Schedule (Spring 2016)

Weekly readings will be marked by where they can be found: bookstore (see Course Book List); book reserve, or online for articles available for downloading from the web. Note that most of the articles and excerpts are available in books on reserve in the library. For class reading questions and discussion forums go to the Course Moodle Page.

List of Discussants

Week 1: Locating Tibet

Assignments

Chronology: Turning points in Modern Sino-Tibetan Relations

Film: Lost Horizon, 1937, Frank Capra, Screen online via Moodle, 130 mins. [PN1997 .L678 1997 video]

Tues Jan 26 : Introductions and Goals of the Course

  • No reading assignments
Thurs Jan 28: Where is Tibet? Who Says?
  • Lopez, Donald. 1998. Introduction and Ch. 6 The Field. Prisoners of Shangri-La: Tibetan Buddhism and the West. University of Chicago Press.(ereserve, bookstore, book reserve). [BQ7604 .L66 1998]
  • Makley, Charlene. Introduction: Bodies of Power, in The Violence of Liberation: Gender and Tibetan Buddhist Revival in Post-Mao China, Univ of CA press, 2007. (ereserve, bookstore, book reserve).
  • Jamyang Norbu. Behind the Lost Horizon, in Dodin and Rather, eds., Imagining Tibet. Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2001. (ereserve, bookstore, book reserve). [DS785.A1 I45 2001]

Films

Links

Maps

Further Reading

  • Lopez, Donald. Foreword, and Andrew Fisher, Questions 43-47. Blondeau, Anne-Marie and Katia Buffetrille, eds.  2008.  Authenticating Tibet: Answers to China's 100 Questions. Berkeley: University of California Press. [DS786 .T4963413 2008]
  • Brauen, Martin. In Search of Shangri-La. Dreamworld Tibet : western illusion; translated by Martin Willson. Trumbull, CT : Weatherhill, c2004. [DS786 .B7113 2004]
  • Dodin and Rather. Imagining Tibet: Btw Shangri-la and Feudal Oppression. Dodin and Rather, eds., Imagining Tibet. Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2001. [DS785.A1 I45 2001]
  • Klieger, Christiaan. Riding High on the Manchurian Dream: three Paradigms in the Construction of the Tibetan Question. in Sautman and Dreyer, eds. Contemporary Tibet: Politics, Development and Society in a Disputed Region. M.E. Sharpe, 2006. [DS786 .C64 2006]

Week 2: Ethnicity, Nationalism, State

Assignments

Optional Film: Edward Said: On Orientalism, Sut Jhally, director, 1998. (DVD in Reed lib; avail on Youtube).

Tues Feb 2 Debates

  • Said, Edward. 1978. The Scope of Orientalism, (pp. 31-49) Orientalism. New York: Vintage Books. (ereserve, bookstore, book reserve.) [DS12 .S24 1979]
  • Anderson, Benedict. Introduction in Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism.  London: Verso, 1983. (26 pgs). (ereserve, book reserve). [JC311 .A656 1991]
  • Chakrabarty, Dipesh. Intro chapter to Provincializing Europe, 2000. (ereserve).

Thurs Feb 4 Narratives of Ethnicity, Nation and State

First Learning Goals reflection post due Friday, Feb. 5 midnight, Wordpress blog (See blog setup guide and Wordpress blog user tips)

Links

Maps

Further Reading

  • Said, Edward.  "Orientalism Reconsidered," Barker et al, eds., Europe and its Others, Colchester: University of Essex, 1985. [Summit]
  • Said, Edward. 1989. "Representing the Colonized: Anthropology's Interlocutors," Critical Inquiry 15(2): 205-225. [JSTOR]
  • Asad, Talal. Where are the Margins of the State? in Veena Das and Deborah Poole, eds., Anthropology in the Margins of the State, 2004. [GN492 .A5923 2004]
  • Sneath. Introduction. The Headless State: Aristocratic Orders, Kinship Society, and Misrepresentations of Nomadic Inner Asia. [DS329.4 .S64 2007]
  • Ana Maria Alonso.  The Politics of Space, Time, and Substance: State Formation, Nationalism, and Ethnicity.  Annu. Rev. Anthropol. 1994 , Vol. 23: 379-405. [JSTOR]
  • Foster, Robert J.  "Making National Cultures in the Global Ecumene", Annual Review of Anthropology 20, 1991. (20pp) [JSTOR]
  • Gupta, Akhil and J. Ferguson. "Beyond 'Culture': Space, Identity and the Politics of Difference," in Gupta and Ferguson, eds, Culture, Power, Place: Explorations in Critical Anthropology.  Durham: Duke University Press, 1997. (18 pp.) [Summit]
  • Carrier, James.  "Occidentalism: the World Turned Upside Down," American Ethnologist 19(2), 1992. [JSTOR]
  • Eriksen, Thomas Hylland.  1993.  Ethnicity and Nationalism:  Anthropological Perspectives.  London: Pluto Press. [Summit]  (Ch. 1 available online) http://www.nationalismproject.org/links/article.htm
  • Kleiger, Christiaan. Tibetan Nationalism.  Berkeley: Folklore Institute, 1992. [Summit]
  • Sperling. Orientialism and Aspects of Violence, in Dodin and Rather, eds., Imagining Tibet. Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2001. [DS785.A1 I45 2001]

Week 3: Tibet as Global Exception

Assigments

Chronology: Creating Tibetan Identities

Film: Milarepa, 2007, Screen via Moodle, 90 mins.[PN1997.2 .M557 2006b DVD]

Tues Feb 9: Tibet as place

  • Kapstein, Matthew. Ch 1 The Vessel and its Contents. The Tibetans. Blackwell, 2006. (e-reserve, bookstore, book reserve).[DS786 .K313 2006]
  • "Early Glimpses of Tibet," in Alex Mckay, ed. The History of Tibet, vol I: The Early Period: to c. AD 850 The Yarlung Dynasty.  London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003 (3 pgs) (e-reserve). [DS785 .H67 2003]
  • Dalton, Jacob.  Introduction and Ch. 2 Demons in the Dark (p. 1-22, p. 44-76), in The Taming of the Demons: Violence and Liberation in Tibetan Buddhism. Yale Univ. Press, 2011. (e-reserve, bookstore, book reserve).

Thurs Feb 11: Tibet as polity

  • [Optional] Powers Ch. 2, Characters, Plots and Motivations in Tibetan History, History as Propaganda: Tibetan Exiles versus the People's Republic of China. Oxford. 2004. (bookstore, book reserve). [DS786 .P68 2004]
  • Dalton, Jacob.  Ch. 4 Sacrifice and the Law, and Ch. 5 Foundational violence (p. 95-125), in The Taming of the Demons: Violence and Liberation in Tibetan Buddhism. Yale Univ. Press, 2011. (e-reserve, bookstore, book reserve).
  • Gyatso, Janet. Down with the Demoness in Feminine ground: essays on women and Tibet, edited by Janice D. Willis. Ithaca, N.Y.: Snow Lion Publications, 1995, (reprinted in Alex Mckay, ed. The History of Tibet, vol I: The Early Period.  London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003). (e-reserve, book reserve). [DS785 .H67 2003]

Films

Links

Maps

Further Reading

  • Beckwith, Christopher. The Tibetans in the Ordos and North China: Consideration on the role of the Tibetan Empire in World History, reprinted in Alex Mckay, ed. The History of Tibet, vol I: The Early Period. London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003 [DS785 .H67 2003]
  • Beckwith, Christopher. The Tibetan Empire in Central Asia. [DS786 .B38 1987]
  • Bishop, Peter. Ch. 2: Tibet Discovered (1773-92), Ch. 5: Outside Time and Space (1875-1914). The Myth of Shangri-La. 1989. [DS786 .B53 1989]
  • Dargyay, Eva. Srong-btsan sgam-po of Tibet: Bodhisattva and King. reprinted in Alex Mckay, ed. The History of Tibet, vol I: The Early Period. London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003. [DS785 .H67 2003]
  • Kapstein, Matthew. Ch. 3. The Tsenpo's Imperial Dominion. The Tibetans. Blackwell, 2006. (bookstore, book reserve)
  • Karmay, Samten. The Origin Myths of the First King of Tibet as Revealed in the Can-lnga, reprinted in Alex Mckay, ed. The History of Tibet, vol I: The Early Period.  London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003 [DS785 .H67 2003]
  • Kirkland, Russel. The Spirit of the Mountain: Myth and State in Pre-Buddhist Tibet. reprinted in Alex Mckay, ed. The History of Tibet, vol I: The Early Period. London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003. [DS785 .H67 2003]
  • Mills, Martin. Re-Assessing the Supine Demoness: Royal Buddhist Geomancy in the Srong btsan sgam po Mythology. JIATS 3, 2007.
  • Questions 1-7, Blondeau, Anne-Marie and Katia Buffetrille, eds.  2008.  Authenticating Tibet: Answers to China's 100 Questions. Berkeley: University of California Press. [DS786 .T4963413 2008]
  • Samuel, Geoffrey. 1993. Ch. 3 and 4, Tibetan Societies and Tibetan Communities. Ch. 23, Tibet to AD 841. Civilized Shamans: Buddhism in Tibetan Societies. Smithsonian Institution Press. [BQ7604 .S26 1993]
  • Samuel, Geoffrey. Buddhism and the State in 8th Century Tibet. in Blezer, ed. Religion and Secular Culture in Tibet. 2002. [DS786 .I485 2000]
  • Smith, Warren. Ch.s 3, 4. Tibetan Nation: a History of Tibetan Nationalism and Sino-Tibetan Relations. 1996. [DS786 .S56 1996]
  • Sneath. Introduction. The Headless State. [DS329.4 .S64 2007]
  • Snellgrove and Richardson. 1968. Ch. 1 Manifestation of Tibetan Power. A Cultural History of Tibet. Shambhala. [DS786 .S6 1968b]
  • Uebach, Helga. Ladies of the Tibetan Empire. in Gyatso and Havnevik, eds. Women in Tibet. Columbia. 2005. [HQ1769.T55 W66 2005]
  • Taming the demoness, reprinted in Alex Mckay, ed. The History of Tibet, vol I: The Early Period.  London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003 [DS785 .H67 2003]
  • Tucci. G. The Sacral Character of the Kings of Ancient Tibet. reprinted in Alex Mckay, ed. The History of Tibet, vol I: The Early Period.  London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003 [DS785 .H67 2003]

Week 4: Buddhist interventions

Assignments

Film: Kundun, 1998, Screen online via Moodle, 135 mins. [BQ7935.B777 K86 1998 video]

Tues Feb 16: Incarnations

  • Bstan-ʼdzin-rgya-mtsho, Dalai Lama XIV. Ch.s 1-2.  Freedom in exile : the autobiography of the Dalai Lama. San Francisco, Calif. : HarperPerennial, 1991, c1990 (1st HarperPerennial ed). (bookstore, book reserve). [BQ7935.B777 A3 1991]
  • Lopez, Donald. 1998. Ch. 1, The Name. Prisoners of Shangri-La: Tibetan Buddhism and the West. University of Chicago Press. (e-reserve, bookstore, book reserve) [BQ7604 .L66 1998]
  • Makley, Charlene. Ch. 1 Fatherlands: Mapping Masculinities (p. 29-48 only!), in The Violence of Liberation: Gender and Tibetan Buddhist Revival in Post-Mao China, Univ of CA press, 2007. (e-reserve, bookstore, book reserve).

