special Fields

One-half or full course for one semester. Prerequisite: approval of instructor and division.

Russian 120 - First-Year Russian

Full course for one year. Essentials of grammar and readings in simplified texts. The course is conducted in Russian as much as possible. Conference.

Russian 220 - Second-Year Russian

Full course for one year. Readings, systematic grammar review, verbal drill, and writing of simple prose. The course is conducted in Russian and is intended for students interested in active use of the language. Prerequisite: Russian 120 or placement based on results of the Russian language exam. Conference.

Russian 266 - Russian Short Fiction

Full course for one semester. Intended for lower-division students, this course is devoted to close readings of short stories and novellas by such nineteenth- and twentieth-century writers as Pushkin, Gogol, Dostoevsky, Turgenev, Tolstoy, Chekhov, Babel, Bulgakov, Nabokov, Askyonov, and Tolstaya. Our approach is twofold. First, we attempt “open” readings, taking our texts as representatives of a single tradition in which later works are engaged in a dialogue with their predecessors. Second, we use the readings as test cases for a variety of critical approaches. Conducted in English. An additional weekly session will be scheduled for students taking the course for Russian credit. Meets English departmental requirement for 200-level genre courses. Prerequisite: students who wish to take the course for Russian credit must have completed Russian 220 or obtain the consent of the instructor. Cross-listed as Literature 266. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Russian 300 - Advanced Russian: Language, Style, and Culture

Full course for one semester. This course is designed to meet the needs of students striving to reach an advanced level of competency in reading, speaking, listening, and writing in Russian. The course expands and deepens the student’s understanding of expressive nuances of Russian through a study of select lexical, morphological, syntactical, and rhetorical features and through an examination of their contextual usage in appropriate target texts—fiction, journalism, and mass media—and corresponding cultural matrices. Case study materials include both classic and contemporary texts as well as classic Soviet films. Course assignments include reading and translation, grammar review, structured composition exercises, and oral presentations. The course is conducted in Russian. Prerequisite: Russian 220, or by placement examination. Conference. May be repeated for credit.

Russian 325 - Multicultural Russia

Full course for one semester. “Multicultural Russia” introduces students to the diverse ethnic, linguistic, religious, and cultural identities of Russia’s minority groups, including the history of how such identities were formed. Students will analyze works of literature, historical documents, films, works of art, and musical recordings by representatives of minority and subcultural groups from Central Asia, the Near East, Siberia, and the Russian Far North. Additional theoretical readings introduce students to Russia’s non-Western intellectual traditions and modes of sociocultural organization. By the end of the course, students will become familiar with debates surrounding identity politics, religious and ideological diversity, and contemporary struggles for minority rights, territorial sovereignty, and self-determination. The course is conducted in English, but an additional weekly session will be scheduled for students taking the course for Russian credit. Prerequisite for Russian credit: Russian 220 or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference. Cross-listed as Literature 325.

Not offered 2019–20.

Russian 351 - Introduction to Russian Poetry

Full course for one semester. The course covers the history of lyric poetry in nineteenth- and twentieth-century Russian literature and its main representatives, trends, genres, and movements. Special attention will be paid to the construction of the prophetic image of the poet and poetry’s role in shaping the overall Russian and Soviet culture. Among poets to be studied are Derzhavin, Pushkin, Baratynsky, Tiutchev, Nekrasov, Blok, Akhmatova, Pasternak, Mandelstam, Tsvetaeva, Zabolotsky, Slutsky, Evtushenko, Brodsky. The course also serves as an introduction to poetics and poetic analysis. Prerequisite: Russian 220 or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Russian 362 - Red Sci-Fi: Science Fiction in Soviet Literature and Film

Full course for one semester. Though working behind the Cold War “iron curtain,” post-World War II Soviet writers and filmmakers were preoccupied with the same ideas and questions as their Western and American counterparts, often working in parallel genres. One such genre was science fiction, which became enormously popular in the Soviet Union starting in the mid-1950s. Relying on the rich tradition of the 1920s, the postwar writers and filmmakers used science fiction to reflect on urgent societal and philosophical issues. In the presence of state censorship and official ideology, science fiction became the venue for veiled and subversive critique of the regime. In this course, through reading and watching major works of Russian sci-fi fiction and cinema, we will explore how they imagined artificial intelligence and time travel; space exploration and alien species and robots; the quest for immortality; and the nuclear apocalypse. We will situate these works in their immediate artistic and cultural contexts and the wider, primarily American, comparative context of postwar science fiction. Readings and screenings from the Strugatskii brothers, Alexander Beliaev, Alexei Tolstoi, Andrei Tarkovskii, Kir Bulychev, Sever Gansovskii, Klushantsev, and others. Conducted in English. An additional weekly session will be scheduled for students taking the course for Russian credit. Prerequisite: students who wish to take the course for Russian credit must have completed Russian 220 or obtain the consent of the instructor. Conference. Cross-listed as Literature 362.

Not offered 2019–20.

Russian 366 - Literature of Destruction

Full course for one semester. The Holocaust of European Jewry in World War II and the construction of the totalitarian Gulag system in the Soviet Union invite a comparative investigation. In this course, literary and cinematic responses to the Holocaust and the Gulag are studied in the context of seminal theories on totalitarianism as well as Russian and Jewish apocalyptic and messianic literary traditions, which linked national catastrophes with the end of time. Considering the sacred significance that both Russian and Jewish civilizations ascribe to the literary word, as well as the place that the written responses to catastrophe hold in the two traditions, the seminar explores the central features of Russian and Jewish texts of destruction by reading biblical texts, excerpts from old Russian epics, and major works of modern/modernist Russian and Jewish prose, poetry, and drama. Conducted in English. An additional weekly session will be scheduled for students taking the course for Russian credit. Prerequisite for Russian credit: Russian 220 or equivalent, or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference. Cross-listed as Literature 366.

Not offered 2019–20.

Russian 371 - Russian Literature and Culture from Medieval to Romantic

Full course for one semester. This course studies a number of literary, artistic, and architectural works from the pre-Petrine period of Russian civilization through the prism of their reception by and significance to the development of Russian Europeanized “high” culture of neoclassicism, the baroque, sentimentalism, and early romanticism. Kievan and Muscovite works under consideration include The Primary Chronicle, The Igor Tale, various hagiographic and apocryphal narratives; Avvakum’s Autobiography, The Life of Alexander Nevsky; medieval icons and ecclesiastical architecture, and the “bylina.” The “moderns” include largely prose narratives by Bogdanovich, Chulkov, Fonvizin, Karamzin, Pushkin, Gogol, and Lermontov. Primary texts are supplemented by contextual and textual criticism, elucidating the formation of a national canon. Weekly response papers, a seminar report, and two term papers offer systematic training in close reading and guided critical strategies. Conducted in English. An additional weekly session will be scheduled for students taking the course for Russian credit. Prerequisite: students who wish to take the course for Russian credit must have completed Russian 220 or obtain the consent of the instructor. Conference. Cross-listed as Literature 371.

Russian 372 - Russian Literature: Realism

Full course for one semester. This course is an introduction to the major writers, movements, genres, and works of Russian literature from the early 19th century to the immediate prerevolutionary era. With a primary focus on the emergence of realism and its associated thematics, this course includes works of fiction by Turgenev, Goncharov, Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, Leskov, and Chekhov, as well as letters and essays by their contemporaries. Secondary readings will offer additional contextual information and critical perspectives on these works and their role in the continued development of a national canon. All readings will be in English translation, and class meetings will be conducted in English. An additional weekly session will be scheduled for students taking the course for Russian credit. Prerequisite: students who wish to take the course for Russian credit must have completed Russian 220 or obtain the consent of the instructor. Conference. Cross-listed as Literature 372.

Russian 373 - Modern Russian Literature from Chekhov to the Present

Full course for one semester. Survey of the modern Russian and Soviet short story and novel, exploring the evolution of these genres in relation to historical and cultural developments and considering a variety of critical approaches. Readings include the prose of Chekhov, Gorky, Bely, Babel, Olesha, Teffi, Pasternak, Bulgakov, Nabokov, Solzhenitsyn, Ginzburg, and Pelevin. Conducted in English. An additional weekly session will be scheduled for students taking the course for Russian credit. Prerequisite: students who wish to take the course for Russian credit must have completed Russian 220 or obtain the consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference. Cross-listed as Literature 373.

Not offered 2019–20.

Russian 383 - Special Topics in Russian Literature: Russian Romanticism in the Western European Context

Full course for one semester. This study of the concept and period of romanticism in Russia considers the ideological, thematic, and typological characteristics of the movement through a representative body of works by writers including Vyazemsky, Bestuzhev-Marlinsky, Odoevsky, Delvig, Bulgarin, Ryleev, Pushkin and the “Pushkin pleiad,” Lermontov, Gogol, and members of the “natural school.” Primary texts are organized around key concepts of autochthony (“narodnost”), historicism, originality, and the cultivation of the personality. The Russian texts are studied in tension with their Western European models, which include selected readings of Schiller, Goethe, E.T.A. Hoffman, Tieck, Herder, Rousseau, Benjamin, Blake, Byron, MacPherson, Novalis, and Gray. Conducted in English. An additional weekly session will be scheduled for students taking the course for Russian credit. Prerequisite: students who wish to take the course for Russian credit must have completed Russian 220 or obtain the consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference. Cross-listed as Literature 383. May be repeated for credit.

