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“Zero Project” turns art gallery into airplane hangar

By Randall S. Barton on February 04, 2016 11:38 AM

Reed students assemble the Zero Project by Katsushige Nakahashi in the Cooley Art Gallery. The project involves stitching together more than 25,000 individual photographs. Daniel Cronin

It’s an airplane. It’s a puzzle. It’s a work of art.

The monumental Zero Project is currently on display in Reed’s Douglas F. Cooley Memorial Gallery, transforming the gallery into a surreal airplane hangar where students are painstakingly stitching more than 25,000 individual photographs into a single gargantuan image.

Eschewing mimesis for collaborative assembly, Zero Project is the brainchild of artist Katsushige Nakahashi. As a boy, he played with a plastic scale model of the aircraft flown by Imperial Japanese Navy kamikaze pilots during WWII— the Mitsubishi A6M Zero warplane.

“After assembling the model I would run with it, imagining that I was the pilot,” he says. “In the course of playing with it, the plastic airplane would slowly break apart and in the end I burned it, because in reality most of the Zero airplanes actually burned. I could imagine the airplane falling to the ground and bursting into flames.”

Zero Project was initially a response to his experience of Japanese denial about the country’s actions in World War II. But the project is also about trauma and sacrifice in general, he says, serving as a vehicle for communal memory.

To make his sculpture, Nakahashi used a micro lens to take thousands of photographs of a scale model of a Zero. Joining the color enlargements with tape, he was able to fashion the two-dimensional prints into a three-dimensional sculpture, supported only by its surface.

Beginning in 1999, Nakahashi constructed a total of 19 Zero sculptures in Japan, the United States and Australia. In 2009, he retired as the maker of the sculpture but transformed the work into a set of photos with instructions with the intention that the collective activity of making the Zero would inspire cooperation and reflection.

As a sculpture, Zero Project is neither precious nor permanent. At the close of each project, the Zero must be carried to a destruction site and burned. Nakahashi describes the ritual burning of the plane as a “return to zero.”

“While war is obviously a big theme in the project, I also like to think about how to bring peace,” Nakahashi said when he visited the gallery in January. “By building these airplanes with the people who used to be the enemy, there’s a communication that goes beyond language. There is a shared sense of pleasure in the building, which involves patience. After it’s exhibited and burned, those involved share the experience of losing it. The work is completed only at the point when it is reduced to ashes, but when the ashes are taken up by the wind, and the scorched grass begins to re-grow, these processes are also all part of the artwork.”

Zero Project was part of a gift to Reed from the collection of Peter Norton ’65, and part of a group of donations to college art museums across the country with a focus on supporting programs that highlight education, creative museum practice, and the use of contemporary art to engage diverse audiences.

[Update 6/6/16]

The sculpture is now hanging in the Performing Arts Building. In accordance with the artist's instructions, Reed had initially planned to burn the Zero on the Great Lawn. Due to concerns about air quality, however, the Zero will instead be disassembled and transported to a clean-burning incinerator in Brooks, Oregon.