Schedule (Spring 2018)

Weekly readings will be marked by where they can be found: bookstore (see Course Book List); book reserve, ereserve, or online for articles available for downloading from the web. Note that many of the articles and excerpts are available in books on reserve. For class reading questions and discussion forums go to the Course Moodle Page.

Paper guidelines and a summary of assignment due dates

List of Weekly Discussants

Part I: Dilemmas of Mediate/Immediate Experience

Week One: Towards an Anthropology of Mediation

Readings

Tues Jan 23: Introductions and goals

McChesney, Robert. 2014. ch. 1 What is the Elephant in the Digital Room? Digital Disconnect How Capitalism Is Turning the Internet Against Democracy. The New Press. (22 pp). (ereserve, book reserve).

Thurs Jan 25: The Medium is the Message?

Marshall McLuhan, 2003 (1964). "the Medium is the Message," Understanding Media : The Extensions of Man.  Berkeley, CA: Gingko Press Inc. (11 pp). (book, ereserve).

Boyer, Dominic. 2007. Understanding Media: A Popular Philosophy.  Chicago: Prickly Paradigm Press. (103 pp) (bookstore, book reserve)

Sign up for Discussion, Workshops and Lecture Commentaries

Further Readings

Good overall reference book:

Peters, Benjamin, ed. 2016. Digital Keywords A Vocabulary of Information Society and Culture, Princeton University Press.

_____________________________

Agha, Asif, ed. 2011. “Mediatized Communication in Complex Societies.” Language & Communication 31 (3): 163–274.

Agha A. 2011b. Meet mediatization. Lang. Commun. 31: 163–70
"Social life has a mediated character whenever persons are linked to each other through speech and other perceivable signs in participation frameworks of communicative activity".

Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities.

Axel, Brian Keith. “Anthropology and the New Technologies of Communication.” Cultural Anthropology 21, no.3 (2006): 354-384.

Bagdikian, Ben. 1997(1983). The Media Monopoly. [one of the first English-language books to look at the growing monopolization of media markets by corporations. Bagdikian found that just 50 companies owned 90% of the media; by the late 1990s, that had dwindled to only 6].

Boellstorff,Tom. Digital Anthropology. In Oxford Bibliographies in Anthropology. Edited by John Jackson. New York: Oxford U. Press, 2013.

Boler, Megan. Digital Media and Democracy: Tactics in Hard Times. Cambridge; London: The MIT Press, 2008.

Boyer, Dominic. 2010. Digital Expertise in Online Journalism (and Anthropology). Anthropological Quarterly 83(1): 73−96. [gives history of anthro engagement with cybernetics; pushes back against opposition of trad vs digital knowledge]

Boyer, Dominic. 2012. From Media Anthropology to Anthropology of Mediation. In The Sage Handbook of Social Anthropology, p. 383– 392.

Duclos, Vincent. 2017. INHABITING MEDIA: An Anthropology of Life in Digital Speed. Cultural Anthro 32:1,

Eisenlohr, P. (2011). Introduction: What is a medium? theologies, technologies and aspirations. Social Anthropology, 19 (1): 1-5.

Foucault, Michel. Technologies of the Self. [transcriptions and interviews from his final lecture/seminars before his death]

Gershon, I. (2017). Language and the Newness of Media. Annual Review of Anthropology.

Gershon, I. and Bell, J. A. (2013) Introduction: The Newness of New Media. Culture, Theory and Critique 54:3, pages 259-264.

Ginsburg, Faye, Lila Abu-Lughod, and Brian Larkin. 2002. Introduction in Media Worlds: Anthropology on New Terrain. New York: University Press., pp. 1-36.

Hegel, Phenomonology of the Spirit. [Opening arguments until 'perception']

Herman and McChesney. Global Media, Global transformations reader. [lays out history of media deregulation and conglomeration].

Kacynski, Ted. [known as the 'unabomber,' Kacynski was a math prodigy and professor at Berkeley before he resigned, took to life in a remote cabin, and then railed against modern technology and industrialization; this is an archive of his writings, including his famous manifesto].

Mazzarella, William. 2004. Culture, Globalization, Mediation. Annual Review of Anthropology. Vol. 33: 345-367

McLuhan, Marshall. 1980 “Living at the Speed of Light.” MacLean’s, January 7: 32–33.

Pink, Sarah and Kerstin Leder Mackley, Saturated and Situated: Expanding the Meaning of Media in the Routines of Everyday Life. Media, Culture & Society 35(6):677–691, 2013.

Poster, Mark. Postcolonial Theory and Global Media. In Information Please: Culture and Politics in the Age of Digital Machines, 26–45 (Duke U. Press, 2006).

Said, Edward W. 1981. Covering Islam. [discussion of the nature of the media in contemporary times]

Silverstein, Michael 2000 Whorfianism and the Linguistic Imagination of Nationality. In Regimes of Language. Paul V.Kroskrity, ed. Pp. 85–138. Santa Fe, NM: School of American Research. [cited by Gershon, critiques Anderson]

Spitulnik D. 1996. The social circulation of media discourse and the mediation of communities. J. Linguist. Anthropol. 6(2):161–87

Urban G., Lee B. 2001. Metaculture: How Cultures Moves Through the World. Minneapolis: Univ. Minn. Press

Williams, Raymond. Keywords: Culture, Media, Mediation.

Williams, Raymond. 2002. “The Technology and the Society” in Anthropology of Media Reader, Kelly Askew and Richard R. Wilk, eds. Blackwell. Pp 27-40.

Film/Video

Digital Immersion

Growing Up Online. PBS Frontline Documentary, 2006. Documentary looking at the massive impact of the internet on U.S. middle class childhood (watch online).

Digital Nation. PBS Frontline Documentary, 2010. Follow up to Growing up Online. (watch online).

Generation Like. PBS Frontline Documentary, 2014. Follow up to Merchants of Cool. (watch online).

Media Conglomerates and Power

Digital Disconnect [film accompanying McChesney's book of the same name]

Who Own's the Media? Now this World, 2016

Week Two: Objects, Cyborgs, and the Limits of the Human

Readings

Tues Jan 30 Navigating Objectification: Authenticity, Estrangement and Reproducibility

Marx. “Estranged Labor” in Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts, 1844. (ereserve).

Benjamin, Walter. "The work of art in its age of technological reproducibility, Second Version," Selected Writings, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2002 (1936). (22 pp) (ereserve,).

Thurs Feb. 1 Mediated lives: Cyborgs, Humans and Nonhumans

Haraway, Donna. A Cyborg Manifesto: Science, Technology, and Socialist-feminism in the Late Twentieth Century. In Simians, Cyborgs, and Women: The Reinvention of Nature, 149–182 (Routledge, 1991). (32 pp) (book, ereserve,).

Latour, Bruno. 1999. “A Collective of Humans and Nonhumans: Following Daedalus’s Labyrinth” in Pandora’s Hope, Harvard University Press. pp. 174-190 (16 pp) (book, ereserve).

 

1-2 page media use reflection due, Friday Feb 2, 5 pm, upload to Moodle,
post link to article in course blog

Reflect on your own use of media/technology in light of at least one of the readings and at least one popular/news article about related issues in the expansion of new media: how are you and others mediated? What forms of personhood, communication and power are at stake? Are we all cyborgs?

Further Reading

Adorno and Horkheimer. 1944. The Culture Industry: Enlightenment as Mass Deception, in Dialectic of Enlightenment.

Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities.[especially his chapter on the rise of print capitalism]

Debord, Guy. Society of the Spectacle.

Gumbrecht, Hans Ulrich and Michael Marrinan, eds. 2003. Mapping Benjamin: The Work of Art in the Digital Age. [chapter by Kentor: "What is Mechanical Reproduction,"], Stanford U Press.

Hegel, G.W.F. 1807. Phenomenology of Spirit. [Opening arguments until 'perception']

Heidegger, Martin. The Question Concerning Technology. In The Question Concerning Technology and Other Essays, 3–35 (Harper and Row, 1977 [1954]).

Kockelman, Paul. The anthropology of an equation. Sieves, spam filters, agentive algorithms, and ontologies of transformation. Hau Vol 3, No 3 (2013).

Latour, Bruno. 1999. The Slight Surprise of Action: Facts, Fetishes, Factishes. Pandora’s Hope. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Pp. 266-292.

Latour B, 2005 Reassembling the Social: An Introduction to Actor-network Theory (Oxford University Press, Oxford) [cited by Ingold, says p. 44-46, in section on mediators and intermediaries]

Peters, John. 1999. ch. 3 Toward a more Robust Vision of Spirit: Hegel, Marx and Kierkegaard, Speaking into the Air: A History of the Idea of Communication. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 

Pinney, Christopher. “The Indian Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction,” in Media Worlds, pp. 355-369

 

 

Film/Video

Links

Cybernetics (influential in Haraway and Latour's theories)

Cybernetics: a Definition (Comprehensive discussion by Paul Pangaro)

Cybernetics (Wikipedia)

What is Cybernetics? (excerpts from early textbooks, 1960s)

Defining Cybernetics (American Society of Cybernetics)

4th Wave Cybernetics (Cyborg Anthropology blog)

Theorists of Mediation

G.W.F. Hegel (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Karl Marx (1818-1883) (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Marx Engels Collected Works (Internet Archive)

Marxism and Alienation (Marxists.org)

The Frankfurt School (Wikipedia)

Walter Benjamin (1892-1940) (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Walter Benjamin (Wikipedia)

Donna Haraway (1944-) (Wikipedia)

Donna Haraway: a Cyborg Manifesto (Wikipedia)

"You are a Cyborg," (Wired Mag, 1997)

Bruno Latour (1947-) (Wikipedia)

Bruno Latour (Personal Website)

Week Three: Histories of Communication: New Media

Readings

Tues Feb. 6 Remediation and Hypermediacy

Bolter, J. David and Richard Grusin. 1998. Chs 1-2. Remediation: Understanding New Media. MIT Press, p. 20-64 (44 pp) (Bookstore, book reserve and ereserve).

Thurs Feb. 8 The Problem of Communication

Peters, John Durham. 1999. Introduction: the Problem of Communication, and Ch. 6 Machines, Animals, Aliens: Horizons of Incommunicability, Speaking into the Air: A History of the Idea of Communication. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. (~70 pp). (book reserve, ereserve)

Visit of IT specialists Tony Moreno and Joe Janiga

Social Impact Media Lecture Series Keynote Lecture: Professor John L. Jackson, Jr. (University of Pennsylvania), “Thinner Depictions: The Benefits
 and Hazards of Theorizing in Images and Sounds,” 6:30-8:00 pm, Vollum Lecture Hall

John Jackson Workshop: Friday, Feb 9, 1:10-2:30, Vollum 126
Multimodal Anthropologies: From Theory to Practice
Using some of the recent projects produced by undergrads and graduate students at the University of Pennsylvania, this workshop will examine some ways we’ve tried to curricularize student interest in multimodal research.