Not offered 2019–20.

Russian 390 - Russian Culture under Putin: Submission and Resistance

Full course for one semester. This course examines main cultural developments in Russia over the last two decades—the developments that took place in a conservative social climate and under the pressure of increasingly repressive government policies. We will discuss heterogeneous materials: works of literature (both fiction and nonfiction), film, poetry, performance art, journalist and scholarly writings, TV, and Internet texts. As we explore both Russian “high culture” and “mass culture,” we will pay special attention to both the techniques of submission and the strategies of resistance, as adopted by the Russian creative class. Among the topics which we will address are historical memory and its manipulations, new nationalism, corruption and its impact on society, economic inequality and cultural divisions, and Russian versions of artistic and political postmodernism. Conducted in English. An additional weekly session will be scheduled for students taking the course for Russian credit. Prerequisite for Russian credit: Russian 220 or equivalent, or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference. Cross-listed as Literature 390.

Not offered 2019–20.

Russian 391 - Postcommunist Cultures: Identity, Power, Resistance

Full course for one semester. Cotaught by a sociologist and a literature scholar, this interdisciplinary course examines how different communities and actors in postcommunist societies (largely in Ukraine and Russia) experienced and responded to the dramatic institutional dislocations that followed the fall of communism. We will study and discuss sociological as well as literary works (highbrow and mass culture), cultural criticism, journalism, electronic media products, films, historical and ethnographic accounts. Our topics include techniques of state domination; post-Soviet nostalgia; historical memory and its manipulations; colonialism, imperialism, genocide and the legacies of mass state violence; strategies of resistance to state domination; the gendering of new currents of national identity and nationalism; and the refashioning of political identities around contemporary Western discourses. Finally, we will explore the phenomenon of “postmodernism” in Ukrainian and Russian arts and politics. An additional weekly session will be scheduled for students taking the course for Russian credit. Prerequisite: students who wish to take the course for Russian credit must have completed Russian 220 or obtain the consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference. Cross-listed as Literature 391 and Sociology 201.

Sociology 201 Description

Russian 392 - Nuclear Literatures: A Comparative Approach

Full course for one semester. This course is a comparative study of the nuclear theme in several literary traditions which are usually treated separately: Japanese literature on the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki; Soviet and post-Soviet reactions to the ecological disasters at Chernobyl, Semipalatinsk, and other sites; American literature of the Cold War; and contemporary literary and artistic reactions to the 2011 disaster at Fukushima. We will also examine the interrelationship of political rhetoric, scientific language, and poetic language in the way nuclear power is imagined, implemented, experienced, and resisted. Our comparative approach will be informed by readings from the schools of postcolonialism, eco-criticism, and critical indigenous theory. We will focus not only on the Atomic Age’s legacy of human and environmental devastation, but also the geopolitical, existential, and epistemological questions raised by the threat of nuclear accidents and warfare. Conducted in English. An additional weekly session will be scheduled for students taking the course for Russian credit. Prerequisite: students who wish to take the course for Russian credit must have completed Russian 220 or obtain the consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference. Cross-listed as Literature 392.

Russian 404 - Tolstoy’s Great Novels

Full course for one semester. Leo Tolstoy (1828–1910) remains one of the world’s most read and admired fiction writers as well as an important voice in moral, political, and aesthetic philosophy. This course explores Tolstoy’s greatest novels: War and Peace (1863–69) and Anna Karenina (1873–77). We will approach Tolstoy’s masterpieces from a number of perspectives, including genre and narrative theories; Tolstoy’s historical, cultural, and philosophical contexts; and Russian and European intellectual and literary history. We will also examine how Tolstoy’s novels were interpreted in such media as opera, dance, film, and television. The workload includes extensive reading as well as screenings, oral presentations, and writing assignments. Conducted in English. An additional weekly session will be scheduled for students taking the course for Russian credit. Prerequisite: students who wish to take the course for Russian credit must have completed Russian 220 or obtain the consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference. Cross-listed as Literature 404.

Not offered 2019–20.

Russian 408 - Decadence and Symbolism in Russia and Europe

Full course for one semester. The course explores Russian Decadent and Symbolist literature and culture in a broad European context. We will study the philosophical foundations of Decadent culture (Nietzsche, Solovyov); the preoccupation with “degeneration,” common in the European science of the fin de siècle (Nordau, Krafft-Ebing, Weininger); the “aestheticism” (J.-K. Huysmans, Oscar Wilde); the interpretations of sexuality (André Gide, Thomas Mann), Decadent mysticism, and other topics. The Russian component of the reading includes the works of Leo Tolstoy, Anton Chekhov, Vladimir Solovyov, Fedor Sologub, Mikhail Kuzmin, Mikhail Artsybashev, Aleksandr Blok, and Andrei Bely. This course will emphasize a research component: a 20-page research paper will be due at the end of the semester. An additional weekly session will be scheduled for students taking the course for Russian credit. In these sessions, we will focus on the poetry of the Russian Silver Age (Solovyov, Valerii Briusov, Konstantin Bal’mont, Sologub, Zinaida Gippius, Bely, Viacheslav Ivanov, Kuzmin, Blok, et al.). Conducted in English. Prerequisite for Russian credit: Russian 220 or equivalent, or consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference. Cross-listed as Literature 408.

Not offered 2019–20.

Russian 409 - Late Tolstoy: From Anna Karenina to a Religious Teaching

Full course for one semester.  The course explores the second period of Leo Tolstoy’s career, from Anna Karenina (1870s) to his late fiction, such as Resurrection (1899) and Hadzhi Murat (1904), as well as his aesthetic, ethical, theological, and political writings. We will pay special attention to Tolstoy’s transformation from a fiction writer to a moral theorist and religious activist. Apart from a study of Tolstoy’s poetics and ideology, we will engage a number of cultural contexts for his works: Russian political and intellectual history, aesthetic and artistic developments in late nineteenth-century Russia, Tolstoy’s role and reputation in Russian society. The workload includes extensive reading, oral presentations, and several writing assignments. Prerequisite: students who wish to take the course for Russian credit must have completed Russian 220 or obtain the consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference. Cross-listed as Literature 409.

Not offered 2019–20.

Russian 410 - Russian Literature in Revolution: 1917–1932

Full course for one semester. The years of revolution in Russia (1917–32) challenged writers to respond in innovative ways to the political and social upheaval, modernization, and the challenge of engineering an “ideal” mass society. This course addresses the question: how did social and political revolution and revolution in the arts relate to each other? Our inquiry will range over manifestoes, criticism, and artistic prose representing various camps (such as acmeism, OBERIU, ornamentalism, formalism, RAPP, and socialist realism) to explore how these formulate and address four key questions: Who should write? For whom? What should be written? How should one write? Topics for investigation will include gender and voice; elite and popular culture; theory and its relationship to practice; vertical vs horizontal literary institutions. Writers will include Isaac Babel, Maxim Gorky, Daniil Kharms, Valentin Kataev, Velimir Khlebnikov, Alexandra Kollontai, Osip Mandelstam, Boris Pasternak, Boris Pilnyak, Andrey Platonov, Viktor Shklovsky, Teffi (Nadezhda Lokhvitskaya), Yevgeny Zamyatin. Students will submit weekly response papers and two term papers. Conducted in English. Those taking the course for Russian credit will meet for an additional weekly session to consider materials in the original. Prerequisite: students who wish to take the course for Russian credit must have completed Russian 220 or obtain the consent of the instructor. Conference. Cross-listed as Literature 410.

Russian 413 - Russian Formalism, Structuralism, and Semiotics

Full course for one semester. This course is an examination of the critical trends of twentieth-century Russian literary criticism and theory, including works produced by the Russian formalist school, by linguistic and structural criticism, and by semiotic approaches to literature and culture. The course will consider the origin and development of different methodologies and will look at their application to specific works of Russian and Western literature. Readings include works by Shklovsky, Eikhenbaum, Tynjanov, Propp, Jakobson, Bakhtin, Lotman, and Ginzburg, among others. Conducted in English. An additional weekly session will be scheduled for students taking the course for Russian credit. Prerequisite: students who wish to take the course for Russian credit must have completed Russian 220 or obtain the consent of the instructor. Conference. Cross-listed as Literature 413.

Not offered 2019–20.

Russian 436 - Sergei Eisenstein’s Film Art: Decadence, Revolution, and the Mechanics of Ecstasy

Full course for one semester. This course explores the works of Sergei Eisenstein (1898–1948), a Soviet film director and theorist, widely considered one of the most influential creative artists of the twentieth century. Eisenstein’s Battleship Potemkin (1925) revolutionized film as an art form, and his other cinematic works, such as Strike (1925), October (1927), The General Line (1929), ¡Que viva México! (1932), Alexander Nevsky (1938), and Ivan the Terrible (1944–45), made a great and deeply original contribution to the development of filmmaking and film aesthetics. As a theorist, Eisenstein formulated the principles of film editing (known as montage) and studied viewers’ and readers’ response to art. He authored provocative autobiographical writings as well as works of sexual theory, psychology, literary scholarship, and philosophy. Thousands of his drawings comment, ironically and often obscenely, on the mechanics of artistic, sexual, and religious ecstasy—which Eisenstein saw as a unity. We will study Eisenstein in a number of contexts: aesthetic (in connection to Decadence and avant-garde), political (Stalinism), and filmic (D.W. Griffith, Charlie Chaplin, Walt Disney, Dziga Vertov, Alexander Dovzhenko, et al.). The workload includes weekly film screenings and extensive reading and writing, as well as class presentations. Conducted in English. An additional weekly session will be scheduled for students taking the course for Russian credit. Prerequisite: students who wish to take the course for Russian credit must have completed Russian 220 or obtain the consent of the instructor. Conference. Cross-listed as Literature 436.

