Schedule (Spring 2018)

Weekly readings will be marked by where they can be found: bookstore (see Course Book List); book reserve, ereserve, or online for articles available for downloading from the web. Note that many of the articles and excerpts are available in books on reserve. For class reading questions and discussion forums go to the Course Moodle Page.

Paper guidelines and a summary of assignment due dates

List of Weekly Discussants

Part I: Dilemmas of Mediate/Immediate Experience

Week One: Towards an Anthropology of Mediation

Readings

Tues Jan 23: Introductions and goals

McChesney, Robert. 2014. ch. 1 What is the Elephant in the Digital Room? Digital Disconnect How Capitalism Is Turning the Internet Against Democracy. The New Press. (22 pp). (ereserve, book reserve).

Thurs Jan 25: The Medium is the Message?

Marshall McLuhan, 2003 (1964). "the Medium is the Message," Understanding Media : The Extensions of Man.  Berkeley, CA: Gingko Press Inc. (11 pp). (book, ereserve).

Boyer, Dominic. 2007. Understanding Media: A Popular Philosophy.  Chicago: Prickly Paradigm Press. (103 pp) (bookstore, book reserve)

Sign up for Discussion, Workshops and Lecture Commentaries

Further Readings

Good overall reference book:

Peters, Benjamin, ed. 2016. Digital Keywords A Vocabulary of Information Society and Culture, Princeton University Press.

_____________________________

Agha, Asif, ed. 2011. “Mediatized Communication in Complex Societies.” Language & Communication 31 (3): 163–274.

Agha A. 2011b. Meet mediatization. Lang. Commun. 31: 163–70
"Social life has a mediated character whenever persons are linked to each other through speech and other perceivable signs in participation frameworks of communicative activity".

Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities.

Axel, Brian Keith. “Anthropology and the New Technologies of Communication.” Cultural Anthropology 21, no.3 (2006): 354-384.

Bagdikian, Ben. 1997(1983). The Media Monopoly. [one of the first English-language books to look at the growing monopolization of media markets by corporations. Bagdikian found that just 50 companies owned 90% of the media; by the late 1990s, that had dwindled to only 6].

Boellstorff,Tom. Digital Anthropology. In Oxford Bibliographies in Anthropology. Edited by John Jackson. New York: Oxford U. Press, 2013.

Boler, Megan. Digital Media and Democracy: Tactics in Hard Times. Cambridge; London: The MIT Press, 2008.

Boyer, Dominic. 2010. Digital Expertise in Online Journalism (and Anthropology). Anthropological Quarterly 83(1): 73−96. [gives history of anthro engagement with cybernetics; pushes back against opposition of trad vs digital knowledge]

Boyer, Dominic. 2012. From Media Anthropology to Anthropology of Mediation. In The Sage Handbook of Social Anthropology, p. 383– 392.

Duclos, Vincent. 2017. INHABITING MEDIA: An Anthropology of Life in Digital Speed. Cultural Anthro 32:1,

Eisenlohr, P. (2011). Introduction: What is a medium? theologies, technologies and aspirations. Social Anthropology, 19 (1): 1-5.

Foucault, Michel. Technologies of the Self. [transcriptions and interviews from his final lecture/seminars before his death]

Gershon, I. (2017). Language and the Newness of Media. Annual Review of Anthropology.

Gershon, I. and Bell, J. A. (2013) Introduction: The Newness of New Media. Culture, Theory and Critique 54:3, pages 259-264.

Ginsburg, Faye, Lila Abu-Lughod, and Brian Larkin. 2002. Introduction in Media Worlds: Anthropology on New Terrain. New York: University Press., pp. 1-36.

Hegel, Phenomonology of the Spirit. [Opening arguments until 'perception']

Herman and McChesney. Global Media, Global transformations reader. [lays out history of media deregulation and conglomeration].

Kacynski, Ted. [known as the 'unabomber,' Kacynski was a math prodigy and professor at Berkeley before he resigned, took to life in a remote cabin, and then railed against modern technology and industrialization; this is an archive of his writings, including his famous manifesto].

Mazzarella, William. 2004. Culture, Globalization, Mediation. Annual Review of Anthropology. Vol. 33: 345-367

McLuhan, Marshall. 1980 “Living at the Speed of Light.” MacLean’s, January 7: 32–33.

Pink, Sarah and Kerstin Leder Mackley, Saturated and Situated: Expanding the Meaning of Media in the Routines of Everyday Life. Media, Culture & Society 35(6):677–691, 2013.

Poster, Mark. Postcolonial Theory and Global Media. In Information Please: Culture and Politics in the Age of Digital Machines, 26–45 (Duke U. Press, 2006).

Said, Edward W. 1981. Covering Islam. [discussion of the nature of the media in contemporary times]

Silverstein, Michael 2000 Whorfianism and the Linguistic Imagination of Nationality. In Regimes of Language. Paul V.Kroskrity, ed. Pp. 85–138. Santa Fe, NM: School of American Research. [cited by Gershon, critiques Anderson]

Spitulnik D. 1996. The social circulation of media discourse and the mediation of communities. J. Linguist. Anthropol. 6(2):161–87

Urban G., Lee B. 2001. Metaculture: How Cultures Moves Through the World. Minneapolis: Univ. Minn. Press

Williams, Raymond. Keywords: Culture, Media, Mediation.

Williams, Raymond. 2002. “The Technology and the Society” in Anthropology of Media Reader, Kelly Askew and Richard R. Wilk, eds. Blackwell. Pp 27-40.

Film/Video

Digital Immersion

Growing Up Online. PBS Frontline Documentary, 2006. Documentary looking at the massive impact of the internet on U.S. middle class childhood (watch online).

Digital Nation. PBS Frontline Documentary, 2010. Follow up to Growing up Online. (watch online).

Generation Like. PBS Frontline Documentary, 2014. Follow up to Merchants of Cool. (watch online).