Thurs Feb 18: Monasticism and Sectarian expansions

  • Dreyfus, George. SKIM: Chs. 1-2 (pp. 17-53) READ: Chs. 13-14 (pp. 295-324), The Sound of Two Hands Clapping: The Education of a Tibetan Buddhist Monk. University of California Press, 2003.(bookstore, book reserve).. [BQ7756 .D74 2003]
  • Dreyfus, George. Cherished Memories, Cherished Communities: Proto-Nationalism in Tibet. reprinted in Alex Mckay, ed. The History of Tibet, vol II: The Medieval Period.  London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003. (e-reserve). [DS785 .H67 2003]

Films

Maps

Further Reading

  • Kapstein. Skim: ch. 4, "Fragmentation and Hegemonic Power," Read/Skim Ch. 5, "the Rule of the Dalai Lama," pp. 127-168, Chs 6-7, Tibetan Society and Religious Life and Thought,The Tibetans. Blackwell, 2006. (bookstore, book reserve). [DS786 .K313 2006]
  • Huber, Toni. The holy land reborn : pilgrimage & the Tibetan reinvention of Buddhist India. Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 2008. [BQ6460 .H83 2008]
  • Kapstein, Matthew. The Tibetan Assimilation of Buddhism: Conversion, Contestation, Memory. Oxford. 2000. [Summit]
  • Lopez, Donald. Introduction. Religions of Tibet in Practice. Princeton, 1997. [BQ7620 .R45 1997]
  • Jacoby and Terrone, eds. Buddhism Beyond the Monastery: Tantric Practices and their Performers in Tibet and the Himalayas, Proceedings of the 10th Seminar of the IATS, edited by Sarah Jacoby & Antonio Terrone (Brill 2009)
  • Richardson, Hugh. The Dalai Lamas. In High Peaks, Pure Earth [Summit]
  • Samuel, Geoffry. 1993. Parts 2 and 3, selections. Civilized Shamans: Buddhism in Tibetan Societies. Smithsonian Institution Press. [BQ7604 .S26 1993]
  • Smith, Warren. Ch.s 5, 6. Tibetan Nation: a History of Tibetan Nationalism and Sino-Tibetan Relations. 1996. [DS786 .S56 1996]
  • Snellgrove and Richardson. 1968. Ch.s 2-8,. A Cultural History of Tibet. Shambhala. [DS786 .S6 1968b]
  • Tucci, Giuseppe. 1980 [1970]. The Religions of Tibet. University of California Press. [BQ7604 .T813 1980]
  • Martin, Dan. The Woman Illusion? Research into the Lives of spiritually Accomplished Wome Leaders of the 11th and 12th Centuries. in Gyatso and Havnevik, eds. Women in Tibet. Columbia. 2005. [HQ1769.T55 W66 2005]
  • Cuevas, Bryan and Kurtis Schaeffer, eds. 2006. Power, Politics and the Reinvention of Tradition: Tibet in the 17th and 18th centuries. Brill. [Bogin, Maher, Mala, Ronis, Schaeffer on 5th DL and JY]. [DS785 .I66 2003]
  • Kapstein. Plague, Power, and Reason: the Royal Conversion to Buddhism Reconsidered. reprinted in Alex Mckay, ed. The History of Tibet, vol I: The Early Period.  London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003 [DS785 .H67 2003]
  • Karmay, Samten. The Ordinance of Lama Yeshesod, in Arrow and the Spindle. [DS785 .K245 1998]
  • Question 19, Blondeau, Anne-Marie and Katia Buffetrille, eds.  2008.  Authenticating Tibet: Answers to China's 100 Questions.  Berkeley: University of California Press. [DS786 .T4963413 2008]
  • Materials in McCay, ed. The History of Tibet, vol II: The Medieval Period.  London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003 on monastic power, sects, trulkus and Dalai Lamas: Sperling, Wylie, Kapstein, Yumiko, Richardson, Petech, Goldstein. [DS785 .H67 2003]

Week 5: Constructions of Tibetan (trans)locality: Personhood, Landscape and Divine Power

Assignments

Optional Film: Blindsight (award-winning 2006 documentary), on reserve in Reed film lib

Tues Feb 23 Pilgrimage as ritual

  • Huber, Toni. Chs 1-3, 9 (pp. 3-35, 153-174) The Cult of Pure Crystal Mountain: Popular Pilgrimage and Visionary Landscape in Southeast Tibet. Oxford. 1999. (e-reserve, book reserve). [BL1945.T5 H83 1999]

Thurs Feb 25 Gender/sexuality, place, power (Charlene at Bowdoin)

  • Screen in class (do NOT need to screen whole film): Gyalyum Chemo The Great Mother.
  • Jacoby, Sarah. Introduction and Chapter 2: A Guest in the Sacred Land of Golok Love and Liberation: Autobiographical Writings of the Tibetan Buddhist Visionary Sera Khandro. Columbia University Press, 2014. (75 pages) (bookstore, book reserve, ereserve)

Films

Links

Maps

Further Reading

  • da Col, Giovanni. Event-time.
  • Huber, Toni. 2008. The Holy Land Reborn: Pilgrimage and the Tibetan Reinvention of Buddhist India. University of Chicago Press.
  • Samuel, Geoffry. 1993. Part One: Tibetan Societies. Civilized Shamans: Buddhism in Tibetan Societies. Smithsonian Institution Press.[BQ7604 .S26 1993]
  • MacDonald, A.W. Mandala and Landscape. New Delhi : D.K. Printworld, 1997. [BQ5125.M3 M367 1997]
  • Alex McKay, ed. Pilgrimage in Tibet. Richmond, Surrey : Curzon ; [Leiden, the Netherlands] : International Institute for Asian Studies, 1998. [BQ6450.C62 P55 1998]
  • Schaeffer, Kurtis. The Autobiography of a Medieval Hermitess. in Gyatso and Havnevik, eds. Women in Tibet. Columbia. 2005. [HQ1769.T55 W66 2005]
  • Schaeffer, Kurtis. Ritual, Festival and Authority Under the 5th Dalai Lama. Cuevas, Bryan and Kurtis Schaeffer, eds. 2006. Power, Politics and the Reinvention of Tradition: Tibet in the 17th and 18th centuries. Brill. [DS785 .I66 2003]
  • Materials in McCay, ed. The History of Tibet, vol II: The Medieval Period.  London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003 on sacred geography, taming and pilgrimage: Macdonald, Shastri, Davidson, Buffetrille, Huber [DS785 .H67 2003]
  • Buffetrille, Reflections on Pilgrimages to Sacred Mountains, Lakes and Caves. reprinted in Alex Mckay, ed. The History of Tibet, vol II: The Medieval Period.  London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003 [DS785 .H67 2003]
  • Bishop, Peter. The Myth of Shangri-la: Tibet, travel writing, and the western creation of sacred landscape. Berkeley : University of California Press, 1989. [DS786 .B53 1989]
  • Ortner, Sherry. Life and Death on Mt Everest: Sherpas and Himalayan mountaineering. Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, 1999. [GV199.44.E85 O78 1999]

Week 6: Encounters with "the West"

Assignments

Optional Film Seven Years in Tibet, 1998, 136 mins., in film lib PN1995.9.T52 S49 1998 DVD

Tues Mar 1 Tibet as Political Agenda

  • Anand, Dibyesh. Strategic Hypocrisy: The British Imperial Scripting of Tibet's Geopolitical Identity. The Journal of Asian Studies Vol. 68, No. 1 (February) 2009: 227–252. (Online: Cambridge Journals). (Scroll down).
  • McKay, Alex. "The British Construction of an Image of Tibet," Dodin and Rather, eds., Imagining Tibet. Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2001. (e-reserve bookstore, book reserve). [DS785.A1 I45 2001]
  • Hansen, Peter. Tibetan Horizon: Tibet and the Cinema in the Early 20th Century, Dodin and Rather, eds., Imagining Tibet. Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2001. (e-reservebookstore, book reserve). [DS785.A1 I45 2001]

Thurs Mar 3 Tibet as Escape and Salvation

  • Barnett, Robert. Preface, Preamble, Ch. 1 The Unitary View, Ch. 2: Foreign Visitors, Oscillations and Extremes (p. xi-xix, p 1-39). Lhasa: Streets with Memories. Columbia University Press, 2006. (bookstore, book reserve). [DS797.82.L537 B37 2006]
  • Bray, John. Missionary Images of Tibet, Dodin and Rather, eds., Imagining Tibet. Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2001. (ereserve, bookstore, book reserve). [DS785.A1 I45 2001]
  • Ekvall, Robert. pp 13-24, pp. 35-46, pp. 153-173. Gateway to Tibet. Christian Publications, inc. 1928. (e-reserve). [Summit]

Films

Links

Maps

  • Shakya - maps 2: 1914 Tibet border claims View - HiRes
  • Shakya - maps 3: 1914 Simla Conference border claims and purview of Dalai Lama's govt. View - HiRes
  • Shakya - PLA invasion: View - HiRes
  • Shakya - Sino/Indian 1: Kashmir border conflict View - HiRes
  • Shakya - Sino/Indian 2: Arunachal Pradesh border conflict View - HiRes
  • Ekvall - Amdo ethnic borders: View - HiRes
  • Far Eastern Tibet: View - HiRes
    • p.xxiv in Kapstein, Matthew. The Tibetans, Blackwell, 2006. [DS786 .K313 2006]
  • Eastern Tibet (1725-1950): View - HiRes
    • p.xxx in Smith, Warren. Tibetan Nation: a History of Tibetan Nationalism and Sino-Tibetan Relations. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1996. [DS786 .S56 1996]
  • Amdo - The Eastern Regions of Tibet, C.A. 1800: View - HiRes
  • Map 2 ICT - Contemporary Tibetan Regions: View - HiRes
  • Map 4 ICT - 8th Century Borders: View - HiRes
  • Map 5 ICT - 17th Century Borders: View - HiRes
  • Map 6 ICT - 19th Century Borders: View - HiRes
  • Map 8 ICT - PLA routes: View - HiRes
  • NE Amdo Map Ocean Annals: View - HiRes
  • Plan of Lhasa by Lt. col. Waddell: View - HiRes
    • pp.xxx-xxxi in Barnett, Robert. Lhasa: Streets with Memories. Columbia University Press, 2006. [DS797.82.L537 B37 2006]
  • Missionary Map of Tibet (1897): View - HiRes

Further Reading

Film/Photography Theme:

  • Bishop, Peter. Ch. 4: The Axis Mundi Appears.  The Myth of Shangri-La. 1989. [DS786 .B53 1989]
  • Hansen, Peter.  (1996) "The Dancing Lamas of Everest: Cinema, orientalism and Anglo-Tibetan relations in the 1920s," reprinted in Alex Mckay, ed. The History of Tibet, vol III: The Modern Period 1895-1959 Encounter with Modernity.  London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003 [DS785 .H67 2003]
  • Hansen, Peter.  (1996) "The Dancing Lamas of Everest: Cinema, orientalism and Anglo-Tibetan relations in the 1920s," reprinted in Alex Mckay, ed. The History of Tibet, vol III: The Modern Period 1895-1959 Encounter with Modernity.  London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003 [DS785 .H67 2003]
  • Harrer, Heinrich. Lost Lhasa. [DS796.L46 H37 1992] (my office)
  • Tibet The Sacred Realm: Photographs 1880-1950. [DS786 .T497 1983] (my office)
  • Harris, Clare and Tsering Shakya, ed.s. Seeing Lhasa : British depictions of the Tibetan capital 1936-1947. Chicago : Serindia, 2003 [DS786 .S39 2003]
  • Harris, Clare. In the image of Tibet : Tibetan painting after 1959. London : Reaktion, 1999 [N7310 .H37 1999]