Russian 445 - The Films of S. Kubrick and A. Tarkovsky

Full course for one semester. The figures of Stanley Kubrick (1928–1999) and Andrei Tarkovsky (1932–1986) loom large in the history of twentieth-century cinema and continue to exert a profound influence on contemporary filmmakers in their respective countries and worldwide. Ostensibly different in technique, style, and biography, they both developed distinct philosophies of cinema and share a number of remarkable similarities which invite a comparative examination of the two. Both Kubrick and Tarkovsky employed the same genres—noir, historical drama, science fiction, war—and turned to the same themes of the nature of art and the role of the artist, nuclear disaster, memory, and the legacy of World War II. In this course, we will watch all of Kubrick’s and Tarkovsky’s completed films and study them in the context of their respective cultural, cinematic, and literary contexts, Russian/Soviet, American, and European. We will also read the directors’ theoretical writings and reflections on cinema and from the extensive scholarship on them. The goal of the course is not only to provide an in-depth introduction to the two directors, but to train students in the fundamentals of cinematic analysis. Conducted in English. Prerequisite: students who wish to take the course for Russian credit must have completed Russian 220 or obtain the consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference. Cross-listed as Literature 445.

Not offered 2019–20.

Russian 470 - Thesis

One-half or full course for one year.

Russian 481 - Independent Study

One-half or full course for one semester. Prerequisite: approval of instructor and division.

Sociology 201 - Postcommunist Cultures: Identity, Power, Resistance

Full course for one semester. Cotaught by a sociologist and a literature scholar, this interdisciplinary course examines how different communities and actors in postcommunist societies (largely in Ukraine and Russia) experienced and responded to the dramatic institutional dislocations that followed the fall of communism. We will study and discuss sociological as well as literary works (highbrow and mass culture), cultural criticism, journalism, electronic media products, films, and historical and ethnographic accounts. Our topics include techniques of state domination; post-Soviet nostalgia; historical memory and its manipulations; colonialism, imperialism, genocide, and the legacies of mass state violence; strategies of resistance to state domination; the gendering of new currents of national identity and nationalism; and the refashioning of political identities around contemporary Western discourses. Finally, we will explore the phenomenon of “postmodernism” in Ukrainian and Russian arts and politics. An additional weekly session will be scheduled for students taking the course for Russian credit. Prerequisite: students who wish to take the course for Russian credit must have completed Russian 220 or obtain the consent of the instructor. Lecture-conference. Cross-listed as Russian and Literature 391.

Russian 391 Description

Sociology 211 - Introduction to Sociology

Full course for one semester. An introduction to sociological perspectives on patterns of human conduct ranging from fleeting encounters in informal gatherings to historical processes of institutional persistence and change. Topics of discussion and research include the stratification of life chances, social honor and power in human populations, and the differentiation of these populations by gender, race, age, ethnicity, and other characteristics both achieved and ascribed; the integration of differentiated roles and statuses into systems capable of maintaining their structure beyond the life span of living individuals, and capable as well of revolutionary and evolutionary social change; and the interrelationships of familial, economic, political, educational, and religious institutions in the emerging world system of late modernity. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of the instructor. In spring 2020, first-year students may register on a space-available basis. Lecture-conference and computer lab.

Sociology 231 - Organizations

Full course for one semester. This course provides a broad introduction to the analysis of organizations in sociology and related fields. Organizations are a ubiquitous feature of social, economic, and political life, and involve a striking variety of cases, ranging from corporations, community nonprofits, and state welfare providers to firefighting teams, symphony orchestras, hospitals, rape crisis centers, and universities. They represent social sites in which we spend a substantial proportion of our daily lives, profoundly shaping opportunity, power, identity, and everyday interactions both within their boundaries and in the broader society. We address variation and change in the nature of organizations, and the consequences of organizational structure and form for how organizations operate, what and who individuals and groups can and cannot do or become, and how societies evolve. Topics include organizational types and forms (e.g., hierarchical vs. network; corporations, nonprofits, cooperatives; standing vs. temporary organizations); organizations and power; organizational ecologies or systems; organizations, inequality, and social stratification; organizations and community; and organizations, mobilization, and social movements. Prerequisite: Sociology 211 or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Sociology 247 - Race, Class, Gender: Intersections in Inequality

Full course for one semester. Taking a sociological approach, this course treats race and ethnicity as social constructs that permeate social life, are entrenched in social structures and institutions, and change over time and place. The goal of this course is to examine how the construct of race develops in relationship to other systems of social differentiation, including class and gender. We will consider how these coexisting social hierarchies shape identities, determine life chances, establish relationships of marginality and privilege, and generate social stability and conflict. Racial formation, intersectionality, and symbolic boundaries will be among the theoretical approaches discussed. Prerequisite: Sociology 211. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Sociology 280 - Social Movements

Full course for one semester. Why do some social movements fail, while others succeed? The goal of this course is to introduce students to sociological theories of social movement success and failure. Through a review of classical and contemporary theories and case studies of women’s liberation, gay liberation, abortion, civil rights, environmentalism, and the peace and disarmament movements, we will identify key analytical questions and research strategies for studying contemporary social movements in depth. Among the perspectives reviewed will be classical approaches (de Tocqueville, “mass society,” and “relative deprivation”), as well as more recent perspectives that focus on rational choice, resource mobilization, political process, and new social movements. Prerequisite: Sociology 211 or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Sociology 311 - Research Methods

Full course for one semester. The primary objective is to provide background for empirical research in the social sciences. Specific objectives include deepening understanding of the logic of inference by exploring the relationship between empirical observations and causal models and introducing basic research techniques. Topics include the logic of inference, the nature of evidence, and a nonmathematical introduction to quantitative social analysis, emphasizing regression. Prerequisites: Sociology 211 and one additional unit in sociology. Conference.

Sociology 320 - Feminisms: Comparative Perspectives on Women’s Activism

Full course for one semester. This course examines feminisms, the diversity of feminist movements that have come into existence in the last four decades. We proceed through a review of classical and contemporary theories and case studies, placing particular emphasis on feminist critiques of violence and/or feminist attempts to raise issues of diversity (e.g., bell hooks, Catharine MacKinnon, Dorothy Smith, Patricia Hill Collins). We will examine how feminism emerged as a movement and how it has changed as it moves across borders and generations. Prerequisite: Sociology 211 or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Sociology 322 - Gender and Work

Full course for one semester. Gender is a central organizing principle in social relations and is deeply embedded in how work is organized, rewarded, and experienced. This course provides an overview of the theoretical, methodological, and empirical contributions of scholarship in the area of gender, work and organizations. Emphasis on the intersection of gender, sexuality, race/ethnicity, and class. Topics include inequalities in the labor force, low wage and informal work and poverty, sex/sexuality in the workplace, masculinity/femininity at work, work/family conflict and the division of labor in the home, and how the institution of family, gender, and work culture are integrated into work practices, policies, and programs. Prerequisite: Sociology 211 or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Sociology 326 - Science and Social Difference

Full course for one semester. Is race biological? Do men and women have different brains? Categories such as race and gender are often presumed to be socially constructed classifications linked to difference. At the same time, references to scientific claims that prioritize the biological underpinnings of behavior and outcomes are common. This raises questions about the role of biology in determining differences between men and women, among racial/ethnic groups, and regarding sexuality, and how these ideas relate to the design of science policy and practice. Considering a series of contemporary cases, students in this course will examine the reciprocal relationships between scientific inquiry, science politics, social identity, and belonging. The course does not attempt to resolve these often contentious topics, but rather focuses on the processes by which ideas about difference are transmitted to students of science and the public; how social groups and identities are taken into account in science research, technological design, and clinical studies; who gets to “do science”; and the people and groups invested in the outcomes. Prerequisite: Sociology 211 or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Sociology 331 - Topics in Organizational Analysis

Full course for one semester. Variable topics. Omnipresent in “modern” settings, organizations are a potent structuring force in social, economic, and political life, and provide a wealth of possibilities for sustained inquiry in a topics course. Prerequisite: Sociology 211 or consent of the instructor. Conference. May be repeated for credit. 

Organizations and Networks: Ethnographies
Full course for one semester. Organizations are central to our daily lives. They reflect and shape opportunity; create status hierarchies of gender, race, and privilege; generate and alter power relations; and are products and producers of social capital. This course utilizes ethnographic and in-depth case analysis—methods that focus on agency in context, interpersonal processes of meaning making, and social processes over time—to address interaction and influence, the generation of reward systems, (in)formal systems of power, and network dynamics in and between organizations. Across diverse cases—including financial institutions, elite medical practices, day care centers, mining companies, nonprofits, and universities—we will “study up” to consider how power, meaning, and change are constructed at the top, and examine “from-below” practices that shape opportunity and innovation, facilitate succession, shape social capital, and contest hierarchies in bureaucracies. Prerequisite: Sociology 211 or consent of the instructor. Conference. 