Media Conglomerates and Power

Digital Disconnect [film accompanying McChesney's book of the same name]

Who Own's the Media? Now this World, 2016

Week Two: Objects, Cyborgs, and the Limits of the Human

Readings

Tues Jan 30 Navigating Objectification: Authenticity, Estrangement and Reproducibility

Marx. “Estranged Labor” in Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts, 1844. (ereserve).

Benjamin, Walter. "The work of art in its age of technological reproducibility, Second Version," Selected Writings, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2002 (1936). (22 pp) (ereserve,).

Thurs Feb. 1 Mediated lives: Cyborgs, Humans and Nonhumans

Haraway, Donna. A Cyborg Manifesto: Science, Technology, and Socialist-feminism in the Late Twentieth Century. In Simians, Cyborgs, and Women: The Reinvention of Nature, 149–182 (Routledge, 1991). (32 pp) (book, ereserve,).

Latour, Bruno. 1999. “A Collective of Humans and Nonhumans: Following Daedalus’s Labyrinth” in Pandora’s Hope, Harvard University Press. pp. 174-190 (16 pp) (book, ereserve).

 

1-2 page media use reflection due, Friday Feb 2, 5 pm, upload to Moodle,
post link to article in course blog

Reflect on your own use of media/technology in light of at least one of the readings and at least one popular/news article about related issues in the expansion of new media: how are you and others mediated? What forms of personhood, communication and power are at stake? Are we all cyborgs?

Further Reading

Adorno and Horkheimer. 1944. The Culture Industry: Enlightenment as Mass Deception, in Dialectic of Enlightenment.

Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities.[especially his chapter on the rise of print capitalism]

Debord, Guy. Society of the Spectacle.

Gumbrecht, Hans Ulrich and Michael Marrinan, eds. 2003. Mapping Benjamin: The Work of Art in the Digital Age. [chapter by Kentor: "What is Mechanical Reproduction,"], Stanford U Press.

Hegel, G.W.F. 1807. Phenomenology of Spirit. [Opening arguments until 'perception']

Heidegger, Martin. The Question Concerning Technology. In The Question Concerning Technology and Other Essays, 3–35 (Harper and Row, 1977 [1954]).

Kockelman, Paul. The anthropology of an equation. Sieves, spam filters, agentive algorithms, and ontologies of transformation. Hau Vol 3, No 3 (2013).

Latour, Bruno. 1999. The Slight Surprise of Action: Facts, Fetishes, Factishes. Pandora’s Hope. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Pp. 266-292.

Latour B, 2005 Reassembling the Social: An Introduction to Actor-network Theory (Oxford University Press, Oxford) [cited by Ingold, says p. 44-46, in section on mediators and intermediaries]

Peters, John. 1999. ch. 3 Toward a more Robust Vision of Spirit: Hegel, Marx and Kierkegaard, Speaking into the Air: A History of the Idea of Communication. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 

Pinney, Christopher. “The Indian Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction,” in Media Worlds, pp. 355-369

 

 

Film/Video

Links

Cybernetics (influential in Haraway and Latour's theories)

Cybernetics: a Definition (Comprehensive discussion by Paul Pangaro)

Cybernetics (Wikipedia)

What is Cybernetics? (excerpts from early textbooks, 1960s)

Defining Cybernetics (American Society of Cybernetics)

4th Wave Cybernetics (Cyborg Anthropology blog)

Theorists of Mediation

G.W.F. Hegel (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Karl Marx (1818-1883) (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Marx Engels Collected Works (Internet Archive)

Marxism and Alienation (Marxists.org)

The Frankfurt School (Wikipedia)

Walter Benjamin (1892-1940) (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Walter Benjamin (Wikipedia)

Donna Haraway (1944-) (Wikipedia)

Donna Haraway: a Cyborg Manifesto (Wikipedia)

"You are a Cyborg," (Wired Mag, 1997)

Bruno Latour (1947-) (Wikipedia)

Bruno Latour (Personal Website)

Week Three: Histories of Communication: New Media

Readings

Tues Feb. 6 Remediation and Hypermediacy

Bolter, J. David and Richard Grusin. 1998. Chs 1-2. Remediation: Understanding New Media. MIT Press, p. 20-64 (44 pp) (Bookstore, book reserve and ereserve).

Thurs Feb. 8 The Problem of Communication

Peters, John Durham. 1999. Introduction: the Problem of Communication, and Ch. 6 Machines, Animals, Aliens: Horizons of Incommunicability, Speaking into the Air: A History of the Idea of Communication. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. (~70 pp). (book reserve, ereserve)

Visit of IT specialists Tony Moreno and Joe Janiga

Social Impact Media Lecture Series Keynote Lecture: Professor John L. Jackson, Jr. (University of Pennsylvania), “Thinner Depictions: The Benefits
 and Hazards of Theorizing in Images and Sounds,” 6:30-8:00 pm, Vollum Lecture Hall

John Jackson Workshop: Friday, Feb 9, 1:10-2:30, Vollum 126
Multimodal Anthropologies: From Theory to Practice
Using some of the recent projects produced by undergrads and graduate students at the University of Pennsylvania, this workshop will examine some ways we’ve tried to curricularize student interest in multimodal research.

 

For those signed up: 1-2 page Jackson lecture commentary with reference to course readings due, Monday Feb. 19, 5 pm, upload to Moodle

Further Readings

Auslander, Philip. 1999. Liveness: Performance in a Mediatized Culture. Psychology Press.

Axel, Brian Keith. “Anthropology and the New Technologies of Communication.” Cultural Anthropology 21, no.3 (2006): 354-384.

Boyd, Danah 2011 Social Networked Sites as Networked Publics: Affordances, Dynamics, and Implications. In A Networked Self: Identity, Community, and Culture in Social Network Sites. Zizi Papacharissi, ed. Pp. 39–58. New York : Routledge.

Gershon, I. (2017). Language and the Newness of Media. Annual Review of Anthropology.

Gershon, I. and Bell, J. A. (2013) Introduction: The Newness of New Media. Culture, Theory and Critique 54:3, pages 259-264.

Graham, P. (2006). Hypercapitalism: New media, language, and social perceptions of value (Vol. 15). Peter Lang.

