Work Ethic

After WWII the world economy shifted from manufacturing to service, transforming traditionally definitions of labor. As the conditions of labor changed for the vast majority of the American populace, so too did they change for artists. Many artists felt compelled not to create objects made by hand, rather, they explored forms analogous to labor.  Art could be made with unskilled manual labor, with highly regulated managerial labor, or with labor that related to a service economy.

At the core of this new practice were ideas, concepts related to or commenting on the political, social and economic realm.

In recent years artist have returned to some of the strategies used in the 1960's and one reason many site, is that we have further transformed to a global labor force in which almost all commodities are produced in developing, non western nations.