Sociology 332 - The Sociology of Education

Full course for one semester. This course will critically examine the role of schools and schooling in society, covering key theoretical and empirical approaches employed by sociologists of education. Issues to be discussed include the structure and organization of schools, stratification processes within and between schools, family/school relationships, and the outcomes of education. We will discuss various perspectives on the relationship between individual social background and educational outcomes. Specifically, we will discuss the ways in which schooling both supports and interrupts the reproduction of social inequality. We will use these theoretical foundations to consider contemporary issues in education, including racial disparities in access and outcomes, high-stakes accountability, and school choice. Prerequisite: Sociology 211. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Sociology 340 - American Capitalism

Full course for one semester. This is a comparative historical course on the development of American capitalism, focusing on the rise of mass markets and giant corporations as its dominant organizing principles. We survey theoretical approaches used to explain American capitalism and engage historical analyses of the key turning points in the development of our economy. A central objective is to document the existence of more efficient, democratic, and decentralized alternatives to the type of capitalism that came to prevail in the United States. Topics include the role of culture, politics, and finance capital in the development of the corporation; the rise and fall of cooperative, regionally based systems; mass production; populist responses to economic centralization; American labor; and state regulation. Prerequisite: Sociology 211 or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Sociology 342 - Sociology of Asian America

Full course for one semester. Who are Asian/Americans and where is Asian America? This seminar examines the historical and contemporary formations of Asian populations in the United States. Centering sociological and interdisciplinary research, we will examine the sociohistorical relational constructions of “Asians” and “Asian Americans.” The course is organized around four themes: (1) disciplinary constructions of Asians in the United States from sociology and Asian American studies; (2) citizenship, rights, and policy; (3) identity and community formation; and (4) emerging directions in research. Students will learn key theoretical frameworks and how significant historical moments such as the Chinese exclusion acts, World War II, the Third World Liberation Front, the rise of the model minority myth, and 9/11 shaped and reshaped the racial formation of Asians in the United States. Prerequisite: Sociology 211 or consent of the instructor. Conference. Cross-listed as Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 342.

Sociology 343 - Sociology of Race and Racism

Full course for one semester. What is race? Race is a social construction. But what does it actually mean for race to be a social construction? In this seminar, we will examine how sociologists, social scientists, and legal scholars in the United States have theorized, debated, and researched the constructions of race and the practices and consequences of racism. Struggles over the meaning of race are entanglements over assertions of power so we will engage with scholars who demonstrate the coconstitution of race with other structures of power such as class, gender, sexuality, law, and colonialism. Students will gain an understanding of key paradigms that explicitly center or decenter race, including internal colonialism, the “underclass,” racial formation theory, and women of color feminisms. Prerequisite: Sociology 211 or consent of the instructor. Conference. Cross-listed as Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 343.

Sociology 344 - Race, Group Mobilization, and Institutions

Full course for one semester. This is a course in the sociology of race and ethnic relations, with a particular emphasis on 1) intergroup relations, institutions, group mobilization, and boundaries and 2) the socially structured situations of African Americans. The course surveys interactional and structural approaches to race and ethnicity and applies them to specific historical developments in American race relations and the African American community. A central objective is to understand variation in racism across settings and over time and the conditions under which segregation, racial hierarchies, and racial conflict emerge and are contested. Topics include assimilation; racial oppression as social death; race and ethnicity as a matter of group boundaries; ethnic competition, internal colonialism, and split labor markets; the development of the racial state; residential segregation and the “underclass”; the role of schools and prisons in regulating labor markets; and the civil rights movement and the welfare state. Prerequisite: Sociology 211 or consent of the instructor. Conference. Cross-listed as Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 344.

Not offered 2019–20.

Sociology 348 - Race, Economy, Public Policy

Full course for one semester. This course examines the social and institutional structures of economic life, economic policy, and their effects on race, stratification, and the system of ethnic relations in the contemporary United States. It examines those dynamics through the lenses of economic and organizational sociology, which view economic activities and outcomes as socially structured via networks, corporate and state hierarchies, systems of association and interpersonal exchange, and ecologies of public, private, and nonprofit organizations. Topics include the rise and fall of the mass production corporation; the role of unions, ethnic enclaves, and employment networks in allocating resources; the effects of civil rights law on corporate practices; how the state, the law, and neighborhood associations shape segregation, housing market dynamics, and the differential accumulation of wealth; the nature of and transformations in the welfare state; and the role of nonprofit enterprise and small-business formation in shaping the fates of African Americans and other groups. Prerequisite: Sociology 211 or consent of the instructor. Conference. Cross-listed as Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 348.

Not offered 2019–20.

Sociology 350 - Sociology of Science

Full course for one semester. Science and technology play an increasingly important role in society, social change, and economic life, influencing how we understand our environment, organize economic activity, and enact public policy. Yet science, knowledge, and technology are themselves developed to serve conflicting interests and social projects. This course examines the position of science in society. It examines how science shapes social norms and action, and how science and knowledge are products of their social organization and context. Topics include the nature of knowledge, the boundaries of public and private science, the diffusion of technology, the role of innovation in economic growth, the construction of scientific practices and facts, scientific careers, and the effects of gender and racial stratification on science. Students in this course will become familiar with the core theoretical approaches in the sociology of science and technology, and gain a deeper understanding of the social construction of science. Prerequisites: Sociology 211 or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Sociology 351 - Sociology of Finance

Full course for one semester. Economic and social life now pivot around finance to an astonishing extent, leading one recent observer to suggest that we have experienced a Copernican revolution in which financial markets and logics of portfolio management have displaced corporations, communities, and governments as the center around which everything orbits. This course focuses on institutional, organizational, and social structures of the contemporary financial system. It traces the evolution of the financial system since the New Deal settlements, including “deregulation,” securitization, and the growing reliance on mathematical modeling. It tracks the changing role and significance of the financial system within capitalist societies, examining the sources and impact of the crisis. And it considers the historical, present, and future role of small, more locally rooted and decentralized alternatives to Wall Street, too-big-to-fail institutions, and money center banking. Prerequisite: Sociology 211. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Sociology 355 - Economic Sociology

Full course for one semester. This course provides a rigorous introduction to the burgeoning sociological literature on the social structure of markets and economic activity in capitalist and other market societies. Its core problem is to identify the ways in which rational, economic action and exchange are embedded within, and facilitated, modified, or impeded by, collective commitments and social institutions. We address how variation and change in the social and institutional structures of economic life are produced, and the consequences for cooperation, rationality, justice, and economic development. In so doing, this course moves beyond conceptualizing economic organization as a dichotomous choice between unregulated markets at one polar extreme and state control at the other. And we address the possibilities for an extended dialogue between economic sociology and the new institutional economics. Topics include contracts, networks, associations, and hierarchies as core social structures of economic life; the social and political construction of markets and industries; cooperative alternatives to the corporation; the role of culture, power, and identity in private enterprise; states and market failure; the rise and fall of mass production; cross-national variation in the organization of capitalism; and globalization. Prerequisite: Sociology 211 and one upper-division course in sociology. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Sociology 363 - Sociology of Culture

Full course for one semester. The course surveys recent sociological studies of cultural production. It surveys how cultural materials are used to establish and maintain boundaries that differentiate among middle-class status groups in contemporary America and how diverse organizations such as museums, art galleries, and record companies manage the production and distribution of cultural symbols for a diversified market. Prerequisite: Sociology 211 or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Sociology 380 - Networks and Social Structure

Full course for one semester. Social network dynamics influence phenomena within communities, neighborhoods, families, work life, scientific and technical innovation, terrorism, trade, alliances, and wars.  Network theories of social structure view actors as inherently interdependent, and examine how social structure emerges from regularities in this interdependence.  This course focuses on the theoretical foundations of structural network dynamics and identifies key analytical questions and research strategies for studying network formation, organization, and development.  Attention is paid to both interactionist and structuralist traditions in network analysis, and includes a focus on the core principles of balance and centrality, connectivity and clustering, power and hierarchy, and social structure writ large.  Substantive topics include social mobility and stratification, group organization and mobilization, patterns of creativity and innovation, resource distributions, decision making, the organization of movement and belief systems, conflict and cooperation, and strategic interaction.  This course couples theoretical and substantive themes with methodological applications. Approximately one-third of course time is spent on the methodology of collecting, analyzing, and interpreting social network data. Prerequisites for sociology credit: Sociology 211; for political science credit: Political Science 240 and one upper-level international relations course. Conference. Cross-listed as Political Science 350.

Not offered 2019–20.