Megan Halpern and Lee Humphreys, Iphoneography as an Emergent Art World. New Media & Society, 2014.

Heidegger, Martin. The Question Concerning Technology. In The Question Concerning Technology and Other Essays, 3–35 (Harper and Row, 1977 [1954]).

Hirschkind, Charles, Maria José A. de Abreu, and Carlo Caduff. "New Media, New Publics?: An Introduction to Supplement 15." Current Anthropology 58, no. S15 (February 2017): S3-S12.

Hu, Tung-Hui. A Prehistory of the Cloud. Cambridge; London: The MIT Press, 2016.

Henry Jenkins, Spreadable Media: Creating Value and Meaning in a Networked Culture (NYU Press, 2013).

Keating, E. (2005). Homo prostheticus: Problematizing the notions of activity and computer-mediated interaction. Discourse Studies, 7(4/5), 527-545.

Kittler, Fredrick. 1987. Gramophone, Film, Typewriter. October Vol. 41: 101-118.

Kate Maddalena and Jeremy Packer, The Digital Body: Telegraphy as Discourse Network. Theory, Culture & Society 32(1):93–117, 2015.

Nayar, Pramod K.. An Introduction to New Media and Cybercultures. New Jersey: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.

Ong, Walter. 1982. Writing Restructures Consciousness. In Orality and Literacy. p. 78– 116.

Peters, John Durham. 1999. ch. 5 The Quest for Authentic Connection, Speaking into the Air: A History of the Idea of Communication. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Seth Shapiro and Lee Humphreys, Exploring Old and New Media: Comparing Military Blogs to Civil War Letters. New Media & Society 15(7): 1151–1167, 2012.

Silvio T. 2010. Animation: the new performance? J. Linguist. Anthropol. 20(2):422–38

Thomas Standage, The Victorian Internet: The Remarkable Story of the Telegraph and the Nineteenth Century’s On-line Pioneers (Walker & Company, 2007).

Thomas Standage, Writing on the Wall: Social Media, The First 2,000 Years (Bloomsbury, 2013)

Taylor J. 2009. “Speaking shadows”: a history of the voice in the transition from silent to sound film in the United States. J. Linguist. Anthropol. 19(1):1–20.

Thurlow C. 2006. From statistical panic to moral panic: The metadiscursive construction and popular exaggeration of new media language in the print media. J. Comput. Mediated Commun. 11(3):667–70 [useful discussion of claims that computer mediated communication is radically unlike face to face, antisocial, etc: " recognize the relative inseparability of mediated and unmediated communication; both are equally situated and context-dependent, and mediated practices are intricately embedded in the daily lives of users"].

Wellman, Barry, Anabel Quan-Haase, Jeffrey Boase, Wenhong Chen, Keith Hampton, Isabel Isla de Diaz, and Kakuko Miyata 2003 The Social Affordances of the Internet for Networked Individualism. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 8(3), April. http://jcmc.indiana.edu,

Raymond Williams. 2002. “The Technology and the Society” in Anthropology of Media Reader, Kelly Askew and Richard R. Wilk, eds. Blackwell. Pp 27-40.

Film/Video

Goodbye Uncanny Valley, 2017
Alan Warburton video on the increasing sophistication of computer graphics and photorealism

Contact, 1997 feature film
Dr. Ellie Arroway (Jodie Foster), after years of searching, finds conclusive radio proof of extraterrestrial intelligence, sending plans for a mysterious machine.

Grizzly Man, 2005 documentary
A devastating and heartrending take on grizzly bear activists Timothy Treadwell and Amie Huguenard, who were killed in October of 2003 while living among grizzlies in Alaska.

Arrival 2016 feature film
When twelve mysterious spacecrafts appear around the world, linguistics professor Louise Banks (Amy Adams) is tasked with interpreting the language of the apparent alien visitors.

"The Consuming Fervor of 'Arrival'", The New Yorker, 2016.

Links

Affordance Theory

Affordance (Wikipedia)

Affordances (Glossary of Human-Computer Interaction)

Affordances and Design (Interaction Design Foundation)

The Concept of Affordances (Anthropologist John Postill on Juris' definition)

Affordances and reflexivity in ethical life: An ethnographic stance, Anthropological Theory, 2014. (Linguistic anthropologist Webb Keane on an anthro approach to)

Human and Non-Human: AI, algorithms, Bots

Wooley, Boyd et al How to Think about Bots: a Botifesto, Mother Jones Mag.

vs.

Tariq Ali The Case against Artificial Intelligence [said he wanted to take anti-bot stance; vs. the above as pro-bot]

Ullman, Ellen. “Programming the Post-Human” Harper’s October 2002.

Christian, Brian. “Mind v. Machine” The Atlantic Monthly, Feb 9, 2011.

IRL Podcast: "Bot or Not"? Jan 2018 

‘Intelligent’ Policing and My Innocent Children, NYT, 2017.

Microsoft Created a Twitter Bot to Learn From Users. It Quickly Became a Racist Jerk. NYT 2017.

Not the Bots We Were Looking For, NYT Nov 2017

Instagram Bots, NYT June 2017

On Twitter, a Battle Among Political Bots, NYT Dec 2016

Bots are Back and They Might Even be Welcome, NYT April 2016

Trump Twitter Bots, NYT Oct 2015 

Week Four: States, Mediation and Constituting Publics

Readings

Tues Feb. 13 Rethinking the Public Sphere

Jurgen Habermas. 1991[1962]. Introduction (excerpt), The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere, Cambridge: The MIT Press, pp. 1-26. (ereserve).

Fraser, Nancy. 1992 Rethinking the Public Sphere. In Habermas and the Public Sphere, Calhoun, ed. MIT, pp. 109-142. (ereserve).

Jackson, John and David Kim. “Democracy’s Anxious Returns,” co-authored with David Kim, The ANNALS of the Academy of Political and Social Science, 637: 6-16 (September 2011). (ereserve).