 

For those signed up: 1-2 page Jackson lecture commentary with reference to course readings due, Monday Feb. 19, 5 pm, upload to Moodle

Further Readings

Auslander, Philip. 1999. Liveness: Performance in a Mediatized Culture. Psychology Press.

Axel, Brian Keith. “Anthropology and the New Technologies of Communication.” Cultural Anthropology 21, no.3 (2006): 354-384.

Boyd, Danah 2011 Social Networked Sites as Networked Publics: Affordances, Dynamics, and Implications. In A Networked Self: Identity, Community, and Culture in Social Network Sites. Zizi Papacharissi, ed. Pp. 39–58. New York : Routledge.

Gershon, I. (2017). Language and the Newness of Media. Annual Review of Anthropology.

Gershon, I. and Bell, J. A. (2013) Introduction: The Newness of New Media. Culture, Theory and Critique 54:3, pages 259-264.

Graham, P. (2006). Hypercapitalism: New media, language, and social perceptions of value (Vol. 15). Peter Lang.

Megan Halpern and Lee Humphreys, Iphoneography as an Emergent Art World. New Media & Society, 2014.

Heidegger, Martin. The Question Concerning Technology. In The Question Concerning Technology and Other Essays, 3–35 (Harper and Row, 1977 [1954]).

Hirschkind, Charles, Maria José A. de Abreu, and Carlo Caduff. "New Media, New Publics?: An Introduction to Supplement 15." Current Anthropology 58, no. S15 (February 2017): S3-S12.

Hu, Tung-Hui. A Prehistory of the Cloud. Cambridge; London: The MIT Press, 2016.

Henry Jenkins, Spreadable Media: Creating Value and Meaning in a Networked Culture (NYU Press, 2013).

Keating, E. (2005). Homo prostheticus: Problematizing the notions of activity and computer-mediated interaction. Discourse Studies, 7(4/5), 527-545.

Kittler, Fredrick. 1987. Gramophone, Film, Typewriter. October Vol. 41: 101-118.

Kate Maddalena and Jeremy Packer, The Digital Body: Telegraphy as Discourse Network. Theory, Culture & Society 32(1):93–117, 2015.

Nayar, Pramod K.. An Introduction to New Media and Cybercultures. New Jersey: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.

Ong, Walter. 1982. Writing Restructures Consciousness. In Orality and Literacy. p. 78– 116.

Peters, John Durham. 1999. ch. 5 The Quest for Authentic Connection, Speaking into the Air: A History of the Idea of Communication. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Seth Shapiro and Lee Humphreys, Exploring Old and New Media: Comparing Military Blogs to Civil War Letters. New Media & Society 15(7): 1151–1167, 2012.

Silvio T. 2010. Animation: the new performance? J. Linguist. Anthropol. 20(2):422–38

Thomas Standage, The Victorian Internet: The Remarkable Story of the Telegraph and the Nineteenth Century’s On-line Pioneers (Walker & Company, 2007).

Thomas Standage, Writing on the Wall: Social Media, The First 2,000 Years (Bloomsbury, 2013)

Taylor J. 2009. “Speaking shadows”: a history of the voice in the transition from silent to sound film in the United States. J. Linguist. Anthropol. 19(1):1–20.

Thurlow C. 2006. From statistical panic to moral panic: The metadiscursive construction and popular exaggeration of new media language in the print media. J. Comput. Mediated Commun. 11(3):667–70 [useful discussion of claims that computer mediated communication is radically unlike face to face, antisocial, etc: " recognize the relative inseparability of mediated and unmediated communication; both are equally situated and context-dependent, and mediated practices are intricately embedded in the daily lives of users"].

Wellman, Barry, Anabel Quan-Haase, Jeffrey Boase, Wenhong Chen, Keith Hampton, Isabel Isla de Diaz, and Kakuko Miyata 2003 The Social Affordances of the Internet for Networked Individualism. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 8(3), April. http://jcmc.indiana.edu,

Raymond Williams. 2002. “The Technology and the Society” in Anthropology of Media Reader, Kelly Askew and Richard R. Wilk, eds. Blackwell. Pp 27-40.

Film/Video

Goodbye Uncanny Valley, 2017
Alan Warburton video on the increasing sophistication of computer graphics and photorealism

Contact, 1997 feature film
Dr. Ellie Arroway (Jodie Foster), after years of searching, finds conclusive radio proof of extraterrestrial intelligence, sending plans for a mysterious machine.

Grizzly Man, 2005 documentary
A devastating and heartrending take on grizzly bear activists Timothy Treadwell and Amie Huguenard, who were killed in October of 2003 while living among grizzlies in Alaska.

Arrival 2016 feature film
When twelve mysterious spacecrafts appear around the world, linguistics professor Louise Banks (Amy Adams) is tasked with interpreting the language of the apparent alien visitors.

"The Consuming Fervor of 'Arrival'", The New Yorker, 2016.

Links

Affordance Theory

Affordance (Wikipedia)

Affordances (Glossary of Human-Computer Interaction)

Affordances and Design (Interaction Design Foundation)

The Concept of Affordances (Anthropologist John Postill on Juris' definition)

Affordances and reflexivity in ethical life: An ethnographic stance, Anthropological Theory, 2014. (Linguistic anthropologist Webb Keane on an anthro approach to)

Human and Non-Human: AI, algorithms, Bots

Wooley, Boyd et al How to Think about Bots: a Botifesto, Mother Jones Mag.

vs.

Tariq Ali The Case against Artificial Intelligence [said he wanted to take anti-bot stance; vs. the above as pro-bot]

Ullman, Ellen. “Programming the Post-Human” Harper’s October 2002.

Christian, Brian. “Mind v. Machine” The Atlantic Monthly, Feb 9, 2011.

IRL Podcast: "Bot or Not"? Jan 2018 

‘Intelligent’ Policing and My Innocent Children, NYT, 2017.

Microsoft Created a Twitter Bot to Learn From Users. It Quickly Became a Racist Jerk. NYT 2017.

Not the Bots We Were Looking For, NYT Nov 2017

Instagram Bots, NYT June 2017

On Twitter, a Battle Among Political Bots, NYT Dec 2016

Bots are Back and They Might Even be Welcome, NYT April 2016

Trump Twitter Bots, NYT Oct 2015 

Week Four: States, Mediation and Constituting Publics

Readings

Tues Feb. 13 Rethinking the Public Sphere

Jurgen Habermas. 1991[1962]. Introduction (excerpt), The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere, Cambridge: The MIT Press, pp. 1-26. (ereserve).

Fraser, Nancy. 1992 Rethinking the Public Sphere. In Habermas and the Public Sphere, Calhoun, ed. MIT, pp. 109-142. (ereserve).

Jackson, John and David Kim. “Democracy’s Anxious Returns,” co-authored with David Kim, The ANNALS of the Academy of Political and Social Science, 637: 6-16 (September 2011). (ereserve).

Thurs Feb. 15 Publics and Counterpublics

Warner, Michael. 2002. Ch. 2, Publics and Counterpublics, in Publics and Counterpublics. Zone Books. (~60 pp). (book reserve, ereserve)

 

1-2 page final project proposal due, Friday Feb. 16, 5 pm (upload to Moodle)

Further Reading

Agha, A. (2012). Mediatized projects at State peripheries. Language & Communication32(2), 98-101.

Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities.

Barker J. 2008. Playing with publics: technology, talk and sociability in Indonesia. Lang. Commun. 28:127–4.

Barrett, R. (2016). Mayan language revitalization, hip hop, and ethnic identity in Guatemala. Language & Communication47, 144-153.

Bonilla, Yarimar and Jonathan Rosa. 2015. #Ferguson: Digital Protest, Hashtag Politics, and the Racial Politics of Social Media in the United States. American Ethnologist 42(1): 4-17.

boyd, d. 2007. Why youth (heart) social network sites: the role of networked publics in teenage social life. Macarthur Foundation Series on Digital Learning. David Buckingham. Ed. Cambridge: MIT Press 119–42 

boyd, danah. 2009. White Flight in Networked Publics? How Race and Class Shaped American Teen Engagement with MySpace and Facebook.

Brink-Danan M. 2011. The meaning of Ladino: the semiotics of an online speech community. Lang. Commun. 31:107–1.

Calhoun, Craig, ed. Habermas and the Public Sphere, MIT Press, 1992.

Cavanaugh, Jillian R. 2016a. “Anything Can Happen on YouTube (Or Can It?): Endangered Language and New Media.” In Cultural Anthropology: Contemporary, Public and Critical Readings , edited by Keri V. Brondo, 88–95. New York: Oxford University Press.

Clarke, Kamari Maxine. Rethinking Sovereignty Through Hashtag Publics: The New Body Politics . Cultural Anthropology, 2017.

Doostdar A. 2004. The vulgar spirit of blogging: on language, culture, and power in Persian Weblogestan. American Anthropologist. 106(4):651–6.

Christina Dunbar-Hester, Low Power to the People: Pirates, Protest, and Politics in FM Radio Activism (MIT Press, 2014).

Eisenlohr, P. (2011). The anthropology of media and the question of ethnic and religious pluralism. Social Anthropology, 19(1), 40-55.

Eisenlohr P. 2004. Language revitalization and new technologies: cultures of electronic mediation and the refiguring of communities. Annu. Rev. Anthropol. 33:21–4.

Fader, A. (2017). The counterpublic of the J(ewish) Blogosphere: gendered language and the mediation of religious doubt among ultra-Orthodox Jews in New York. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 23(4), 727-747.

Ginsburg, Faye. 1993. Aboriginal Media and the Australian Imaginary. Public Culture 5(3): 557−578.

Graber K. 2012. Public information: the shifting roles of minority language news media in the Buryat territories of Russia. Lang. Commun. 32:124–36.

Habermas, Jurgen. "Further Reflections on the Public Sphere. In Habermas and the Public Sphere. Ed. Craig Calhoun. Trans. Thomas Burger. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1992. 

Hirschkind, Charles. 2006. The Ethical Soundscape: Cassette Sermons and Islamic Counterpublics. New York: Columbia University Pres.

Hirschkind, Charles, Maria José A. de Abreu, and Carlo Caduff. "New Media, New Publics?: An Introduction to Supplement 15." Current Anthropology 58, no. S15 (February 2017): S3-S12.

Kelty, Christopher. 2005. Geeks, Internets, and Recursive Publics. Cultural Anthropology 20(2): 185−214.

Kunreuther L. 2014. Voicing Subjects: Public Intimacy and Mediation in Kathmandu. Berkeley: Univ. Calif. Pres.

