Goodlad and Hurst
(1989) and Topping (1998) note that academic peer tutoring
at the college level takes many different forms. Surrogate
teaching, common at larger universities, involves giving older
students, often graduates or advanced undergraduates, some
or all of the teaching responsibility for undergraduate courses.
Proctoring programs involve one-on-one tutoring by students
who are slightly ahead of other students, or who have successfully
demonstrated proficiency with the material in the recent past.
Cooperative learning divides classmates into small groups,
with each person in the group responsible for teaching others,
and each contributing a unique piece to the group performance
on a task. Reciprocal peer tutoring (RPT), a more specific
version of cooperative learning, groups classmates into pairs
to tutor each other.
History of Peer Tutoring
in the United States
of Peer Tutoring
Research: Is Peer Tutoring Effective?
Examples of Successful
Peer Tutoring at Reed
to Science at Reed Reviews