Thurs Feb. 15 Publics and Counterpublics

Warner, Michael. 2002. Ch. 2, Publics and Counterpublics, in Publics and Counterpublics. Zone Books. (~60 pp). (book reserve, ereserve)

 

1-2 page final project proposal due, Friday Feb. 16, 5 pm (upload to Moodle)

Further Reading

Agha, A. (2012). Mediatized projects at State peripheries. Language & Communication32(2), 98-101.

Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities.

Barker J. 2008. Playing with publics: technology, talk and sociability in Indonesia. Lang. Commun. 28:127–4.

Barrett, R. (2016). Mayan language revitalization, hip hop, and ethnic identity in Guatemala. Language & Communication47, 144-153.

Bonilla, Yarimar and Jonathan Rosa. 2015. #Ferguson: Digital Protest, Hashtag Politics, and the Racial Politics of Social Media in the United States. American Ethnologist 42(1): 4-17.

boyd, d. 2007. Why youth (heart) social network sites: the role of networked publics in teenage social life. Macarthur Foundation Series on Digital Learning. David Buckingham. Ed. Cambridge: MIT Press 119–42 

boyd, danah. 2009. White Flight in Networked Publics? How Race and Class Shaped American Teen Engagement with MySpace and Facebook.

Brink-Danan M. 2011. The meaning of Ladino: the semiotics of an online speech community. Lang. Commun. 31:107–1.

Calhoun, Craig, ed. Habermas and the Public Sphere, MIT Press, 1992.

Cavanaugh, Jillian R. 2016a. “Anything Can Happen on YouTube (Or Can It?): Endangered Language and New Media.” In Cultural Anthropology: Contemporary, Public and Critical Readings , edited by Keri V. Brondo, 88–95. New York: Oxford University Press.

Clarke, Kamari Maxine. Rethinking Sovereignty Through Hashtag Publics: The New Body Politics . Cultural Anthropology, 2017.

Doostdar A. 2004. The vulgar spirit of blogging: on language, culture, and power in Persian Weblogestan. American Anthropologist. 106(4):651–6.

Christina Dunbar-Hester, Low Power to the People: Pirates, Protest, and Politics in FM Radio Activism (MIT Press, 2014).

Eisenlohr, P. (2011). The anthropology of media and the question of ethnic and religious pluralism. Social Anthropology, 19(1), 40-55.

Eisenlohr P. 2004. Language revitalization and new technologies: cultures of electronic mediation and the refiguring of communities. Annu. Rev. Anthropol. 33:21–4.

Fader, A. (2017). The counterpublic of the J(ewish) Blogosphere: gendered language and the mediation of religious doubt among ultra-Orthodox Jews in New York. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 23(4), 727-747.

Ginsburg, Faye. 1993. Aboriginal Media and the Australian Imaginary. Public Culture 5(3): 557−578.

Graber K. 2012. Public information: the shifting roles of minority language news media in the Buryat territories of Russia. Lang. Commun. 32:124–36.

Habermas, Jurgen. "Further Reflections on the Public Sphere. In Habermas and the Public Sphere. Ed. Craig Calhoun. Trans. Thomas Burger. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1992. 

Hirschkind, Charles. 2006. The Ethical Soundscape: Cassette Sermons and Islamic Counterpublics. New York: Columbia University Pres.

Hirschkind, Charles, Maria José A. de Abreu, and Carlo Caduff. "New Media, New Publics?: An Introduction to Supplement 15." Current Anthropology 58, no. S15 (February 2017): S3-S12.

Kelty, Christopher. 2005. Geeks, Internets, and Recursive Publics. Cultural Anthropology 20(2): 185−214.

Kunreuther L. 2014. Voicing Subjects: Public Intimacy and Mediation in Kathmandu. Berkeley: Univ. Calif. Pres.

Mazzarella, William. 2006. Internet X-Ray: E-Governance, Transparency, and Politics of Immediation in India. Public Culture 18(3):

Mazzarella, William. The Myth of the Multitude, or, Who's Afraid of the Crowd? Critical Inquiry, 2010.

Vincente Rafael, “The Cell Phone and the Crowd: Messianic Politics in the Contemporary Philippines,” in Public Culture 15:3 (2003): 399-425.

Riha, Daniel and Anna Maj. Emerging Practices in Cyberculture and Social Networking. Amsterdam: Editions Rodopi, 2010.

Rutherford, Paul. Endless Propaganda: The Advertising of Public Goods. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2000.

Spitulnik D. 1996. The social circulation of media discourse and the mediation of communities. J. Linguist. Anthropol. 6(2):161–8.

Strassler, K. (2014). Seeing the Unseen in Indonesia's Public Sphere: Photographic Appearances of a Spirit Queen. Comparative Studies in Society and History56(1), 98-130.

Swinehart, K. F., & Graber, K. (2012). Tongue-tied territories: Languages and publics in stateless nations. Language & Communication32(2), 95-97.

Taylor, Charles. 2002 Modern Social Imaginaries. Public Culture 14(1):91–124.

Thornborrow, J. (2001) ‘Authenticating talk: Building public identities in audience participation broadcasting’, Discourse Studies, 3(4): 459–79.

Urban G., Lee B. 2001. Metaculture: How Cultures Move Through the World. Minneapolis: Univ. Minn. Pres.

Weidman A. 2014. Neoliberal logics of voice: playback singing and public femaleness in South India. Cult. Theory Crit. 55(2):175–9.

Film/Video

Links

Addressivity (coined by Russian literary theorist Mikhail Bakhtin)

Addressivity (Greg Morson)

The Addressive Process (Perinbanayagam, The Presence of Self)

Addressivity (Lempert and Silverstein, Creatures of Politics)

The Public Sphere: Debates

Jurgen Habermas 1929- (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Jurgen Habermas and the Public Sphere (Marshall Soules' Media Studies blog)

Kellner, Douglas. Habermas, the Public Sphere, and Democracy: A Critical Intervention (excellent critical overview of Habermas' famous paper and debates it generated over his career)

A Summary of Public Sphere Theories (Course project at University of Toronto)

Habermas and the Public Sphere (Vlog essay from Then & Now, 2017)

Week Five: Semiotic Mediation: the Emergence of Persons and Things

Readings

Tues Feb 20 Peircean semiotics

Peirce, C.S. 1998 [1894, 1907]. What Is a Sign? The Essential Peirce, Volume 2. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Pp. 4-10. (ereserve).

