Newspaper publisher Joseph Pulitzer was the first to call for the training of journalists at the university level in a school of journalism. In writing his 1904 will, which made provision for the establishment of Pulitzer prizes as an incentive to excellence, he specified awards in journalism, letters and drama, and education, in addition to traveling scholarships. He also established an advisory board and gave it "power in its discretion to suspend or to change any subject or subjects, substituting others by public necessity and in keeping with the times." More than 2,000 entries are submitted each year for the 21 awards given.
Also see the distinctions page.