British officers and western visions

  • Kaschewsky, Images of Tibet in the West, Dodin and Rather, eds., Imagining Tibet. Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2001. [DS785.A1 I45 2001]
  • Kvaerne, Tibet Images Among Researchers of Tibet, Dodin and Rather, eds., Imagining Tibet. Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2001. [DS785.A1 I45 2001]
  • Lopez, Donald. The Image of Tibet of the Great Mystifiers, Dodin and Rather, eds., Imagining Tibet. Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2001. [DS785.A1 I45 2001]
  • Bishop, Peter. The Myth of Shangri-La. University of California Press,1989. [DS786 .B53 1989]
  • Lopez, Donald. Prisoners of Shangri-La: Tibetan Buddhism and the West. University of Chicago Press. 1998. [BQ7604 .L66 1998]
  • McKay, Alex. 1997. Tibet and the British Raj: The Frontier Cadre. [Summit]
  • Brauen, Martin. Part 1 In Search of Utopia (section on early Christians). Dreamworld Tibet : western illusion; translated by Martin Willson. Trumbull, CT : Weatherhill, c2004. [DS786 .B7113 2004]
  • Anand, Dibyesh 2007. Geopolitical exotica: Tibet in western imagination. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. [Summmt]
  • Addy, Premen. British and Indian Strategic Perceptions of Tibet. in Barnett, ed. Resistance and Reform in Tibet, 1994. [DS785.A1 R47 1994]
  • McKay, Alex. Tibet 1924: a Very British Coup Attempt? reprinted in Alex Mckay, ed. The History of Tibet, vol III: The Modern Period 1895-1959 Encounter with Modernity.  London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003 [DS785 .H67 2003]
  • McKay, Alex. Tibet The Myth of Isolation. reprinted in Alex Mckay, ed. The History of Tibet, vol III: The Modern Period 1895-1959 Encounter with Modernity.  London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003 [DS785 .H67 2003]
  • McKay, Alex. We Want a United Tibet, reprinted in Alex Mckay, ed. The History of Tibet, vol III: The Modern Period 1895-1959 Encounter with Modernity.  London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003 [DS785 .H67 2003]
  • McGranahan, Carole. Empire and the Status of Tibet. in Alex Mckay, ed. The History of Tibet, vol III: The Modern Period 1895-1959 Encounter with Modernity.  London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003 [DS785 .H67 2003]
  • Coales, Oliver.  "Narrative of a Journey from Tachienlu to Ch'amdo and back via Batang," unpublished report to Govt. of India 1916, reprinted in Alex Mckay, ed. The History of Tibet, vol III: The Modern Period 1895-1959 Encounter with Modernity.  London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003. [DS785 .H67 2003]
  • Teichman, Sir Eric. (1922). "Travels of a Consular Officer in Eastern Tibet," reprinted in Alex Mckay, ed. The History of Tibet, vol III: The Modern Period 1895-1959 Encounter with Modernity.  London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003. [DS785 .H67 2003]

Missionaries

  • Bray, John.  (1993). "Christian Missions and the Politics of Tibet, 1850-1950," reprinted in Alex Mckay, ed. The History of Tibet, vol III: The Modern Period 1895-1959 Encounter with Modernity.  London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003. [DS785 .H67 2003]
  • Bray, John. French Catholic Missions and the Politics of China and Tibet 1846-1865, reprinted in Alex Mckay, ed. The History of Tibet, vol III: The Modern Period 1895-1959 Encounter with Modernity.  London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003 [DS785 .H67 2003]
  • Jamyang Norbu, ed. Christian Missionaries and Tibet. Lungta No 11 Aris, Michael. India and the British According to a Tibetan text of the Later 18th Century. reprinted in Alex Mckay, ed. The History of Tibet, vol II: The Medieval Period.  London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003 (Jigmelingpa's text, includes translation, Tibetans' views of barbarians) [DS785 .H67 2003]
  • Kalman, Jonathan. Going Undercover for Jesus in Tibet. The Guardian. Feb. 2013.
  • Singh, Yunas. On the Roof of the World: Visits to Tibet (1917, London Missionary Society). reprinted in Alex Mckay, ed. The History of Tibet, vol III: The Modern Period 1895-1959 Encounter with Modernity.  London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003. [DS785 .H67 2003]

Week 7: Early Tibetan modernities

Assignments

Film  Angry Monk, 2005, Screen via Moodle, 97 mins. [DS785.C46 A54 2006 DVD]

Tues Mar 8: The Great Thirteenth

  • Kapstein, Matthew. Ch. 5, pp 168-174 (The Life and Times of the Great13th Dalai Lama), The Tibetans. Blackwell, 2006. (bookstore, book reserve). [DS786 .K313 2006]
  • Goldstein, Melvyn. Introduction, Ch. 1, 3, 4, A History of Modern Tibet 1913-1951: The Demise of the Lamaist State. 1989. (e-reserve, bookstore, book reserve). [DS786 .G635 1989]
  • Bell, Sir Charles (1946). The Political Testament of H. H. the 13th Dalai Lama, reprinted in Alex Mckay, ed. The History of Tibet, vol III: The Modern Period 1895-1959 Encounter with Modernity. London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003. (e-reserve). [DS785 .H67 2003]

Thurs Mar 10: The Modern Madman, Gendun Chosphel and Masculine Modernities

  • Stoddard, Heather. "Tibet from Buddhism to Communism," Government and Opposition 21, 1986 (20 pp.) (e-reserve) [OCLC#843083]
  • Lopez, Donald. Preface and Ch. 1. (pp. ix-46). The Madman's Middle Way: reflections on reality of the Tibetan monk Gendun. Chopel. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, c2006. (e-reserve, book reserve) [BQ7455.D483 L67 2006]
  • Makley, Charlene. Ch. 1 Fatherlands: Mapping Masculinities (p. 48-75 only!), in The Violence of Liberation: Gender and Tibetan Buddhist Revival in Post-Mao China, Univ of CA press, 2007. (e-reserve, bookstore, book reserve).

Email Take Home Midterm Exam to Students

Films

Maps

  • Plan of Lhasa by Lt. col. Waddell: View - HiRes
    • pp.xxx-xxxi in Barnett, Robert. Lhasa: Streets with Memories. Columbia University Press, 2006. [DS797.82.L537 B37 2006]
  • The Eurasian Steppe and neighboring regions in the mid-seventeenth century: View - HiRes
    • p.xi in Sneath, David. The Headless State: Aristocratic Orders, Kinship Society, and Misrepresentations of Nomadic Inner Asia. New York: Columbia University Press, 2007. [DS329.4 .S64 2007]
  • Amdo - The Eastern Regions of Tibet, C.A. 1800: View - HiRes
  • Map 2 ICT - Contemporary Tibetan Regions: View - HiRes
  • Map 4 ICT - 8th Century Borders: View - HiRes
  • Map 5 ICT - 17th Century Borders: View - HiRes
  • Map 6 ICT - 19th Century Borders: View - HiRes
  • Map 8 ICT - PLA routes: View - HiRes
  • NE Amdo Map Ocean Annals: View - HiRes
  • Eastern Tibet (1725-1950): View - HiRes
    • p.xxx in Smith, Warren. Tibetan Nation: a History of Tibetan Nationalism and Sino-Tibetan Relations. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1996. [DS786 .S56 1996]

Further Reading

  • Kapstein, Matthew. Ch. 5, pp 168-174 (The Life and Times of the Great13th Dalai Lama), The Tibetans. Blackwell, 2006. (bookstore, book reserve). [DS786 .K313 2006]
  • Goldstein, Melvyn. Chs. 4-5, pp. 364-464, A History of Modern Tibet 1913-1951: The Demise of the Lamaist State. 1989. [DS786 .G635 1989]
  • Thupten Jinpa and Donald Lopez, trans. Grains of Gold: Tales of a Cosmopolitan Traveler. UChicago Press, 2014.
  • McGranahan, Carole. sa spang mda' gnam spang mda': Murder, History and Social Politics in 1920s Lhasa, in Lawrence Epstein, ed, Khams pa Histories: Visions of People, Place and Authority. Brill, 2002. [DS797.82.C47 I58 2002]
  • Bell, C.A. Portrait of a Dalai Lama: The Life and Times of the Great Thirteenth. Wisdom Publications, 1987[1946]. [Catalog]
  • Tuttle, Gray. Tibetan Buddhists in the making of modern China. New York : Columbia University Press, c2005. [DS786 .T866 2005]
  • Epstein, ed, Khams pa Histories: Visions of People, Place and Authority. Brill, 2002. [DS797.82.C47 I58 2002]
  • Smith, Warren. Ch.s 7-8. Tibetan Nation: a History of Tibetan Nationalism and Sino-Tibetan Relations. 1996. [DS786 .S56 1996]
  • Hansen, Tibetan Horizon, Dodin and Rather. Imagining Tibet. [DS785.A1 I45 2001]
  • Jamyang Norbu, ed. The Lives of the Panchen Lama. Lungta No 10, 1996 [Link]
  • Gedun Choephel. English Poems, Lungta No 9. Two Thousand Years and More of Tibetan Poetry Edited by Jamyang Norbu, 1995. [Link]
  • Rakra Tethong. Gedun Choephel or the Loss of a Sage. Lungta 6, 1992.
  • Mengele, Irmgard. dge-'dun-chos-'phel: a Biography of the 20th Century Tibetan Scholar. Library of Tibetan Works and Archives. 1999. (My office). [Summit]
  • Jagou, Fabienne. A Pilgrim's Progress: The Peregrinations of the 6th Panchen Lama, reprinted in Alex Mckay, ed. The History of Tibet, vol III: The Modern Period 1895-1959 Encounter with Modernity.  London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003. [DS785 .H67 2003]
  • Gould, B.J. (1941). "The Discovery, Recognition, and Installation of the 14th Dalai lama," reprinted in Alex Mckay, ed. The History of Tibet, vol III: The Modern Period 1895-1959 Encounter with Modernity.  London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003. [DS785 .H67 2003]
  • Tsering Shakya. 1948 Tibetan Trade Mission to United Kingdom. reprinted in Alex Mckay, ed. The History of Tibet, vol III: The Modern Period 1895-1959 Encounter with Modernity.  London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003. [DS785 .H67 2003]
  • Ekvall, Robert. The Tibetan Self-Image. reprinted in Alex Mckay, ed. The History of Tibet, vol III: The Modern Period 1895-1959 Encounter with Modernity.  London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003. [DS785 .H67 2003]
  • Harrer, Heinrich. Lost Lhasa. (My office) [DS796.L46 H37 1992]
  • Harris, Clare and Tsering Shakya, ed.s. Seeing Lhasa : British depictions of the Tibetan capital 1936-1947. Chicago : Serindia, 2003 [DS786 .S39 2003]
  • Kleiger, Christiaan. Tibetan Nationalism.  Berkeley: Folklore Institute, 1992. [Summit]
  • Questions 8-12, Blondeau, Anne-Marie and Katia Buffetrille, eds.  2008.  Authenticating Tibet: Answers to China's 100 Questions.  Berkeley: University of California Press. [DS786 .T4963413 2008]

Week 8: Encounters with China

Assignments

Chronology: Moments in Chinese Historiography

Film: Red River Valley (Hong He Gu), 2003, Screen via Moodle, 120 mins. **Content Notes: some graphic scenes of fictional battle violence.

Tues Mar 15: Lamas, Emperors and the Rise of the Chinese nation-state

  • Das, Veena and Deborah Poole. State and its Margins, in Veena Das and Deborah Poole, eds., Anthropology in the Margins of the State, 2004. (e-reserve, book reserve). [GN492 .A5923 2004]
  • Tuttle, Gray. Introduction, Chs 1-2 (pp 1-66). Tibetan Buddhists in the making of modern China. New York : Columbia University Press, c2005. (bookstore, book reserve). [DS786 .T866 2005]

Thurs Mar 17: Chinese Modernist Claims and Tibetan Resistance

  • Bstan-ʼdzin-rgya-mtsho, Dalai Lama XIV. Ch.s 3-7 (focus on ch.s 3, 5 and 6, skim rest).  Freedom in exile : the autobiography of the Dalai Lama. [San Francisco, Calif.] : HarperPerennial, 1991, c1990 (1st HarperPerennial ed). (bookstore, book reserve). [BQ7935.B777 A3 1991]
  • Powers, John. pp. 101-140. History as Propaganda: Tibetan Exiles versus the People's Republic of China. Oxford. 2004. (e-reserve, bookstore, book reserve). [DS786 .P68 2004]
  • Tsering Shakya. Appendix 1: 17-pt agreement. in The Dragon in the Land of Snows. Columbia Univ Press. 1999. (e-reserve). [DS786 .T77 2000]

