Peer tutoring in
the United States has long been used in the college setting,
dating back to 1640, when the first paid student tutor was
hired by Harvard University "to counsel and befriend
the younger lads" (Dwyer, 1989, p. 30, in Mann, 1992).
In the 1960's, with the resurgence of educational innovation
in the United States, peer tutoring gained great popularity
at all levels of schooling. More recently, educators have
begun to experiment with different types of peer tutoring,
looking to fit the method to the specific needs and abilities
of their students.
Today, with increasing
college and university enrollment, graduate and undergraduate
student paraprofessionals have become an integral feature
of the educational structure, serving in many different capacities:
teaching assistants, subject-matter tutors, lab assistants,
small-group discussion leaders, counselors, and in some cases,
primary instructors for introductory-level courses.
of Peer Tutoring in the United States
of Peer Tutoring
Current Research: Is
Peer Tutoring Effective?
Examples of Successful
Tutoring at Reed College
to Science at Reed Reviews