Mazzarella, William. 2006. Internet X-Ray: E-Governance, Transparency, and Politics of Immediation in India. Public Culture 18(3):

Mazzarella, William. The Myth of the Multitude, or, Who's Afraid of the Crowd? Critical Inquiry, 2010.

Vincente Rafael, “The Cell Phone and the Crowd: Messianic Politics in the Contemporary Philippines,” in Public Culture 15:3 (2003): 399-425.

Riha, Daniel and Anna Maj. Emerging Practices in Cyberculture and Social Networking. Amsterdam: Editions Rodopi, 2010.

Rutherford, Paul. Endless Propaganda: The Advertising of Public Goods. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2000.

Spitulnik D. 1996. The social circulation of media discourse and the mediation of communities. J. Linguist. Anthropol. 6(2):161–8.

Strassler, K. (2014). Seeing the Unseen in Indonesia's Public Sphere: Photographic Appearances of a Spirit Queen. Comparative Studies in Society and History56(1), 98-130.

Swinehart, K. F., & Graber, K. (2012). Tongue-tied territories: Languages and publics in stateless nations. Language & Communication32(2), 95-97.

Taylor, Charles. 2002 Modern Social Imaginaries. Public Culture 14(1):91–124.

Thornborrow, J. (2001) ‘Authenticating talk: Building public identities in audience participation broadcasting’, Discourse Studies, 3(4): 459–79.

Urban G., Lee B. 2001. Metaculture: How Cultures Move Through the World. Minneapolis: Univ. Minn. Pres.

Weidman A. 2014. Neoliberal logics of voice: playback singing and public femaleness in South India. Cult. Theory Crit. 55(2):175–9.

Film/Video

Links

Addressivity (coined by Russian literary theorist Mikhail Bakhtin)

Addressivity (Greg Morson)

The Addressive Process (Perinbanayagam, The Presence of Self)

Addressivity (Lempert and Silverstein, Creatures of Politics)

The Public Sphere: Debates

Jurgen Habermas 1929- (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Jurgen Habermas and the Public Sphere (Marshall Soules' Media Studies blog)

Kellner, Douglas. Habermas, the Public Sphere, and Democracy: A Critical Intervention (excellent critical overview of Habermas' famous paper and debates it generated over his career)

A Summary of Public Sphere Theories (Course project at University of Toronto)

Habermas and the Public Sphere (Vlog essay from Then & Now, 2017)

Week Five: Semiotic Mediation: the Emergence of Persons and Things

Readings

Tues Feb 20 Peircean semiotics

Peirce, C.S. 1998 [1894, 1907]. What Is a Sign? The Essential Peirce, Volume 2. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Pp. 4-10. (ereserve).

Manning, Paul. 2012. Introduction to the Semiotics of Drink and Drinking. New York: Continuum. (book reserve, ereserve).

Slides: Peircean Sign Relations

Thurs Feb. 22 Mediated things and persons

Keane, Webb 2003 Semiotics and the Social Analysis of Material Things. Language and Communication 23(2/3):409–425. (ereserve). [Try to grasp one or two main aspects of his approach to materiality and things; then focus on pp. 417-423, where he introduces his take on "semiotic ideology"].

Agha, Asif. 2011b Large and small scale forms of personhood. Language & Communication 31 (3): 171-180. (ereserve). [Try to grasp the difference and relation between "mediatization" and "mediation", as well as his arguments about "figures of personhood"; focus on pp. 171-177].

Social Impact Media Lecture Series Lecture 2: Professor Julie Perini (Portland State University), "Filmmaking as Personal and Political Practice," 6:30-8:00 pm, Psych 105

Julie Perini Workshop: Friday, Feb 23, 1:10-2:30, Vollum 126
Radical Politics & Radical Aesthetics in Film
In this workshop, filmmaker Julie Perini will discuss her work using experimental and non-narrative representational strategies within the context of films about historical and contemporary leftist and liberation movements in the United States.

 

For those signed up: 1-2 page Perini lecture commentary with reference to course readings due, Monday Feb. 12, 5 pm, upload to Moodle

Further Readings

Agha, A. (2007). Recombinant selves in mass mediated spacetime. Language & Communication, 27(3), 320-335.

Agha, A. "Commodity registers." Journal of Linguistic Anthropology 21, no. 1 (2011): 22-53.

Agha, A. (2012). Mediatized projects at State peripheries. Language & Communication32(2), 98-101.

Agha A. 2011b. Meet mediatization. Lang. Commun. 31: 163–7.

Chumley LH, Harkness N. 2013. Qualia. Anthropol. Theory 13:3–1.

Duranti, Alessandro. pp. 199-213 in Linguistic Anthropology. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1997.

Hoopes, ed., "Introduction," (focus on pp. 7-9) Pierce on Signs: Writings on Semiotics by Charles Sanders Pierce, Chapel Hill: Univ. of N. Carolina Press

Jakobson, Roman. Ch. 6, On Language [attempts to reconcile Saussure and Peirce on the sign]

Parmentier, Richard. 2016. Signs and Society: Further Studies in Semiotic Anthropology. Indiana Univ Press.  ["Brilliantly articulating the potent intersections of semiotic and linguistic anthropology, Signs and Society demonstrates how a keen appreciation of signs helps us better understand human agency, meaning, and creativity."]

Pierce, Charles. Ch. 6 "The Principles of Phenomenology," (pp. 74-97) in Philosophical Writings of Pierce. Buchler, ed. New York: Dover Publications. 1955 (1940).

Pierce, Charles. Ch. 7 "Logic as Semiotic: The Theory of Signs," (98-119) in Philosophical Writings of Pierce. Buchler, ed. New York: Dover Publications. 1955 (1940).

Wilf, E. Y. (2013). From Media Technologies That Reproduce Seconds to Media Technologies That Reproduce Thirds: A Peircean Perspective on Stylistic Fidelity and Style-Reproducing Computerized Algorithms. Signs and Society, 1(2), 185-211. [Against the backdrop of a long research tradition in linguistic and semiotic anthropology that has focused almost exclusively on media technologies that reproduce Seconds, that is, specific texts in modalities such as sound and the visual image, this article focuses on media technologies that reproduce Thirds, that is, generative dispositions responsible for the production of such Seconds. It explores contemporary attempts in the United States and France to develop computerized systems that, with the aid of specific algorithms, can abstract and enact the styles of different past jazz masters, as well as the styles of players who interactively improvise with such systems in real time. Drawing on Peircean semiotics, the article offers an analysis of these media technologies, their present application in the field of online consumption, and the cultural specificity of the Third that plays a key role in their development and reception, namely, style.]

Film/Video

Week Six: Dilemmas of Digital Methods: Media Ideologies and Multimodality

Readings

Tues Feb 27 Rethinking the Digital

Tom Boellstorff, Rethinking Digital Anthropology. In Digital Anthropology. Edited by Heather A. Horst and Daniel Miller, 39–60 (London: Berg, 2013). (Book, ereserve).

Gershon, I. 2010. ‘Breaking Up Is Hard To Do: Media Switching and Media Ideologies’. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology 20, 389–405. (ereserve).

Thurs Mar 1 Multimodality in Practice

Collins, SamuelGerard, Matthew Durington, and Harjant Gill. 2017.“Multimodality: An Invitation.” American Anthropologist 119 (1): 142–46. (ereserve).

Howes, David Multimodality and Anthropology: The Conjugation of the Senses.” Pp 225-235 in Carey Jewitt, ed., The Routledge Handbook of Multimodal Analysis, London: Routledge, 2009. (9 pp) (ereserve).

Jackson, John. 2004. “An Ethnographic FilmFlam: Giving Gifts, Doing Research, and Videotaping the Native Subject/Object.” American Anthropologist  106 (1): 32–42. (ereserve).

Further Reading

Abidin, Crystal. 2018. We Have Never Been Digital Anthropologists. Anthrodendum blog.

J Bezemer, C Jewitt. Multimodal analysis: Key issues - Research methods in linguistics

Bird, Elizabeth (2003). “Media Ethnography: An Interdisciplinary Future,” in The Audience in Everyday Life: Living in a Media World. New York: Routledge

Tom Boellstorff, Digital Anthropology. In Oxford Bibliographies in Anthropology. Edited by John Jackson. New York: Oxford U. Press, 2013.

Boellstorff, Tom, Bonnie Nardi, Celia Pearce, and T.L. Taylor. Ethnography and Virtual Worlds: A Handbook of Method . Princeton; Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2012.

Boyer, Dominic. 2010. Digital Expertise in Online Journalism (and Anthropology). Anthropological Quarterly 83(1): 73−96.

Burrell J. 2009. The field site as a network: a strategy for locating ethnographic research. Field Methods 21(2):181–99

Chang, Heewon. 2008. Autoethnography As Method. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press.

Chin, Elizabeth. 2017. On Multimodal Anthropologies from the Space of Design: Toward Participant Making, American Anthro.

Coleman, E Gabriella. 2010. Ethnographic Approaches to Digital Media. Annual Review of Anthropology 39: 487–505.

Collins, Samuel Gerald, and Matthew Slover Durington. 2014. Networked Anthropology . New York: Routledge.

Ethiraj Gabriel Dattatreyan Arjun I. Shankar. Multimodal Ethnography and the Possibilities for Engaged Anthropology. Society for Visual Anthropology.

Des Freedman, Cheryl Martens, Robert W. McChesney and Jonathan Obar, editors. “Strategies for Media Reform: Communication Research in Action.” Fordham University Press.

Eubanks,Virginia. Digital Dead End: Fighting for Social Justice in the Information Age (MIT Press, 2011).

Feld, Steven. 2015. “Acoustemology.” In Keywords in Sound , edited by David Novak and Matthew Sakakeeny, 12–21. Durham, NC: Duke University Press

Gubrium, Aline, KristaHarper, and Marty Otanez. 2015. Participatory Visual and Digital Research in Action . London: Routledge.

Hart, Christopher. 2016. “The Visual Basis of Linguistic Meaning and Its Implications for Critical Discourse Studies: Integrating Cognitive Linguistic and Multimodal Methods.” Discourse & Society27 (3): 335–5.

Horst Heather A. and Daniel Miller. Digital Anthropology. (London: Berg, 2013). [boellstorf intro].

Jackson, John. “Theorizing Production, Producing Theory: Why Filmmaking Could Count as Scholarship,” Cultural Studies 28:4 (July, 2014). (intro to a special issue on this).