Take home midterm due Monday, Mar 21, 5 pm, Moodle upload

Spring Break: Mar. 21-25

Films

Links

Maps

  • Qing Empire c. 1820
  • Nationalist China 1928-1937 (blue areas under direct KMT control).
  • Sino-Japanese war (1931/37-1945) (purple areas under Japanese control in 1940.)
  • The Eurasian Steppe and neighboring regions in the mid-seventeenth century: View - HiRes
    • p.xi in Sneath, David. The Headless State: Aristocratic Orders, Kinship Society, and Misrepresentations of Nomadic Inner Asia. New York: Columbia University Press, 2007. [DS329.4 .S64 2007]
  • Amdo - The Eastern Regions of Tibet, C.A. 1800: View - HiRes
  • Map 2 ICT - Contemporary Tibetan Regions: View - HiRes
  • Map 4 ICT - 8th Century Borders: View - HiRes
  • Map 5 ICT - 17th Century Borders: View - HiRes
  • Map 6 ICT - 19th Century Borders: View - HiRes
  • Map 8 ICT - PLA routes: View - HiRes
  • Shakya - PLA invasion: View - HiRes
  • NE Amdo Map Ocean Annals: View - HiRes
  • Eastern Tibet (1725-1950): View - HiRes
    • p.xxx in Smith, Warren. Tibetan Nation: a History of Tibetan Nationalism and Sino-Tibetan Relations. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1996. [DS786 .S56 1996]
  • Sino-Indian Conflict: Chinese Claims: View - HiRes
    • p.xviii in Tsering Shakya. The Dragon in the Land of Snows. Columbia Univ Press. 1999. [DS786 .T77 2000]

Further Reading

Tibet and Imperial China

  • Akester, Matthew. 2008. Review of A History of Modern Tibet, Volume 2: The Calm before the Storm, 1951-55, by Melvyn C. Goldstein. Journal of the International Association of Tibetan Studies (4). [JIATS online - PDF]
  • Goldstein, Melvyn C. 2009 (unpublished). Response to M. Akester's review of "A History of Modern Tibet, Volume Two". [Word doc]
  • Rossabi, Morris.  "Introduction," Morris Rossabi, Ed., China Among Equals: The Middle Kingdom and its Neigbors, 10-14th Centuries, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983. (12 pp) [DS750.82 .C46 1983]
  • Harrell, Stevan.  "Civilizing Projects and the Reaction to Them," in Cultural Encounters on China's Ethnic Frontiers.  Seattle: Univ. of Washington Press, 1995. [GN635.C5 C85 1995]
  • Buddhism Between Tibet and China (Studies in Indian and Tibetan Buddhism), Matthew Kapstein, ed. Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2009. [chapters by Tuttle and Zablocki on Han/Taiwan patronage, Jagou, others on 13th DL and other lamas in China] [BQ626 .B825 2009]
  • Jagou, Fabienne. A Pilgrim's Progress: The Peregrinations of the 6th Panchen Lama, reprinted in Alex Mckay, ed. The History of Tibet, vol III: The Modern Period 1895-1959 Encounter with Modernity.  London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003. [DS785 .H67 2003]
  • Patricia Berger. 2003. Empire of Emptiness: Buddhist Art and Political Authority in Qing China [N8193.C6 B47 2003]
  • Hevia, James.  Ch. 2 "A Multitude of Lords: The Qing Empire, Manchu Rulership, and Interdomainal Relations," in Cherishing Men from Afar: Qing Guest Ritual and the Macartney Embassy of 1793.  Durham: Duke University Press, 1995. (27 pp.) [DS740.5.G5 H48 1995]
  • Hevia, James. 1993. Lamas, Emperors and Rituals: Political Implications in Qing Imperial Ceremonies. Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies 16(2). [Summit]
  • Hostetler, Laura.  Qing colonial enterprise : ethnography and cartography in early modern China.  Chicago : University of Chicago Press, c2001. [GN635.C5 H67 2001]
  • Wang, Xiangyun. "The Qing Court's Tibet Connection: Lcang skya Rol pa'i rdo rje and the Qianlong Emperor," Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 60, no. 1 (June 2000), pp. 125-63. [JSTOR]
  • Mala, Guilaine. A Mahayanist Rewriting of the History of China by mgon po skyabs in the rgya nag chos 'byung, in Cuevas, Bryan and Kurtis Schaeffer, eds. 2006. Power, Politics and the Reinvention of Tradition: Tibet in the 17th and 18th centuries. Brill. [DS785 .I66 2003]
  • Illich, Marina. Imperial Stooge or Emissary to the dge lugs Throne? Rethinking the Biographies of Chankya Rolpe Dorje, in Cuevas, Bryan and Kurtis Schaeffer, eds. 2006. Power, Politics and the Reinvention of Tradition: Tibet in the 17th and 18th centuries. Brill. [DS785 .I66 2003]
  • Tsyrempilov, Nikolay. Dge lugs pa Divided: Some Aspects of the Political Role of Tibetan Buddhism in the Expansion of the Qing Dynasty, Cuevas, Bryan and Kurtis Schaeffer, eds. 2006. Power, Politics and the Reinvention of Tradition: Tibet in the 17th and 18th centuries. Brill. [DS785 .I66 2003]
  • Cuevas, Bryan and Kurtis Schaeffer, eds. 2006. Power, Politics and the Reinvention of Tradition: Tibet in the 17th and 18th centuries. Brill. [Illich, Pomplun, Tsyrempilov, Tuttle on Qing-lama interactions;] [DS785 .I66 2003]

Early Modern Sino-Tibetan Relations

  • Peng Wenbin. Frontier Process, Provincial Politics and Movements for Khampa Autonomy during the Republican Period. Epstein, ed, Khams pa Histories: Visions of People, Place and Authority. Brill, 2002. [DS797.82.C47 I58 2002]
  • Sperling, Eliot.  (1976). "The Chinese Venture in K'am, 1904-1911," reprinted in Alex Mckay, ed. The History of Tibet, vol III: The Modern Period 1895-1959 Encounter with Modernity.  London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003. [DS785 .H67 2003]
  • Questions 12-18, Blondeau, Anne-Marie and Katia Buffetrille, eds.  2008.  Authenticating Tibet: Answers to China's 100 Questions.  Berkeley: University of California Press. [DS786 .T4963413 2008]
  • Tsering Shakya. Chs 1-6, The Dragon in the Land of Snows. Columbia Univ Press. 1999. [DS786 .T77 2000]
  • Kapstein. Ch. 9 Tibet in the Modern World, The Tibetans. Blackwell, 2006 Powers Ch. 3 Reinventing China, History as Propaganda: Tibetan Exiles versus the People's Republic of China. Oxford. 2004. [DS786 .P68 2004]
  • Goldstein, Melvyn. Ch. 2, 7-10, 11-21, A History of Modern Tibet 1913-1951: The Demise of the Lamaist State. 1989. [DS786 .G635 1989]
  • Smith, Warren. Ch.s 1, 2, 9, 10. Tibetan Nation: a History of Tibetan Nationalism and Sino-Tibetan Relations. 1996. [DS786 .S56 1996]
  • Smith, Warren. 2008. Ch. 2, Tibet Under Chinese Communist Rule, China's Tibet? Autonomy or Assimilation.  Rowman & Littlefield. [DS786 .S557 2008]
  • Herberer, Old Tibet a Hell on Earth? Dodin and Rather, Imagining Tibet [DS785.A1 I45 2001]

The CIA and Tibetan Resistance

  • Conboy, Kenneth and James Morrison. 2002. The CIA's secret war in Tibet.  Kansas. [E183.8.T55 C66 2002]
  • Jamyang Norbu. The Tibetan Resistance Movement and the Role of the CIA. (Resistance and Reform) reprinted in Alex Mckay, ed. The History of Tibet, vol III: The Modern Period 1895-1959 Encounter with Modernity.  London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003. [DS785 .H67 2003]
  • Dunham, Mike. 2004. Buddha's Warriors: The story of the CIA-backed Tibetan Freedom fighters, the Chinese Communist Invasion and the ultimate fall of Tibet. Tarcher. [Summit]
  • Knaus, John. 1999. Orphans of the Cold war: America and the Tibetan Struggle for Survival. [Summit]
  • McGranahan,  Carole. 2006. "Tibet's Cold war: The CIA and the Chushi Gangdrug Resistance, 1956-1974." Journal of Cold War Studies 8(3): 102-130. [Link]

Week 9: China's Tibet

Assignments

Chronology: The Maoist Years and the Rise of the PRC

Film: Distorted Propaganda, 2006, Screen via Moodle, (63 mins)

Tues Mar 29: Official Chinese views of Socialist Transformation

  • Panchen Lama. Selected Appendices. A Poisoned Arrow: The Secret Report of the 10th Panchen Lama. Tibet Information Network.1997. (e-reserve, book reserve) [DS740.5.T5 B75 1997]
  • Herberer, Old Tibet a Hell on Earth? Dodin and Rather, eds., Imagining Tibet. Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2001. (bookstore, book reserve). [DS785.A1 I45 2001]

Thurs Mar 31: Tibetan views of Socialist Transformation

  • Khetsun, Tubten. 2007. preface, ch. 1, chs. 13-22; (~83 pp) (Matthew Akester, trans.) Memories of Life in Lhasa under Chinese Rule. Columbia. (bookstore, book reserve). [Catalog] **Content Notes: some graphic description of state violence.

Films

Films in Reed library:

  • China on the march: [China 1949-1958], 130 mins., 1958?
    Indian producer/director Mohan Bhavani and his wife Enakshi Bhavani
    toured 12,000 miles of China at the invitation of the China-India Friendship Association. Includes views of several cities and cultural events.
  • China: the cold red war, 70 mins, c. 1960s
    [Includes films "Truth and Slande"r and "Beware Maoism"] The ideological battles between the US and the USSR were nothing compared to the fierce and hostile intercommunistic battles between the Soviet sUnion and The People's Republic of China. This Soviet film is a dramatic example of the power of propaganda filmmaking. Complete with eerie sound effects, these government-made films portray a China constantly preparing to fight for world domination and an imperialist dictator--Chairman Mao
  • The great advancement of Mao Tse-Tung's thought (Mao's little red video), 52 min., c. 1960s
    Chinese govt. propaganda film captured by American intelligence in the late 1960's. This film depicts PRC atomic and nuclear bomb testing in the 1960's. The philosophy of Chairman Mao and the good of the mission is emphasized throughout the film.
  • Lian ai ji jie (The season for love), 100 min, 1988.
    Chinese feature film with English subtitles produced in Inner Mongolia. During the Cultural Revolution a female graduate student from Beijing was sent down to a sheep farming area in Inner Mongolia and fell in love with a local boy. Compare to Xiu Xiu the Sentdown Girl for portrayal of sexualized Han-minority relations.
  • Furong zhen (Hibiscus town), 126 mins, 1989.
    Acclaimed feature film, Chinese with English subtitles. Story of a couple who sells rice beancurd for a living. During the "four clean-ups" movement of 1964, they are classified as new rich peasants: their house is confiscated and the husband is driven to suicide. After the Cultural Revolution, the wife falls in love with a rightist and almost dies when having a difficult delivery of their baby
  • Mao Zedong di gu shi (The story of Mao Zedong), 145 min, 1990
    Chinese film with English subtitles. This film in two volumes portrays Mao Zedong's life from the 1940s to the 1970s. By dramatising interviews with people who had personal contact with Mao, and presenting anecdotes from his biographies, the life of the Chinese leader is presented from various angles.
  • The Mao years, 1949-1976, 120 mins., 1994.
  • Art in the Cultural Revolution: Establishment of a New Age, 33 min., 1997
    Examines the Communist Party's rigorously enforced art policies during China's Cultural Revolution from 1966-1976, when pictorial artists were given strict aesthetic guidelines for the production of works designed to promote the ideology and imagery of Mao Zedong's vision of a new society. Through a detailed study of paintings, posters and operas- from their color scheme and their treatment of light and shadow, to the bodily poses and facial expressions ... - the video reveals how artists were politically mobilized under the guidance of Mao's wife, Jiang Qing, to promote an ideology of revolutionary purity

Maps

  • Amdo - The Eastern Regions of Tibet, C.A. 1800: View - HiRes
  • Map 2 ICT - Contemporary Tibetan Regions: View - HiRes
  • Map 4 ICT - 8th Century Borders: View - HiRes
  • Map 5 ICT - 17th Century Borders: View - HiRes
  • Map 6 ICT - 19th Century Borders: View - HiRes
  • Map 8 ICT - PLA routes: View - HiRes
  • Shakya - PLA invasion: View - HiRes
  • NE Amdo Map Ocean Annals: View - HiRes
  • Eastern Tibet (1725-1950): View - HiRes
    • p.xxx in Smith, Warren. Tibetan Nation: a History of Tibetan Nationalism and Sino-Tibetan Relations. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1996. [DS786 .S56 1996]
  • Sino-Indian Conflict: Chinese Claims: View - HiRes
    • p.xviii in Tsering Shakya. The Dragon in the Land of Snows. Columbia Univ Press. 1999. [DS786 .T77 2000]
  • Current Political Divisions: View - HiRes
    • p.xxxi in Smith, Warren. Tibetan Nation: a History of Tibetan Nationalism and Sino-Tibetan Relations. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1996. [DS786 .S56 1996]