Sociology 390 - Junior Research Colloquium

One-half course for one semester. This course prepares students for conducting sociological research in the junior qualifying exam, senior thesis and beyond. Concepts and practices addressed include surveying research in an area, reconstructing the core debates, and constructing literature reviews; using citation analyses to evaluate the impact of scholarly work; formulating research questions; assessing and developing research designs; using multiple methods; formulating measurement strategies; presenting results from qualitative and quantitative research; and crafting new research projects to address unresolved issues in prior research. This course is directed mainly toward students writing their junior qualifying examination in sociology and allied fields (American Studies–Sociology, ICPS–Sociology, Sociology–CRES), but may be helpful for students in the first semester of thesis research. Prerequisites: Sociology 211, two upper-division sociology courses, and completed or having taken Sociology 311, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Sociology 401 - Institutional Analysis

Full course for one semester. This is an advanced treatment of the theory and empirical practices of institutional analysis in sociology and related fields. The course focuses first on structure, treating institutions and fields as contextual determinants of action and identifying the different mechanisms by which institutions promote order, stability, and distinctive patterns of organization, behavior, economic development, and public policy. Topics covered include path dependence and “lock in,” isomorphism, structure-induced equilibrium, institutional logics and contingency, diffusion, and institutionalization. The course then focuses on agency and action, tackling the thorny issue of how to explain change without abandoning the contextual insights of earlier formulations. Topics covered include punctuated equilibria vs. evolutionary change, deinstitutionalization, processes of transposition, theorization and recombination, endogenous change dynamics, institutional entrepreneurship, and the relationships between social movements and institutional fields. Prerequisite: Sociology 211 and one upper-division course in sociology. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Sociology 469 - Research Practicum

One-half course for one semester. This course is designed to prepare students to conduct independent sociological research, mainly in senior thesis, and will be based heavily on workshops organized around students’ specific research projects. Topics and issues covered will depend partly on the nature of students’ projects and will include formulating research questions and working though dead ends, effective literature reviews, developing research designs for comparative and case study analysis, case selection, gaining access to the field, applying for IRB approval, conducting field work and interviews, locating quantitative data sets, modeling strategies and table building, collecting and coding qualitative data, writing up and presenting results from qualitative and quantitative analyses, and time management and writing strategies. This course is geared heavily toward sociology majors beginning thesis work, but is open to second-semester junior majors preparing for such research, and sociology seniors in the second semester of their thesis. The course may also be taken by first-semester thesis students in other social science majors with consent of the instructor. Prerequisites: Concurrent enrollment in Sociology, American Studies–Sociology, ICPS–Sociology or Sociology–CRES 470, or completion of or concurrent enrollment in Sociology 311, or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Sociology 470 - Thesis

One-half or full course for one year.

Sociology 481 - Special Topics

One-half or full course for one semester. Work is restricted to special fields in sociology—demography, communication analysis, and community surveys. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing and approval of instructor and division.

Spanish 110 - First-Year Spanish

Full course for one year. A balanced study of written and oral aspects of Spanish. Includes an introduction to reading. Conference.

Spanish 210 - Second-Year Spanish

Full course for one year. An intermediate-level study of grammar, composition, and conversation. Emphasis on reading: essays, theatre, short stories, and poetry. Prerequisite: equivalent of one year of college Spanish. Conference.

Spanish 311 - Advanced Language and Culture: Contemporary Latin American Chronicle

Full course for one semester. Somewhere between literature and journalism, the chronicle has been a staple genre in Latin America since colonial times. In this course we will focus on the contemporary chronicle, which is, according to some critics, experiencing a new golden age. A flexible, malleable, and mixed genre that aims to combine literary aestheticism with the responsibility to inform, the chronicle will allow us to discuss and reflect upon various current issues such as city life and urban practices, alternative sexualities, drug trafficking, gangs, and immigration, as well as analyze and interrogate the ethics of writing and informing. Authors might include Oscar Martínez, Juan Villoro, Alberto Salcedo Ramos, Carlos Monsiváis, Alma Guillermoprieto, Diego Fonseca, Frank Goldman, and Martín Caparrós, among others. This course is designed to refine and enhance language skills. It includes a focused consideration of problem areas of Spanish language and an introduction to various rhetorical forms. In addition to oral practice in class, students will write numerous short essays. Prerequisite: Spanish 210 or equivalent with the consent of instructor. Conference.

Spanish 312 - Advanced Language and Culture: Spanish Migrations

Full course for one semester. For centuries, Spain has been defined as a country of emigration, from the expulsion of Jews and Muslims in the early modern period to the colonialization of the Americas. However, in the past 30 years, Spain has become a country of immigration (primarily of people from North Africa and Latin America) and large-scale internal migration. This course examines the representation of emigration, immigration, and internal migration in literature, film, art, and other cultural productions. How do contemporary artists represent what is for some immigrants a complex return to the “home” of their ancestors? How do they negotiate among a growing plurality of voices in a country that has imagined itself as homogeneous? How are calls for nationhood for an autonomous region (Catalonia, for example) represented nationally? This course is designed to refine and enhance language skills. It includes a focused consideration of problem areas of Spanish language and an introduction to various rhetorical forms. In addition to oral practice in class, students will write numerous short essays. Prerequisite: Spanish 210 or equivalent with the consent of instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Spanish 321 - Theory and Practice of Hispanic Literature

Full course for one semester. This course is designed to give students a theoretical, historical, and cultural framework for the more advanced study of Spanish and Spanish American literature. It will include considerations of genre, reception, and critical theory. Students will be responsible for undertaking close readings of the texts as well as research projects. Prerequisite: Spanish 210 or equivalent. Conference.

Spanish 343 - Don Quixote and Narrative Theory

Full course for one semester. This course will consist of a close reading of Cervantes’s masterpiece in conjunction with the works of theorists such as Michel Foucault, Gyorgy Lukács, Anthony Cascardi, and Mary Malcolm Gaylord, who have written about Don Quixote in the development and exploration of their various “theories of the novel.” To better understand the context of Don Quixote, we will begin with a careful consideration of political, cultural, and historical aspects of the Spanish Golden Age. During the final weeks of the semester we will read texts by Jorge Luis Borges and Paul Auster that exploit narrative conventions found in Don Quixote. We will end the semester with student presentations that focus on adaptations and appropriations of Don Quixote in modern narrative. Conducted in English. Students taking the course for Spanish credit will meet in extra sessions. Prerequisite for students taking the course for Spanish credit: Spanish 321 or equivalent with consent of the instructor. Conference. Cross-listed as Literature 343.

Spanish 344 - Junior Seminar: Visual Art in Spanish Baroque Literature

Full course for one semester. This course studies the relationship between visual art and literature in early modern Spain. In an epoch in which the production of images has attained unprecedented cultural importance, literature redefines its aesthetic agenda, both modeling itself after and rivaling visual art. Considering various plays, poems, and novellas alongside relevant paintings, emblems, architectural works, and sculptures, we reflect upon how the interactions among these different art forms serve to mobilize audience emotion and comment on gender and class tensions. Also discussed are mounting anxieties about the role of art in a society marked by political crisis. In particular, we think about how the celebration of iconocentric culture is undercut by critical views of images as dangerous vehicles of moral and sexual depravity. Authors and artists studied include Teresa of Avila, Cervantes, Zayas, Calderón de la Barca, Guillén de Castro, Velázquez, Titian, El Greco, and Rubens. Conducted in English. Prerequisite for Spanish credit: Spanish 321 or consent of the instructor. Conference. Cross-listed as Literature 344 and Art 344.

Not offered 2019–20.

Spanish 353 - Chronicling America

Full course for one semester. The early chronicles of the exploration and colonization of the “New World” initiate Spanish American literature and have left an enduring mark as well on the development and transformations of this literary tradition.  In this course, we trace the constitution of a particularly Spanish-American colonial discourse in texts such as the letters of Columbus and Cortés, Alvar Núnez Cabeza de Vaca’s account of his shipwreck and captivity, indigenous and mestizo counterhistories, and a protopicaresque novel.  At the same time we see how these texts, as well as contemporaneous visual arts and cartography, shape “America” by evoking a number of spatial conceptions: earthly Paradise, the layered spaces of conquest, lost cultural coordinates, and the “no-place” of mercantilism and piracy. Prerequisite: Spanish 321 or equivalent with consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Spanish 361 - Decentering the Human

Full course for one semester. This course provides an introduction to what has been called the nonhuman turn, an umbrella term that refers to various schools of thought (such as posthumanism, transhumanism, animal studies, new and vital materialism, object-oriented ontology, and affect theory) that call for an integral redefinition of the human and thus question, critique, and/or move beyond human exceptionalism and the ontological dualities (nature/culture, human/nonhuman, mind/body, self/other, subject/object, etc.) that constitute it. The course combines interdisciplinary theoretical perspectives with a focus on how the relation between humans, nonhumans, and the environment has been represented, questioned, and problematized in cultural productions from the Hispanic world. The course ultimately asks students to think critically about what it means to be human today, if, that is, we have indeed ever been human. Conducted in English. Students taking the course for literature credit will read cultural texts in translation and write in English. Students taking the course for Spanish credit will read cultural texts and write essays in Spanish. Prerequisite for students taking the course for Spanish credit: Spanish 321 or consent of the instructor. Conference. Cross-listed as Literature 361.

Not offered 2019–20.

