Research

Publications

Nudging Study Habits: A Field Experiment on Peer Tutoring in Higher Education”, with Todd Pugatch, Economics of Education Review, forthcoming, (revised version of IZA Discussion Paper No. 10784)

"Disease Risk and Fertility: Evidence from the HIV/AIDS Pandemic", with Yoo-Mi Chin, Journal of Population Economics, forthcoming

"Can at Scale Drug Provision Improve the Health of the Targeted in sub-Saharan Africa?", with Adrienne Lucas, American Journal of Health Economics, forthcoming, (revised version of NBER Working Paper No. 23403)

A Cut Above the Rest? Private Anthropometrics in Marriage Markets”, with Martha Janicki, Economics & Human Biology, December 2016, Volume 23, pages 164-179

"Advertising for Demand Creation for Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision", with Sasha Frade, Willa Friedman, and Dino Rech, Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, October 1, 2016, Volume 72, Supplement 4, pages S293-S296

Antiretroviral Therapy and Demand for HIV Testing: Evidence from Zambia”, Economics & Human Biology, May 2016, Volume 21, pages 221-240

"Can Disease Specific Funding Harm Health? Child Mortality in the Shadow of HIV/AIDS Service Expansion", Demography, October 2015, Volume 51, Issue 5, pages 1671-1700

"Child Mortality Risk and Fertility: Evidence from Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV", Journal of Development Economics, September 2015, Volume 116, pages 74-88

"Is Sex Like Driving? HIV Prevention and Risk Compensation", with Christine L. Mattson and Wentao Xiong, Journal of Development Economics, January 2014, Volume 106, pages 78-91

"Adult Antiretroviral Therapy and Child Health: Evidence from Scale-up in Zambia", with Adrienne M. Lucas, American Economic Review: Papers & Proceedings, May 2013, Volume 103, Issue 3, pages 456-461

"Economic Booms and Risky Sexual Behavior: Evidence from Zambian Copper Mining Cities", Journal of Health Economics, December 2012, Volume 31, Issue 5, pages 797-812

"Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV and Reproductive Behavior in Zambia", NBER Volume on African Economic Successes, July 2012, University of Chicago Press, Sebastian Edwards, Simon Johnson, and David N. Weil, editors, forthcoming, (revised version of NBER Working Paper No. 18226)

Working papers

“Adult Health Interventions at Scale and Children's Schooling: Evidence from Antiretroviral Therapy in Zambia” (with Margaret Chidothe and Adrienne Lucas) (NBER Working Paper No. 22767), under review

"Identity and Mobility: Historical Fractionalization, Parochial Institutions, and Occupational Choice in the American Midwest" (with Kaivan Munshi) (revised version of NBER Working Paper No. 13717), under review

"Money, Masculinity, and Men's Health: Experimental Evidence from Demand for a Preventive Health Input" (with Willa Friedman), under review

“Schooling, Wealth, Risky Sexual Behavior, and HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa” (with Adrienne Lucas), under review

“Targeted Characteristics and Use of Socially Marketed Preventive Health Goods: Evidence from Condoms in sub-Saharan Africa”, under review

“Violence Against Children in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Evidence on Socioeconomic Status and Past-Year Prevalence of Violence from Adolescents in 36 National Household Surveys”, under review

“Socioeconomic Status and Intimate Partner Violence”, under review

“At-Scale Evidence from 26 National Household Surveys on the Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV Cascade”, under review

“Altruism in Preventive Health Behavior: At-Scale Evidence from the HIV/AIDS Pandemic”, under review

“The World’s Oldest Profession?  Employment-Age Profiles from the Transactional Sex Market”, under review

“If You Build It Nearby and Keep the Price Low Will They Come? Large-Scale Evidence on the Relative Roles of Access and Quality in Use of Healthcare in Low-and Middle-Income Countries”, under review

Works in progress

“Appraising Praise: Experimental Evidence on Positive Framing and Demand for Health Services”

“Evidence from the Rhythm Method on Subjective Probabilities and Health Behavior”, with Daniel Bennett

“Conditional Cash Transfers to Prevent Mother-to-Child Transmission in Low Facility-Delivery Settings: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial in Nigeria”, with Svetha Janumpalli, Jenny Liu, Nancy Padian, Jennifer Shen, and Patrick Stadler

“Child Mortality and Fertility at the Turn of the Millennium”, with Arpita Bhattacharjee, Joseph Cummins, and William Dow 

“Age at Marriage and Female Empowerment Outcomes”

Grants received

International Initiative for Impact Evaluation (3ie), "Advertising for Demand Creation for Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision", Co-Primary Investigator, 2013 – 2015, $74,438

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) Africa Project Grant, "Fertility Responses to PMTCT Scale-Up in Zambia", Primary Investigator, 2009 – 2011, $44,800

University of Chicago Population Research Center (PRC) Pilot Grant, "The Heterogeneous Effects of Abstinence Education", Co-Primary Investigator, 2009 – 2010, $20,000

Randomized impact evaluations

“Increasing Flexible Spending Account (FSA) Contributions: Insights from Behavioral Economics”, Co-Primary Investigator, 2017 - 2019, USA

"Communicating Program Eligibility: A Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Field Experiment", Co-Primary Investigator, with the Social Security Administration, 2016 - 2018, USA

“Nudging Commercial Sex Workers toward Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence”, Co-Primary Investigator, with Population Services International (PSI) and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), 2016 - 2018, Ethiopia

“Conditional Cash Transfers to Prevent Mother-to-Child Transmission in Low Facility-Delivery Settings: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial in Nigeria”, with Svetha Janumpalli, Jenny Liu, Nancy Padian, Jennifer Shen, and Patrick Stadler, 2015 - 2017, Akwa Ibom, Nigeria

“Demand for Tutoring and its Effects”, Primary Investigator, with Ryland Bell, Sarah Brauner, Julie Maxfield, and Todd Pugatch, 2014 - 2015, Portland, Oregon (USA)

“Advertising for Demand Creation for Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision”, Co-Primary Investigator, with Willa Friedman and The Centre for HIV/AIDS Prevention Studies (CHAPS), 2013 - 2014, Johannesburg (Soweto), South Africa