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Gary Snyder

“The groves are down, cut down…”

Reed College, February 14, 1956

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This poem became “Logging 14.” No variations between these lines and those of the published version; however, Snyder added five further lines in his final version. See Myths & Texts, p. 15, beginning with “Sawmill temples of Jehovah.”

Introductory Remarks to “Groves”
Epigraph: “The wonderful reproductive power of this species…” 
“The morning star is not a star…”
“Pines, under pines…”
“Ray Wells, a big Nisqually, and I…”
“Felix Baran, Hugo Gerlot, Gustav Johnson …”
“Each dawn is clear…”  
“The groves are down, cut down…” 
“Lodgepole cone / seed waits for fire…”

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