Spanish 367 - Law and Violence in Contemporary Peninsular Cinema

Full course for one semester. This course examines the relationships between law and violence in contemporary Peninsular cinema. We will explore how films represent law and violence; how these representations reflect or alter our perceptions of legal institutions and legal actors (e.g., police, courts, judges, lawyers); how films present and/or frame particular ethical or legal problems (i.e., gender violence, surveillance, torture, terrorism); what alternative views of law and justice they provide; and the kind of judgments they invite viewers to make. We will watch and discuss films by Carlos Saura, Víctor Erice, Pedro Almodóvar, Alex de la Iglesia, Icíar Bollaín, Enrique Urbizu, Alberto Rodríguez, Guillermo del Toro, Fernando León de Aranoa, and Alejandro Amenábar. The analysis of films will be complemented by readings on legal theory, film theory, and politics. Course includes a weekly film screening. Prerequisite: Spanish 321, 311, or 312, or equivalent with consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Spanish 368 - Jorge Luis Borges: Fiction and Criticism

Full course for one semester. This course studies the writings of one of the most important authors of the twentieth century through various critical approaches that have been applied to his work: structuralism, poststructuralism, psychoanalysis, hermeneutics, and sociocriticism. Emerging from this corpus are two opposing views: one that associates Borges with the Argentinean literary system, foregrounding his participation in national aesthetic and cultural debates, and one that emphasizes the cosmopolitanism, skepticism, and sense of unreality marking his literature. Also considered will be emerging critical studies that accentuate the historical and political relevance of Borges’s oeuvre. Along with these lines of inquiry, a series of theoretical categories and themes that are key for the comprehension of Borges’s writing will be discussed: avant-garde ultraism; criollismo; metaphor and metonymy; Argentinean tradition; reading, misreading, and translation; authorship and figures of the author; canon and literary genealogy; history, memory, and forgetting. Prerequisite: Spanish 321 or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Spanish 371 - Sensing Justice: Cinema and Politics of the Senses

Full course for one semester. The various dimensions of justice (procedural, retributive, and distributive) always come mediated by the sensory perceptions and affects produced by the narrative and visual frames that give them meaning. Whether and how we make ethical, political, and legal judgments, and whether and how we legitimize the institutions charged with administering justice, depends upon these frames. The main goal of this course is to identify and examine how these various sensory frames help to mediate justice. What senses do these frames privilege (or downgrade)? What kind of subjects do they show and address? What kind of affective and ethical responses do they produce? What kind of gaze and perception do they create? What kind of judgments do they invite? How do they make us feel, see, touch, taste, and smell in certain ways rather than others? The course is thus concerned not so much with what the sense of justice is, but with how that sense is produced and experienced.  We will address these questions through contemporary Spanish cinema and readings from Butler, Deleuze, Rancière, Merleau-Ponty, Marks, Elsaesser, Panagia, Nancy, Benjamin, Sobchack, and others. Course includes a weekly film screening. Prerequisite for Spanish credit: Spanish 321, 311, or 312, or equivalent with consent of the instructor. Conference. Cross-listed as Literature 371.

Not offered 2019–20.

Spanish 375 - Memory and Image in Latin American Literature and Art

Full course for one semester. This course focuses on memory and image, two categories that have acquired great relevance since the 1980s, in ethical, political, juridical, epistemological, and aesthetic domains. The terms “subjective turn” and “iconic turn” used by cultural critics reflect this phenomenon that is analyzed through recent literary and visual artworks. Together with testimonies and other nonfiction works, a series of documents embodying different memorialization policies (museums and memorial sites) are examined and contrasted with practices (literature, performance, visual arts) that use aesthetics to engage with the past. Particular attention is paid to the presence of the imaginary, the anachronistic, obsolescence, and the emptying of objects. Parallel to the ethics-political character of memory, the function of forgetting and the intellective in relation to the past is discussed. Included are works by Rodolfo Walsh, Doris Salcedo, León Ferrari, Mario Bellatin, Fernando Vallejo, Luisa Valenzuela, Ricardo Piglia, Alan Pauls, Elena Poniatowska, and Diamela Eltit. Prerequisites: Spanish 321 or equivalent. Conference.

Spanish 376 - Cinema and Human Rights

Full course for one semester. The goal of the course is to introduce students to the dilemmas of justice in postconflict situations (war, genocide, apartheid, colonization, political disappearances and mass murder) and to examine the processes and mechanisms that societies use to “come to terms” (legally, ethically, and politically) with the legacies of past violations of human rights. We will explore some of these mechanisms (international tribunals, truth commissions, amnesty laws, material and symbolic reparations to the victims, and criminal trials) and inquire about the benefits and drawbacks of each. The course offers a comparative analysis of a variety of historical cases: Germany, South Africa, France, Chile, Argentina, Perú, Colombia, Bolivia, Guatemala, and Spain. We will draw on academic literature, human rights reports, testimonials and accounts of victims, memorial museums and monuments, photographic exhibitions, and films in seeking to answer these questions. We will watch and discuss films such as Judgment at Nuremberg (Stanley Kramer, 1961), The Battle of Algiers (Gillo Pontecorvo, 1966), Death and the Maiden (Roman Polanski, 1994), Las madres de la Plaza de Mayo (Lourdes Portillo, 1985), Chile, la memoria obstinada (Patricio Guzmán, 1997) Los rubios (Albertina Carri, 2003), Long Night’s Journey into Day (Deborah Hoffman, Frances Reid, 2000), Los niños de Rusia (Jaime Camino, 2001), among others. Course includes a weekly film screening. Prerequisite: Spanish 321, 311, or 312, or equivalent with consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Spanish 378 - Space and Power

Full course for one semester. What is space? How is it perceived, experienced, produced, and reproduced? And what is its connection with power and relations of domination/emancipation? Drawing from spatial, urban, political, and feminist theory, this course aims to explore and analyze these questions in relation to the representation and problematization of domestic, urban, national, and border spaces in, mostly, Latin American novels and films. Conducted in English. Students taking the course for Spanish credit will meet in extra sessions. Prerequisite for students taking the course for Spanish credit: Spanish 321 or consent of the instructor. Conference. Cross-listed as Literature 378.

Not offered 2019–20.

Spanish 380 - Drugs, Gangs, and Aliens

Full course for one semester.  In this course, we will examine how cornerstones of state sovereignty such as the rule of law, the care and control of space and population, and the monopoly on violence are being challenged by irregular immigration, the drug trade, and the expansion and criminalization of gangs throughout the Americas. We will discuss and think critically about the representation and problematization of these multilayered phenomena in Colombian, Central American, Mexican, and North American literary works, chronicles, films, and official documents in relation to sovereignty, biopolitics, neoliberalism, and the geopolitics of capital. Readings might include, among others, novels by Fernando Vallejo, Juan Pablo Villalobos, Yuri Herrera, and Hector Tobar; chronicles by Oscar Martinez and Juan Villoro; and films such as Miss Bala, La jaula de oro, Ciudad de Dios, María llena eres de gracia, Sin nombre, Falling Down, and Traffic. These readings/screenings will be complemented with critical essays by Hobbes, Rousseau, Schmitt, Derrida, Agamben, Foucault, and Brown. Prerequisite: Spanish 321 or consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Spanish 381 - Literature and Culture of Argentina from Independence to the Present

Full course for one semester. In the framework of an Argentinean cultural history, this course analyzes the relationship between aesthetics, ethics, and politics. A series of nineteenth- and twentieth-century texts, both fictional and nonfictional, will serve to trace the trajectory from a political use of literature to the emergence of an autonomous intellectual sphere. The course is organized around the topics of “civilization and barbarism”; gauchos, frontiers, and “the desert”; the Generation of 1880 and immigration; Peronism and anti-Peronism; and militarism and democracy. Prerequisite: Spanish 321 or equivalent with consent of the instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Spanish 383 - From Los olvidados to Roma: Contemporary Mexican Cinema

Full course for one semester. This course provides an overview of contemporary Mexican cinema, from the 1950s to the current day. This class introduces students to the thematic and stylistic breadth of narrative fiction films from Mexico. Through film screenings, readings, discussion and writing assignments, we will examine a series of questions related to the content, form, and politics of films. Topics covered will include relations between cinema and the state; questions of ideology and national identity; representations of class, race, ethnicity, gender and sexuality; concerns about historical representations and political memory; the use of film as a tool for social change and the promotion of human rights; and expressions of hybridity in migrant, immigrant, diasporic, and borderland cultures and communities. We will screen works by Luis Buñuel, Alejandro Jodorowsky, Arturo Ripstein, María Novaro, Guillermo del Toro, Alfonso Cuarón, Alejandro González Iñárritu, and Alonso Ruizpalacios, among others. Course includes a weekly film screening. Prerequisites: Spanish 311, 312, or 321, or equivalent with consent of the instructor. Conference. Cross-listed as Literature 383.

Spanish 384 - Latin America’s Revolutionary Century

Full course for one semester. Throughout the twentieth century, Latin America was one of the epicenters of insurgent and revolutionary struggles in the world. These represented, regardless of their ideological differences, the entry of the equality principle in national spaces that had mostly imagined and structured themselves as two-tiered societies in which a large segment of the population—Indians, minorities, and even women—had been, for all practical purposes, systematically excluded. By focusing on the cultural production (novels, films, essays, etc.) related to four revolutionary constellations—the Mexican and Cuban Revolutions, the Central American guerrillas, and the Zapatistas—this course aims to explore and analyze the languages of insurgency and counterinsurgency, the figure of the revolutionary and guerrilla fighter as a political subjectivity, and the relation between politics and aesthetics. Primary texts will be supplemented with historical and theoretical readings. Prerequisite: Spanish 321 or consent of the instructor. Conference. 