Jackson, John. 2012. ETHNOGRAPHY IS, ETHNOGRAPHY AIN’T, CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY, Vol. 27, Issue 3, pp. 480–497.
Using a notion of “the digital” as one of its master metaphors, a version of the term reliant on Kara Keeling's discussion of “digital humanism,” this piece argues that there is something about the nonlinearities defining digitality's difference that might help us to think about recalibrations in the ethnographic project itself. From a discussion of Marlon Riggs's filmic depiction of his own death (as one way to talk about the nondigital) to a machine that uses digital technology to play with temporality in broadcast television, this article wants to ask what the changing social relations (and existential realities) predicated on the ubiquity of digital media might mean for ethnographic research and writing today. With the African Hebrew Israelites of Jerusalem as central ethnographic subjects, I argue that taking digitality seriously means redefining some of what ethnography is and ain't in a post–Writing Culture moment.

Machin, David. 2016. “The Need for a Social and Affordance-Driven Multimodal Critical Discourse Studies.” Discourse & Society 27 (3): 322–34

Miller, Daniel and Don Slater. 2000. The Internet: An Ethnographic Approach. New York: Berg.

Peters, Benjamin. Digital Keywords [online pdf: http://culturedigitally.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/Gillespie-2016-Algorithm-Digital-Keywords-Peters-ed.pdf]

Pink, Sarah. 2011. “Multimodality, Multisensorality and Ethnographic Knowing: Social Semiotics and the Phenomenology of Perception.” Qualitative Research 11 (3): 261–76.

Samuels, David W.  Louise Meintjes, Ana Maria Ochoa, and Thomas Porcello. 2010. Soundscapes: Toward a Sounded Anthropology. Vol. 39, pp. 329–345.

Seaver, Nick. Bastard Algebra: Making Methods on the Shores of Big Data. In Data, Now Bigger and Better! Edited and with an Introduction by Tom Boellstorff and Bill Maurer (Prickly Paradigm Press, 2015). [contrib. by Bell questions the 'new empiricism' associated with big data]

Ruby, Jay 1975 “Is an Ethnographic Film a Filmic Ethnography?” Studies in the Anthropology of Visual Communication 2, no. 2: 104–11.

Turner, Terence. 1995. Representation, Collaboration and Mediation in Contemporary Ethnographic and Indigenous Media. Visual Anthropology Review 11(2):102−106.

Underberg, Natalie M. and Elayne ZornDigital Ethnography: Anthropology, Narrative, and New Media. May 1, 2014

Wortham, S. E., & Reyes, A. (2015). Discourse analysis beyond the speech event. London: Routledge. [Intro+Chapter 5: discourse analysis of new media data]

Film/Video

Links

Transduction

Examples of Multimodal Work in Anthropology

 

Week Seven: Multimodal ethnography: Sensing and Mediating Religion

Readings

Tues Mar 6 Religion, Mediation and Immediacy

Eisenlohr, Patrick. 2009. Technologies of the Spirit: Devotional Islam, Sound Reproduction, and the Dialectics of Mediation and Immediacy in Mauritius. Anthropological Theory 9(3): 273−296 (ereserve).

Meyer, B. (2011). Mediation and immediacy: sensational forms, semiotic ideologies and the question of the medium. Social Anthropology, 19(1), 23-39. (ereserve).

Thurs Mar 8 Reflection day: project planning discussion

 

Spring Break Mar. 12-16

5-7 page Final Project plan due Friday Mar 16, 5 pm (upload to Moodle)

Further Readings

Allen, Lori A. 2009 Martyr Bodies in the Media: Human Rights, Aesthetics, and the Politics of Immediation in the Palestinian Intifada. American Ethnologist 36(1): 161–180.

Eisenlohr, P. (2011). The anthropology of media and the question of ethnic and religious pluralism. Social Anthropology, 19(1), 40-55.

Eisenlohr, P. (2011). Introduction: What is a medium? theologies, technologies and aspirations. Social Anthropology, 19 (1): 1-5.

Eisenlohr P. 2006. As Makkah is sweet and beloved, so is Madina: Islam, devotional genres and electronic mediation in Mauritius. Am. Ethnol. 33(2):230–45

Eisenlohr, P. (2011). Media authenticity and authority in Mauritius: On the mediality of language in religion. Language & Communication, 31(3), 266-273.

Eisenlohr P. Materialities of Entextualization: The Domestication of Sound Reproduction in Mauritian Muslim Devotional Practices. Volume 20, Issue 2 December 2010 Pages 314–33.

Engelke, Matthew. A problem of presence: beyond scripture in an African church. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 2007.

Fader, A. (2017). The counterpublic of the (Jewish) Blogosphere: gendered language and the mediation of religious doubt among ultra-Orthodox Jews in New York. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 23(4), 727-747.

Feld, Steven. 2015. “Acoustemology.” In Keywords in Sound , edited by David Novak and Matthew Sakakeeny, 12–21. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Handman, Courtney. Critical Christianity: Translation and Denominational Conflict in Papua New Guinea. 2014.

Hazard, Sonia, “The Material Turn in the Study of Religion,” Religion and Society: Advances in Research 4 (2013): 58–78.

Hirschkind, Charles. 2006. The Ethical Soundscape: Cassette Sermons and Islamic Counterpublics. New York: Columbia University Press.

Hutchings, Tim and Joanne McKenzie, eds. Materiality and the Study of Religion: The Stuff of the Sacred. London: Routledge, 2017.

Jackson, John, Carolyn Rouse and Marla Frederick. Televised Redemption: Black Religious Media and Racial Empowerment. NYU Press, 2016.

Keane, Webb. "The Evidence of the Senses and the Materiality of Religion," Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 14(1): 110-127, 2008.

Klima, Alan. 2001. The Telegraphic Abject: Buddhist Meditation and the Redemption of Mechanical Reproduction. Comparative Studies in History and Society 43 (3): 552 –582.

Meyer, Birgit, ed. Aesthetic Formations: Religion, Media, and the Senses (2009)

Meyer, Birgit and Annelies Moors, ed.s. Religion, Media, and the Public Sphere (contrib by Das, Asad, reviewed by Engelke; says besides Meyer, most do not engage ling anth, ).

Miller, Flagg. The Moral Resonance of Arab Media: Audio-cassette Poetry and Culture in Yemen.

Morgan, David. Religion and Embodiment in the Study of Material Culture. Oxford Research Encyclopedias. March 2015.

Christopher Pinney, “The Indian Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction,” in Media Worlds, pp. 355-369.

Seremetakis, Nadia. 2009. Divination, Media, and the Networked Body of Modernity. American Ethnologist36(2): 337-350.

Film/Video

Links

Religion and New Media

"This Pastor is Putting his Faith in a Virtual Reality Church," Wired Mag, 2018. 

Media Ministries

Joel Osteen
"
Millions Are Watching: God is doing amazing things through our television ministry. We are reaching over 100 million homes in the U.S. and tens of millions more in 100 nations. Lives are being changed, relationships are being restored and communities are being transformed by the power of God and the message of hope that is being broadcast through this ministry.

48 Million Podcasts: The Bible says that “faith comes by hearing the Word of God”, and each week more than one million people are hearing God’s Word by downloading our audio and video podcast, making our podcast consistently one of the top five in the world. Because of your support, we are able to make this free resource available to millions around the world each week."

International Media Ministries
"It's no secret that media is one of the most important ways to reach the world. International Media Ministries was founded on this premise in 1981, established as a strategic resource of Assemblies of God World Missions (USA). IMM produces a wide variety of media, including Bible-based dramatic films, children's television programming, and thought-provoking conversation starters, in almost 70 languages. IMM also develops mobile technologies for use in closed-access countries and trains local believers to leverage media to further the Gospel. Through our main headquarters in Madrid, Spain and a virtual team worldwide, IMM resources ministries throughout Europe, Africa, the Middle East, and beyond. We work together with one goal: To see Jesus on every screen."

Voice of Christ Media Ministries
" Voice of Christ Media Ministries teaches the Word of God in the Farsi language to Iranians through the production and distribution of content for radio, internet and other media and together with ongoing follow-up so that individuals trust Christ as Savior, mature in their faith and contribute to the growth of the Iranian church."

Seventh Day Adventist Media Ministries (Wikipedia)

Applying Buddhist Principles in the Age of Social Media (Alexander Berzin)

Buddhism Media (FPMT)
Media offered by Tibetan Buddhist organization under Lama Zopa Rinpoche

Part II: Mediated Engagements: Making (Counter)publics

Week Eight: Infrastructure, Materiality and Governance

Readings

Tues Mar 20

Larkin, Brian. 2008. Introduction, Signal and Noise: Media, Infrastructure, and Urban Culture in Nigeria. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. (Bookstore, book reserve, ereserve). (16 pp).

Kunreuther, Laura. 2006. Technologies of the Voice: FM Radio, Telephone, and the Nepali Diaspora in Kathmandu. Cultural Anthropology 21(3): 323−353. (ereserve). (27 pp).

Thurs Mar 22

Larkin, Brian. 2008. Ch. 4 "Colonialism and the Built Space of Cinema," and Ch. 7, "Degraded Images, Distorted Sounds: Nigerian Video and the Infrastructure of Piracy,". Signal and Noise: Media, Infrastructure, and Urban Culture in Nigeria. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. (Bookstore, book reserve, ereserve). (~45 pp).

Social Impact Media Lecture Series Lecture 3: Sarah Mirk (Contributing Editor, The Nib), “Speak up, Make Change,” 6:30-8:00 pm, Psych 105

Sarah Mirk Workshop: Friday, Mar 23, 1:10-2:30, Vollum 126
You Don't Need Permission to Publish: Writing and Zine-Making
Do you want to be a writer, artist, or journalist? Then get started. This media empowerment workshop focuses on how you can use the tools you already have to find your voice and share your ideas—no funding or permission needed. We'll talk about the history of self-publishing, the power of print and digital self-publishing today, and make zines focused on issues you care about.

 

For those signed up: 1-2 page Mirk lecture commentary with reference to course readings due, Monday March 26, 5 pm, upload to Moodle

Further Reading

Cowen, Deborah. Intro, Ch. 1 and Conclusion. The Deadly Life of Logistics. [on global infrastructures/circuits of goods/services and security implications of: deals with data collection and management; makes clear military-corporate entanglements; logistics maps contemp imperialism; highlights politics of circulation; logistics space is biopolitical, despite its focus on inanimate objects; conclusion : intermodal assemblage of global supply chain=pushes back against dematerialization claims].

Ferguson, James. “Globalizing Africa? Observations from an Inconvenient Continent.” In Global Shadows: Africa in the Neoliberal World Order. Durham: Duke University Press, 2006, pp. 25-49.

Foucault, Michel. Security, Territory, Population.

Hu, Tung-Hui. A Prehistory of the Cloud. Cambridge; London: The MIT Press, 2016.

