Site References


Figure 10: Grooming tips anyone? (

Literatures Cited

Definition of allogrooming:

S. Peter Henzi and Louise Barrett. The value of grooming to primates.PRIMATES, 40(1): 47-59, January 1999 Special Edition: Primate Socioecology.

Dario Maestripie. Primate Psychology: 198-200. Harvard University Press, 2005.

Korstjens, Amanda H. Sterck, Elisabeth H.M. Noë, Ronald. How adaptive or phylogenetically inert is primate social behaviour? A test with two sympatric colobines. Behaviour, Volume 139, Numbers 2-3, 2002, 203-225(23).

Peter M. Kappeler and Carel P. van Schaik. Evolution of Primate Social Systems. International Journal of Primatology, Vol. 23, No. 4, August 2002, 149-151.

Michael E. Pereira and Lynn A. Fairbanks. Juvenile Primates: Life History,Development and Behavior. University of Chicago Press, 2003, 153-156.

Raffaella Ventura, Bonaventura Majolo, Nicola F Koyama, Scott Hardie, and Gabriele Schino. Reciprocation and interchange in wild Japanese macaques: grooming, cofeeding, and agonistic support. American Journal of Primatology, Volume 68, 2006 1138–1149.

Silk, J.B. 2005. The evolution of cooperation in primate groups. Moral Sentiments and Material Interests: On the Foundations of Cooperation in Economic Life (H. Gintis, S. Bowles, R. Boyd, and E. Fehr eds.), MIT Press, Cambridge, 43-73.

S. Peter Henzi and Louise Barrett. The Value of Grooming to Female Primates. PRIMATES, 40(1) , January 1999 47-Special Edition: Primate Socioecology, 47-59.

Muroyama, Y. 1991. Mutual reciprocity of grooming in female Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata). Behaviour 119: 161-170.

Keverne EB, Martensz ND, Tuite B. Beta-endorphin concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid of monkeys are influenced by grooming relationships. Psychoneuroendocrinology, Volume 14 Numbers 1-2,1989, 155-161.

Frances L. Martel, Claire M. Nevison, Michael J. A. Simpson, and Eric B. Keverne. Effects of opioid receptor blockade on the social behavior of rhesus monkeys living in large family groups. Developmental Psychobiology Volume 28, Issue 2, March 1995, 71-84.

B. Thierry, C. Gauthier and P. Peignot. Social Grooming in Tonkean Macaques (Macaca tonkeana). International Journal of Primatology, Iiol. 11, No. 4, 1990.

Schino, Gabriele. Grooming and agonistic support: a meta-analysis of primate reciprocal altruism. Behavioral Ecology 2007 18(1):115-120.

George H. Young, Anthony M. Coelho Jr. and Claud A. Bramblett. The development of grooming, sociosexual behavior, play and aggression in captive baboons in their first two years. Primates, Volume 23, No. 4, October, 1982.

Michael Hutchins and David P. Barash. Grooming in primates: Implications for its utilitarian function. Primates,Volume 17, No. 2, April, 1976.

Robin Dunbar. Grooming, Gossip, and the Evolution of Language(summary). <>. Harvard University Press. November 30, 2008.

Figure Credits

Header credit:

1. November 30, 2008.

2. December 1, 2008.

3. December 1, 2008.

4. November 30, 2008.

5 . November 30, 2008.

6. December 1, 2008.

7. November 30, 2008.

8. November 30, 2008.

9. Decmeber 1, 2008.

10. November 30, 2008.

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