Spanish 390 - Crime and Literature in Spanish America

Full course for one semester. The notion of crime constitutes a point of articulation joining religious, philosophical, juridical, journalistic, historiographical, scientific, psychoanalytical, and other discourses. For this reason, it provides a particularly rich point of departure for the study of cultural production. This course focuses on the various ways in which crime has figured in Spanish American writing. Texts may include accounts of transvestite nuns and “deluded” mystics, detective novels, and literary or journalistic treatments of the drug trade and the criminal state apparatus. We will also consider representations of crime in film and the visual arts. Theoretical readings address the development and function of penal, judicial, governmental, and medical institutions. Readings in Spanish. Prerequisite: Spanish 321 or equivalent with consent of instructor. Conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Spanish 470 - Thesis

One-half or full course for one semester or one year.

Spanish 481 - Independent Reading

One-half or full course for one semester. Prerequisite: approval of instructor and division.

Theatre 100 - Theatre Laboratory

Variable credit: either one-half or full course for one semester. Theatre 100 is a class in which students, faculty, and staff work together to create departmental stage productions. In this class, students learn about different parts of making theatre—from onstage to backstage work—that are required to make a theatre production. Students also learn the arts of collaboration and producing. Students may repeat this course for credit, and each time a student takes this class they can experience a different production role. Roles available include actor, dramaturg, designer, stage manager, assistant director, and more. This course is available to majors and nonmajors, and students are admitted to the course by audition or department approval. All students, regardless of experience, are welcome to take this class, and if a student is interested in this class, the faculty will work with the student to help them find a role. In terms of credit, this course is offered for either one-half or one full Reed unit. For the full unit, students will study critical writing and research about theatre, and write a full-length, rigorous research paper that critically analyzes their process and the performance of their production role. Studio. May be repeated for credit.

Theatre 201 - Stagecraft

Full course for one semester. As an introduction to theatre technology, this course will familiarize students with the many components of theatrical production. It will provide students with a deeper understanding of the organizational structure and concepts involved in producing live performances, as well as provide instruction in safe practices. Students will be introduced to many of the tools and mechanisms that are used today and how they have been made popular and/or standard. Topics will include the historical progression of theatre technology and machinery; the science of sound, light, and material structure; and current techniques used to implement production designs in scenery, lighting, sound, costumes, and properties. Lecture-lab.

Theatre 202 - Introduction to Theatrical Design

Full course for one semester. Introduction to the design of the physical environment of the stage. Unifying aesthetic principles and distinctions will be considered in relation to scenery, costume, lighting, makeup, and sound for live performance. The course emphasizes script analysis, the elements of design, and the principles of composition and design conceptualization with reference to historical and modern practices and technologies. Conference-lab.

Theatre 203 - Acting Laboratory

One-half course for one semester. This course provides a basic introduction to the work of Stanislavski, exploring script analysis for the actor as well as an experiential analysis of the basic physical, vocal, and analytical tools of the actor’s craft through a series of group and individual exercises, leading to preparation of audition monologues and performance of scenes. Conference-lab. Previously numbered Theatre 210.

Theatre 221 - History of Clothing in Society and Performance

Full course for one semester. This course will give an overview of the form and function of clothing through time to the present day. In it, we will examine how clothing and personal décor function as social tools; how cultural forces influence specific fashions, aesthetics, and traditions in dress; and how these tools have been used or altered for dramatic performance throughout history. Theatre 202 is recommended. Lecture-conference. Previously numbered Theatre 220.

Not offered 2019–20.

Theatre 223 - Visual Performance Narratives

Full course for one semester. This course will look at both the history and contemporary practice of visual storytelling as the basis for performance. We will investigate futurist sintesi, tableaux vivants, “The Theatre of Images,” durational and serial performance, multiscreen installation, and other similar forms. We will examine the techniques and theories of related artists, thinkers, and movements, and do readings on the nature of images. Students will invent and perform their own image-based performances, using various media and performance styles, ending the class with a public presentation of the original works. Studio.

Not offered 2019–20.

Theatre 251 - Theatre History I: Antiquity to Naturalism

Full course for one semester. This course is a survey of theatre history from antiquity to the late 1800s. In it, we will examine the relationship between theatre and society, including how theatre both reflects and shapes the world outside its walls, and vice versa. This course focuses on reading plays, critical essays, and historical documents, as well as essay writing and a final project. We will address questions of physical performance space, performance style, audience, the development of design, and the political and social consequences of making theatre at different moments in history. Lecture-conference. Previously numbered Theatre 250.

Not offered 2019–20.

Theatre 252 - Theatre History II: Naturalism to 9/11

Full course for one semester. This course surveys developments in twentieth-century European and American experimental theatre by examining the work of influential directors, playwrights, designers, theorists, and theatre collectives. Changing views of the theatre’s aesthetic and social functions will be explored. Special topics will include the rise of the director, the evolution of theatrical space, models of theatrical organization, and the role of the avant-garde. Lecture-conference. Previously numbered Theatre 260.

Theatre 253 - Theatre History III: 9/11 to Now

Full course for one semester. This course examines developments in theatre history in the wake of 9/11. We will look at global trends in theatre practice and theory, with a particular focus on theatre in the United States. This course will also include study of theatre in our own midst in Portland, Oregon. Topics we will explore in this course include technology and theatre, contemporary theatre criticism and the field’s major journals, international theatre festivals, immersive theatre, twenty-first-century collectives, and theatre as a part of contemporary protest movements (Occupy, the Arab Spring, Black Lives Matter). Lecture-conference.

Not offered 2019–20.

Theatre 270 - Race and Identity in American Theatre

Full course for one semester. The course explores the role American theatre has played in the construction, preservation, and interrogation of race and gender categories. Students analyze works that employ performance as a venue for political activism, for cultivation of intraethnic pride, and for explorations of social issues too sensitive to be addressed in other contexts. Drawing upon readings from the theatre and other humanities and social science disciplines, this course examines the ways dramatic texts help to foster intra- and cross-cultural understanding, and also how a familiarity with the politics of representation and various other concerns of identity-based cultural groups can inform performance practices. Students examine works from a variety of cultural traditions in an effort to understand how seemingly common institutions or value systems (family, gender, class dynamics) must always be viewed through specific historical and cultural lenses. This course provides students with a more nuanced understanding of what race is and how it functions in America, and how theatre has been implicated as both a tool of racism and a means by which to resist its effects. Lecture-conference. Previously numbered Theatre 240. Cross-listed as Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 270.

Not offered 2019–20.

Theatre 277 - Race, Place, and Performance

Full course for one semester. How do spaces and places hold memories? How can performance be used as a tool to investigate seemingly “past” events of racial and ethnic violence? In this course, students will learn the methodologies for reading race in the landscape, using site-specific performance as our way in. Site-specific is a term that articulates highly structured genres of theater, dance, music, visual art, and performance inspired by, created for, or somehow situated in relationship to place. Site-specific performance typically takes place in situ (on site) but ex tempus (out of time), responding to a particular history and the morphology of a given natural or built environment. Historically, site artists have situated work in places as diverse as city streets, deserts, beaches, forests, and farms; on the U.S.-Mexico border; in abandoned and commercial buildings; in homes; and aboard trains, buses, and boats—engaging histories such as assimilation, gentrification, HIV/AIDS, the Holocaust, immigration, lynching, police brutality, and the Vietnam War. Our focus will be reading the histories of race in the local landscape in and around Reed College and Portland, Oregon. What are the (improperly buried) ghosts of our collective past? How can our “site work” function as “cite work,” bringing into view those disappearing histories in need of transformation and redress? This is a studio-based class with a theoretical component: students will learn the tools of making site-specific performance, research local history, and collaboratively create site-specific performances in response to this research. Our embodied research will be supported by readings in performance studies, critical race theory, and cultural studies analyses of trauma, memory, and ghosts, as well as case studies of performance practice that engage the themes of the course. Enrollment limited to 15. No prior experience necessary, but students who have taken coursework in theatre, dance, music, and art and/or CRES, American studies, anthropology, environmental studies, history, sociology, and related disciplines are particularly encouraged to enroll. Conference-studio. Cross-listed as Comparative Race and Ethnicity Studies 277.

Theatre 280 - Gender and Theatre

Full course for one semester. This course examines the roles gender has played in shaping world theatre as well as the roles theatre has played in shaping various cultural conceptions of gender. We will focus particularly on twentieth-century performance, including cross-dressing, “re-dressing” of canonical plays, the ascent of performance art, and questions of theatre and gender raised by performers from Japan to Cuba. We will interrogate the historical, cultural, and personal variability of the notion of gender itself, asking ourselves: What are theatre artists doing with the idea of gender? Conference.

Theatre 290 - Introduction to Performance Studies

Full course for one semester. Performance studies is an interdisciplinary field that examines “performance” in all of its multiple incarnations—including theatre, dance, visual art, everyday life, folklore, rituals and celebrations, and protests. Richard Schechner defines performance as “twice-behaved behavior”—repeatable, embodied activities. This course serves as an introduction to the major themes and issues within the discourse of performance studies. We will look at both the roots of this interdisciplinary field and the directions it might be heading. Readings will include some of the seminal texts in the field, including the work of Richard Schechner, J.L. Austin, Judith Butler, Erving Goffman, Diana Taylor, and others. We will examine how performance studies contributes to the study of theatre, as well as to an understanding of our increasingly mediated and globalized world. The course will be divided into sections including ritual and drama; performativity/performative utterance; embodiment/performing Identity; globalization and interculturalism; and performance ethnography. Students will apply readings in performance theory to performance sites such as theatre, museums, sports events, meals, community celebrations and more. Conference-lab.