Manning, Paul. 2012. Introduction to the Semiotics of Drink and Drinking. New York: Continuum. (book reserve, ereserve).

Thurs Feb. 22 Mediated things and persons

Keane, Webb 2003 Semiotics and the Social Analysis of Material Things. Language and Communication 23(2/3):409–425. (ereserve). [Try to grasp one or two main aspects of his approach to materiality and things; then focus on pp. 417-423, where he introduces his take on "semiotic ideology"].

Agha, Asif. 2011b Large and small scale forms of personhood. Language & Communication 31 (3): 171-180. (ereserve). [Try to grasp the difference and relation between "mediatization" and "mediation", as well as his arguments about "figures of personhood"; focus on pp. 171-177].

Social Impact Media Lecture Series Lecture 2: Professor Julie Perini (Portland State University), "Filmmaking as Personal and Political Practice," 6:30-8:00 pm, Psych 105

Julie Perini Workshop: Friday, Feb 23, 1:10-2:30, Vollum 126
Radical Politics & Radical Aesthetics in Film
In this workshop, filmmaker Julie Perini will discuss her work using experimental and non-narrative representational strategies within the context of films about historical and contemporary leftist and liberation movements in the United States.

 

For those signed up: 1-2 page Perini lecture commentary with reference to course readings due, Monday Feb. 12, 5 pm, upload to Moodle

Further Readings

Agha, A. (2007). Recombinant selves in mass mediated spacetime. Language & Communication, 27(3), 320-335.

Agha, A. "Commodity registers." Journal of Linguistic Anthropology 21, no. 1 (2011): 22-53.

Agha, A. (2012). Mediatized projects at State peripheries. Language & Communication32(2), 98-101.

Agha A. 2011b. Meet mediatization. Lang. Commun. 31: 163–7.

Chumley LH, Harkness N. 2013. Qualia. Anthropol. Theory 13:3–1.

Duranti, Alessandro. pp. 199-213 in Linguistic Anthropology. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1997.

Hoopes, ed., "Introduction," (focus on pp. 7-9) Pierce on Signs: Writings on Semiotics by Charles Sanders Pierce, Chapel Hill: Univ. of N. Carolina Press

Jakobson, Roman. Ch. 6, On Language [attempts to reconcile Saussure and Peirce on the sign]

Parmentier, Richard. 2016. Signs and Society: Further Studies in Semiotic Anthropology. Indiana Univ Press.  ["Brilliantly articulating the potent intersections of semiotic and linguistic anthropology, Signs and Society demonstrates how a keen appreciation of signs helps us better understand human agency, meaning, and creativity."]

Pierce, Charles. Ch. 6 "The Principles of Phenomenology," (pp. 74-97) in Philosophical Writings of Pierce. Buchler, ed. New York: Dover Publications. 1955 (1940).

Pierce, Charles. Ch. 7 "Logic as Semiotic: The Theory of Signs," (98-119) in Philosophical Writings of Pierce. Buchler, ed. New York: Dover Publications. 1955 (1940).

Wilf, E. Y. (2013). From Media Technologies That Reproduce Seconds to Media Technologies That Reproduce Thirds: A Peircean Perspective on Stylistic Fidelity and Style-Reproducing Computerized Algorithms. Signs and Society, 1(2), 185-211. [Against the backdrop of a long research tradition in linguistic and semiotic anthropology that has focused almost exclusively on media technologies that reproduce Seconds, that is, specific texts in modalities such as sound and the visual image, this article focuses on media technologies that reproduce Thirds, that is, generative dispositions responsible for the production of such Seconds. It explores contemporary attempts in the United States and France to develop computerized systems that, with the aid of specific algorithms, can abstract and enact the styles of different past jazz masters, as well as the styles of players who interactively improvise with such systems in real time. Drawing on Peircean semiotics, the article offers an analysis of these media technologies, their present application in the field of online consumption, and the cultural specificity of the Third that plays a key role in their development and reception, namely, style.]

Film/Video

Links

Charles S. Peirce (1839-1914)

Online Dictionary of Peirce's terms in his own words

Philosophy pages Peirce Life and Works

Johns Hopkins Guide Peirce Life and Works
Essay by Leroy Searle.

Stanford Encyclopedia Peirce Profile
Comprehensive essay by Robert Burch

Peirce's Logic
Essay in Stanford Encyclopedia by Eric Hammer.

Peirce Edition Project

Week Six: Dilemmas of Digital Methods: Media Ideologies and Multimodality

Readings

Tues Feb 27 Rethinking the Digital

Tom Boellstorff, Rethinking Digital Anthropology. In Digital Anthropology. Edited by Heather A. Horst and Daniel Miller, 39–60 (London: Berg, 2013). (Book, ereserve).

Gershon, I. 2010. ‘Breaking Up Is Hard To Do: Media Switching and Media Ideologies’. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology 20, 389–405. (ereserve).

Thurs Mar 1 Multimodality in Practice

Collins, SamuelGerard, Matthew Durington, and Harjant Gill. 2017.“Multimodality: An Invitation.” American Anthropologist 119 (1): 142–46. (ereserve).

Howes, David Multimodality and Anthropology: The Conjugation of the Senses.” Pp 225-235 in Carey Jewitt, ed., The Routledge Handbook of Multimodal Analysis, London: Routledge, 2009. (9 pp) (ereserve).

Jackson, John. 2004. “An Ethnographic FilmFlam: Giving Gifts, Doing Research, and Videotaping the Native Subject/Object.” American Anthropologist  106 (1): 32–42. (ereserve).

Further Reading

Abidin, Crystal. 2018. We Have Never Been Digital Anthropologists. Anthrodendum blog.

