Parenthetical Citations

Bertness MD. Conflicting Advantages in Resource Utilization: The Hermit Crab Housing Dilemma. The American Naturalist 1981;118(3):432-437.

Bertness MD. Competitive Dynamics of a Tropical Hermit Crab Assemblage. Ecology 1981;62(3):751-761.

Bertness MD. Predation, Physical Stress, and the Organization of a Tropical Rocky Intertidal Hermit Crab Community. Ecology 1981;62(2):411-425.

Childress JR. Behavioral Ecology and Fitness Theory in a Tropical Hermit Crab. Ecology 1972;53(5):960-964.

Diaz H, Orihuela B, Rittschof D, Forward RB, Jr. Visual Orientation to Gastropod Shells by Chemically Stimulated Hermit Crabs, Clibanarius vittatus (Bosc). Journal of Crustacean Biology 1995;15(1):70-78.

Grant WC, Jr., Ulmer KM. Shell Selection and Aggressive Behavior in Two Sympatric Species of Hermit Crabs. Biological Bulletin 1974;146(1):32-43.

Hazlett BA. The Behavioral Ecology of Hermit Crabs. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 1981;12:1-22.

Reese, E. Behavioral Adaptations of Intertidal Hermit Crabs. American Zoologist 1969;9(2): 343-355.

Rotjan, R. Shell Choice in Pagurus longicarpus hermit crabs: does predation threat influence shell selction behavior? Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 2004;56(2): 171-176.

Image Citations

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Pic 2: Reese (1969)

Adaptive Value-
Pic 1: Childress (1972)

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Pic 2: McLaughlin et al. (2004)

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