Kunreuther L. 2014. Voicing Subjects: Public Intimacy and Mediation in Kathmandu. Berkeley: Univ. Calif. Press

Kunreuther, L. (2010). Transparent Media: Radio, Voice, and Ideologies of Directness in Postdemocratic Nepal. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, 20(2), 334-351.

Kuntsman, Adi and Rebecca Stein. 2015. Digital Militarism: Israel’s Occupation in the Social Media Age. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press.

Larkin, Brian. 2013. The Politics and Poetics of Infrastructure. Annual Review of Anthropology › Volume 42.

Tsing, Anna. Introduction. Friction.

Film/Video

Nigerian Film/Video/TV

Using Comedy To Strengthen Nigeria's Democracy (New Yorker, 2018)

Nigerian Anti-Movie Piracy ad (c. early 2000s?)

Older Nigerian video film: Abuja Connection (2003) English-language saga of two society ladies, Jennifer and Sophia, members of the same clan, who are business rivals in supplying prostitutes to members of the National Assembly.

Nollywood (Nigerian Film Industry)

Week Nine: Creating and Surveilling Persons and Publics

Readings

Tues Mar 27 Big Data and Social Media

boyd, danah, and Kate Crawford. 2012 Critical Questions for Big Data. Information, Communication, and Society 15(5): 662–679. (ereserve). (15 pp)

McChesney, Robert. 2014. Ch. 5 "The Internet and Capitalism II: The Empire of the Senseless," in Digital Disconnect How Capitalism Is Turning the Internet Against Democracy. The New Press. (40 pp). (ereserve).

Trottier, Daniel. 2012.“What Kind of Dwelling is Facebook?  Scholarly Perspectives” Social Media as Surveillance: Rethinking Visibility in a Converging World 33-60. (ereserve).

Thurs Mar 29  Dark Matters: Big Data and Surveilling Blackness

Browne, Simone. Introduction and Ch. 3, Biometrics and Branding Blackness. Dark Matters: On the Surveillance of Blackness. Duke University Press, 2015. (bookstore, bookreserve, ereserve). (~70 pp).

 

1-2 page commentary on media and surveillance, due Friday Mar 30, 5 pm, upload to Moodle, post link to article in course blog

Reflect on the role of new media/technology in emerging forms of surveillance practice in light of the readings and at least one popular/news article about related issues: What is "Big Data"? How do corporate/commercial interests coincide with state interests in new forms of surveillance? How do persons and publics get constituted through these practices?

Further Readings

Tom Boellstorff, Making Big Data, in Theory. First Monday 18(10) (online publication, no page numbers), 2013. http://firstmonday.org/article/view/4869/3750

Boler, Megan. Digital Media and Democracy: Tactics in Hard Times. Cambridge; London: The MIT Press, 2008.

Chow-White, Peter. 2012. "Genomic Databases and an Emerging Digital Divide in Biotechnology," in Lisa Nakamura and Peter Chow-White, eds., Race After the Internet, Routledge. (Bookstore, book reserve). (20 pp)

Gabriella Coleman, Hacker, Hoaxer, Whistleblower, Spy: The Many Faces of Anonymous (Verso, 2014).

Coleman EG. 2009. Code is speech: legal tinkering, expertise, and protest among free and open source software developers. Cultural Anthropology 24(3):420–54

Duster in Nakamura and Chow.

Engle Merry 2016 The Seductions of Quantification Measuring Human Rights, Gender Violence, and Sex Trafficking UChicago press [critique of rise of big data].

Foucault, Michel. Panopticonism. in Discipline and Punish: The Birth of a Prison. 1977.

Des Freedman, Cheryl Martens, Robert W. McChesney and Jonathan Obar, editors,“Strategies for Media Reform: Communication Research in Action.” Fordham University Press.

Gandy in Nakamura and Chow.

Hull, Matthew. 2003. The File: Agency, Authority, and Autography in a Pakistan Bureaucracy. Language and Communication 23: 287−314

Hu, Tung-Hui. A Prehistory of the Cloud. Cambridge; London: The MIT Press, 2016.

Jusionyte, Ieva. 2015 Savage Frontier: Making News and Security on the Argentine Border. Berkeley: University of California Press.

McChesney, Robert. 2014. Digital Disconnect How Capitalism Is Turning the Internet Against Democracy. The New Press. Ch. 7, Revolution in the Digital Revolution?

Masco, Joseph. ‘Boundless informant’: Insecurity in the age of ubiquitous surveillance Anthro theory 2017.

Monroe, Kristin V.  Tweets of surveillance: Traffic, Twitter, and securitization in Beirut, Lebanon . Anthro Theory, special issue on security.

Morozov E. 2009. How dictators watch us on the Web. Prospect. Vol. 165: http://www.prospectmagazine.co.uk/2009/11/how-dictators-watch-us-on-the-web/

Nelson, Alondra and Jeong Won Hwong. 2012. "Roots and Revelation: Genetic Ancestry Testing and the Youtube Generation," in Lisa Nakamura and Peter Chow-White, eds., Race After the Internet, Routledge. (Bookstore, book reserve). (20 pp)

Pype K. 2016. “[Not] talking like a Motorola”: mobile phone practices and politics of masking and unmasking in postcolonial Kinshasa. J. R. Anthropol. Inst. 22(3):633–52.

Nick Seaver, Bastard Algebra: Making Methods on the Shores of Big Data. In Data, Now Bigger and Better! Edited and with an Introduction by Tom Boellstorff and Bill Maurer (Prickly Paradigm Press, 2015).

Social Media, Politics and the State: Protests, Revolutions, Riots, Crime edited by Daniel Trottier, Christian Fuchs

Trottier, Daniel and David Lyon. 2012 “Key Features of Social Media Surveillance” in Internet and Surveillance: The Challenges of Web 2.0 and Social Media eds. Christian Fuchs, Kees Boersma, Anders Albrechtslund and Marisol Sandoval. Routledge Press  89-105. (ereserve). (~25 pp).

Virilio, Paul. Virilio's predictions about 'logistics of perception' - the use of images and information in war - (in War and Cinema, 1984)

Virilio, Paul. 2006 Ch. 12 in The Information Bomb, pp. 107-114. [state, power, globalization, mediation, surveillance] [Virilio's exploration of the relationship between technology, war and information technology.“Civilization or the militarization of science?” With this typically hyperbolic and provocative question as a starting point, Paul Virilio explores the dominion of techno-science, cyberwar and the new information technologies over our lives . . . and deaths. After the era of the atomic bomb, Virilio posits an era of genetic and information bombs which replace the apocalyptic bang of nuclear death with the whimper of a subliminally reinforced eugenics. We are entering the age of euthanasia. These exhilarating bulletins from the information war extend the range of Virilio's work. The Information Bomb spans everything from Fukuyama to Larry Flynt, the Sensation exhibition of New British Art to space travel, all seen through the optic of Virilio's trenchant and committed theoretical position.]

Film/Video

Videos

Simone Browne lecture: "Dark Sousveillance: Race, Surveillance and Resistance". Hosted at the Graduate Center, CUNY by the Digital Praxis Seminar and the CUNY Digital Humanities Initiative, December 9, 2013.

Simone Browne lecture: "Race and Surveillance Online," Mozfest 2017.

Imagine Otherwise Podcast: Episode 9 with Simone Browne: How is the history of slavery tied to modern-day surveillance systems? Is surveillance always a negative term? How can a gendered lens change the way we perceive privacy rights and policies? 2017.

Films

Digital Disconnect [film accompanying McChesney's book of the same name] [ordered for Reed library]

A Good Amercican- NSA Whistleblower Bill Binney & Government Controlled Big Data
"A GOOD AMERICAN is a gripping docu-thriller about a groundbreaking surveillance program, the brilliant mastermind behind it and how a perfect alternative to mass surveillance was killed by NSA management for money - three weeks prior to 9/11."

Links

The Panopticon and Surveillance Capitalism?

The Rise of Sousveillance: Watching Wars?

Big Data, Surveillance and the News

Biometrics and Anthropometry

 

Week Ten: Language and Mediated Sociality: Embodying and Standardizing Persons

Readings

Tues Apr. 3 Language, Discourse and Social Media

Varis, P., & Blommaert, J. (2015). Conviviality and collectives on social media: Virality, memes, and new social structures. Multilingual Margins, 2(1), 31-45. (14 pp). (ereserve).

Aslaug Veum, Linda Victoria Moland Undrum. 2017. The selfie as a global discourse, Discourse and Society. (14 pp). (ereserve).

Jones G, Schieffelin B. 2009b. Talking text and talking back: “my BFF Jill” from boob tube to YouTube. J. Comp. Mediat. Commun. 14(4):1050–79. (26 pp) (ereserve).

Thurs Apr. 5 Technological Mediations of the Social

Archambault JS. 2013. Cruising through uncertainty: cell phones and the politics of display and disguise in Inhambane, Mozambique. Am. Ethnol. 40(1):88–101. (ereserve).

Barker J. 2008. Playing with publics: technology, talk and sociability in Indonesia. Lang. Commun. 28:127–42. (ereserve).

Social Impact Media Lecture Series Lecture 4: Andre Middleton (Exec Dir. Friends of Noise), “Connecting communities through media: Expanding the narrative in the digital age,” 6:30-8:00 pm, Psych 105

Andre Middleton Workshop: Friday, Apr 6, 1:10-2:30, Vollum 126
Media creation for the masses: Telling and sharing stories without breaking the bank.
Using consumer grade equipment (Sony Action Cam, Cell phone camera, Canon digital Camera) this workshop will go go over some basic video techniques for live and unscripted video capture. The workshop will also go over live basic video interview techniques and explore the notion of consent and verifiable release, and when its not needed, to broadcast the likenesses of people.

 

For those signed up: 1-2 page Middleton lecture commentary with reference to course readings due, Monday Feb. 12, 5 pm, upload to Moodle

Further Readings

Agha, A. (2007). Recombinant selves in mass mediated spacetime. Language & Communication, 27(3), 320-335.

Agha, A. "Commodity registers." Journal of Linguistic Anthropology 21, no. 1 (2011): 22-53.

Agha, Asif, ed. 2011. “Mediatized Communication in Complex Societies.” Language & Communication  31 (3): 163–274.

Tom Boellstorff, Placing the Virtual Body: Avatar, Chora, Cypherg. In A Companion to the Anthropology of the Body and Embodiment. Frances E. Mascia-Lees, editor. Pp. 504–520. New York: Wiley-Blackwell.