Further Reading

  • Panchen Lama. A Poisoned Arrow: The Secret Report of the 10th Panchen Lama. Tibet Information Network.1997. [DS740.5.T5 B75 1997]
  • Tsering Shakya. Chs 5-14, Postscript. The Dragon in the Land of Snows. Columbia Univ Press. 1999. [DS786 .T77 2000]
  • Smith, Warren. 2008. Chs. 3-7, China's Tibet? Autonomy or Assimilation.  Rowman & Littlefield. [DS786 .S557 2008]
  • Goldstein, Melvyn 2007. A history of modern Tibet, volume 2, the calm before the storm, 1951-55. UC Press. [DS786 .G635 2007]
  • Akester, Matthew. 2008. Review of A History of Modern Tibet, Volume 2: The Calm before the Storm, 1951-55, by Melvyn C. Goldstein. Journal of the International Association of Tibetan Studies (4). [JIATS online - PDF]
  • Goldstein, Melvyn C. 2009 (unpublished). Response to M. Akester's review of "A History of Modern Tibet, Volume Two". [Word doc]
  • Goldstein, Melvyn et al. 2009. On the Cultural Revolution in Tibet: The Nyemo Incident of 1969. UC press. [DS786 .G6356 2009]
    • Makley, Charlene. Review of Goldstein et al, The China Journal 2009.
  • Goldstein, Melvyn. 1999. The Snow Lion and the Dragon: China, Tibet and the Dalai Lama. UC Press. [DS786 .G636 1997]
  • Woeser. Forbidden Memory: Tibet During the Cultural Revolution. Locus Publishing, Taiwan, 2006. [ordered for Reed lib]
  • Smith, Warren. Ch.s 11-14. Tibetan Nation: a History of Tibetan Nationalism and Sino-Tibetan Relations. 1996. [DS786 .S56 1996]
  • Dreyer, June. China's Forty Millions, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1976 [DS730 .D73]
  • Dreyer, June. "The Radical Experiment and Its Background, 1956-1958,"China's Forty Millions: Minority Nationalities and National Integration in the People's Republic of China. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1976. (see me)
  • Ginsburgs, George and Michael Mathos. Communist China and Tibet: The First Dozen Years. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1964.
  • White, Lynn. Ch. 1 "What the Cultural Revolution Was, and Why it Happened," in Policies of Chaos: The Organizational Causes of Violence in China's Cultural Revolution. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989. (47 pp).
  • Herberer, Thomas. China and Its National Minorities: Autonomy or Assimilation? Armonk: M.E. Sharpe, Inc., 1989. [DS730 .H4213 1989]
  • Herberer, Thomas. Ch. 2 "The Cultural Revolution and the Ethnic Minorities" in China and Its National Minorities: Autonomy or Assimilation? New York: M.E. Sharpe, 1989. (6 pp.)
  • Parts 2, 3, 5-7. Blondeau, Anne-Marie and Katia Buffetrille, eds.  2008.  Authenticating Tibet: Answers to China's 100 Questions.  Berkeley: University of California Press. [DS786 .T4963413 2008]
  • Dawa Norbu. 2001. China's Tibet Policy. RoutledgeCurzon. [Summit]
  • Kelly, Kelly, Gert Bastian and Pat Aiello, eds. The Anguish of Tibet. Parallax Press, 1991. [Summit]
  • Safran, William (Ed.). Nationalism and Ethnoregional Identities in China. London: Frank Cass, 1998. [Summit]
  • Avedon, John. In Exile from the Land of the Snows. [Summit]
  • Schein, Louisa. Minority Rules: The Miao and the Feminine in China's Cultural Politics. Durham: Duke Univ. Press, 2000. DS731.M5 S3 2000
  • Harris, Clare. Ch.s 4, 5, on Chinese rep of Tibetans
  • Fei Xiaotong.  "Ethnic Identification in China," in Toward a People's Anthropology, Beijing: New World Press, 1981. (17 pp). [Summit]
  • PRC State Council.  White Paper: "National Minorities Policy and Its Practice in China".  (Available on-line: http://www.china.org.cn/e-white/4/index.htm)
  • Sautman, Barry and June Dreyer. Introduction: the Tibet Question in Contemporary Perspective. in Sautman and Dreyer, eds. Contemporary Tibet: Politics, Development and Society in a Disputed Region. M.E. Sharpe, 2006. [DS786 .C64 2006]
  • Barnett, Robert. Beyond the Collaborator-Martyr Model: Strategies of Compliance, Opportunism, and Opposition Within Tibet. in Sautman and Dreyer, eds. Contemporary Tibet: Politics, Development and Society in a Disputed Region. M.E. Sharpe, 2006. [DS786 .C64 2006]
  • Tsering Shakya, foreword, and stories by Chinese authors (Ma Yuan, Ma Jian), Batt, ed. Tales of Tibet: Sky Burials, Prayer Wheels, & Wind Horses. 2001. [GR337 .T34 2001]

Tibetan Autobiographies of the Maoist Years

  • Makley, Charlene. (2005).  "Speaking Bitterness: Autobiography, History and Mnemonic Politics on the Sino-Tibetan Frontier,"Comparative Studies in Society and History
  • Pema Bhum. Translated by Lauran Hartley. Six Stars With a Crooked Neck: Tibetan Memoirs of the Cultural Revolution. (My office).
  • Ama Adhe (with Joy Blakeslee). Ch.s 5-8, Ama Adhe, the Voice That Remembers : The Heroic Story of a Woman's Fight to Free Tibet . Wisdom Publications, 1997.
  • Goldstein et al. 2006. A Tibetan revolutionary: the political life and times of Baba Phuntso Wangye. UC Press. [DS786 .G637 2004]
  • Goldstein, Siebenschuh and Tashing Tsering. The Struggle for Modern Tibet: The Autobiography of Tashi Tsering. NY: ME Sharpe, 1997. ch 7-10 (49 pp).
  • Dawa Norbu.  Red Star Over Tibet. New Delhi: Sterling Publishers, 1987. [DS786 .D38 1974]
  • Dhondup Choedon.  Life in the Red Flag People's Commune. Dharamsala: Information Office of H.H. the Dalai Lama, 1978. (My office). [Summit]

Week 10: Globalizing Tibetan environment and development

Assignments

Film: Yartsa Rinpoche: Precious Caterpillar, 2009, 89 mins., Screen online via Moodle.

Class Event Monday Apr 4, 4:30-6 pm, psych 105: Panel on Yartsa Rinpoche with filmmaker Cenaktshang Dorje Tshering and Emily Yeh

Tues Apr 5 : Green Tibetans?

  • Huber. Green Tibetans: a Brief Social History. in Korom, ed. Tibetan culture in the Diaspora. 1997. (e-reserve). [DS786 .I58 1995]
  • Yeh, Emily. 2014. The rise and fall of the Green Tibetan. Mapping Shangri-la. (ereserve)
  • Craig, Sienna. Introduction. Healing Elements: Efficacy and the Social Ecologies of Tibetan Medicine. Univ of CA press, 2012. (e-reserve, bookstore, book reserve).

Thurs Apr 7: Marketing Green Tibet as Medicine

  • Craig, Sienna. Craig, Sienna. Ch. 4 (SKIM), Chs 5-6 (READ) (p. 112-214). Healing Elements: Efficacy and the Social Ecologies of Tibetan Medicine. Univ of CA press, 2012. (e-reserve, bookstore, book reserve).

Films

Youtube

Relevant Films in Reed Library

  • China on the march [videorecording] : [China 1949-1958]; [S.l.] : MB Productions, [1958?] ; [s.l.] : Ergo Media, [1990?] 1 videocassette (130 min.)
  • China, unleashing the dragon [videorecording] / series producer, Richard Hall; New York : First Run/Icarus Films, 1995 4 videocassettes (203 min.)
  • China [videorecording] : beyond the clouds / photographed, directed and produced by Phil Agland ;[Washington, D.C.] : National Geographic Society, c1994 2 videocassettes (240 min.)
  • China Rises [HC427.92 .C4644485 2006 DVD]
  • Leaving fear behind [videorecording] / produced by Filming for Tibet ; [directed by Dhondrup Wangchen [Zurich, Switzerland : Filming for Tibet, 2009?] 1 videodisc (ca. 25 min.) (filmed undercover in Amdo regions during the run-up to the Beijing Olympics, the filmmaker is currently in prison).
  • Kekexili (Mountain Patrol), 2006, 89 mins. [PN1995.9.A5 K45 2006 DVD]

Links

News and Blogs on Tibet and Environment issues

Art and Music Media on Tibet Environment Issues

Maps

Tibetan Plateau (Ecological Regions): View - HiRes

  • p.xxviii in Smith, Warren. Tibetan Nation: a History of Tibetan Nationalism and Sino-Tibetan Relations. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1996. [DS786 .S56 1996]

Further Reading

General Tibet Development Issues

  • (Skim) "Tibet's Environment and Development Issues," Tibetan Government in Exile White paper. http://www.tibet.net/en/index.php?id=85&rmenuid=11
  • (Skim) "II. Tibet's Modernization Achievements" in PRC State Council White Paper:  "Tibet's March Toward Modernization," Nov. 2001. http://www.china.org.cn/e-white/20011108/3.htm
  • Escobar, Arturo.  Ch. 1 "Introduction: Development and the Anthropology of Modernity," Encountering development : the making and unmaking of the Third World. Princeton, 1995. (30 pp) [HD75 .E73 1994]
  • Norberg-Hodge. Tibetan Culture as a Model of Ecological Sustainability. Dodin and Rather, eds., Imagining Tibet. Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2001. (bookstore, book reserve). [DS785.A1 I45 2001]
  • Vigoda, Marcy.  "Religious and Socio-Cultural Restraints on Environmental Degradation among Tibetan Peoples--Myth or Reality" Tibet Journal, vol. 14, 4, 1989. [Summit]
  • Huber, Toni. Ch. 11 "Culture, Nature and Economy Around a Holy Mountain," The Cult of Pure Crystal Mountain: Popular Pilgrimage and Visionary Landscape in Southeast Tibet. Oxford. 1999. (book reserve). [BL1945.T5 H83 1999]
  • Huber, Toni.  "Traditional Environmental Protectionism in Tibet Reconsidered," Tibet Journal 16(3), 1991. (10 pp) [Summit
  • Clark. Tradition, Modernity and Environmental Change. Dodin and Rather, Imagining Tibet. [DS785.A1 I45 2001]
  • Dreyer, June. Economic Development in Tibet under the People's Republic of China. Sautman, Barry and June Dreyer, eds. Contemporary Tibet: Politics, development and society in a disputed Region. M. E Sharpe. 2006. [BQ7590 .B84 1998]
  • Sautman, Barry and Irene Eng. 2001. "Tibet: Development for whom?" China Information  15(2):20-74. [PDF link]
  • Fisher, Andrew. Intro and Conclusion. State Growth and Social Exclusion in Tibet. 2005. [HC428.T48 F57 2005]
  • Wang Xiaoqiang and Bai Nanfeng. The Poverty of Plenty (Furao de Pinkun), translated by Angela Knox, New York: St. Martin's Press, 1991. [HC427.92 .W37713 1991]
  • Wang Xiaoqiang. The Dispute Between the Tibetans and the Han: When Will it be Solved? in Barnett, ed. Resistance and Reform in Tibet, 1994. [DS785.A1 R47 1994]
  • Tibet Information Network 2002. Mining Tibet: Mineral exploration in Tibetan areas of the PRC. pp. 7-36, (preface and Chapter 1, Policy and objectives) and Chapter 5, Environmental issues, pp. 147-180 and Chapter 6, "Costs and benefits" pp. 18 206 [HD9506.C63 T6 2002]
  • Goodman, David S.G, ed. 2004. The Campaign to 'Open up the West': National, provincial-level and local perspectives. China Quarterly Series Special No. 5, Cambridge UniversityPress. [Link]
  • PRC State Council.  White Paper:  "Tibet's March Toward Modernization," Nov. 2001.  (available on-line: http://www.chinaguide.org/e-white/20011108/index.htm)
  • Tibetan Govt. in Exile. "Height of Darkness: Chinese Colonialism on the World's Roof," Dec. 2001.  (available on line: http://www.tibet.net/en/index.php?id=129&rmenuid=11)
  • Yeh, Emily. 2007. Tibetan indigeneity: Translations, Resemblances, and Uptake. in Cadena and Starn, eds. Indigenous Experience Today. Berg. [GN380 .I523 2007]
  • Yeh and Henderson. Interpreting Urbanization in Tibet: Administrative Scales and Discourses of Modernization. Journal of the International Association of Tibetan Studies. Issue 4, December 2008. [Abstract]
  • Tibet Information Network. China's Great Leap West : [a report], London, 2000. [DS777.56 .C45 2000]
  • Tibetan Govt. in Exile. "Guidelines For International Development Projects And Sustainable Investment In Tibet". (Available on-line: http://www.tibet.com/aidTibet.html)
  • Parts 8, 9. in Blondeau, Anne-Marie and Katia Buffetrille, eds.  2008.  Authenticating Tibet: Answers to China's 100 Questions.  Berkeley: University of California Press. [DS786 .T4963413 2008]