Howes, David “Multimodality and Anthropology: The Conjugation of the Senses.” Pp 225-235 in Carey Jewitt, ed., The Routledge Handbook of Multimodal Analysis, London: Routledge, 2009. [ordered for lib]

Ethiraj Gabriel Dattatreyan Arjun I. Shankar. Multimodal Ethnography and the Possibilities for Engaged Anthropology. Society for Visual Anthropology

            http://societyforvisualanthropology.org/2016/10/multimodal-ethnography-possibilities-engaged-anthropology/

or his 2012 CA article [no; Collins et al cite Jackson 2004]

Machin, David. 2016. “The Need for a Social and Affordance-Driven Multimodal Critical Discourse Studies.” Discourse & Society 27 (3): 322–34

David W. Samuels, Louise Meintjes, Ana Maria Ochoa, and Thomas Porcello. 2010. Soundscapes: Toward a Sounded Anthropology. Vol. 39, pp. 329–345.

Film/Video

Links

examples visual essay, sketchbook on multimodal anthros page

http://www.americananthropologist.org/multimodal-anthropologies/

new sound and vision section of CA:

https://culanth.org/articles/848-sound-vision-experimenting-with-the

Week Seven: Multimodal ethnography: Sensing and Mediating Religion

Readings

Tues Mar 6 Religion, Mediation and Immediacy

Eisenlohr, Patrick. 2009. Technologies of the Spirit: Devotional Islam, Sound Reproduction, and the Dialectics of Mediation and Immediacy in Mauritius. Anthropological Theory 9(3): 273−296 (ereserve).

Meyer, B. (2011). Mediation and immediacy: sensational forms, semiotic ideologies and the question of the medium. Social Anthropology, 19(1), 23-39. (ereserve).

Thurs Mar 8 Reflection day: project planning discussion

 

Spring Break Mar. 12-16

5-7 page Final Project plan due Friday Mar 16, 5 pm (upload to Moodle)

Further Readings

Feld, Steven. 2015. “Acoustemology.” In Keywords in Sound , edited by David Novak and Matthew Sakakeeny, 12–21. Durham, NC: Duke University Press

Hirschkind, Charles. 2006. The Ethical Soundscape: Cassette Sermons and Islamic Counterpublics. New York: Columbia University Press

Klima, Alan. 2001. The Telegraphic Abject: Buddhist Meditation and the Redemption of Mechanical Reproduction. Comparative Studies in History and Society 43 (3): 552 –582

Miller, Flagg. The Moral Resonance of Arab Media: Audio-cassette Poetry and Culture in Yemen

Seremetakis, Nadia. 2009. Divination, Media, and the Networked Body of Modernity. American Ethnologist36(2): 337-350.

Film/Video

Links

Part II: Mediated Engagements: Making (Counter)publics

Week Eight: Infrastructure, Materiality and Governance

Readings

Tues Mar 20

Larkin, Brian. 2008. Introduction, Signal and Noise: Media, Infrastructure, and Urban Culture in Nigeria. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. (Bookstore, book reserve, ereserve). (16 pp).

Kunreuther, Laura. 2006. Technologies of the Voice: FM Radio, Telephone, and the Nepali Diaspora in Kathmandu. Cultural Anthropology 21(3): 323−353. (ereserve). (27 pp).

Thurs Mar 22

Larkin, Brian. 2008. Ch. 4 "Colonialism and the Built Space of Cinema," and Ch. 7, "Degraded Images, Distorted Sounds: Nigerian Video and the Infrastructure of Piracy,". Signal and Noise: Media, Infrastructure, and Urban Culture in Nigeria. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. (Bookstore, book reserve, ereserve). (~45 pp).

Social Impact Media Lecture Series Lecture 3: Sarah Mirk (Contributing Editor, The Nib), “Speak up, Make Change,” 6:30-8:00 pm, Psych 105

Sarah Mirk Workshop: Friday, Mar 23, 1:10-2:30, Vollum 126
You Don't Need Permission to Publish: Writing and Zine-Making
Do you want to be a writer, artist, or journalist? Then get started. This media empowerment workshop focuses on how you can use the tools you already have to find your voice and share your ideas—no funding or permission needed. We'll talk about the history of self-publishing, the power of print and digital self-publishing today, and make zines focused on issues you care about.

 

For those signed up: 1-2 page Mirk lecture commentary with reference to course readings due, Monday Feb. 12, 5 pm, upload to Moodle

Further Reading

Film/Video

Links

Week Nine: Creating and Surveilling Persons and Publics

Readings

Tues Mar 27 Big Data and Social Media

boyd, danah, and Kate Crawford. 2012 Critical Questions for Big Data. Information, Communication, and Society 15(5): 662–679. (ereserve). (15 pp)

Trottier, Daniel and David Lyon. 2012 “Key Features of Social Media Surveillance” in Internet and Surveillance: The Challenges of Web 2.0 and Social Media eds. Christian Fuchs, Kees Boersma, Anders Albrechtslund and Marisol Sandoval. Routledge Press  89-105. (ereserve). (~25 pp).

Trottier, Daniel. 2012.“What Kind of Dwelling is Facebook?  Scholarly Perspectives” Social Media as Surveillance: Rethinking Visibility in a Converging World 33-60. (ereserve).

Thurs Mar 29  Dark Matters: Big Data and Surveilling Blackness

Browne, Simone. Introduction and Ch. 3, Biometrics and Branding Blackness. Dark Matters: On the Surveillance of Blackness. Duke University Press, 2015. (bookstore, bookreserve, ereserve). (~70 pp).

 

1-2 page commentary on media and surveillance, due Friday Mar 30, 5 pm, upload to Moodle, post link to article in course blog

Reflect on the role of new media/technology in emerging forms of surveillance practice in light of the readings and at least one popular/news article about related issues: What is "Big Data"? How do corporate/commercial interests coincide with state interests in new forms of surveillance? How do persons and publics get constituted through these practices?

Further Readings

Chow-White, Peter. 2012. "Genomic Databases and an Emerging Digital Divide in Biotechnology," in Lisa Nakamura and Peter Chow-White, eds., Race After the Internet, Routledge. (Bookstore, book reserve). (20 pp)

Duster in Nakamura and Chow.