Bollestorff, Tom. 2008. Coming of Age in Second Life: An Anthropologist Explores the Virtually Human. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

boyd, danah, It’s Complicated: The Social Lives of Networked Teens (Yale U. Press, 2014).

boyd, danah. 2012. “Participating in the Always on Lifestyle” The Social Media Reader. Michael Mandiberg, ed. NY: New York University Press; 71-76

boyd, d. 2007. Why youth (heart) social network sites: the role of networked publics in teenage social life. Macarthur Foundation Series on Digital Learning. David Buckingham. Ed. Cambridge: MIT Press 119–42

boyd, danah. 2009.  White Flight in Networked Publics? How Race and Class Shaped American Teen Engagement with MySpace and Facebook. Nakamura and Chow.

Cavanaugh, Jillian R. 2016a. “Anything Can Happen on YouTube (Or Can It?): Endangered Language and New Media.” In Cultural Anthropology: Contemporary, Public and Critical Readings , edited by Keri V. Brondo, 88–95. New York: Oxford University Press.

Chin, Elizabeth. 2016. My Life with Things: The Consumer Diaries . Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Cole, D., & Pellicer, R. (2012). Uptake (un)limited: The mediatization of register shifting in US public discourse. Language in Society, 41(4), 449.

Duclos, Vincent. 2017. INHABITING MEDIA: An Anthropology of Life in Digital Speed. Cultural Anthro 32:1,

Eisenlohr P. 2004. Language revitalization and new technologies: cultures of electronic mediation and the refiguring of communities. Annu. Rev. Anthropol. 33:21–45.

Gershon, Ilana. 2010. “Media Ideologies: An Introduction.” Journal of Linguistic Anthropology  20 (2): 283–93.

Gershon, Selling Your Self in the United States. Political and Legal Anthropology Review 37(2):281–295, 2014

Gershon, I. (2017). Language and the Newness of Media. Annual Review of Anthropology.

Gershon, I. and Bell, J. A. (2013) Introduction: The Newness of New Media. Culture, Theory and Critique 54:3, pages 259-264.

Gershon and Manning. Language and Media. Cambridge handbook of ling ant.

Graham, P. (2006). Hypercapitalism: New media, language, and social perceptions of value (Vol. 15). Peter Lang.

Hillewaert, S. (2015). Writing with an Accent: Orthographic Practice, Emblems, and Traces on Facebook. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, 25(2), 195-214.

Hirschkind, Charles, Maria José A. de Abreu, and Carlo Caduff. "New Media, New Publics?: An Introduction to Supplement 15." Current Anthropology 58, no. S15 (February 2017): S3-S12.

Kapidzic, S., & Herring, S. C. (2015). Race, gender, and self-presentation in teen profile photographs. New Media & Society, 17(6), 958-976.

Keating, E. (2005). Homo prostheticus: Problematizing the notions of activity and computer-mediated interaction. Discourse Studies, 7(4/5), 527-545.

Keating, E., & Sunakawa, C. (2010). Participation cues: Coordinating activity and collaboration in complex online gaming worlds. Language in Society, 39(3), 331-356.

Kelty, Christopher. 2005. Geeks, Internets, and Recursive Publics. Cultural Anthropology 20(2): 185−214.

Jones, G., Schieffelin, B., & Smith, R.(2011). When Friends Who Talk Together Stalk Together: Online Gossip as Metacommunication. In Digital Discourse: Language in the New Media. Oxford University Press.

Ladousa, C. (2014). Subject to Address in a Digital Literacy Initiative: Neoliberal Agency and the Promises and Predicaments of Participation. Signs and Society, 2(2), 203-229.

Machin, David. 2016. “The Need for a Social and Affordance-Driven Multimodal Critical Discourse Studies.” Discourse & Society  27 (3): 322–34.

Manning P, Gershon I. 2013. Animating interaction. HAU: J. Ethnogr. Theory 3:107–37

Miller, Daniel. 2011. Tales from Facebook. London: Polity.

Moore, R. (2011). Overhearing Ireland: Mediatized personae in Irish accent culture. Language & Communication, 31(3), 229-242.

Nayar, Pramod K.. An Introduction to New Media and Cybercultures. New Jersey: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.

Pype K. 2016. “[Not] talking like a Motorola”: mobile phone practices and politics of masking and unmasking in postcolonial Kinshasa. J. R. Anthropol. Inst. 22(3):633–52

Vincente Rafael, “The Cell Phone and the Crowd: Messianic Politics in the Contemporary Philippines,” in Public Culture 15:3 (2003): 399-425.

Howard Rheingold, Virtual Communities 

Riha, Daniel and Anna Maj. Emerging Practices in Cyberculture and Social Networking. Amsterdam: Editions Rodopi, 2010.

Sherouse P. 2014. Hazardous digits: telephone keypads and Russian numbers in Tbilisi, Georgia. Lang. Commun. 37:1–11

Spitulnik D. 1996. The social circulation of media discourse and the mediation of communities. J. Linguist. Anthropol. 6(2):161–87

Squires L. 2010. Enregistering Internet language. Lang. Soc. 39(4):457–92

Stæhr A, Madsen LM. 2015. Standard language in urban rap: social media, linguistic practice and ethnographic context. Lang. Commun. 40:67–81

Strassler, K. (2014). Seeing the Unseen in Indonesia's Public Sphere: Photographic Appearances of a Spirit Queen. Comparative Studies in Society and History56(1), 98-130.

Swinehart, K. F., & Graber, K. (2012). Tongue-tied territories: Languages and publics in stateless nations. Language & Communication32(2), 95-97.

Tannen, D., & Trester, A. M. (Eds.). (2015). Discourse 2.0: language and new media. Washington: Georgetown University Press.

Tannen, D. 2015. “The Medium Is the Metamessage: Conversational Style in New Media Interaction” in Discourse 2.0: language and new media. Tannen, D., & Trester, A. M. (Eds.). Washington: Georgetown University Press, 99-118

Thornborrow, J. (2001) ‘Authenticating talk: Building public identities in audience participation broadcasting’, Discourse Studies, 3(4): 459–79.

Thurlow C. 2006. From statistical panic to moral panic: The metadiscursive construction and popular exaggeration of new media language in the print media. J. Comput. Mediated Commun. 11(3):667–70

Vokes R, Pype K. 2016. Chronotopes of media in sub-Saharan Africa. Ethnos pp. 1–10

Walton S, Jaffe A. 2011. “Stuff white people like”: stance, class, race, and Internet commentary. In Digital Discourse: Language in the New Media, ed. C Thurlow, K Mroczek, pp. 199–219. Oxford, UK: Oxford Univ. Press

Wesch M. 2009. Youtube and you: experiences of self-awareness in the context collapse of the recording Webcam. Explor. Media Ecol. 8(2):19–34

Film/Video

AT&T Cingular Ads (discussed by Jones and Scheifflin)

bff Jill (2007)

idk my bff rose (2008)

Recontextualizations/resemiotizations

i-d-k, my bff jill? (2007)

IDK MY BFF JILL? (2007)

Cingular Commercial-BFF Jill (2014)

Links

Week Eleven: Digital Divides? Racializing (Counter)publics

Readings

Tues Apr 10 Infrastructures of Race and Digital Mediation

Nakamura, Lisa and Peter Chow-White. 2012. Introduction--Race and Digital Technology: Code, the Color line and the Information Society, in Lisa Nakamura and Peter Chow-White, eds., Race After the Internet, Routledge. (16 pp). (Bookstore, book reserve, ereserve).

McPherson, Tara. 2012. U.S. Operating Systems at Mid-Century: Race and UNIX, in Lisa Nakamura and Peter Chow-White, eds., Race After the Internet, Routledge. (Bookstore, book reserve, ereserve). (16 pp)

Marez, Curtis. 2012. Cesar Chavez, United Farmworkers and the History of Star Wars, in Lisa Nakamura and Peter Chow-White, eds., Race After the Internet, Routledge. (Bookstore, book reserve, ereserve). (27 pp).

Thurs Apr 12 Making Black Counterpublics: Mediated Religion

Rouse, Carolyn, John L. Jackson, and Marla Frederick. 2016. Introduction (excerpt) and Ch. 5 "Race, Islam, and Longings for Inclusion: Muslim Media and Twenty-First Century Redemption," Televised Redemption: Black Religious Media and Racial Empowerment. New York: New York University Press. (Book reserve, ereserve). (~50 pp).

Further Readings

Tom Boellstorff, Placing the Virtual Body: Avatar, Chora, Cypherg. In A Companion to the Anthropology of the Body and Embodiment. Frances E. Mascia-Lees, editor. Pp. 504–520. New York: Wiley-Blackwell

Bonilla, Yarimar and Jonathan Rosa. 2015. #Ferguson: Digital Protest, Hashtag Politics, and the Racial Politics of Social Media in the United States. American Ethnologist 42(1): 4-17.

Boyd in Nakamura and Chow.

boyd, danah. 2009.  White Flight in Networked Publics? How Race and Class Shaped American Teen Engagement with MySpace and Facebook

Brink-Danan M. 2011. The meaning of Ladino: the semiotics of an online speech community. Lang. Commun. 31:107–18

Bucholtz, M. (2011). Race and the re-embodied voice in Hollywood film. Language & Communication, 31(3), 255-265.

Campt, Tina. Image Matters: Archive, Photography, and the African Diaspora in Europe” Durham, NC: Duke University Press Books, 2012
Shankar: Tina M. Campt also draws on the concept of fugitivity in her landmark monograph Image Matters (2012) to examine the ways in which Black diasporic photography participated in community and identity formation in a hostile environment that negated Blackness

Chun, Elaine. 2016. “The Meaning of Ching-Chong: Language, Racism, and Response in New Media.” In Raciolinguistics: How Language Shapes Our Ideas About Race , edited by H. Samy Alim, John R. Rickford, and Arnetha F. Ball, 81–96. New York: Oxford University Press.

Chun, E., & Walters, K.(2011). Orienting to Arab Orientalisms: Language, Race, and Humor in a YouTube Video. In Digital Discourse: Language in the New Media. Oxford University Press.

Clarke.  Rethinking Sovereignty Through Hashtag Publics: The New Body Politics
Kamari Maxine Clarke Cultural Anthropology, 2017.

Everett, Ana. 2012 “Have we become postracial yet? Race and Media Technologies in the Age of President Obama” in Race after the Internet.  Eds. Nakamura and Chow-White. 146-167

Haraway, Donna. 1991. “A Cyborg Manifesto: Science, Technology and Socialist Feminism.” In Simians, Cyborgs, Women and the Reinvention of Nature. 149-181

Jones, Rodney. Technology and display of the body, in Carey Jewitt, ed., The Routledge Handbook of Multimodal Analysis, London: Routledge, 2009.

