Research

Selected Publications

“Appraising Praise: Experimental Evidence on Positive Framing and Demand for Health Services” (with Aderaw Anteneh, Kelly Bidwell, Woldemariam Girma, Kristen Little, and Endale Workalemahu), Applied Economics Letters, forthcoming

“If You Build It Nearby and Keep the Price Low Will They Come? Large-Scale Evidence on the Relative Roles of Access and Quality in Use of Healthcare in Low-and Middle-Income Countries”, South African Journal of Economicsforthcoming

“Demand for Self-Tests: Evidence from a Field Experiment using the Becker-DeGroot-Marshak Mechanism” (with Patrick Aylward, Hildah Essendi, and Kristen Little), Health Economicsforthcoming

“The Lazarus Effect and the Labor Market: Evidence from At-Scale Antiretroviral Therapy in Zambia”, Journal of African Economies, forthcoming

Framing Flexible Spending Accounts: A Large-Scale Field Experiment on Communicating the Return on Savings” (with Jessica Leight), Health Economicsforthcoming

At-Scale Evidence from 26 National Household Surveys on the Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV Cascade, Health Policy and Planning, forthcoming

Does Television Kill Your Sex Life? Microeconometric Evidence from 80 Countries” (with Adrienne Lucas) , B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy, forthcoming (revised version of NBER Working Paper No. 24882)

"Socioeconomic Status, Demographic Characteristics, and Intimate Partner Violence", Journal of International Developmentforthcoming

Adult Health Interventions at Scale and Children's Schooling: Evidence from Antiretroviral Therapy in Zambia” (with Margaret Chidothe and Adrienne Lucas), Economics of Education Reviewforthcoming (revised version of NBER Working Paper No. 22767)

The World’s Oldest Profession?  Employment-Age Profiles from the Transactional Sex Market”, IZA Journal of Labor Policyforthcoming

Conditional Cash Transfers to Prevent Mother-to-Child Transmission in Low Facility-Delivery Settings: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial in Nigeria” (with Svetha Janumpalli, Jenny Liu, Nancy Padian, Jennifer Shen, and Patrick Stadler), BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, forthcoming

Violence Against Female Adolescents in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Evidence on Socioeconomic Status and Past-Year Prevalence of Violence from Adolescents in 36 National Household Surveys”, Journal of Interpersonal Violenceforthcoming

Altruism in Preventive Health Behavior: At-Scale Evidence from the HIV/AIDS Pandemic”, Economics & Human Biology, forthcoming

Schooling, Wealth, Risky Sexual Behavior, and HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa” (with Adrienne Lucas), Journal of Development Studies, forthcoming

Targeted Characteristics and Use of Socially Marketed Preventive Health Goods: Evidence from Condoms in sub-Saharan Africa, Applied Economics, forthcoming

"Can at Scale Drug Provision Improve the Health of the Targeted in sub-Saharan Africa?", with Adrienne Lucas, American Journal of Health Economics, forthcoming, (revised version of NBER Working Paper No. 23403)

"Disease Risk and Fertility: Evidence from the HIV/AIDS Pandemic", with Yoo-Mi Chin, Journal of Population Economics, April 2018, Volume 31, pages 429-451

Nudging Study Habits: A Field Experiment on Peer Tutoring in Higher Education”, with Todd Pugatch, Economics of Education Review, February 2018, Volume 62, pages 151-161(revised version of IZA Discussion Paper No. 10784)

A Cut Above the Rest? Private Anthropometrics in Marriage Markets”, with Martha Janicki, Economics & Human Biology, December 2016, Volume 23, pages 164-179

"Advertising for Demand Creation for Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision", with Sasha Frade, Willa Friedman, and Dino Rech, Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, October 1, 2016, Volume 72, Supplement 4, pages S293-S296

Antiretroviral Therapy and Demand for HIV Testing: Evidence from Zambia”, Economics & Human Biology, May 2016, Volume 21, pages 221-240

"Can Disease Specific Funding Harm Health? Child Mortality in the Shadow of HIV/AIDS Service Expansion", Demography, October 2015, Volume 51, Issue 5, pages 1671-1700

"Child Mortality Risk and Fertility: Evidence from Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV", Journal of Development Economics, September 2015, Volume 116, pages 74-88