Gandy in Nakamura and Chow.

McChesney, Robert. 2014. Ch. 5 "The Internet and Capitalism II: The Empire of the Senseless," in Digital Disconnect How Capitalism Is Turning the Internet Against Democracy. The New Press. (40 pp). substitute for Trottier and Lyon?

Nelson, Alondra and Jeong Won Hwong. 2012. "Roots and Revelation: Genetic Ancestry Testing and the Youtube Generation," in Lisa Nakamura and Peter Chow-White, eds., Race After the Internet, Routledge. (Bookstore, book reserve). (20 pp)

Pype K. 2016. “[Not] talking like a Motorola”: mobile phone practices and politics of masking and unmasking in postcolonial Kinshasa. J. R. Anthropol. Inst. 22(3):633–52

Film/Video

Links

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/11/us/politics/fisa-surveillance-congress-trump.html?emc=edit_ne_20180111&nl=evening-briefing&nlid=55012661&te=1

Week Ten: Language and Mediated Sociality: Embodying and Standardizing Persons

Readings

Tues Apr. 3 Language, Discourse and Social Media

Varis, P., & Blommaert, J. (2015). Conviviality and collectives on social media: Virality, memes, and new social structures. Multilingual Margins, 2(1), 31-45. (14 pp). (ereserve).

Aslaug Veum, Linda Victoria Moland Undrum. 2017. The selfie as a global discourse, Discourse and Society. (14 pp). (ereserve).

Jones G, Schieffelin B. 2009b. Talking text and talking back: “my BFF Jill” from boob tube to YouTube. J. Comp. Mediat. Commun. 14(4):1050–79. (26 pp) (ereserve).

Thurs Apr. 5 Technological Mediations of the Social

Archambault JS. 2013. Cruising through uncertainty: cell phones and the politics of display and disguise in Inhambane, Mozambique. Am. Ethnol. 40(1):88–101. (ereserve).

Barker J. 2008. Playing with publics: technology, talk and sociability in Indonesia. Lang. Commun. 28:127–42. (ereserve).

Social Impact Media Lecture Series Lecture 4: Andre Middleton (Exec Dir. Friends of Noise), “Connecting communities through media: Expanding the narrative in the digital age,” 6:30-8:00 pm, Psych 105

Andre Middleton Workshop: Friday, Apr 6, 1:10-2:30, Vollum 126
Media creation for the masses: Telling and sharing stories without breaking the bank.
Using consumer grade equipment (Sony Action Cam, Cell phone camera, Canon digital Camera) this workshop will go go over some basic video techniques for live and unscripted video capture. The workshop will also go over live basic video interview techniques and explore the notion of consent and verifiable release, and when its not needed, to broadcast the likenesses of people.

 

For those signed up: 1-2 page Middleton lecture commentary with reference to course readings due, Monday Feb. 12, 5 pm, upload to Moodle

Further Readings

Boyd in Nakamura and Chow.

 

Film/Video

Links

Week Eleven: Digital Divides? Racializing (Counter)publics

Readings

Tues Apr 10 Infrastructures of Race and Digital Mediation

Nakamura, Lisa and Peter Chow-White. 2012. Introduction--Race and Digital Technology: Code, the Color line and the Information Society, in Lisa Nakamura and Peter Chow-White, eds., Race After the Internet, Routledge. (16 pp). (Bookstore, book reserve, ereserve).

McPherson, Tara. 2012. U.S. Operating Systems at Mid-Century: Race and UNIX, in Lisa Nakamura and Peter Chow-White, eds., Race After the Internet, Routledge. (Bookstore, book reserve, ereserve). (16 pp)

Marez, Curtis. 2012. Cesar Chavez, United Farmworkers and the History of Star Wars, in Lisa Nakamura and Peter Chow-White, eds., Race After the Internet, Routledge. (Bookstore, book reserve, ereserve). (27 pp).

Thurs Apr 12 Making Black Counterpublics: Mediated Religion

Rouse, Carolyn, John L. Jackson, and Marla Frederick. 2016. Introduction (excerpt) and Ch. 5 "Race, Islam, and Longings for Inclusion: Muslim Media and Twenty-First Century Redemption," Televised Redemption: Black Religious Media and Racial Empowerment. New York: New York University Press. (Book reserve, ereserve). (~50 pp).

Further Readings

Boyd in Nakamura and Chow.

Wilson and Chock. in Nakamura and Chow.

Film/Video

Week Twelve: Digital Divides? Indigenizing (Counter)publics

Readings

Tues Apr. 17 Rethinking indigenous publics

Ginsburg F. 2008. Rethinking the digital age. In Media and Social Theory, DHesmondhalgh, J Toynbee, ed., London/New York: Routledge, pp. 127–44. (ereserve).

Fisher, Daniel. 2016. Prologue, and Introduction. The Voice and Its Doubles: Media and Music in Northern Australia. Berkeley: University of California Press. (bookstore, book reserve, ereserve).

Thurs Apr. 19

Fisher, Daniel. 2016. Selection TBA. The Voice and Its Doubles: Media and Music in Northern Australia. Berkeley: University of California Press. (bookstore, book reserve, ereserve).

Social Impact Media Lecture Series Lecture 5: Erin Yanke (Program Director, KBOO Community Radio), “My Drifting Days: Working with Grassroots Media,” 6:30-8:00 pm, Psych 105

Erin Yanke Workshop: Friday, Apr 20, 1:10-2:30, Vollum 126
Community Media and Ethical Engagement
In this workshop, Erin Yanke will lead the creation of a short podcast to demonstrate the technical skills and ethical considerations needed to responsibly create media.

 

For those signed up: 1-2 page Yanke lecture commentary with reference to course readings due, Monday Feb. 12, 5 pm, upload to Moodle

Further Readings

Global Indigenous Media. Duke U Press.

Harold E.L. Prins, “Visual Media and the Primitivist Perplex: Colonial Fantasies,

Indigenous Imagination, and Advocacy in North America,” in Media Worlds, pp. 58-

74

Erica Wortham, “Between the State and Indigenous

Autonomy: Unpacking Video Indigena in Mexico,” in American Anthropology vol.