Case Studies

  • Barnett and Schwartz, eds. Tibetan Modernities. Brill. Articles by Costello, Yeh, Feldj. [HN740.T55 I58 2003]
  • Clarke, Graham.  "Socio-Economic Change and the Environment in a Pastoral Area of Lhasa Municipality," in Clarke, ed., Development, Society and Environment in Tibet.  Proceedings of the 7th Seminar of the International Association for Tibetan Studies, Graz, (1995), Wien 1998. (20 pp) [DS785.A1 D4 1997]
  • Fischer, Andrew. The Muslim Cook, the Tibetan Client, His Lama and Their Boycott: Modern Religious Discourses of Anti-Muslim Economic Activism in Amdo, in Pirie and Huber, eds., Conflict and Social Order in Tibet and Inner Asia. Brill. 2008. (A rare look at Tib-Hui conflict) [HN670.22.A8 C66 2008]
  • Yeh, Emily. Tropes of Indolence and the Cultural Politics of Development in Lhasa, Tibet. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 97(3), 2007. [Summit]
  • Yeh, Emily. 2008. "Modernity, Memory and Agricultural Modernisation in Central Tibet, 1950-1980," in Barnett and Schwartz, eds., Tibetan Modernities. [HN740.T55 I58 2003]
  • Yeh, Emily. From Wasteland to Wetland? Nature and Nation in China's Tibet. Environmental History 14 (January), 2009. [mtsho glang and wetland engineering]. [Catalog]
  • Huber, Toni, ed. Sacred Spaces and Powerful Places in Tibetan Culture. 1999. [essays by Stuchbury, Buffetrille, Huber, Diemberger, Pommaret on land, pilgrimage, tamings]. [Summit]
  • Essays on Amdo dev in Toni Huber, ed. Amdo Tibetans in Transition. 2000. [DS731.A53 I58 2000]
  • Lustgarten, Abrahm. 2008. China's Great Train: Beijing's Drive West and the Campaign to Remake Tibet. Times Books. [Catalog]
  • Hu, Xiaojiang. 2003. The Little shops in Lhasa, Tibet: Migrant businesses and the formation of markets in a transitional economy. PhD Dissertation, Harvard University. [Summit]
  • Makley, Charlene. 2006.  "Competing conversions: Gendered development encounters among Tibetans in Qinghai."  AAS annual meeting, paper.
  • Makley, Charlene. 2009. "The Politics of Presence: Voice, Deity Possession, and Dilemmas of Development Among Tibetans in the PRC." (unpub. manuscript).
  • Wang, Shiyong. 2007. "The failure of education in preparing Tibetans for market participation." Asian Ethnicity 8(2): 131-148. [Summit]

Rangeland Management

  • Yeh, Emily. 2005.  "Green governmentality and pastoralism in western China: 'Converting pastures to Grasslands'" Nomadic Peoples. 9(1): 9-30. Online (Academic Search Premier)
  • Yan, Zhaoli, Wu Ning, Yeshi Dorji and Ru Jia. 2005 9(1-2). "A review of rangeland privatization  and its implications in the Tibetan Plateau, China." Nomadic Peoples. pp 31-51. Online (Academic Search Premier).
  • Bauer, Ken. 2005. "Development and the enclosure movement in the Tibet Autonomous Region since the 1980s" Nomadic Peoples 9:85-115. Online (Academic Search Premier).
  • Goldstein, Melvyn. 1991. "Change and continuity in nomadic pastoralism on the Western Tibetan Plateau." Nomadic Peoples 28:105-23. [Summit]
  • Harris, Richard. 2007.  Wildlife conservation in China: Preserving the habitat of China's wild west. M.E. Sharpe. Chapter 2, "China's Wild West: Geography is destiny" pp. 20-57. [Summit]
  • Yan, Zhaoli, Wu Ning, Yeshi Dorji and Ru Jia. 2005 9(1-2). "A review of rangeland privatization  and its implications in the Tibetan Plateau, China." Nomadic Peoples. pp 31-51. [Summit]
  • Bauer, Ken. 2005. "Pastoral development and the enclosure movement in the Tibet Autonomous Region since the 1980s" Nomadic Peoples 9:85-115. [Summit]
  • Foggin, Marc. 2008. "Depopulating the Tibetan grasslands: The role of national policies and perspectives for the future of Tibetan herders, Qinghai Province, China." Mountain Research and Development 28(1): 26-3. [Catalog]
  • Klein, Julia, et al. "Synchronizing environmental and climate change adaptation policy in resource-dependent communities: a case study from the Tibetan Plateau"
  • Banks, Tony. 2003. "Property Rights Reform in Rangeland China:: Dilemmas On the Road to the Household Ranch"  World Development, 31(12): 2129-2142. [Link]
  • Bauer, Ken. 2007. Land use, common property and development among pastoralists in Central Tibet (1884-2004). PhD dissertation, Oxford.
  • Clarke, Graham (ed.) 1998. Development, Society, and Environment in Tibet. Papers Presented at a Panel of the 7th International Association for Tibetan Studies, Graz 1995. [DS785.A1 D4 1997]
  • Ekvall, Robert. 1983. Fields on the Hoof: Nexus of Tibetan nomadic pastoralism.  Waveland Press. [DS786 .E4 1968]
  • Goldstein, Melvyn and Cynthia M. Beall. 1990. Nomads of Western Tibet: The survival of a way of life. UC Press. [Summit]
  • Goldstein, Melvyn and Cynthia M. Beall. 1991. "Change and Continuity in Nomadic Pastoralism on the Western Tibetan Plateau". Nomadic Peoples 28 :105-122. [Summit]
  • Klein, Julia A., J. Harte & X.Q. Zhao. (2007) Experimental warming, not grazing, decreases rangeland quality on the Tibetan Plateau. Ecological Applications 17(2): 541–557. [Catalog]
  • Klein Julia A., J. Harte & X.Q. Zhao. (2004) Experimental warming causes large and rapid species loss, dampened by simulated grazing, on the Tibetan Plateau. Ecology Letters 7(12): 1170-1179. [Summit]
  • Levine, Nancy E. 1999. "Cattle and the Cash Economy: Responses to Change among Tibetan Pastoralists in Sichuan, China," Human Organization, Vol. 58(2):161-172. [Catalog]
  • Miller, Daniel J. 2000. "Tough times for nomads in western China: Snowstorms, settling down, fences and the demise of traditional nomadic pastoralism."  Nomadic Peoples 4(1): 83-109. [Summit]
  • Richard, Camille. 2005 . "Developing Alternatives to resettlement for pastoralists on the Tibetan Plateau. Nomadic Peoples 9(1). [Summit]
  • Schaller, G. B.1998.  Wildlife of the Tibetan Steppe. The University of Chicago Press, 1998. [Summit]
  • Williams, Dee Mack. 2002. Beyond Great Walls: Environment, Identity and Development on the Chinese Grasslands of Inner Mongolia. Stanford University Press. [GF657.C6 W55 2002]
  • Yeh, Emily T. 2003. "Tibetan range wars: Spatial politics and authority on the grasslands of Amdo." Development and Change. 34(3):499-523. [Summit]

Week 11: The Dilemmas of Exile

Assignments

Film: We're No Monks, 2004, Screen online via Moodle, 129 mins [Catalog]

Tues Apr 12: New Lives and Spaces

  • Bstan-ʼdzin-rgya-mtsho, Dalai Lama XIV. Chs. 8-11. Freedom in exile : the autobiography of the Dalai Lama. [San Francisco, Calif.] : HarperPerennial, 1991, c1990 (1st HarperPerennial ed). (bookstore, book reserve). [BQ7935.B777 A3 1991]
  • Diehl, Keila. Introduction, Ch. 1 (pp. 1-56). Echoes from Dharamsala: Music in the Life of a Tibetan Refugee Community.  Berkeley: University of California Press. 2002. (e-reserve bookstore, book reserve). [ML338.8.D53 D54 2002]

Thurs Apr 14: Modernities in Exile

  • Diehl, Keila. Ch.s 4-5. Echoes from Dharamsala: Music in the Life of a Tibetan Refugee Community.  Berkeley: University of California Press. 2002. (e-reserve bookstore, book reserve). [ML338.8.D53 D54 2002]

Films

  • Tashi Jong [videorecording] : a traditional Tibetan community in exile / producer-photographer; Berkeley, CA : Tibetan Video Project, c1998
  • Seeds of Tibet [videorecording] : voices of children in exile / produced, directed, and edited by T, Brooklyn, N.Y. : Traveling East Productions, c1997
  • Children of Tibet: the exile generation [Catalog]
  • "Voices in Exile" (2005 documentary on exiled Tibetans)
  • Phörpa [videorecording] = The cup / Fine Line Features and Palm Pictures present a Coffee Stain prod; [United States] : New Line Home Entertainment : Festival Media, c 2007 1 videodisc (94 min.) : sd. (stereo.), col. ; 4 3/4 in.+ 1 folded sheet
  • Lha sa'i mi lam [videorecording] = Dreaming Lhasa / White Crane Films in association with Jeremy Thomas ; a film by Ritu Sarin and Tenzing Sonam ; written by Tenzing Sonam ; produced by Ritu Sarin ; directed by Ritu Sarin and Tenzing Sonam
    Publication Brooklyn, NY : First Run/Icarus Films, [2007?]
  • A song for Tibet [DVD video] / a National Film Board of Canada release ; co-produced by Arcady Films, D.L.I. Productions and the National Film Board of Canada ; directed by Anne Henderson ; written by Anne Henderson, Erna Buffie ; executive producer, Abbey Jack Neidik; Colin Neale; associate producer, Ali Kazimi ; produced by Anne Henderson ... [et al.]
    Publication [Montréal, Québec] : National Film Board of Canada, p2007, c1991
    • A stranger in my native land [videorecording] / White Crane Films ; written and narrated by Tenzing Sonam ; a film by Ritu Sarin and Tenzing Sonam

Links

Diasporic Voices

Contemporary Tibetan Music

Western Tibet Rock

Maps

  • Tibet: View - HiRes
    • pp.4-5 in Bstan-ʼdzin-rgya-mtsho, Dalai Lama XIV. Freedom in exile: the autobiography of the Dalai Lama. San Francisco, Calif.: HarperPerennial, 1991, c1990 (1st HarperPerennial ed). [BQ7935.B777 A3 1991]
  • Tibet and her Neighbours: View - HiRes
    • pp.x-xi in Bstan-ʼdzin-rgya-mtsho, Dalai Lama XIV. Freedom in exile: the autobiography of the Dalai Lama. San Francisco, Calif.: HarperPerennial, 1991, c1990 (1st HarperPerennial ed). [BQ7935.B777 A3 1991]
  • Sino-Indian Conflict: Indian Claims: View - HiRes
    • p.xvii in Tsering Shakya. The Dragon in the Land of Snows. Columbia Univ Press. 1999. [DS786 .T77 2000]
  • Sino-Indian Conflict: Chinese Claims: View - HiRes
    • p.xviii in Tsering Shakya. The Dragon in the Land of Snows. Columbia Univ Press. 1999. [DS786 .T77 2000]