Not offered 2019–20.

Theatre 301 - Junior Seminar

Full course for one semester. This course is a rigorous investigation of theatre for junior theatre and interdisciplinary theatre majors. In this course, students will hone their skills in dramatic theory, critical writing, and research methodologies. Additional areas of study include theatre and social constructs, theatre and performance studies, the relationship of theatre and politics, and the business of professional theatre. This course asks the questions: What tools do I need to study and make theatre at an advanced level? How do artistic practice and academic scholarship work together to make a total artist/scholar? This course will focus on close readings, writing assignments, embodied exercises, and collaboration. This course prepares students both for the junior qualifying examination in theatre and for advanced production work and the senior thesis. Prerequisite: Junior standing in theatre or a theatre-combined interdisciplinary major. Conference.

Theatre 302 - Junior Production Studio

Full course for one semester. This course is a study of collaboration and theatre producing. In this course, students in the junior year who are majoring in theatre and interdisciplinary theatre subjects will work together to produce a large-scale campus production. Students will begin the semester with a rigorous study of collaboration and how theatre producing works. They will then take on different roles in a production, where they will study both the economies of performance creation and the centrality of collaboration to the production process. Finally, they will develop an argument, conduct historical research, and write a critical analysis of their production process. This course in part fulfills the requirement of the junior qualifying examination in theatre. Prerequisite: junior standing in theatre or a theatre-combined interdisciplinary major. Conference.

Theatre 310 - Techniques of Acting: Contemporary Theatre

Full course for one semester. This course focuses on the theory and practice of various acting techniques employed in contemporary Western theatre. Emphasis will be placed on both physical and psychological aspects of performance and characterization. Readings and research will focus on major practitioners and playwrights. Studio work is supplemented with writings by contemporary theorists and practitioners relevant to these topics. Prerequisites: Theatre 203 (previously numbered 210), or approved alternate with audition. Conference-lab.

Not offered 2019–20.

Theatre 321 - Advanced Design Studio

Full course for one semester. This course explores the process of theatre design in detail, with each student selecting an area of concentration (scenery, costumes, lighting, sound, video) to investigate. We will take performance projects from initial concept to a fully conceived design. Theoretical, practical, and artistic skills will be developed through projects aimed at furthering understanding of visual and aural communication through techniques specific to each concentration. The goal is to gain a thorough understanding of how a designer gets from initial impulses and research to final realization. Collaboration in the theatre-making process will be examined, with students working together to realize projects. Prerequisite: Theatre 202 or by permission. Studio. May be repeated for credit.

Not offered 2019–20.

Theatre 323 - Puppetry and the Performing Object

Full course for one semester. This courses focuses on the history and practice of puppetry in historical and contemporary contexts, and the incorporation of puppets and performing objects into avant-garde performance contexts. We focus our study on the traditions of shadow puppetry in various regions (e.g., Indonesia, China, Greece) as well as other puppetry traditions such as Japan’s Bunraku and contemporary object performance. Lab work includes designing, constructing, and performing in various different puppetry styles. The course culminates in a large-scale shadow puppet performance. Prerequisite: Theatre 202 or 203 (previously numbered 210), or approved alternate. Studio.

Theatre 326 - Costume Design

Full course for one semester. This course will examine the costume designer’s responsibilities as an artist and collaborator and explore the relationship among text, concept, and production as we undertake costume design projects throughout the semester. We will develop research, communication, and rendering skills as applied to the collaborative process of costume design. Discussions will include fabrication materials, performative movement, character and emotion, fashion, and pure visual expression as we work to create designs for clothing for text-based performances. Prerequisite: Theatre 202 or approved alternate. Conference-laboratory. Previously numbered Theatre 355.

Theatre 327 - Lighting Design

Full course for one semester. An exploration into the art and practice of lighting design for contemporary performance. The course consists of class projects and practical exercises exploring the relationship between light, space, movement, sound, and narrative. Detailed observations of light and its effect on different environments will be undertaken and current and historical conceptual approaches to lighting design will be presented and discussed. Prerequisite: Theatre 202 or approved alternate. Conference-laboratory. Previously numbered Theatre 360.

Not offered 2019–20.

Theatre 328 - Performance Technology

Full course for one semester. This course is an investigation into the technologies and techniques used for integrating media into the performance environment with a focus on sound and projected images. Contemporary and historical techniques for media integration will be examined through readings, viewings, and performance projects. Technologies examined include audio composition, live-feed video, prepared video content, and interactive performance. Prerequisite: Theatre 202 or approved alternate. Conference-laboratory. Previously numbered Theatre 365.

Not offered 2019–20.

Theatre 331 - Directing I

Full course for one semester. This course is an investigation of approaches to script analysis and directorial tools for working with actors in bringing a text from page to stage. We will explore the process of developing and implementing a production concept: its formulation through analysis, rehearsal processes, and realization in theatrical terms in performance. Lab work will be supplemented by relevant writing by influential directors. Prerequisite: Theatre 203 (previously numbered 210) or approved alternate. Conference-lab.

Theatre 333 - Devising

Full course for one semester. This course engages students in an experiential study of devised theatre, a contemporary practice wherein a creative team (including actors, designers, writers, dramaturgs, and often a director) collaboratively create an original performance without a preexisting script. We will explore how an ensemble uses improvisation, self-scripted vignettes, movement/dance, and found materials to create an original piece of theatre. Students will engage in a reflective practice that integrates the processes of research, conceptual design, creation of original work, reflection on that work, and reading about the process of devising. Prerequisite: At least one out of Theatre 100, Theatre 202, Theatre 203 (previously numbered 210), Theatre 215, or Theatre 223. Students who have significant experiences in the arts but have not taken any of these courses can also seek individual permission from the instructor. Studio.

Not offered 2019–20.

Theatre 335 - Playwriting

Full course for one semester. This course is an exploration of the art and craft of playwriting. Structure, form, character, plot, and theme will be discussed, as will the art of critique and feedback. The course is structured around readings of published plays, discussions of essays about the theory and practice of playwriting, and practical writing exercises. Writing projects will lead to the development of short plays for public readings. Prerequisites: Completion of at least two theatre courses (including one from among 100 [previously numbered 161], 202, 205, 203 [previously numbered 210], 331) or admission through an approved writing sample (instructor approval). Conference-lab.

Theatre 336 - Dramaturgy

Full course for one semester. This course is an examination of the art, craft, and study of dramaturgy. In it we will attempt to build an answer for the vexing question “What is a dramaturg?” and, most of all, we will seek to discover who dramaturgs are, how they work and what they do. In this course we will study the large number of things that make up the art of dramaturgy: translation and adaptation, new play development, production dramaturgy, theatre criticism, in-depth research, literary management, season selection, and artistic collaboration, among others. We will also study established dramaturgs, their writings, and how they work in the theatre. This conference will combine theoretical and practical approaches, collaborative work and individual research. This conference will prepare students to work as dramaturgs on departmental productions, and give a solid foundation in how to do research and writing in the field of theatre. Prerequisites: sophomore standing and one 200-level theatre history course. Conference.

Theatre 396 - Seminar

One-half or full course for one semester. Students will perform advanced work in a selected area of inquiry. Past seminars include Translation and Adaptation, Puppetry and the Performing Object, and Advanced Playwriting. Prerequisite: prior coursework in the department (varies with the seminar topic). Conference-lab. May be repeated for credit.

Sick!: Queerness, Disability, and Performance
One-half or full course for one semester. How have queer and transgender bodies and cultures been pathologized by medicalizing discourses of “sickness?” How have “sick” bodies been queered by the state? What kinds of interventions can theatre, performance, and visual art make in a culture of discursive and material violence and harm? In this course, we will explore the relationships among and between race and empire, sex and trauma, and illness and capitalism as applied to lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, two-spirit, intersex, and queer life in the U.S. and transnational contexts. Our primary texts include queer and transgender theory, with a focus on queer-of-color and crip critiques. We will also look at case studies of cultural production in a variety of genres—including theatre, dance, performance art, poetry, prose, film, video, painting, and photography—that engage the themes of this course. Particular attention will be given to the politics of temporality, or a sense of (normative and queer) time that governs marginalized bodies, as well as that of biopolitics, or the regulation of bodies and populations marked as expendable. Throughout, we will place our theory into practice, using performance making as a methodology for inquiry. No experience necessary. All are welcome. Conference-lab.

Not offered 2019–20.

Theatre 470 - Thesis

Full course for one year.

Theatre 481 - Independent Study

One-half or full course for one semester. Prerequisite: approval of instructor and division.

Theatre 536 - Twentieth-Century Avant-Garde Theatre Histories

One-half course for one semester. This course explores the study and practice of theatre history, with a focus on American and European avant-garde theatres of the twentieth century. Through reading plays, examining primary documents, and reading both historical and theoretical texts, we will investigate the dominant theatre paradigm of the twentieth century: realism, with a focus on how some of the century’s boundary-pushing theatre artists vigorously challenged it and in the process altered understandings of what theatre can be and do. The course is designed to help us develop an understanding of some of the more influential work of such challengers through an examination of their work and a look at what they were working against. Conference. Offered spring 2020.