106, no. 2 (June 2004): 363-368.

Bessire, L. (2017), Glimpses of Emergence in the Ayoreo Video Project. Vis Anthropol Rev, 33: 119–129.

Film/Video

Links

Week Thirteen: Mediation and Activisms

Readings

Tues Apr 24 Activism and Media-making: Methods and Ethics

Ortner, Sherry. (2017), Social impact without social justice: Film and politics in the neoliberal landscape. American Ethnologist, 44: 528–539. (10 pp). (ereserve)

Durington, M., Collins, S., Randolph, N. and Young, L. (2017), Push It Along: On Not Making an Ethnographic Film in Baltimore. Transform Anthropol, 25: 23–34. (12 pp). (ereserve).

Black, S. P. (2017), Anthropological Ethics and the Communicative Affordances of Audio-Video Recorders in Ethnographic Fieldwork: Transduction as Theory. American Anthropologist, 119: 46–57. (10 pp). (ereserve)

Thurs Apr 26 The Cultural Politics of Media Activism

Bonilla, Yarimar and Jonathan Rosa. 2015. #Ferguson: Digital Protest, Hashtag Politics, and the Racial Politics of Social Media in the United States. American Ethnologist 42(1): 4-17. (11 pp). ereserve

Allen, Lori. 2009 Martyr Bodies in the Media: Human Rights, Aesthetics, and the Politics of Immediation in the Palestinian Intifada. American Ethnologist 36(1): 161–180. (16 pp) (ereserve.)

 

Final Multimodal Project, including 5-7 pages text due Tuesday, May 8, 5 pm, upload to Ensemble (Audio/Video) and/or Wordpress (Text/Static Image).
NOTE: title of the final file MUST be: Last Name, short Project Title, Semester Year

Further Reading

Abu Hatoum, N. (2017), Framing Visual Politics: Photography of the Wall in Palestine. Vis Anthropol Rev, 33: 18–27.

Miriyam Aouragh Social Media, Mediation and the Arab Revolutions. Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom,

Murthy, Dhiraj. 2013. “Theorizing Twitter” and “Twitter and Activism” Twitter: Social Communication in the Twitter Age. Polity Press 24-50; 92-114

Cody, Francis. 2009. Inscribing Subjects to Citizenship: Petitions, Literacy Activism, and the Performativity of Signature. Cultural Anthropology 24 (3): 347 – 380.

Allen Feldman, “On Cultural Anesthesia: From Desert Storm to Rodney King” in American Ethnologist vol. 21, no. 2 (May 1994): 404-418.

Howe, Cymene. 2008. Spectacles of Sexuality: Televisionary Activism in Nicaragua. Cultural Anthropology 23(1):48−84.

Juris, Jeffrey 2012. Reflections on #OccupyEverywhere: Social Media, Public Space and Emerging Logics of Aggregation. American Ethnologist 39(2):259-279

Susie Linfield, “Beyond the Sorrow and the Pity,” in Dissent 48:1 (2001): 100-106.

McChesney, Robert. 2014. Ch. 7, Revolution in the Digital Revolution? Digital Disconnect How Capitalism Is Turning the Internet Against Democracy. The New Press.

Meg McLagan, “Spectacles of Difference: Cultural Activism and the Mass Mediation of Tibet,” in Media Worlds, pp. 90-114

Vincente Rafael, “The Cell Phone and the Crowd: Messianic Politics in the Contemporary Philippines,” in Public Culture 15:3 (2003): 399-425.

Winifred Tate, “Learning to Tell the Story,” in Counting the Dead: Human Rights Claims and Counter-Claims in Colombia.

Animating Resistance

Authors:

Aimee Villarreal, John Jota Leaños

Anthropology News

First Published:

May 2017

 

Jolynna Sinanan, Gabrielle Jamela Hosein. 2017. Non-Activism: Political Engagement and Facebook Through Ethnography in Trinidad. Social Media and Society

ARNDT, G. (2010), The making and muting of an indigenous media activist: Imagination and ideology in Charles Round Low Cloud's “Indian News”. American Ethnologist, 37: 499–510.

Stalcup, M. (2016), The Aesthetic Politics of Unfinished Media: New Media Activism in Brazil. Vis Anthropol Rev, 32: 144–156.

Thorner, S. G. (2015), Inside the Frame, Outside the Box: Bindi Cole's Photographic Practice and Production of Aboriginality in Contemporary Australia. Vis. Anthropol. Rev., 31: 163–176.

TORCHIN, L. (2006), Ravished Armenia: Visual Media, Humanitarian Advocacy, and the Formation of Witnessing Publics. American Anthropologist, 108: 214–220.

Democracy in an age of viral reality: A media epidemiography of Spain’s indignados movement, Ethnography

John Postill

October 23, 2013

The present article draws from fieldwork on the indignados (or 15M) movement in Spain to propose a new approach to the study of protest movements in the digital era: ‘media epidemiography’. This composite of the terms ‘epidemiology’ and ‘ethnography’ is used as a heuristic to address the research challenge of today’s swiftly evolving techno-political terrains. I argue that viral media have played a key role in Spain’s indignados movement, with Twitter as the central site of propagation. Protesters have used Twitter and other viral platforms to great effect and in a range of different ways, including as a means of setting the tone and agenda of the protests, spreading slogans and organizational practices, and offering alternative accounts of the movement. These developments may signal the coming of an era in which political reality is shaped by viral contents ‘shared’ by media professionals and amateurs – an age of viral reality.

Film/Video

DEMOCRACY ON DEADLINE: The Global Struggle for an Independent Press follows teams of journalists into some of the most dangerous and secretive corners of the world to show how they obtain their stories in the face of suppression, lies, imprisonment and threat of physical harm. To highlight the central role a free press plays in building and preserving democracy, Producer/Director Cal Skaggs and his team combed through two hundred hours of footage to create this dynamic portrayal of independent-minded journalists. (PBS Independent Lens)

Links

-see Amanda Hess Internetting vids on NYT, including on Pepe