Kafai, Yasmin B., Melissa S. Cook, and Deborah A. Fields, ‘‘Blacks Deserve Bodies Too!’’: Design and Discussion About Diversity and Race in a Tween Virtual World. Games and Culture 5(1):43–63, 2010.
In this paper, we investigate racial diversity in avatar design and public discussions about race within a large-scale tween virtual world called Whyville.net, with more than 1.5 million registered players of ages 8—16. One unique feature of Whyville is the player’s ability to customize their avatars with various face parts and accessories, all designed and sold by other players in Whyville. Our findings report on the racial diversity of available resources for avatar construction and online postings about the role of race in avatar design and social interactions in the community. With the growing interest in player-generated content for online worlds such as Teen Second Life, our discussion addresses the role of avatars in teen/tween identity development and self-representation, and the role of virtual entrepreneurs and community activists in increasing the diversity of avatar parts available.

Kapidzic, S., & Herring, S. C. (2015). Race, gender, and self-presentation in teen profile photographs. New Media & Society, 17(6), 958-976.

Keeling, Kara. 2005. Passing for human: Bamboozled and digital humanism, Women & Performance: a journal of feminist theory Vol. 15, Iss. 1.

Kyong Chun, Wendy Hui. 2012. “Race and/as Technology or How to Do Things to Race” in Race after the Internet eds. Nakamura and Chow-White pp.38-60

Nakamura Lisa. 2007. Digitizing Race: Visual Cultures of the Internet. Minneapolis: Univ. Minn. Press

Walton S, Jaffe A. 2011. “Stuff white people like”: stance, class, race, and Internet commentary. In Digital Discourse: Language in the New Media, ed. C Thurlow, K Mroczek, pp. 199–219. Oxford, UK: Oxford Univ. Press

Wilson and Chock. in Nakamura and Chow.

Film/Video

Henry Louis Gates and Genomic Race

Gates on African American Lives TV show

African American Lives 1 (PBS TV show, Youtube)

African American Lives 2 (PBS TV Show, 2008)

Finding Your Roots (PBS TV Show)

 

Jar Jar Binks and Minstrelsy

Jar Jar Binks Scenes Compilation (Youtube)

Stepin Fetchit in Miracle in Harlem (1948)
Horton, Price and Brown. Portrayal of Minorities in the Film, Media and Entertainment Industries. Poverty & Prejudice: Media and Race, 1999. [discusses Jar Jar Binks' resemblance to stereotypes of Caribbean men].

Carl Silvio, ‎Tony M. Vinci, ‎Donald E. Palumbo. 2017. Culture, Identities and Technology in the Star Wars Films. [discusses Jar Jar Binks character's links to Caribbean patois]

 

Links

The White Internet's Love Affair with Digital Blackface (Amanda Hess, Internetting, NYT, 2018)
[See Hess' other videos on digital culture]

The Rise of Genomics: Human Genome Project (HGP)

Week Twelve: Digital Divides? Indigenizing (Counter)publics

Readings

Tues Apr. 17 Rethinking indigenous publics

Ginsburg F. 2008. Rethinking the digital age. In Media and Social Theory, DHesmondhalgh, J Toynbee, ed., London/New York: Routledge, pp. 127–44. (ereserve).

Fisher, Daniel. 2016. Prologue, and Introduction. The Voice and Its Doubles: Media and Music in Northern Australia. Berkeley: University of California Press. (bookstore, book reserve, ereserve).

Thurs Apr. 19

Fisher, Daniel. 2016. Ch. 1 Mediating Kinship: Radio's Cultural Poetics (p. 43-79), and Conclusion: an Immanent Alterity (p. 250-265). The Voice and Its Doubles: Media and Music in Northern Australia. Berkeley: University of California Press. (bookstore, book reserve, ereserve). (~50 pp)

Social Impact Media Lecture Series Lecture 5: Erin Yanke (Program Director, KBOO Community Radio), “My Drifting Days: Working with Grassroots Media,” 6:30-8:00 pm, Psych 105

Erin Yanke Workshop: Friday, Apr 20, 1:10-2:30, Vollum 126
Community Media and Ethical Engagement
In this workshop, Erin Yanke will lead the creation of a short podcast to demonstrate the technical skills and ethical considerations needed to responsibly create media.

 

For those signed up: 1-2 page Yanke lecture commentary with reference to course readings due, Monday Feb. 12, 5 pm, upload to Moodle

Further Readings

ARNDT, G. (2010), The making and muting of an indigenous media activist: Imagination and ideology in Charles Round Low Cloud's “Indian News”. American Ethnologist, 37: 499–510.

Bessire, L. (2017), Glimpses of Emergence in the Ayoreo Video Project. Vis Anthropol Rev, 33: 119–129.

Cavanaugh, Jillian R. 2016a. “Anything Can Happen on YouTube (Or Can It?): Endangered Language and New Media.” In Cultural Anthropology: Contemporary, Public and Critical Readings , edited by Keri V. Brondo, 88–95. New York: Oxford University Press.

Ginsburg, Faye. 1991. Indigenous Media: Faustian Contract or Global Village? Cultural Anthropology 6(1): 92−112.

Ginsburg, Faye. 1993. Aboriginal Media and the Australian Imaginary. Public Culture 5(3): 557−578.

Ginsburg, Faye D. 2002 “Screen Memories: Resignifying the Traditional in Indigenous Media.” In Media Worlds: Anthropology on New Terrain, edited by Faye D. Ginsburg, Lila Abu-Lughod, and Brian Larkin, 39–57. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Hansen, Magnus. Writing Irataba: On Representing Native Americans on Wikipedia. American anthro 2016.
Wikipedia, the online encyclopedia that anyone can edit, is simultaneously an experiment in anarchic knowledge production and a realization of the long dream of modernity: storing all human knowledge. It is also a battleground for the politics of representation and for creating and circulating realities and “Wikialities.” I ethnographically describe how Wikipedians, most of whom are white Anglo-Americans, negotiate the representation of Native Americans as objects of encyclopedic knowledge and how the sins of our anthropological forebears come back to haunt us in this process. In 2015, I participated in the collaborative writing of the article on Irataba or Yara tav, who was an important leader of the Mohave people of California and Arizona in the late 19th century. This process brought representational dilemmas to the fore in the negotiation between the inadequacies of historical and anthropological knowledge and Wikipedia's policies establishing how to authorize and re-represent narratives. These dilemmas point out to us, as 21st-century anthropologists, that we have a responsibility for being the stewards of the knowledge created by anthropologists past as well as for correcting their mistakes and guiding the global public of readers and writers when they make forays into our traditional territories.

Nakamura, Lisa. Indigenous Circuits: Navajo Women and the Racialization of Early Electronic Manufacture. American Quarterly 66(4):919–941, 2014.

Postill, John. Democracy in an Age of Viral Reality: A Media Epidemiography of Spain’s Indignados Movement. Ethnography 15(1):51–69, 2013.

Prins, Harold E.L. “Visual Media and the Primitivist Perplex: Colonial Fantasies, Indigenous Imagination, and Advocacy in North America,” in Media Worlds, pp. 58-74.

Samuels, David. 2004. Putting a Song on Top of It: Expression and Identity on the San Carlos Apache Reservation. Univ of Arizona Press.
As in many Native American communities, people on the San Carlos Apache reservation in southeastern Arizona have for centuries been exposed to contradictory pressures. One set of expectations is about conversion and modernization—spiritual, linguistic, cultural, technological. Another is about steadfast perseverance in the face of this cultural onslaught. Within this contradictory context lies the question of what validates a sense of Apache identity. For many people on the San Carlos reservation, both the traditional calls of the Mountain Spirits and the hard edge of a country, rock, or reggae song can evoke the feeling of being Apache. Using insights gained from both linguistic and musical practices in the community—as well as from his own experience playing in an Apache country band—David Samuels explores the complex expressive lives of these people to offer new ways of thinking about cultural identity.

Thorner, S. G. (2015), Inside the Frame, Outside the Box: Bindi Cole's Photographic Practice and Production of Aboriginality in Contemporary Australia. Vis. Anthropol. Rev., 31: 163–176.

Turner, Terence. 1992. Defiant Images: The Kayapo Appropriation of Video. Anthropology Today 8(6): 5−16.

Turner, Terence. 1995. Representation, Collaboration and Mediation in Contemporary Ethnographic and Indigenous Media. Visual Anthropology Review 11(2):102−106.

Wilson, Pamela and Michelle Stewart. 2008. Global Indigenous Media: Cultures, Poetics, Politics. Duke U Press. [Includes essay by Faye Ginsburg]

Worth, Sol, and John Adair 1970 “Navajo Filmmakers.” American Anthropologist 72, no. 1: 9–34. http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/aa.1970.72.1.02a00050.

Wortham, Erica “Between the State and Indigenous Autonomy: Unpacking Video Indigena in Mexico,” in American Anthropology vol. 106, no. 2 (June 2004): 363-368.

 

Film/Video

Indigneous Media Mentioned by Ginsburg (2008)

Isuma TV  (established by Inuit filmmaker Zacharias Kunuk)

  • Zacharias Kunuk explains NITV local broadcasting by Internet (2016)
  • Ningiuq (film by Christin Merhliot, 2014)
    animated story told by elder, In 2009, Rachel Uyarasuk, elder of the Inuit community of Igloolik (Nunavut), evokes the ancestors whose name she received at birth. She explains how this transmission ensured their return among the world of the living.
  • Live Call-in Show (2012)
    live call-in about Baffinland Mary River Impact and Benefits Agreement (IIBA) and QIA negotiations, hosted by Lucassi Ivalu with QIA President Okalik Eegeesiak, Mary River Project Coordinator Solomon Awa, QIA IIBA negotiators Paul Quassa and Phillip Paniaq.

Atanarjuat: The Fast Runner (Cannes Camera d'Or winner 2001)

Us Mob (First Aboriginal Children's TV series, Australia)

Raven Tales (Animated Feature Film 2004)

Australian Aboriginal Media (mentioned by Fisher 2016)

  • Redfern Oral History: Radio Redfern (activist radio station in Sydney, estab. 1980s)
  • Barani: Sydney's Aboriginal History: Radio Redfern
  • Radio Redfern (anthropologist filmmaker Sharon Bell's 1998 documentary film)
  • Koori Radio
    Koori Radio is Sydney’s only First Nations radio station broadcasting 24/7 from Australia’s Black Capital of Redfern. Our Live ‘n' Deadly mix of music, news, community information and discussion draws a wide audience of listeners from Australia’s largest population of Aboriginal people, the many other First Nations people who have called Sydney home and ordinary Australians who share our tastes in music and our cultural views.

Links

Interview with Daniel Fisher on his book (CaMP Anthropology blog, 2018)

Australian Aboriginal Radio Stations

Week Thirteen: Mediation and Activisms

Readings

Tues Apr 24 Activism and Media-making: Methods and Ethics

Ortner, Sherry. (2017), Social impact without social justice: Film and politics in the neoliberal landscape. American Ethnologist, 44: 528–539. (10 pp). (ereserve)

Durington, M., Collins, S., Randolph, N. and Young, L. (2017), Push It Along: On Not Making an Ethnographic Film in Baltimore. Transform Anthropol, 25: 23–34. (12 pp). (ereserve).