Map of Tibetan Settlements in India, Nepal and Bhutan: View 1 - HiRes 1 / View 2 - HiRes 2From the Central Tibetan Relief Committee

Further Reading

The Dynamics of Tibetan Diasporic Lives

  • Maalki, Lisa.  "National Geographic: The Rooting of Peoples and the Territorialization of National Identity Among Scholars and Refugees," in Gupta and Ferguson, eds.  Culture, Power, Place: Explorations in Critical Anthropology.  Durham: Duke University Press, 1997. [Summit]
  • Shakya, Tsering. 1993 Whither the Tsampa Eaters? Himal Sept-Oct: 8-11
  • Shakya, Tsering 1994. "Introduction: the development of modern Tibetan studies."  in Robert Barnett (ed.) Resistance and Reform in Tibet, Bloomington: University of Indiana Press. [DS785.A1 R47 1994]
  • Kleiger, Christiaan. Tibetan Nationalism.  Berkeley: Folklore Institute, 1992. [Summit]
  • Schwartz, Ronald, "Conclusion: the Dimensions of Tibetan Nationalism," and  "Appendices A-C": excerpt of Tibetan Exile Constitution, Workplans of the Regional Party, and An Urgent Appeal, in Circle of Protest: Political Ritual in the Tibetan Uprising.  New York: Columbia University Press, 1994. [DS786 .S347 1994]
  • Hortsang Jigme. Tibetan Literature in the Diaspora. in Modern Tibetan Literature and Social Change. Duke. 2008. [PL3705 .M626 2008]
  • Anand, Dibyesh. A Guide to Little Lhasa in India: the Role of Symbolic Geography of Dharamsala in Constituting Tibetan Diasporic Identity, in Klieger, ed. Tibet, Self and The Tibetan Diaspora. Brill 2002. [DS785.A1 I58 2000]
  • Klieger. Engendering Tibet: Power, Self and Change in the Diaspora. in Klieger, ed. Tibet, Self and The Tibetan Diaspora. Brill 2002. [DS785.A1 I58 2000]
  • Korom, Frank. Introduction: Place, Space and Identity: the Cultural, Economic and Aesthetic Politics of Tibetan Diaspora. in Korom, ed. Tibetan culture in the Diaspora. 1997. [DS786 .I58 1995]
  • Harris, Clare. The Image of Tibet in Exile. In the Image of Tibet. [N7310 .H37 1999]
  • Kleiger. Shangri-La and Hyperreality: a Collision in Tibetan Refugee Expression. in Korom, ed. Tibetan culture in the Diaspora. 1997. [DS786 .I58 1995]
  • Huber. Shangri la in Exile. Dodin and Rather, Imagining Tibet [DS785.A1 I45 2001]
  • Powers. Conclusion: Another Fine Myth. History as Propaganda: Tibetan Exiles versus the People's Republic of China. Oxford. 2004. [DS786 .P68 2004]
  • Sperling. Orientialism and Aspects of Violence, Dodin and Rather, Imagining Tibet [DS785.A1 I45 2001]
  • Avedon, John. Exile from the Land of the Snows. [Summit]
  • Frechette, Anne. 2007.  "Democracy and democratization among Tibetans in exile." Journal of Asian Studies. 66(1): 97-128. [Link]
  • Yeh, Emily. Exile Meets Homeland: Politics, Performance and Authenticity in the Tibetan Diaspora. in Environment and Planning D: Society and Space. Vol 25. 2007.
  • Yeh, Emily T. and Kunga T. Lama. 2006. "Hip-hop gangsta or most deserving of victims?: Transnational migrant identities  and the paradox of Tibetan racialization in the US."  Environment & Planning A. Vol. 38: 809-829.
  • Yeh, Emily. Will the Real Tibetan Please Stand up! Identity Politics in the Tibetan Diaspora. in Klieger, ed. Tibet, Self and The Tibetan Diaspora. Brill 2002. [DS785.A1 I58 2000]
  • Anand, Dibeysh. 2003. A Contemporary Story of "Diaspora": The Tibetan Version. Diaspora: A journal of transnational studies. 12(2): 211-229. [Link]
  • Frechette, Anne. 2002. Tibetans in Nepal: The dynamics of international assistance among a community in exile. New York: Bergahn Books. [DS493.9.T53 F74 2002]
  • McGranahan, C, 2005, "Truth, Fear and Lies: Exile politics and arrested histories of the Tibetan resistance" Cultural Anthropology 20(4):570-600 [Link]
  • Hess, J M. 2003. Stateless Citizens: culture, nation and identity in the expanding Tibetan diaspora. PhD Dissertation, University of New Mexico [Summit]
  • Zablocki, Abraham. 2005. The Global Mandala: The transnational transformation of Tibetan Buddhism. PhD Dissertation, Cornell. [Summit]

Dilemmas of Tibetan Exile-Westerner Relationships

  • Bob, Clifford.  "Merchants of Morality," Foreign Policy No. 129, Jan-Feb, 2002. (e-reserve)
  • Jamyang Norbu. "The incredible weariness of hope" (a review and scathing response to Patrick French's Tibet, Tibet ) http://www.tibetwrites.org/?The-Incredible-Weariness-of-Hope
  • McLagan, M 1996. "Computing for Tibet: virtual politics in the post-cold war era." in Connected: Engagements with Media. ed. George Marcus, Chicago 1996: 159-194. [Summit]
  • McMillen, L. H. (2001) Tibet in English, English in Tibet: Self-presentation in Tibet and the diaspora. Palgrave. [PR129.C6 M35 2001]

Week 12: Dilemmas of Post-Mao modernities

Assignments

Chronology: The Era of "Recovery": "Reform and Opening Up" in China

Film: Stranger in my Native Land, 1997, Screen via Moodle, 33 mins. [DS786 .S87 1998 video]

Tues Apr 19: Modernization and Protest in Lhasa

  • Barnett. 2006. Ch.s 5-8. Lhasa: Streets with Memories. Columbia University Press, 2006. (bookstore, book reserve). [DS797.82.L537 B37 2006]
  • Schwartz, Ronald. Ch.s 2 and 4. in Circle of Protest: Political Ritual in the Tibetan Uprising. New York: Columbia University Press, 1994. (ereserve, book reserve). [DS786 .S347 1994] **Content Notes: graphic testimonials of state violence and torture of detained Tibetan prisoners.

Thurs Apr 21: Dondrup Gyal and New Tibetan Media 

  • Tsering Shakya. The Development of Modern Tibetan Literature in the People's Republic of China in the 1980s, in Lauran R. Hartley and Patricia Schiaffini-Vedani, eds. Modern Tibetan literature and social change. foreword by Matthew T. Kapstein. Durham : Duke University Press, 2008. (e-reserve, book reserve) [PL3705 .M626 2008]
  • Dhondup Gyal (trans. Tsering Shakya). 1983 "Waterfall of Youth" in Manoa, Volume 12, 2000, Issue 2, 2000. (online JSTOR). http://www.jstor.org/stable/4229861
  • Stirr, Anna. 2008. Blue Lake: Tibetan Popular Music, Place and Fantasies of the Nation. in Barnett and Schwartz, eds. Tibetan Modernities. Brill (e-reserve, book reserve) [HN740.T55 I58 2003]
    • "Blue Lake" lyrics (Tibetan script, transliteration, English - Word doc)

Final Paper Proposal and Annotated Bibliography due Monday, Apr 25, 5 pm, Moodle upload

Films

Links

Lhasa, Modernization and Protest

New Tibetan Media

Maps

Further Reading

Modernity, Conflict and resistance

  • Norbu, Jamyang. "Atrocity and Amnesia: Goldstein and the Revision of Tibetan History," Tibetan Review, May 1992.
  • Yeh, Emily. 2007. Tibetan indigeneity: Translations, Resemblances, and Uptake. in Cadena and Starn, eds. Indigenous Experience Today. Berg. [GN380 .I523 2007]
  • Barnett. Violated Specialness. Dodin and Rather, Imagining Tibet [DS785.A1 I45 2001]
  • Makley, Charlene. 2004. The Body of a Nun: Nunhood and Gender in Contemporary Amdo, In Women in Tibet. Edited by Hanna Havnevik and Janet Gyatso. New York: Columbia University Press. [HQ1769.T55 W66 2005]
  • Makley, Charlene. 2007. The Violence of Liberation: Gender and Tibetan Buddhist Revival in Post-Mao China. University of California Press. [DS786 .M295 2007]
  • Barnett, Robert. Women and Politics in Contemporary Tibet. in Gyatso and Havnevik, eds. Women in Tibet. Columbia. 2005. [HQ1769.T55 W66 2005]
  • Smith, Warren. Ch.s 15, 16. Tibetan Nation: a History of Tibetan Nationalism and Sino-Tibetan Relations. 1996. [DS786 .S56 1996]
  • Karmay, Samten. Mountain Cult and National Identity in Tibet. in The Arrow and the Spindle. Also in Barnett, ed., Resistance and Reform [DS785.A1 R47 1994]
  • Barnett, Robert. Symbols and Protest: the Iconography of Demonstrations in Tibet, 1987-1990. in Barnett, ed. Resistance and Reform in Tibet, 1994. [DS785.A1 R47 1994]
  • Dreyfus, Georges. Tibetan Religious Nationalism: Western Fantasy or Empowering vision? in Klieger, ed. Tibet, Self and The Tibetan Diaspora. Brill 2002. [DS785.A1 I58 2000]
  • Peter Hessler, 1999. 'Tibet through Chinese eyes" Atlantic Online. http://www.theatlantic.com/issues/99feb/tibet.htm
  • Barnett, Robert. Questions 90-100. in Blondeau, Anne-Marie and Katia Buffetrille, eds.  2008.  Authenticating Tibet: Answers to China's 100 Questions.  Berkeley: University of California Press. [DS786 .T4963413 2008]
  • Tibet Information Network:  A Sea of Bitterness: Patriotic Education in Qinghai Monasteries. TIN Briefing Paper 32, 1999. [DS786 .S43 1999]
  • Goldstein, Melvyn. Introduction and Ch. 2: Revival of Monastic Life in Drepung Monastery, in Goldstein and Kapstein, eds. Buddhism in Contemporary Tibet. Univ. of Calif. Press, 1998. [BQ7590 .B84 1998]
  • Germano or Kapstein on revived pilgrimage, new monast. in Goldstein and Kapstein, eds. Buddhism in Contemporary Tibet. Univ. of Calif. Press, 1998. [BQ7590 .B84 1998]
  • Adams, Vincanne. Modernity and the Problem of Secular Morality, in Houben and Schrempf, eds., Figurations of Modernity. [CB357 .F54 2008]
  • Schrempf, Mona. Planning the Modern Tibetan Family. in Houben and Schrempf, eds., Figurations of Modernity. [CB357 .F54 2008]

