Family: Berberidaceae
Common name: barberry family [Zomlefer, absent]
occasionally split into 2 or 3 separate families
Diversity: Worldwide: ~16 genera; ~600 species
U.S.: 7 genera
PNW (Hitchcock & Cronquist): 3 genera
Flower -- Vegetative Features -- Economic Importance -- Flower Images-- Web Sites

K3-15 Co3-9 S4-18 P (2-3)
Sexuality: bisexual
Symmetry: actinomorphic
Inflorescence: solitary, raceme, cyme, or fasciculate (congested in clusters)
Calyx (sepals): 3 to 15, separate
Corolla (petals): 3 to 9 (or absent), separate
Androecium: stamens opposite petals, flattened in two series (=biseriate), anthers open at slits or with flap-like valves (pressure sensitive in some species)
Gynoecium: 2 to 3 carpels, united, superior (=hypogynous)
Fruit: berry or capsule
Other features: perianth often in series of 3+3+3+3

Vegetative Features
Leaves: alternate, simple or pinnately compound (a few palmately lobed), often spiney, usu. exstipulate some evergreen
Life-history: perennial
Habit: herbs and shrubs
Distribution & Ecology: throughout N. Hemisphere and S. America
Some Northwest Genera: Achlys triphylla vanilla leaf
Berberis Oregon grape
Vancouveria hexandra inside-out flower

Economic Importance
Ornamentals: Berberis Oregon grape
Weedy and pest species: Berberis is the alternate host in the life-cycle of the wheat rust Puccinia graminis

Examples Achlys
click on the genus name for a flower image

Links to Other Web Sites

Texas A & M Univ.
Image Gallery
A collection of images for plants in the Berberidaceae, listed alphabetically by genus.