Thurs Apr 26 The Cultural Politics of Media Activism

Bonilla, Yarimar and Jonathan Rosa. 2015. #Ferguson: Digital Protest, Hashtag Politics, and the Racial Politics of Social Media in the United States. American Ethnologist 42(1): 4-17. (11 pp). ereserve

Allen, Lori. 2009 Martyr Bodies in the Media: Human Rights, Aesthetics, and the Politics of Immediation in the Palestinian Intifada. American Ethnologist 36(1): 161–180. (16 pp) (ereserve.)

 

Final Multimodal Project, including 5-7 pages text due Tuesday, May 8, 5 pm, upload to Class Google Drive Projects Folder (in your own named folder).
NOTE: title of the final file MUST be: Last Name, short Project Title, Semester Year

Further Reading

Abu Hatoum, N. (2017), Framing Visual Politics: Photography of the Wall in Palestine. Vis Anthropol Rev, 33: 18–27.

Miriyam Aouragh Social Media, Mediation and the Arab Revolutions. Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom,

Black, S. P. (2017), Anthropological Ethics and the Communicative Affordances of Audio-Video Recorders in Ethnographic Fieldwork: Transduction as Theory. American Anthropologist, 119: 46–57. (10 pp). (ereserve)

Boler, Megan. Digital Media and Democracy: Tactics in Hard Times. Cambridge; London: The MIT Press, 2008.

Kamari Maxine ClarkeRethinking Sovereignty Through Hashtag Publics: The New Body Politics.
Cultural Anthropology, 2017.

Gabriella Coleman, Coding Freedom: The Ethics and Aesthetics of Hacking (Princeton U. Press, 2013). [counterpublics, geek publics]

Gabriella Coleman, Hacker, Hoaxer, Whistleblower, Spy: The Many Faces of Anonymous (Verso, 2014).

Coleman EG. 2009. Code is speech: legal tinkering, expertise, and protest among free and open source software developers. Cultural Anthropology 24(3):420–54

“The Cultural Politics of Free Software and Technology within the Social Forum Process”  Insurgent Encounters 342-366

Cody, Francis. 2009. Inscribing Subjects to Citizenship: Petitions, Literacy Activism, and the Performativity of Signature. Cultural Anthropology 24 (3): 347 – 380.

Christina Dunbar-Hester, Low Power to the People: Pirates, Protest, and Politics in FM Radio Activism (MIT Press, 2014).

Virginia Eubanks, Digital Dead End: Fighting for Social Justice in the Information Age (MIT Press, 2011).

Allen Feldman, “On Cultural Anesthesia: From Desert Storm to Rodney King” in American Ethnologist vol. 21, no. 2 (May 1994): 404-418.

Gurak, Laura. 2003.  “Internet Protests: from text to web” in Cyberactivsm: Online Activism in Theory and Practice 25-46

Haraway, Donna. 1991. “A Cyborg Manifesto: Science, Technology and Socialist Feminism.” In Simians, Cyborgs, Women and the Reinvention of Nature. 149-181

Howe, Cymene. 2008. Spectacles of Sexuality: Televisionary Activism in Nicaragua. Cultural Anthropology 23(1):48−84.

Juris, Jeffrey 2012. Reflections on #OccupyEverywhere: Social Media, Public Space and Emerging Logics of Aggregation. American Ethnologist 39(2):259-279.

Juris J. 2008. Networking Futures: The Movements Against Corporate Globalization. Durham, NC: Duke Univ. Press

Jusionyte, Ieva. 2015 Savage Frontier: Making News and Security on the Argentine Border. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Kelp-Stebbins, Katherine and Allison M. Schifani. 2015. The Medium is the Masses: Embodied Amplification, Urban Occupation. Media Fields Journal 9: 1-14.

King, Homay. 2012. Antiphon: Notes on the People’s Microphone. Journal of Popular Music 24(2): 238–246.

Kuntsman, Adi and Rebecca Stein. 2015. Digital Militarism: Israel’s Occupation in the Social Media Age. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press.

Susie Linfield, “Beyond the Sorrow and the Pity,” in Dissent 48:1 (2001): 100-106.

Joseph Masco. ‘Boundless informant’: Insecurity in the age of ubiquitous surveillance Anthro theory 2017.

McChesney, Robert. 2014. Ch. 7, Revolution in the Digital Revolution? Digital Disconnect How Capitalism Is Turning the Internet Against Democracy. The New Press.

Meg McLagan, “Spectacles of Difference: Cultural Activism and the Mass Mediation of Tibet,” in Media Worlds, pp. 90-114.

Morozov E. 2009. How dictators watch us on the Web. Prospect. Vol. 165: http://www. prospectmagazine.co.uk/2009/11/how-dictators-watch-us-on-the-web/

Murthy, Dhiraj. 2013. “Theorizing Twitter” and “Twitter and Activism” Twitter: Social Communication in the Twitter Age. Polity Press 24-50; 92-114.

John Postill, Democracy in an Age of Viral Reality: A Media Epidemiography of Spain’s Indignados Movement. Ethnography 15(1):51–69, 2013.
The present article draws from fieldwork on the indignados (or 15M) movement in Spain to propose a new approach to the study of protest movements in the digital era: ‘media epidemiography’. This composite of the terms ‘epidemiology’ and ‘ethnography’ is used as a heuristic to address the research challenge of today’s swiftly evolving techno-political terrains. I argue that viral media have played a key role in Spain’s indignados movement, with Twitter as the central site of propagation. Protesters have used Twitter and other viral platforms to great effect and in a range of different ways, including as a means of setting the tone and agenda of the protests, spreading slogans and organizational practices, and offering alternative accounts of the movement. These developments may signal the coming of an era in which political reality is shaped by viral contents ‘shared’ by media professionals and amateurs – an age of viral reality.

Pype, Katrien. Aesthetics of Provocation and Mobilization in the Combattants’ Digital Activism. Ethnographic Notes on Media & Conflict.

Vincente Rafael, “The Cell Phone and the Crowd: Messianic Politics in the Contemporary Philippines,” in Public Culture 15:3 (2003): 399-425.

Schiller, Naomi. 2013 Reckoning with Press Freedom: Community Media, Liberalism, and the Processual State in Caracas, Venezuela. American Ethnologist 40(3): 540–554.

Gareth Shaw, Xiaoling Zhang. Cyberspace and gay rights in a digital China: Queer documentary filmmaking under state censorship. China Information, Oct 30, 2017.

Jolynna Sinanan, Gabrielle Jamela Hosein. 2017. Non-Activism: Political Engagement and Facebook Through Ethnography in Trinidad. Social Media and Society.

Stalcup, M. (2016), The Aesthetic Politics of Unfinished Media: New Media Activism in Brazil. Vis Anthropol Rev, 32: 144–156.

Winifred Tate, “Learning to Tell the Story,” in Counting the Dead: Human Rights Claims and Counter-Claims in Colombia.

TORCHIN, L. (2006), Ravished Armenia: Visual Media, Humanitarian Advocacy, and the Formation of Witnessing Publics. American Anthropologist, 108: 214–220.

Daniel Trottier, Christian Fuchs, eds. Social Media, Politics and the State: Protests, Revolutions, Riots, Crime

Aimee Villarreal, John Jota Leaños. 2017. Animating Resistance. Anthropology News (May).

Film/Video

Activist Media

Hands Up: 7 Playwrights, 7 Testaments (Curated by Emma Holland)
Last year a friend of the PDX Theatre community was severely profiled on his way to one of his rehearsals. He's a prominent director in town for Portland Center Stage, Artist's Rep, Profile Theatre, Portland Playhouse, and many more. He sent out a letter to the community reflecting on this experience while in rehearsals as a performer for this piece. This show took advantage of the #HandsUp and #Ferguson hashtag audience/followers and put on a free performance art piece about the experience of racial profiling from the perspective of Black Artists. They took the trend off Twitter and made it an embodied experience with some very important audience participation. "Selling out" space over and over with every performance, it was one of the more important experiences I viewed.

"A powerful set of monologues commissioned by The New Black Fest in the wake of police shootings of Mike Brown in Ferguson, Mo., and John Crawford III in Beavercreek, Ohio, and others. Seven black playwrights have been commissioned to write monologues that explore their feelings about the well-being of black people in a culture of institutional profiling."

Wide Angle Youth Media (Baltimore)

Portland-Based Activist Media (curated by Molly Johnson and Sophie Spencer-Zavos)

Portland’s Resistance

Critical Resistance Portland

Community Alliance of Tenants

Portland Tenants United

Other Films

DEMOCRACY ON DEADLINE: The Global Struggle for an Independent Press follows teams of journalists into some of the most dangerous and secretive corners of the world to show how they obtain their stories in the face of suppression, lies, imprisonment and threat of physical harm. To highlight the central role a free press plays in building and preserving democracy, Producer/Director Cal Skaggs and his team combed through two hundred hours of footage to create this dynamic portrayal of independent-minded journalists. (PBS Independent Lens)

 

Links

Participant Media (social impact film company discussed by Sherry Ortner)
"the leading media company dedicated to entertainment that inspires social awareness and engaging audiences to participate in positive social change, annually producing up to six narrative feature films, five documentary films, three episodic television series, and over 40 hours of digital short form programming through SoulPancake. Founded in 2004 by Jeff Skoll, Participant’s content combines the power of a good story well told with opportunities for real world impact around the most pressing global issues of our time. Participant’s content and social impact mandate speaks directly to the rise of today’s “conscious consumer,” representing over 2 billion consumers who are compelled to make impactful content a priority focus. Through its worldwide network of traditional and digital distribution, aligned with partnerships with key non-profit and NGO organizations, the Company is positioned uniquely within the industry to engage a rapidly growing audience while bringing global awareness and action to today’s most vital issues."

Anthropology by the Wire
Durington and Collin's multi-media research project on urban and visual anthropology in Baltimore, part of a National Science Foundation Research Experience for Undergraduates grant at Towson University.

Wide Angle Youth Media
Baltimore-based NGO mentioned by Durington et al. "Through media arts education, Wide Angle Youth Media cultivates and amplifies the voices of Baltimore youth to engage audiences across generational, cultural, and social divides. Our programs inspire creativity and instill confidence in young people, empowering them with skills to navigate school, career, and life."

Social Media Surveillance of Black Activists in the U.S.

Social Media Surveillance of Palestinian Activists

Activist Responses to Digital Surveillance

The Turn to Decentralized Social Media