Modern Tibetan Media

  • Jose Cabezón & Roger Jackson eds. 1996. Tibetan Literature: Studies in Genre. Ithaca: Snow Lion Publications, pp.11-32. [Summit]
  • Hartley and Schiaffini-Vedana. Introduction. in Modern Tibetan Literature and Social Change. Duke. 2008. [PL3705 .M626 2008]
  • Upton, Janet. 2002. "The Politics and Poetics of Sister Drum: 'Tibetan' Music in the Global Marketplace" in Timothy J. Craig and Richard King, eds., Global Goes Local: Popular Culture in Asia Vancouver: UBC Press, pp 99–119. [Summit]
  • Lara Maconi. Lion of the Snowy Mountains: the Tibetan poet Yi dam Tshe ring and his Chinese Poetry. in Klieger, ed. Tibet, Self and The Tibetan Diaspora. Brill 2002. [DS785.A1 I58 2000]
  • Kapstein, Matthew. The Tulku's Miserable Lot: Critical Voices from Eastern Tibet. in Toni Huber, ed. Amdo Tibetans in Transition. 2000 (e-reserve, book reserve) [DS731.A53 I58 2000]
  • Pema Bhum. The Life of Dhondup Gyal: A Shooting Star that Cleaved the Night Sky and Vanished, in Lungta No 9. Two Thousand Years and More of Tibetan Poetry.  Edited by Jamyang Norbu, 1995.
  • Hartley, Lauran. in Toni Huber, ed. Amdo Tibetans in Transition. 2000. [DS731.A53 I58 2000]
  • Chenaktshang Dorje Tshering. Reflections on Tibetan Film. in Barnett and Schwartz, eds. Tibetan Modernities. Brill. [HN740.T55 I58 2003]
  • Tsewang Tashi. Twentieth Century Tibetan Painting. in Barnett and Schwartz, eds. Tibetan Modernities. Brill. [HN740.T55 I58 2003]
  • Rabgey, Tashi. Citizenship as Agency in a Virtual Tibetan Public. in Barnett and Schwartz, eds. Tibetan Modernities. [HN740.T55 I58 2003]Brill.
  • Yangdon Dhondup. Dancing to the Beat of Modernity: the Rise and Development of Tibetan Pop Music. in Barnett and Schwartz, eds. Tibetan Modernities. Brill. [HN740.T55 I58 2003]
  • Essays in Modern Tibetan Literature and Social Change. Duke. 2008. [PL3705 .M626 2008]
  • Stoddard, Heather. Tibetan Publications and National Identity. in Barnett, ed. Resistance and Reform in Tibet, 1994. [DS785.A1 R47 1994]
  • Tsering Shakya. Politicization and the Tibetan Language. in Barnett, ed. Resistance and Reform in Tibet, 1994. [DS785.A1 R47 1994]
  • Kvaerne, Per. The ideological Impact on Tibetan Art. in Barnett, ed. Resistance and Reform in Tibet, 1994. [DS785.A1 R47 1994]
  • Sperling, Elliot. The Rhetoric of Dissent: Tibetan Pamphleteers. in Barnett, ed. Resistance and Reform in Tibet, 1994. [DS785.A1 R47 1994]
  • Robin, Francoise. The Unreal World of Tibetan Free Verse Poetry. in Blezer, ed. Religion and Secular Culture in Tibet. 2002. [DS786 .I485 2000]
  • Adams, Vincanne. 1996. "Karaoke as Modern Lhasa, Tibet: Western Encounters with Cultural Politics" Cultural Anthropology 11 (4), 1996,: 510-546 [JSTOR]

Week 13: (Trans)localizing Tibetan Buddhism

Assignments

Film: Tibet: Cry of the Snow Lion, 2004, Screen via Moodle, 103 mins. [DS786 .T524 20041 DVD]

Tues Apr 26: Buddhism, Tourism and Contested Modernities

  • [OPTIONAL] Bstan-ʼdzin-rgya-mtsho, Dalai Lama XIV. Chs. 14-15. Freedom in exile : the autobiography of the Dalai Lama. [San Francisco, Calif.] : HarperPerennial, 1991, c1990 (1st HarperPerennial ed). (bookstore, book reserve). [BQ7935.B777 A3 1991]
  • [OPTIONAL] Makley, Charlene. Ch. 3 Mother Home: Circumambulation, Femininities and the Ambiguous Mobility of Women, in The Violence of Liberation: Gender and Tibetan Buddhist Revival in Post-Mao China, Univ of CA press, 2007. (e-reserve, bookstore, book reserve).
  • Smyer-Yu, Dan. "Money, Freedom, and the Price of Charismatic Teachings," The Spread of Tibetan Buddhism in China: Charisma, Money, Enlightenment, Routledge, 2013. (ereserve)

Thurs Apr 28: Self-immolation as Translocal Tibetan Buddhist Protest

Final paper due: Friday, May 6, 5 pm, Moodle Upload

Films

Translocal Buddhism

Key Footage on China's Olympic Year

Links

Coverage of Tibetan Unrest 2008

  • High Peaks Pure Earth (Diaspora-based blog providing English translations of Tibetan blogs from inside PRC, including important entries from Woeser).

Timelines

Maps

Coverage and Debates over Beijing Olympics

Further Reading

Translocalizing Tibetan Buddhism

  • Makley, Charlene. (2010). "Minzu, Market and the Mandala: National Exhibitionism and Tibetan Buddhist Revival in Post-Mao China." in Faiths on Display, Timothy Oakes and Donald Sutton, eds. Routledge.
  • Huber, Toni. 2008. The Holy Land Reborn: Pilgrimage and the Tibetan Reinvention of Buddhist India. University of Chicago Press.Lopez, Donald. 1998. Prisoners of Shangri-La: Tibetan Buddhism and the West. University of Chicago Press. [BQ7604 .L66 1998]
  • McLagan, M. Mystical visions in Manhattan: Deploying Culture in the Year of Tibet, in Korom, ed. Tibetan culture in the Diaspora. 1997. [DS786 .I58 1995]
  • Moran, Peter. Chs. 3-4 (pp. 34-85). Buddhism Observed: travelers, exiles and Tibetan Dharma in Kathmandu. New York : RoutledgeCurzon, 2004. . [BQ384 .M67 2004]
  • Zablocki, Abraham. The Taiwanese Connection: Politics, Piety, and Patronage in Transnational Tibetan Buddhism. Buddhism Between Tibet and China (Studies in Indian and Tibetan Buddhism), Matthew Kapstein, ed. Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2009. [BQ626 .B825 2009]
  • Brauen, Martin. Dreamworld Tibet. [DS786 .B7113 2004]
  • Schell, Orvill. Virtual Tibet: Searching for Shangri-La From the Himalayas to Hollywood.  New York: Metropolitan Books, 2000. [DS786 .S295 2000]
  • Lopez, Donald. Foreigner at the Lama's Feet. reprinted in Alex Mckay, ed. The History of Tibet, vol III: The Modern Period 1895-1959 Encounter with Modernity.  London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003 [DS785 .H67 2003]
  • French, Patrick. 2004. Tibet, Tibet: A personal history of a lost land. Harper Perennial. [DS786 .F74 2003]
  • Ortner, Life and Death on Mt Everest, 1999. [GV199.44.E85 O78 1999]
  • Kvaerne, Tibet Images Among Researchers of Tibet, Dodin and Rather, Imagining Tibet [DS785.A1 I45 2001]
  • Pederson, Tibet, Theosophy and the Psychologization of Buddhism, Dodin and Rather, Imagining Tibet [DS785.A1 I45 2001]
  • Korom, The Role of Tibet in the New Age Movement, Dodin and Rather, Imagining Tibet [DS785.A1 I45 2001]
  • Stoddard. The Development in Perceptions of Tibetan Art. Dodin and Rather, Imagining Tibet [DS785.A1 I45 2001]
  • Hopkins. Tibetan Monastic Colleges, Dodin and Rather, Imagining Tibet. [DS785.A1 I45 2001]
  • Dagyab Kyabgon Rinpoche. Buddhism in the West and the Image of Tibet. Dodin and Rather, Imagining Tibet [DS785.A1 I45 2001]
  • Bharati, Agehananda.  (1974).  "Fictitious Tibet: The origin and persistence of Rampaism," reprinted in Alex Mckay, ed. The History of Tibet, vol III: The Modern Period 1895-1959 Encounter with Modernity.  London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003. [DS785 .H67 2003]
  • Magnusson, Jan. A Myth of Tibet: Reverse Orientalism and Soft Power. in Klieger, ed. Tibet, Self and The Tibetan Diaspora. Brill 2002. [DS785.A1 I58 2000]
  • Zablocki, Abraham. 2005. The Global Mandala: The transnational transformation of Tibetan Buddhism. PhD Dissertation, Cornell. [Summit]

Tibet and China Scholars' Statements on the 2008 Unrest

Critiques of China Scholars' Self-Censorship

Debates over the nature of self-immolation protests among Tibetans

  • Benn, James. Multiple Meanings of Buddhist Self-Immolation in China — A Historical Perspective. Revue d'Etudes Tibétaines, no. 25, Décembre 2012, pp. 203-212.

  • ---------------. Burning for the Buddha: Self-Immolation in Chinese Buddhism. Studies in East Asian Buddhism. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2007.

  • Biggs, Michael. 2012. "Self-Immolation in Context, 1963-2012", Revue d'Etudes Tibétaines, no. 25, Décembre, pp. 143-150.

  • ------------------. 2005. "Dying Without Killing: Self-Immolations, 1963-2002," Diego Gambetta (ed.), Making Sense of Suicide Missions. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Buffetrille, Katia. 2012. "Self-Immolation in Tibet: Some Reflections on an Unfolding History," Revue d'Etudes Tibétaines, no. 25, Décembre, pp. 1-17.

  • Cabezon, Jose. 2013.  "On the Ethics of the Tibetan Self-Immolations". Religion Dispatches (June 16).

  • Cultural Anthropology. 2012. Self-Immolation as Protest in Tibet, Carole McGranahan and Ralph Litzinger, ed.s [most Tibet scholars, including Tsering Shakya, Makley, Yeh, Woeser, weigh in in brief online essays].
  • Robin, Francoise. 2012. Fire, Flames and Ashes. How Tibetan Poets Talk about Self-Immolations without Talking about Them, Revue d'Etudes Tibétaines, no. 25, Décembre, pp. 123-131.
  • Wang Lixiong. 2012. Last-words analysis – Why Tibetans Self-immolate?
  • Woeser. 2012. "The Testimonies Left By Tibetan Self-Immolators," translated in High Peaks Pure Earth blog, originally posted September 12.
  • Woeser. 2013. The Message Communicated by Tibetans Destroying Their Swords. Responds to Makley 2012 Cultural Anthropology piece on self-immolations. Invisible Tibet blog. [but the response is based on a mis-translation of the final sentence of my piece; the translator mistook the word 'untimely' for 'ultimate' and presumed I was predicting the imminent 'death' of the Tibetan people as a whole]

Debates over the Future of Tibet

Ma Rong Statements on eliminating China's Ethnic Regional Autonomy System

Scholarly Debates

  • Bob, Clifford.  "Merchants of Morality," Foreign Policy No. 129, Jan-Feb, 2002. (e-reserve)
  • Jamyang Norbu. "The incredible weariness of hope" (a review and scathing response to Patrick French's Tibet, Tibet ) http://www.tibetwrites.org/?The-Incredible-Weariness-of-Hope
  • Xu Mingxu and Yuan Feng. The Tibet Question: a New Cold War. in Sautman and Dreyer, eds. Contemporary Tibet: Politics, Development and Society in a Disputed Region. M.E. Sharpe, 2006. [BQ7590 .B84 1998]
  • Barnett, Robert. Violated Specialness. Dodin and Rather, Imagining Tibet Klieger, Christiaan. Riding High on the Manchurian Dream: three Paradigms in the Construction of the Tibetan Question. in Sautman and Dreyer, eds. Contemporary Tibet: Politics, Development and Society in a Disputed Region. M.E. Sharpe, 2006. [BQ7590 .B84 1998]
  • Lopez, Donald. 1998. Conclusion: The Prison. Prisoners of Shangri-La: Tibetan Buddhism and the West. University of Chicago Press. [BQ7604 .L66 1998]
  • Tuttle, Gray. Postscript. Tibetan Buddhists in the making of modern China. New York : Columbia University Press, c2005. [DS786 .T866 2005]
  • Goldstein, Melvyn.  Ch. 5, "The Future" The Snow Lion and The Dragon: China, Tibet, and the Dalai Lama.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997. [DS786 .G636 1997]
  • Kapstein, Matthew.  "Concluding Remarks," in Goldstein, Melvyn and Matthew Kapstein, (Eds.).  Buddhism in Contemporary Tibet: Religious Revival and Cultural Identity.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998. (10 pp) [BQ7590 .B84 1998]
  • Wang Lixiong.  "The People's Republic of China's 21st Century Underbelly," Beijing Zhanlue Yu Guanli, January 2, 1999, translation by BBC Monitoring service. (Also was translated and appeared in Ta Kung Pao in Hong Kong). [PDF link]
  • H.H. The Dalai Lama.  Guidelines for Future Tibet's polity and the basic features of its Constitution. (Available on-line: http://www.tibet.com/future.html)
  • Samdhong Rinpoche.  "Tibet: a Future Vision," New Delhi: Tibetan Parlimentary and Policy Research Centre, 1997.  (My office). [Summit]