"Is Sex Like Driving? HIV Prevention and Risk Compensation", with Christine L. Mattson and Wentao Xiong, Journal of Development Economics, January 2014, Volume 106, pages 78-91

"Adult Antiretroviral Therapy and Child Health: Evidence from Scale-up in Zambia", with Adrienne M. Lucas, American Economic Review: Papers & Proceedings, May 2013, Volume 103, Issue 3, pages 456-461

"Economic Booms and Risky Sexual Behavior: Evidence from Zambian Copper Mining Cities", Journal of Health Economics, December 2012, Volume 31, Issue 5, pages 797-812

"Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV and Reproductive Behavior in Zambia", NBER Volume on African Economic Successes, July 2012, University of Chicago Press, Sebastian Edwards, Simon Johnson, and David N. Weil, editors, forthcoming, (revised version of NBER Working Paper No. 18226)

Selected Working Papers

"Money, Masculinity, and Men's Health: Experimental Evidence from Demand for a Preventive Health Input" (with Willa Friedman), under review

"Identity and Mobility: Historical Fractionalization, Parochial Institutions, and Occupational Choice in the American Midwest" (with Kaivan Munshi) (revised version of NBER Working Paper No. 13717), under review

Why is Aging Associated with Lower Adoption of New Technologies? Evidence from Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision”, under review

“Child Marriage Bans and Female Schooling and Labor Market Outcomes: Evidence from Natural Experiments in 17 Countries”, under review

“Does Legislation Reduce Child Marriage in Low- and Middle-Income Countries?”

“Communicating Program Eligibility: A Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Field Experiment”, with Jeffrey Hemmeter, John Phillips, and Elana Safran

Selected Works in Progress

“Machine Learning for Market Segmentation: Experimental Evidence on Predicting Willingness-to-Pay for a Health Input”, with Kristen Little

“Evidence from the Rhythm Method on Subjective Probabilities and Health Behavior”

“This Study is So Demanding”

“Study More Tomorrow”, with Todd Pugatch and Elizabeth Schroeder

“Addressing Barriers to Student Success in Higher Education”, with Todd Pugatch

Selected Grants Received

International Initiative for Impact Evaluation (3ie), "Advertising for Demand Creation for Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision", Co-Primary Investigator, 2013 – 2015, $74,438

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) Africa Project Grant, "Fertility Responses to PMTCT Scale-Up in Zambia", Primary Investigator, 2009 – 2011, $44,800

University of Chicago Population Research Center (PRC) Pilot Grant, "The Heterogeneous Effects of Abstinence Education", Co-Primary Investigator, 2009 – 2010, $20,000

Selected Randomized Impact Evaluations

“Study More Tomorrow”, Co-Primary Investigator, with Todd Pugatch and Elizabeth Schroeder, 2018 – 2020, USA

Addressing Barriers to Student Success in Higher Education”, Co-Primary Investigator, with Todd Pugatch, 2018 – 2020, USA

“Increasing Flexible Spending Account (FSA) Contributions: Insights from Behavioral Economics”, Co-Primary Investigator, with Jessica Leight and the United States General Services Administration, 2017 - 2019, USA

"Communicating Program Eligibility: A Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Field Experiment", Co-Primary Investigator, with Jeffrey Hemmeter, John Philips, Elana Safran, and the United States Social Security Administration, 2016 - 2018, USA

“Nudging Commercial Sex Workers toward Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence”, Co-Primary Investigator, with Population Services International (PSI) and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), 2016 - 2018, Ethiopia

Conditional Cash Transfers to Prevent Mother-to-Child Transmission in Low Facility-Delivery Settings: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial in Nigeria”, with Svetha Janumpalli, Jenny Liu, Nancy Padian, Jennifer Shen, Patrick Stadler, and New Incentives, 2015 - 2017, Akwa Ibom, Nigeria

Demand for Tutoring and its Effects”, Primary Investigator, with Ryland Bell, Sarah Brauner, Julie Maxfield, Todd Pugatch, and Reed College, 2014 - 2015, Portland, Oregon (USA)

Advertising for Demand Creation for Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision”, Co-Primary Investigator, with Willa Friedman and The Centre for HIV/AIDS Prevention Studies (CHAPS), 2013 - 2014, Johannesburg (Soweto), South Africa